Uncategorized

European American Football World Wars Era Timeline 1918-1993

USAFE Continental Sports Conference Logo [Ref:

World War I and II Era 1918-1944

TeamYears
American Expeditionary Force Football League1918-1919
Saint-Nazaire1918-1919
Bordeaux1918
Panther 36th Division1918-1919
Lightning 78th Division1918
Blue Ridge 80th Division1918
Rolling W 89th Division1919
Ivy 4th Division1919
SOS Tours1919
SOS Base Section 21919
GHQ Chaumont1919
GHQ Le Mans1919
First Army Corps1919
Hourglass 7th Division1919
Keystone 8th Division1919
European Theater of Operations Northern Ireland Championship1942-1944
Hale Blue Devils1942-1943
Yarvard Crimson Tide1942-1943
Tech Fighting Irish1942-1943
Navy Galloping Gaels1944
Army Wolverines1944
European Theater of Operations Football Championship Autumn 1943
Podhs1943
Ball Toters1943
Red Tornado1943
Gremlins1943
Engineering Bulldozers1943
Skytrain1943
Army Blues1943
Army Greens1943
Central Base Pirates1943
8th air Force Commandos1943
101st Screaming Eagles1943
Invaders1943-1944
4th Infantry Blues1943
8th Air Force Lightning1943
US Blues1943
Canadian Mustangs1943
US Navy Seabees1943
Army (Oran, Algeria)1943
Army (Oran, Algeria)1943
European Theater of Operations Football Championship Winter 1944
1st Air Force Depot Shuttle-Raders1944
Navy Sea Lions1944
348th Bomb Group Kiwis1944
445th Bomb Group 1944
Berger’s Bouncers1944
Henley’s Hurricanes1944
Moore’s Maulers1944
Bearcats1944
78th Fighter Group Greyhounds1944
398th Bomb Group Blue Blazers1944
Helton’s Hellcats1944
356th Fighter Group Tukey’s Terrors1944
Air Force Command Warriors1944
Photo Lightnings1944
Cowboys1944
Ramblers1944
94th Bomb Group Fighting Eagles1944
European Theater of Operations Football ChampionshipAutumn 1944
Air Force Command1944
3rd Air Force Depot Liberators1944
Moore’s Maulers1944
Doughter’s Fighting Eagles1944
Navy Green Waves1944
Army Red Raiders1944
8th Air Force Shuttle-Raders1944
Shuttle-Raders1944
American Expeditionary Force (1918-1919) and European Theater of Operations (1942-1944) Football Teams [Ref: 1]

United States Air Force in Europe Era 1951-1993

TeamYears
USAFE UK Sports Conference1951-1993
London Rockets
Alconbury Spartans
Bentwaters Phantoms
Chicksands Fighting Chicks
Fairford Falcons
Greenham Common Pirates
Lakenheath Eagles
Mildenhall Marauders
Upper Heyford Skykings
Weathersfield Raiders
High Wycombe Bucks
Burtonwood Bullets
Greenham Common Crusaders
USAFE Continental Sports Conference1951-1993
Berlin Bears
Bitburg Barons
Camp New Amsterdam
Landsberg Tigers
Toul Tigers
Rhein-Main Rockets
Sembach Tigers
Ramstein Rams
Spangdalem Sheikhs
Weisbaden Flyers
Hahn Hawks
Zweibrucken
SHAPE Indians (Paris)
USAFE Mediterranean Sports Conference1951-1993
Aviano Eagles
Hellenikon Olympians
Moron
San Vito
Torreon
United States Air Force in Europe Football Teams [Ref: 2-6]

Intercontinental Football League Era 1973-1986

TeamYears
USAREUR Northern Italy League1974-1975
Blue Knights Vicenza
Bosco Rocks Verona
Geronimos Verona
Missile Support Command Vicenza
Northern Italian Football League1976-1986
Rangers Tirrenia
Red Machine Aviano
Eagles Aviano
Rhinos Milano
Frogs Gallarate
Rams Milano
Giaguari Torino
Warriors Bologna
Crusaders Brindisi
Frogs Busto Arsizio
Seamen Milano
Wildcats Napoil
Red Raiders Aviano
Mustangs Napoli
Black Knights Vicenza
Blue Falcons Vicenza
Intercontinental Football League1973-1975
Munich Lions
Vienna Lippizaners
West Berlin Bears
Barcelona Almogovares
Istanbul Conquerors
Rome Gladiators
Intercontinental Football League European Cup 1976-1978
Texas A&I Javelinas
Henderson State Reddies
Newton Nite Hawks
Chicago Lions
Quad Cities Black Hawks
Indianapolis Capitols
Northern Italian Football League (1974-1986) and Intercontinental Football League (1973-1978) Teams [Ref: 11-23]

Report

The first American Football Leagues in Europe were US Navy and Army matches in France during World War I. The American Expeditionary Force Football League was played from 1918-1919.

During World War II, US Soldiers based in Northern Ireland and Britain played in the European Theater of Operations Football Championship from 1942 to 1944, with one match, the Arab Bowl played in Oran, Algeria.

The United States Air Force in Europe (USAFE) had a Football League with a Continental Sports Conference (Germany and France), United Kingdom Sports Conference and Mediterranean Sports Conference (Italy, Spain and Greece). It played during the Cold War from 1951-1993, and unlike the WWI and WWII Championships which were basically “Turkey Bowl”-type Elimination Championships (so-named because they frequently took place at Thanksgiving), this League played an 8-10 game regular season, followed by a Conference Championship, and USAFE Final.

The US Army in Europe (USAREUR) had a league among players in Noerthern italy from 1974-1975, and from 1976 to 1986 included Italian teams, forming the first leagues in Europe that had European players.

The Intercontinental Football League was set up in 1972 following the success of the film M*A*S*H about US Soldiers, which featured a climactic end sequence of an American Football match. The league had sold enough franchises for a 6-team league by 1973, but was delayed due to the oil crisis and subsequent terror campaign by the Red Brigades and Baader-Meinhof Gang. It was eventually cancelled altogether after consultation with people in Washington, DC.

The Intercontinental Football League, however, wasn’t finished, and from 1976 to 1978 played a European Championship featuring touring American Teams. The Era ended after the End of the Cold War, and by then American Football Teams, with European players were being set up in almost every country.

References

Bibliography

[1] Foglio, Massimo & Ford, Mark L. (2017) Touchdown in Europe – How American Football Came to the Old Continent. pg. 21-34. Published by the author.

Websites

[2] Britball Now (2019) US Miltary Football in the UK [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/us-military-football-in-the.html [Accessed 8 November 2019]

[3] USAFE Football (2019) Teams | CSC [Internet] Available from: http://www.usafefootball.com/Teams/CSC/csc.html [Accessed 8 November 2019]

[4] USAFE Football (2019) Teams | UKSC [Internet] Available from: http://www.usafefootball.com/Teams/UKSC/uksc.html [Accessed 8 November 2019]

[5] USAFE Football (2019) Teams | MSC [Internet] Available from: http://www.usafefootball.com/Teams/MSC/msc.html [Accessed 8 November 2019]

[6] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2019) United States Army Europe Football Tournament [Internet] Available from: http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1974_USArEurFT.pdf [Accessed 8 November 2019]

Websites

[7] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) United States Army Europe Football Tournament 1974 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1974_USArEurFT.pdf [Accessed 15 October 2019]

[8] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) United States Army Europe Football Tournament 1975 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1975_USArEurFT.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[9] USAFE Football (2019) USAFE Football Home [Internet] Available from: http://www.usafefootball.com/ [Accessed 27 October 2019

[10] Massimo Foglio (2017) “Touchdown in Europe: How American Football Came to the Old Continent”. Pg. 228. Second Edition, 2017. Published by the Author

Websites

[11] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1976 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1976_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[12] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1977 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1977_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[13] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1978 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1978_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[14] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1979 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1979_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[15] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1980 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1980_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[16] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1981 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1981_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[17] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1982 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1982_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[18] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1983 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1983_nifl.pdf[Accessed 15 October 2019]

[19] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1984 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1984_nifl.pdf [Accessed 24 October 2019]

[20] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1985 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1985_nifl.pdf [Accessed 24 October 2019]

[21] Enciclopedia del Football Italiano (2018) Northern Italian Football League 1986 http://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1986_nifl.pdfAccessed 24 October 2019]

Website / Sources

[22] Mark L. Ford and Massimo Foglio, The Coffin Corner Volume 27,No. 6, Pro Football Researchers Association (2002) THE FIRST “NFL EUROPE”[Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballresearchers.org/archives/Website_Files/Coffin_Corner/27-06-1101.pdf [Accessed 20 October 2019]

Bibiography

[23] Massimo Foglio with Mark L. Ford (2017), Touchdown in Europe – How American Football Came to the Old Continent. Second Edition “The Trailblazers: Bleu et Rouge, College and Semi-Pro”. pg. 151-188. Published by the Author (2015, 2017)

[24] USAFE Football (2019) CSC Sports Patch [Internet] Available from: http://www.usafefootball.com/CSC-Sports-Patch.jpg [Accessed 8 November 2019]

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Tim Leadingham and Todd Zboyan

About this document

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish, North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 12 June 2020

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2020

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved.Advertisements

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