Month: August 2021

National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision Schedule 2021

NCAA Logo [References: 1]

Overall Standings (Power 5 Conferences)

Atlantic Coast Conference Atlantic Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Boston College Eagles1001.00051051W1
2North Carolina State Wolfpack1001.00045045W1
3Wake Forest Demon Deacons1001.000421032W1
4Syracuse Orange1001.00029920W1
5Florida State Seminoles0100.0003841-3L1
6Clemson Tigers0100.000310-7L1
7Louisville Cardinals0100.0002443-19L1

Atlantic Coast Conference Coastal Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Pittsburgh Panthers1001.00051744W1
2Virginia Cavaliers1001.00043043W1
3Virginia Tech Hokies1001.00017107W1
4Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets0100.0002122-1L1
5Duke Blue Devils0100.0002831-3L1
6North Carolina Tar Heels0100.0001017-7L1
7Miami Hurricanes0100.0001344-31L1

Big Ten Conference East Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Rutgers Scarlet Knights1001.000611447W1
2Michigan Wolverines1001.000471433W1
3Michigan State Spartans1001.000382117W1
4Ohio State Buckeyes1001.000453114W1
5Maryland Terrapins1001.00030246W1
6Penn State Nittany Lions1001.00016106W1
7Indiana Hoosiers0100.000634-28L1

Big Ten Conference West Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Iowa Hawkeyes1001.00034628W1
2Purdue Boilermakers1001.00030219W1
3Nebraska Cornhuskers1100.500743737W1
4Illinois Fighting Illini1100.50060591L1
5Wisconsin Badgers0100.0001016-6L1
6Minnesota Golden Gophers0100.0003145-14L1
7Northwestern Wildcats0100.0002138-17L1

Big 12 Conference Overall

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Texas Christian Horned Frogs1001.00045342W1
2Texas Longhorns1001.000381820W1
3Texas Tech Red Raiders1001.000382117W1
4Kansas State Wildcats1001.00024717W1
5Baylor Bears1001.00029209W1
6Oklahoma State Cowboys1001.00023167W1
7Iowa State Cyclones1001.00016106W1
8Oklahoma Sooners1001.00040355W1
9Kansas Jayhawks1001.00017143W1
10West Virginia Mountaineers0100.0002430-6L1

Pacific-12 Conference North Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Oregon Ducks1001.00031247W1
2Washington State Cougars0100.0002326-3L1
3California Golden Eagles0100.0001722-5L1
4Washington Huskies0100.000713-6L1
5Oregon State Beavers0100.0002130-9L1
6Stanford Cardinal0100.000724-17L1

Pacific-12 Conference South Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1California-Los Angeles UCLA Bruins2001.000823745W2
2Colorado Buffaloes1001.00035728W1
3Arizona State Sun Devils1001.000411427W1
4Utah Utes1001.000401723W1
5Southern California Trojans1001.00030723W1
6Arizona Wildcats0100.0001624-8L1

Southeastern Conference East Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1South Carolina Gamecocks1001.00046046W1
2Kentucky Wildcats1001.000451035W1
3Tennessee Volunteers1001.00038632W1
4Florida Gators1001.000351421W1
5Missouri Tigers1001.000342410W1
6Georgia Bulldogs1001.0001037W1
7Vanderbilt Commodores0100.000323-20L1

Southeastern Conference West Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Auburn Tigers1001.000601050W1
2Alabama Crimson Tide1001.000441331W1
3Texas A&M Aggies1001.000411031W1
4Arkansas Razorbacks1001.000381721W1
5Mississippi Rebels1001.000432419W1
6Mississippi State Bulldogs1001.00035341W1
7Louisiana State Tigers0100.0002738-11L1

Overall Standings (Other 5 Conferences and Independents)

American Athletic Conference Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Cincinnati Bearcats1001.000491435W1
2Memphis Tigers1001.000421725W1
3Central Florida Knights1001.00036315W1
4Tulsa Golden Hurricane0100.0001719-2L1
5Tulane Green Wave0100.0003540-5L1
6East Carolina Pirates0100.0001933-14L1
7Houston Cougars0100.0002138-17L1
8Navy Midshipmen0100.000749-42L1
9South Florida Bulls0100.000045-45L1
10Temple Owls0100.0001461-47L1

Conference USA East Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Marshall Thundering Herd1001.00049742W1
2Western Kentucky Hilltoppers1001.000592138W1
3Florida International Panthers1001.000481038W1
4Middle Tennessee Blue Raiders1001.000501535W1
5Charlotte 49ers1001.00031283W1
6Florida Atlantic Owls0100.0001435-21L1
7Old Dominion Monarchs0100.0001042-32L1

Conference USA West Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsTDStreak
1Texas-El Paso Miners2001.0006731360W2
2Alabama-Birmingham Blazers1001.000310310W1
3North Texas Mean Green1001.0004414300W1
4Texas-San Antonio Roadrunners1001.000373070W1
5Louisiana Tech Bulldogs0100.0003435-10L1
6Rice Owls0100.0001738-210L1
7Southern Mississippi Golden Eagles0100.000731-240L1

Mid-American Conference East Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Buffalo Bulls1001.00069762W1
2Ohio Bobcats0100.000929-20L1
3Kent State Golden Flashes0100.0001041-31L1
4Bowling Green Falcons0100.000638-32L1
5Miami RedHawks0100.0001449-35L1
6Akron Zips0100.0001060-50L1

Mid-American Conference West Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Eastern Michigan Eagles2001.000704822W2
2Toledo Rockets1001.000491039W1
3Ball State Cardinals1001.000312110W1
4Northern Illinois Huskies1001.00022211W1
5Central Michigan Chippewas0100.0002434-10L1
6Western Michigan Broncos0100.0001447-33L1

Mountain West Conference Mountain Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Air Force Fighting Falcons1001.000351421W1
2New Mexico Lobos1001.000271710W1
3Utah State Aggies1001.00026233W1
4Wyoming Cowboys1001.00019163W1
5Boise State Broncos0100.0003136-5L1
6Colorado State Rams0100.0002342-19L1

Mountain West Conference West Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1San Diego State Aztecs1001.000281018W1
2Nevada Wolfpack1001.00022175W1
3Fresno State Bulldogs1100.500693138L1
4San Jose State Spartans1100.50052448L1
5Hawaii Rainbow Warriors1100.5005979-20W1
6Nevada-Las Vegas Rebels0100.0003335-2L1

Sun Belt Conference East Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Troy State Trojans1001.00055352W1
2Coastal Carolina Chanticleers1001.000521438W1
3Appalachian State Mountaineers1001.000331914W1
4Georgia Southern Eagles1001.00030255W1
5Georgia State Panthers0100.0001043-33L1

Sun Belt Conference West Division Overall 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1South Alabama Jaguars1001.00031724W1
2Arkansas State Red Wolves1001.000402119W1
3Texas State Bobcats0100.0002029-9L1
4Louisiana Ragin' Cajuns0100.0001838-20L1
5Louisiana-Monroe Warhawks0100.0001045-35L1

FBS Independents 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Liberty Flames1001.00048741W1
2Army Black Knights1001.000431033W1
3Brigham Young BYU Cougars1001.00024168W1
4Notre Dame Fighting Irish1001.00041383W1
5Massachusetts Minutemen0100.000751-44L1
6New Mexico State Aggies0200.0001358-45L2
7Connecticut Huskies0200.0002883-55L2

Schedule

Match Day Week 1

Match Day Kickoff Weekend

Match Day Week 1

Match Day Kickoff Weekend

Match Day Week 1

Match Day Kickoff Weekend

Match Day Week 1

Recap Kickoff Weekend

Nebraska Cornhuskers lost to Illinois Fighting Illini 22-30 in the Big Ten Kickoff game, and elsewhere UCLA Bruins defeated Hawaii Rainbow Warriors 44-10 in another match-up featuring a Power 5 Conference. San Jose State Spartans defeated FCS college Southern Utah Thunderbirds 45-14.

Recap Week 1

Notre Dame Fighting Irish had to rely on an overtime Field Goal to defeat Florida State Seminoles 41-38 after the Seminoles came back from 38-20 down at the end of the thitrd quarter to tie the game in the fourth. The Fighting Irish had been leading 17-14 at haltime before three touchdowns in the third put them 18 points up. Jack Coan starred for the Irish, passing for four touchdowns. San Jose State Spartans fell to 1-1 with a 7-30 defeat to Southern California Trojans.

About NCAA College Football

The National Collegiate Athletic Association is the biggest of USA’s College Sports Assiociations, taking in all major American Sports, as well as Athletics, Soccer and numerous other sports. The NCAA Football Program is divided into four Divisions – In order of Merit they are: FBS (Football Bowl Subdivision), FCS (Football Championship Subdivision), Division II and Division III. Particular attention shall be given by Eirball to Notre Dame Fighting Irish (the big Irish Catholic university in South Bend, Indiana) and San Jose State Spartans (as Dublin is twinned with San Jose) as well as any Irish-born Football players in the NCAA FBS.

References

IMAGES

[1] NCAA | Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2015) logo [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20160923081703im_/http://www.ncaa.com/sites/all/themes/ncaa/ncaa-respo/logo.png [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Results

[1] NCAA (2021) Football – Scores – Week 1 [Internet] Available from: https://www.ncaa.com/scoreboard/football/fbs [Accessed 30 August 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Joe Grey.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, Compiled and Written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 14 September 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved.  The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Green Isle All-Stars Irish International American Football Team Box-Scores and Roster 1986

History

The Green Isle All-Stars played one game and made history in the process as the first ever Irish American Football team featuring home-grown players to play an American Football Team from the United States of America.

On November 29th 1986 the All-Stars, made up of players from the Dublin Celts, Belfast Blitzers, Craigavon Cowboys, Belfast Giants, Bangor Buccaneers and Dublin Tornadoes held Eastern Football League Champions the Marlboro Shamrocks from Massachusetts to a 0-36 scoreline in the stiffest test yet faced for the fledgling league, having just finished its first ever season.

Note: Please click on each match to see Box-Scores and Match Reports for that Match

Green Isle All-Stars 1986

Team Roster

Green Isle All-Stars 1986

#PlayerTeamPositionTDFGSafetyPAT2XPCompAttYdsRecRec YdsIntLngFumLost
Martin MurphyDublin Celts00000000000000
39Mark HarrisBelfast BlitzersCornerback00000000000000
70Chris MillarBelfast BlitzersOffensive guard00000000000000

References

SOURCES

[1] Anon. (1986) “American Football comes to Dublin” Irish Press. Wednesday, November 12, 1986. Pg. 11. [Past Copies of the Irish Press are available to view online at: https://www.irishnewsarchive.com/ ]

[2] Anon. (1986) “Today’s sport” Irish Press. Wednesday, Friday, November 28, 1986. pg. 22 [Past Copies of the Irish Press are available to view online at: https://www.irishnewsarchive.com/ ]

[3] Anon. (1986) “Marlboro on the march” Irish Press. Wednesday, Friday, November 28, 1986. pg. 17 [Past Copies of the Irish Press are available to view online at: https://www.irishnewsarchive.com/ ]

[4] Sean Moloney (1986) “Shamrocks from USA are playing to win” Evening Herald. Saturday, November 29, 1986. pg. 6.

WEBSITES

[3] Britball Now (2016) History of the Game in Ireland [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/ireland/history-of-the-game-in.html [Accessed 02 October 2016]

[4] Britball Now (2008) UK Clubs Against Foreign Opposition [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/History/UKClubsForeignOppo.html [Accessed 16 November 2008]

[5] Semi-Pro Football (2017) Eastern Football League Champions [Internet] Available from: http://www.semiprofootball.org/minor/champs/eastfl.htm [Accessed 16 November 2017]

SOURCES

[6] Kevin Sharkey (2020) “The Dublin Celts” Word Document shared by John Gunning on Facebook Messenger with permission.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Kevin Sharkey (Dublin Celts, Dublin Lightning and North Kildare Reapers)

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 29 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2020-2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

NFL Europe Schools Flag Football Championship Finland Qualifier Finals 2001

NFL Flag Football Logo
NFL Flag Football Logo [References: 1]

League Stage Standings

NFL Europe Schools Flag Football Championships Finland 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Kaarela3010.750753243W1
2Leppävaara3100.7501163977W3
3Kulosaari2110.5002546-21T1
4Kannelmäki1300.2503896-58L2
5Pakila0400.0003677-41L4

Playoffs

League Stage Results

League Stage Standings

NFL Europe Schools Flag Football Championships Finland 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Kaarela3010.750753243W1
2Leppävaara3100.7501163977W3
3Kulosaari2110.5002546-21T1
4Kannelmäki1300.2503896-58L2
5Pakila0400.0003677-41L4

Playoffs

Report

Kulosaari Roosters won Finland’s NFL Europe Schools Flag Football Championship in 2001, defeating Kaarela 32-21 in an exciting final. Karela were looking to overcome a 26-21 deficit with a couple of minutes to go, battling to the Kulosaari 7-yard line, but there they threw an interception in the endzone which was returned by the Roosters defense all the way back to the Kaarela endzone for the victory. Kulosaari now went on to represent Finland in the EFAF (European Federation of American Football) Group Championship against SHS Graz Air Force of Austria and Paris AS Flag of France. The winners of the EFAF Group progess to the World Flag Football Championships to be held in the German city of Berlin during Kinderfest – the Youth Festival – from 24th-27th August 2001.

The word Roost or Rooster comes from the Old English word for “To Come Back Home” or “To Sleep” meaning a Roosting Bird. It is also found in Old Norse as well as Manx, which comes from From Old Irish rúsc, from Proto-Celtic *ruskos, meaning Peel, Rind or Bark. [Reference: See 3]

REFERENCES

LOGOS

[1] NFL Flag Football Wayback Machine (2002) flag [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20030726154329im_/https://www.play-football.net/images/logos/flag.gif [Accessed 2 March 2021]

References

[2] NFL Europe (2001) NFL Europe Schools Flag Football Championships – Finland 2001 [Internet] Available from: http://www.nfleurope.com/flagchampionships/news/2001/05292001_tale.html [Accessed 24 October 2001][Available on the Wayback Machine Internet Archive at: http://web.archive.org/web/20010627052933/http://www.nfleurope.com/flagchampionships/news/2001/05292001_tale.html ][Accessed 27 August 2021]

Word Dictionary

[3] Word Sense – Roost Word Origin: https://www.wordsense.eu/roost/#English

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Howard.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 28 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Scottish Youth Kitted Football 2001

Unofficial Standings

Scottish Youth Kitted Football 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
12001.00078672W2
21100.5002444-20L1
30200.000658-52L2

Results

Report

In what was the first Youth Kitted American Football game in Scotland in 12 years, the Dundee Storm defeated Strathclyde Hawks 40-0 on 18th February 2001. The Hawks were renamed Clyde Valley Hawks for a match at home to Moray Firth Dolphins of Inverness at the end of April, which the Dolphins won 18-6. With the teams then participating in the British Youth American Football Association Youth Kitted League, the last fixture of an Unofficial Scottish Championship was played in Inverness in August, with Dundee Storm running out 38-6 winners. Ian Moody, a player with a possible Irish name and therefore possible Irish connection played for Dundee Storm.

REFERENCES

[4] Anon. (2001) “Storm get it on” First Down, February 22-28, 2001. Pg. 15.

[5] Anon. (2001) First Down. May 3-9, 2001. Pg. 20.

[6] Anon. (2001) First Down. May 24-30, 2001. Pg. 15.

[7] Anon. (2001) “Ness kids are flag happy” First Down. August 23-29, 2001. Pg. 16.

Logo References

[1] Highland Gridiron Facebook Page (2021) Photo, June 3, 2016: “Team Logos”  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/highlandgridiron/photos/a.1583637915299320/1600366233626488 [Accessed 25 August 2021]

[2] Dundee Storm Youth Team Facebook (2020) Facebook Profile Picture, May 21, 2020  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/dundeestormyouth/photos/a.519897121431627/3037472589674055/ [Accessed 12 August 2021]

[3] Clyde Valley Hawks Facebook (2018) Profile Picture: August 26, 2018  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/clydevalleyhawks/photos/a.905095246334869/1048130572031335/ [Accessed 25 August 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Laura Shadbolt and Diarmuid Mullaney

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 25 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2020-2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

NFL, CFL, LFAM and NFLE Team Timeline 1873-2021

Team Name, League and Home Stadium Changes 1873-2021

YearsTeam (Stadium)LeagueNotes
WORLD SERIES OF FOOTBALL ERA (1873-1903)
1873-1882Toronto ArgonautsIndependentJoined ORFU
1883-1906Toronto ArgonautsORFUJoined IRFU
1896-1901Watertown Athletic AssociationIndependentChanged Name to Red & Blacks
1896-1906Ottawa Rough RidersORFUJoined IRFU
1898-1919Rochester JeffersonsIndependentJoined APFA
1898-????Morgan Athletic ClubIndependentChanged Name to Normals
????-????NormalsIndependentChanged Name to Racine Cardinals
????-1920Racine CardinalsIndependentJoined APFA and Changed Name to Chicago
1902Philadelphia AthleticsNFL *First attempt at a National Professional League
1902Philadelphia PhilliesNFL *First attempt at a National Professional League
1902Pittsburgh StarsNFL *First attempt at a National Professional League
1902New YorkWSFMade up of Philadelphia Athletics and Phillies players
1902New York KnickerbockersWSFNew York City representatives
1902Syracuse Athletic ClubWSFUpstate New York representatives
1902Warlow Athletic ClubWSFNew Jersey representatives
1902Orange Athletic ClubWSFNew Jersey representatives
1903Franklin Athletic ClubWSFPennsylvania representatives
1903Oreos Athletic Club (Asbury Park)WSFNew York -New Jersey representatives
1903-1915Watertown Red and BlacksWSFUpstate New York representatives- joined NYPFL in 1916
1903Orange Athletic ClubWSFNew Jersey representatives
OHIO FOOTBALL LEAGUE ERA (1904-1919)
1904-1918Akron ProsOLFounder member of APFA in 1919
1904-1919Muncie FlyersIndianaJoined APFA in 1920
1905-1918Canton BulldogsOLFounder member of APFA in 1919
1905-1920Minneapolis MarinesMinnesotaJoined APFA in 1921
1906-1907Calgary City RFCChanged Name to Calgary Tigers
1907-1924Ottawa Rough RidersIRFUChanged Name to Ottawa Senators
1907-1940Toronto ArgonautsIRFUJoined ECRFU
1907Edmonton RFCChanged Name to Edmonton Esquimaux
1908-1929Calgary TigersChanged Name to Calgary Altomah-Tigers
1908-1909Edmonton EsquimauxChanged Name to Edmonton Eskimos
1910-1921Toledo MaroonsOLJoined NFL in 1922
1911-1921Youngstown PatriciansIndependentClaimed World Championship in 1915. Joined NFL in 1922
1912-1920Cincinnati CeltsOLJoined APFA in 1921
1916-1918Dayton TrianglesOLFounder members of APFA in 1919
1916-1968Watertown Red and BlackNYPFLJoined EFL in 1969
1917ChicagoPFLSecond attempt at a National Pro League – never started
1917New YorkPFLSecond attempt at a National Pro League – never started
1917DetroitPFLSecond attempt at a National Pro League – never started
1917PittsburghPFLSecond attempt at a National Pro League – never started
1917IndianapolisPFLSecond attempt at a National Pro League – never started
1917ClevelandPFLSecond attempt at a National Pro League – never started
1917ColumbusPFLSecond attempt at a National Pro League – never started
1919Green Bay PackersIndependentJoined APFA in 1921
AMERICAN PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION ERA (1920-1922)
1920-1922Akron ProsAPFAFounder members of APFA; Changed Name to Akron Indians in 1923
1920-1926Canton BulldogsAPFAFounder members of APFA; NFL reduced number of teams
1920Cleveland IndiansAPFAFounder members of APFA; did not play
1920-1929Dayton TrianglesAPFAFounder members of APFA
1920Decatur StaleysAPFABecame Chicago Staleys (APFA)
1920-1923Buffalo All-AmericansAPFAreplaced by Buffalo Bisons
1920-1928Chicago Cardinals (Normal Park)APFAmoved to Comiskey Park, Chicago
1920-1925Rock Island IndependentsAPFA / NFLLeft NFL to join AFL
1920-1925Rochester JeffersonsAPFA / NFLLeft NFL
1920Detroit HeraldsAPFAreplaced by Detroit Tigers
1920Cleveland TigersAPFAreplaced by Cleveland Indians
1920Chicago TigersAPFAleft NFL
1920-1926Hammond ProsAPFA / NFLNFL reduced number of teams
1920-1922Columbus PanhandlesAPFA / NFLreplaced by Columbus Tigers
1920Muncie FlyersAPFALeft APFA
1921Chicago StaleysAPFAChanged Name to Chicaho Bears
1921-1922Evansville Crimson GiantsAPFA / NFLLeft NFL
1921-1932Green Bay PackersAPFA / NFLJoint Home in Green Bay and Milwaukee from 1933
1921Cleveland IndiansAPFALeft APFA
1921Washington SenatorsAPFALeft APFA
1921Cincinnati CeltsAPFALeft APFA
1921-1924Minneapolis MarinesAPFA / NFLLeft NFL
1921Detroit TigersAPFALeft APFA
1921Tonawanda KardexAPFALeft APFA
1921-1923Louisville BrecksAPFA / NFLLeft NFL
1921New York GiantsAPFAFirst Football team called Giants in New York; Left APFA
1922-1973Chicago BearsNFLPlayed at Wrigley Field; moved to Soldier Field in 1974
1922-1923Toledo MaroonsNFLMoved tio Kenosha in 1924
1922-1924Racine LegionNFLLeft NFL after 1924
1922-1926Milwaukee BadgersNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1922-1923Oorang IndiansNFLNative American Team sponsored by Oorang Dog Kennels – left NFL after 1923
NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE EARLY ERA (1922-1929)APFA renamed National Football League
1923-1929Calgary 50th BattalionWIFUrenamed Calgary Altomah-Tigers
1923-1925Duluth KelleysNFLBecame Duluth Eskimos
1923-1926Columbus TigersNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1923St. Louis All-StarsNFLLeft NFL after 1923
1923-1926Akron IndiansNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1924-1947Regina RoughridersSRFURenamed Saskatchewan Roughriders
1924-1927Cleveland BulldogsNFLLeft NFL after 1927
1924-1931Frankford Yellow JacketsNFLLeft NFL after 1931
1924-1925Buffalo BisonsNFLreplaced by Buffalo Rangers
1924-1926Columbus TigersNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1924Kansas City BluesNFLreplaced by Kansas City Cowboys
1924Kenosha MaroonsNFLmoved to Pottsville
1925-1926Ottawa SenatorsORFUChanged Name Back to Ottawa Rough Riders
1925-1928Pottsville MaroonsNFLLeft NFL
1925-1926Detroit PanthersNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1925-1972New York GiantsNFLmoved to New Haven, Connecticut in 1973
1925-1931Providence Steam RollerNFLLeft NFL
1925-1926Kansas City CowboysNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1926Los Angeles BuccaneersNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1926-1927Duluth EskimosNFLLeft NFL
1926Buffalo RangersNFLRenamed Buffalo Bisons
1926Hartford BluesNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1926Brooklyn LionsNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1926Racine TornadoesNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1926Louisville ColonelsNFLNFL reduced number of teams
1927-1955Ottawa Rough RidersORFUFounder membder of Canadian Football Council
1927-1928New York YankeesNFLreplaced by NY Yankees teanm in AFL
1928Detroit WolverinesNFLLeft NFL
1929Boston BulldogsNFLLeft NFL
1929Chicago CardinalsNFLplayed at Comiskey Field, Chicago; moved to St. Louis
1929-1930Minneapolis Red JacketsNFLLeft NFL
1929Orange TornadoesNFLmoved to Newark, NJ
1929-1932Staten Island StapletonsNFLLeft NFL
NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE CHAMPIONSHIP ERA (1930-1942)
1930-1931Calgary Altomah-TigersWIFURenamed Calgary Altomahs
1930-1935Winnipegs RFCMRFURenamed Winnipeg Blue Bombers
1930-1943Brooklyn DodgersNFLRenamed Brooklyn Tigers
1930Newark TornadoesNFLLeft NFL
1931-1932Portsmouth SpartansNFLmoved to Detroit and renamed Lions
1931Cleveland IndiansNFLLeft NFL
1932-1934Calgary AltomahsWIFUrenamed Calgary Bronks
1932Boston BravesNFLrenamed Boston Redskins
1933-1936Boston RedskinsNFLmoved to Washington
1933-1934Cincinnati RedsNFLLeft NFL after 8 games in 1934
1933-1942; 1944-1970Philadelphia EaglesNFLmerged with Pittsburgh for one Season; moved to Veterans Stadium in 1971
1933-1940Pittsburgh PiratesNFLrenamed Pittsburgh Steelers
1933-1956Green Bay PackersNFLshared home with Milwaukee; moved into Lambeau Field in 1957
1934-1974Detroit LionsNFLmoved into Pontiac Silverdome
1934St. Louis GunnersNFLreplaced Cincinnati Reds for last three games of season
1935-1944Calgary BronksWIFUrenamed Calgary Stampeders
1936-1942Winnipeg Blue BombersWIFUrenamed Winnipeg RCAF Bombers for WWII
1936Cleveland RamsAFLjoined NFL
1937-1945Cleveland RamsNFLmoved to Los Angeles
1937-1960Washington RedskinsNFLmoved to RFK Stadium
1938-1955Edmonton EskimosWIFUBecame founder members of the Canadian Football Council
1938Philadelphia EaglesNFLplayed a home game in Johnstown, PA
1938Pittsburgh PiratesNFLplayed a home game in Charlerston, WVA
1938Philadelphias EaglesNFLplayed a home game in Buffalo, NY
1939Pro All-StarsNFLplayed against NFL champions in Pro Bowl at Los Angeles
1940-1942Hamilton WildcatsORFUrenamed Hamilton Flying Wildcats
1940-1941NFL All-StarsNFLplayed against NFL Champions in Pro Bowl at Los Angeles
1940-1942; 1944-1969Pittsburgh SteelersNFLmerged with Philadelphias Eagles for one game in 1943; moved to AFC in 1970
1941-1955Toronto ArgonautsECRFUbecame founder members of Canadian Football Council
1942NFL All-StarsNFLplayed NFL Champions in Pro Bowl at New York
1942Chicago CardinalsNFLplayed a game in Buffalo, NY
1942NFL All-StarsNFLplayed NFL Champions in Pro Blowl at Philadelphia
NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE WAR ERA (1943-1957)
1943-1947Hamilton Flying WildcatsORFUrenamed Hamilton Wildcats
1943Winnipeg RCAF BombersWIFUrenamed Winnipeg No. 3 Wireless School Bombers
1943Phil-Pitt SteaglesNFLSingle season merger of Philadelphias Eagles and Pittsburgh Steelers
1944Winnipeg No. 3 Wireless Scholol BombersWSLrenamed back to Winnipeg Blue Bombers
1944Boston YanksNFLmerged with New York
1944Brooklyn TigersNFLJoined AFL
1944Card-PittNFLSingle season merger of Chicago Casrdinals and Pittsburgh Steelers
1945Boston-New York YanksNFLrenamed back Boston Yanks
1945-1948Boston YanksNFLmoved to New York and renamed Bulldogs
1945Montreal HornetsIRFUrenamed Montreal Alouettes
1945Calgary StampedersWIFUBecame founder members of Canadian Football Council
1946Montreal AlouettesIRFUbecame founder members of Canadian Football Clouncil
1946-1979Los Angles RamsNFLmoved to Anaheim, Orange County, but remained named Los Angeles
1946-1949Cleveland BrownsAAFCJoined NFL
1946-1949San Francisco 49ersAAFCJoined NFL
1947-1949Baltimore ColtsAAFCJoined NFL
1948-1955Saskatchewan RoughridersWIFUBecame Founder members of Canadian Football Council
1948-1949Hamilton WildcatsIRFUMerged with Hamilton Tigers to form Hamilton Tiger-Cats
1949New York BulldogsNFLreplaced by New York Yanks
1950Hamilton Tiger-CatsIRFUBecame Founder members of Canadian Football Council
1950New York YanksNFLreplaced by Dallas Texans
1951-1953American ConferenceNFLplayed National Conference in Pro Bowl in Los Angeles
1951-1953National ConferenceNFLplayed American Conference in Pro Bowl in Los Angeles
1952Dallas TexansNFLreplaced by Baltimore Colts (NFL)
1953-1969Baltimore ColtsNFLmoved to AFC
1954-1970NFL EastNFLplayed NFL West in Pro Bowl in Los Angeles
1954-1970NFL WestNFLplayed NFL East in Pro Bowl in Los Angeles
1954British Columbia LionsWIFUBecame founder members of Canadian Football Council
AMERICAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE ERA (1956-1966)
1956British Columbia LionsCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Calgary StampedersCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Edmonton EskimosCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Saskatchewan RoughridersCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Winnipeg Blue BombersCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Hamilton Tiger-CatsCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Toronto ArgonautsCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Ottawa Rough RidersCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1956Montreal AlouettesCFCCFC renamed CFL in 1958
1957-presentGreen Bay PackersNFLplayed at Lambeau Field.
1960-1962Dallas TexansAFLmoved to Kansas City and renamed Chiefs
1960-2000Denver BroncosAFLmoved into Sports Authority Field at Mile High
1960-1995Houston OilersAFLmoved to Memphis and became Tennessee Oilers
1960Los Angeles ChargersAFLmoved to San Diego
1960-1962New York TitansAFLrenamed New York Jets
1960-1972Buffalo BillsAFLmoved to Orchard Park, NY, still named Buffalo Bills in 1973
1960-1970Boston PatriotsAFLrenamed New England Patriots
1960-1970Dallas CowboysNFLplayed at Cotton Bowl, Dallas; moved to Texas Stadium, Irving, TX in 1971.
1960-1987St. Louis CardinalsNFLmoved to Phoenix, AZ
1960-1964AFL EastAFLplayed AFL West in AFL Pro Bowl at San Diego
1960-1964AFL WestAFLplayed AFL East in AFL Pro Bowl at San Diego
1961-2008Minnesota VikingsNFLplayed at Metrodome, Minneapolis; moved to TCF Bank Stadium, Minneapolis in 2009
1961-2018San Diego ChargersAFLmoved to Los Angeles.
1961-1996Washington Redskins (RFK Stadium)NFLmoved to Landover, Maryland in 1997, remained Washington Redskins
1963-2071Kansas City ChiefsAFLmoved into Arrowhead Stadium, Kansas City in 1972
1963-1983New York JetsAFLmoved into Giants Stadium, East Rutherford, NJ in 1984.
1965AFL EastAFLplayed AFL West in Pro Bowl at Houston, TX.
1965AFL WestAFLplayed AFL East in Pro Bowl at Houston, TX
1966AFL All-StarsAFLplayed AFL Champions in Pro Bowl at Houston
1966-1991Atlanta FalconsNFLmoved into Georgia Dome, Atlanta, GA
1966-1986Miami DolphinsAFLmoved to Miami Gardens, FL, still named Miami Dolphins,.
1967AFL EastAFLplayed AFL West in Pro Bowl at Oakland
1967AFL WestAFLplayed AFL East in Pro Bowl at Oakland
NFL SUPERBOWL ERA (1967-
1967-1974New Orleans SaintsNFLmoved into Superdome, New Orleans in 1974
1968-1969AFL EastAFLplayed AFL West in Pro Bowl at Jacksonville, FL
1968-1969AFL WestAFLplayed AFL East in Pro Bowl at Jacksonville, FL
1968-1999Cincinnati BengalsAFLmoved into Paul Brown Stadium, Cincinnati
1969Watertown Red and BlackEFLjoined Empire Football League from New York Professional Football League
1970AFL EastAFLplayed AFL West in Pro Bowl at Astrodome Houston, TX
1970AFL WestAFLplayed AFL East in Pro Bowl at Astrodome, Houston, TX
1970Houston OilersNFLmoved into Astrodome, NFL
1970-2000Pittsburgh SteelersNFL (AFC)Joined AFC in 1970; moved into Heinz Field, Pittsburgh in 2001
1970-1983Baltimore ColtsNFL (AFC)Joined AFC in 1970; moved to Indianapolis in 1984
1970-1995Cleveland BrownsNFL (AFC)Joined AFC in 1970; moved to Baltimore in 1996
1971-2001New England PatriotsNFLmoved to Foxborough, MASS, in 2002
1971-2008Dallas Cowboys (Irving, TX)NFLplayed at Cowboys Stadium, Irving, TX until they moved to Cowboys Stadium Arlington, TX, in 2009
1971-2001Philadelphia Eagles (Veterans Stadium)NFLTeam moved into Lincoln Financial Field’ Philadelphia in 2002
1972-2009Kansas City Chiefs (Arrowhead)NFLmoved into renovated Arrowhead Stadium in 2010
1973-1974New York Giants (New Haven)NFLmoved to Shea Stadium in 1975
1973Buffalo Bills (Orchard Park)NFLplayed at nearby Orchard Park, NY)
1974-presentChicago BearsNFLplayed at Soldier Field, Chicago.
1975-2001Detroit Lions (Pontiac)NFLmoved to Ford Field, Detroit, in 2002
1975-2004New Orleans Saints (Superdome)NFLplayed games in San Antonio, TX and Baton Rouge, LA, in 2005
1975New York Giants (Shea Stadium)NFLmoved to Giants Stadium, East Rutherford, NJ in 1976
1976-1977Tampa Bay BuccaneersNFL (AFC)Joined NFC in 1978
1976-1977Seattle SeahawksNFL (NFC)Joined AFC in 1978
1976-2009New York Giants (East Rutherford, NJ)NFLmoved into Met Life Stadium, East Rutherford, NJ, in 2010
1978-1997Tampa Bay BuccaneersNFLmoved into Raymond James Stadium, Tampa, FL, in 1978
1978-2001Seattle Seahawks (Kingdome)NFLmoved into Century Link Field, Renton, WA in 2002
1979-2013NFC All-Stars (Honolulu)NFLPlayed AFC All-Stars in Pro Bowl inj Honolulu, HW
1979-2013AFC All-Stars (Honolulu) NFLPlayed NFC All-Stars in Pro Bowl inj Honolulu, HW
1980-1994Los Angeles Rams (Anaheim)NFLMoved to St. Louis, MI, in 1995
1982-1985Montreal ConcordesCFLRenamed Montreal Alouettes in 1986
1982-1994Los Angeles RaidersCFLmoved back to Oakland in 1995
1984-2007Indianapolis ColtsNFLmoved into Lucas Oil Stadium, Indianapolis in 2008
1984-2009New York Jets (East Rutherford, NJ)NFLmoved into Met Life Stadium, East Rutherford, NJ in 2010
1986Montreal AlouettesCFLfolded after 1986
1987-presentMiami Dolphins (Miami Gardens, FL)NFL
1988-1993Phoenix CardinalsNFLmoved into University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, AZ
WORLD LEAGUE OF AMERICAN FOOTBALL ERA (1991-1995)
1991-1992Barcelona DragonsWLAF / NFLEmoved to Cologne, renamed Centurions 2004
1991-1992Birmingham FireWLAFNFL folded WLAF after 1992 season
1991-2007Frankfurt GalaxyWLAF / NFLENFL folded NFLE after 2007 season
1991-1997London MonarchsWLAF / NFLEteam renamed England Monarchs in 1998
1991-1992Montreal MachineWLAFNFL folded WLAF after 1992 season
1991-1992New York / New Jersey KnightsWLAFNFL folded WLAF after 1992 season
1991-1992Orlando ThunderWLAFNFL folded WLAF after 1992 season
1991Raleigh-Durham SkyhawksWLAFmoved to Columbus Ohio, in 1992, became Ohio Glory
1991-1992Sacramento SurgeWLAFNFL folded WLAF after 1992 season
1991-1992San Antonio RidersWLAFNFL folded WLAF after 1992 season
1992Ohio Glory (Columbus)WLAFNFL folded WLAF after 1992 season
1993-1994Sacramento Gold MinersCFLfolded after 1994
1994Baltimore CFL ColtsCFLchanged name to Baltimore Football Team in 1995
1994-1995Las Vegas PosseCFLfolded after 1995
1994-1995Shreveport PirastesCFLfolded after 1995
1994-2005Arizona Cardinals (Glendale)CFLmoved into University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, AZ in 2006
1995-2007Amsterdam AdmiralsWLAF / NFLENFL folded NFLE after 2007 season
1995-2007Rhein Fire (Dusseldorf)WLAF / NFLENFL folded NFL E after 2007 season
1995-1999Scottish Claymores (Edinburgh)WLAF / NFLErenamed Scotland Claymores after move to Glasgow
1995Baltimore Football TeamCFL Southplayed one game as Baltimore FT before renamed Baltimore Stallions
1995Birmingham BarracudasCFL Southfolded after 1995
1995Memphis Mad DogsCFL Southfolded after 1995
1995Baltimore StallionsCFL Southmoved to Montreal, renamed Alouettes in 1996
1995-presentBritish Columbia LionsCFL NorthCFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-presentCalgary StampedersCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-presentEdmonton EskimosCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-presentSaskatchewan RoughridersCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-presentWinnipeg Blue BombersCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-presentHamilton Tiger-CatsCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-presentToronto ArgonautsCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-1998Ottawa Rough RidersCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
1995-presentMontreal AlouettesCFL North CFL renamed CFL North 1995 for one season after addition of USA teams (CFL South)
NFL EXPANSION ERA (1995-2002)
1995-presentCarolina Panthers (Charlotte, NC)NFL
1995-presentJacksonville JaguarsNFLplayed one game a year in London from 2013
1995-2018St. Louis RamsNFLmoved back to Los Angeles in 2019
1995-2019Oakland RaidersNFLmoved to Las Vegas, NV
1996-presentBaltimore RavensNFL
1997Tennessee Oilers (Memphis)NFLplayed one season in Memphis before moving on to Nashville
1998England Monarchs (Birmingham)NFLplayed part of season in Bristiol, ENG, before NFL moved team to Berlin, renamed them Thunder
1998England Monarchs (Bristol)NFLplayed part of season in Bristiol, ENG, before NFL moved team to Berlin, renamed them Thunder
1998Tennessee Oilers (Nashville)NFLplayed one season in Nashville as Oilers before renamed Tennessee Titans
1998Tampa Bay BuccaneersNFLplayed at Raymond James Stadium, Tampa
1999-2007Berlin ThunderNFLNFL folded NFLE after 2007 season
1999-presentCleveland BrownsNFLNFL gave Cleveland their team and Browns history backafter team moved to Baltimore in 1996.
1999-presentTennessee Titans (Nashville)NFL
2000-2004Scotland Claymores (Glasgow)NFLETeam moved to Hamburg, GER, renamed Sea Devils in 2005
2000-presentCincinnati BengalsNFLTeam moved into Paul Brown Stadium in 2000
2001-presentDenver BroncosNFLTeam moved into Sports Authority Field at Mile High in 2001
2001-presentPittsburgh Steelers (Heinz Stadium)NFLTeam moved into Heinz Stadium, Pittsburgh in 2001.
2002-2006Ottawa RenegadesCFLFolded after 2006 season
2002-presentHouston TexansNFLExpansion team to replace Houston Oilers
2002-presentNew England Patriots (Foxborough)NFLTeam moved into new Stadium in Foxborough, MASS in 2002
2002-presentDetroit Lions (Ford Field)NFLTeam moved back to Detroit, at Ford Field in 2002
2002-presentSeattle Seahawks (Renton / Century Link)NFLTeam moved into new Stadium at Century Link Field in 2002, and new Offices at Renton, WA.
2003-presentPhiladelphia Eagles (Lincoln Financial)NFLTeam moved into new Stadium at Lincoln Financial Field, Phialdelphia in 2003
2004-2007Cologne CenturionsNFLENFL folded NFLE after 2007 season
2005-2007Hamburg Sea DevilsNFLENFL folded NFLE after 2007 season
2005New Orleans Saints (San Antonio)NFLSaints played part of 2005 season in San Antonio, TX after Hurricane Karina.
2005New Orleans Saints (Baton Rouge)NFLSaints played part of 2005 season in Baton Rouge, LA, after Hurricane Katrina.
2005Arizona Cardinals (Mexico City)NFLICardinals played one home game in Mexico City in 2005 as part of NFL International program.
2006Arizona Cardinals (Glendale, AZ)NFLCardinals moved into New University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona in 2006.
2007Miami Dolphins (London, ENG)NFLIDolphins played regular season games in London in 2007 and 2017 as part of the NFL International Series
2008New Orleans Saints (London, ENG)NFLISaints played regular season games in London in 2008 as part of the NFL International Series
2008-2013Buffalo Bills (Toronto, CA)NFLIBills played a home regular season game every year in Toronto as part of the NFL international Series from 2008-2013
NFL INTERNATIONAL ERA (2009-2018)
2009Dallas Cowboys (Arlington, TX)NFLCowboys moved into a bnew Stadium, Cowboys Stadium, in Arlington, TX in 2009.
2009Minnesota Vikings (TCF Bank Stadium)NFLVikinmgs moved into TCF Bank Stadium, Minneapolis in 2009
2009Tampa Bay Buccaneers (London, ENG)NFLIBuccaneers played home regular season games in London as part of the NFL International Series in 2009
2010New York Giants (Met Life Stadium)NFLGiants moved into new Met Life Stadium home in East Ruherford, NJ in 2010
2010New York Jets (Met Life Stadium)NFLJets moved into new Met Life Stadium home in East Rutherford, NJ in 2010.
2010Kansas City Chiefs (Arrowhead)NFLChiefs moved into newly renovated Arrowhead Stadium in 2010.
2012St. Louis Rams (London, ENG)NFLIRams played home regular season games in London, England as part of the NFL International Series in 2012
2013Jacksonville Jaguars (London, ENG)NFLI“Union Jags” played one home regular season game a year in London, England from 2013-2019 as part of the NFL International Series
2013Minnesota Vikings (London, ENG)NFLIVikings played a home regular seasion game in England in 2013 as part of the NFL International Serie
2014Team Rice (Honolulu, HW)NFLTeam Rice played Team Sanders in the NFL Pro Bowl in Hawaii from 2014
2014Team Sanders (Honolulu, HW)NFLTeam Sanders played Team Rice in the NFL Pro Bowl in Hawaii from 2014
2014Ottawa REDBLACKSCFLlatest attempt at replacing Rough Riders
2014San Francisco 49ers (Santa Clara, CA)NFL49ers moved into a new home in Santa Clara, a suburb of San Jose in 2014
2014Oakland Raiders (London, ENG)NFLIRaiders played a home regular season match in London, England in 2014 as part of the NFL International Series
2014Atlanta Falcons (London, ENG)NFLIFalcons played a home regular season match in London, ENG, in 2014 as part of the NFL International Series
2015Kansas City Chiefs (London, ENG)NFLIChiefs played a home regular season match in London, ENG, in 2015 as part of the NFL International Series
2016Condores CDMXLFAM
2016Eagles CDMXLFAMrenamed Mexicas CDMX in 2017
2016Mayas CDMXLFAMmoved to Puebla in 2018
2016Raptors EdomexLFAM
2016Cincinnati Bengals (London, ENG)NFLIBengals played home regular season match in London, ENG, in 2016 as part of the NFL International Series
2016Oakland Raiders (Mexico City, MX)NFLIRaiders played home regular season match in Mexico City in 2016 and 2017 as part of the NFL International Series
2017Dinos SaltilloLFAM
2017Fundidores MonterreyLFAM
2017Mexicas CDMXLFAM
2017Cleveland Browns (London, ENG)NFLIBrowns played home regular season match in London, ENG in 2017 as part of the NFL International Series
2018Artilleros PueblaLFAM
2018MayasLFAM
2018Osos TolucaLFAM
2018Los Angeles RamsNFLRams moved back to Los Angeles in 2018
2018Los Angeles ChargersNFLChargers moved back to Los Angeles in 2018
2018Los Angeles Chargers (London, ENG)NFLIChargers played home regular season match in London, ENG in 2018 as part of the NFL International Series
2019Pioneros QueretaroLFAM
NFL RENAMING ERA (2019-Present)
2019Los Angeles Chargers (Mexico City, MX)NFLIChargers played home regular season match in Mexico City in 2019 as part of the NFL International Series
2020Las Vegas RaidersNFLOakland Raiders moved into their present home in Las Vegas in 2020
2020Edmonton Football TeamCFLEdmonton Football Team renamed Elks in 2021
2020Washington Football TeamNFLWashington FT to be renamed in 2022
2021Barcelona DragonsELFresurrected team from NFLE
2021Berlin ThunderELFresurrected team from NFLE
2021Cologne CenturionsELFresurrected team from NFLE
2021Frankfurt GalaxyELFresurrected team from NFLE
2021Hamburg Sea DevilsELFresurrected team from NFLE
2021Leipzig KingsELFnew team in European League of Football which borrows London Monarchs name and changes it slightly
2021Panthers WroclawELFPolish team which joined the European League of Football from the East European Super League
2021Stuttgart SurgeELFGerman team which uses the old Sacramento Surge WLAF name
2021Edmonton ElksCFLCurrent name of Team
[NFL, CFL, LFAM, NFLE names and Homes 1873-2021

Report

One thing about North American Professional Sports that strikes the reader in Europe, ins gthe regularity with which teams, move or change name or league. The above list is an attempt to provide an deasy and ready guide for Irish, British and European readers whjo are curious as to where teams once played and where they play now, from the Canadian Football League (1873 to present in its various forms), the World Series of Football (1902-1903), the first attempt at a National Football League in 1902, The American Professional Football Association (1920-1922), which was renamed the National Football League in 1923, through to the American Football League (1960-1969) which merged with the NFL in 1970, thus starting the Super Bowl bewtween the two Leagues, and on to the NFL Europe League which the NFL started as the World League of American Football in 1991 and lasted until 2007, to the NFL International Series (2005-2019) and from 2016 the Liga de Futbol Americano Mexico to the present-day renaming era.

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]
ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] National Football League (2014) “Chronology of Professional Football” 2013 NFL Record & Fact Book. pg. 353

[2] Professional Football Researchers Association | Wayback Machine (2010)  The Coffin Corner Annual Volume 2 (1980)  The First Football World Series Experiment in the Garden https://web.archive.org/web/20101127053946/http://www.profootballresearchers.org/Coffin_Corner/02-An-054.pdf [Accessed 20 May 2020

BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] National Football League (2014) “Chronology of Professional Football” 2013 NFL Record & Fact Book. pg. 353

[2] Professional Football Researchers Association | Wayback Machine (2010)  The Coffin Corner Annual Volume 2 (1980)  The First Football World Series Experiment in the Garden https://web.archive.org/web/20101127053946/http://www.profootballresearchers.org/Coffin_Corner/02-An-054.pdf [Accessed 20 May 2020

WEBSITES

[1] Braunwart, Bob & Carroll, Bob (1981) The Coffin Corner (1981) Professional Football Researchers Association.3 (7) https://web.archive.org/web/20140822043543/http://www.profootballresearchers.org/Coffin_Corner/03-07-068.pdf [Accessed 20 July 2018]

[2] Pro Football Archives (2019) Bob Nash [Internet] Available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/playern/nash00200.html [Accessed 11 October 2019]

WEBSITES

[1] National Football League (2014) “Past Standings | 1920-1926” 2014 Official NFL Record & Factbook” pg. 398-399. National football League, Time Home Entertainment. 2014.

[2] The Growth of a Game (2015) The Complete List of European NFL Players [Internet] Available from: https://www.growthofagame.com/2015/03/the-complete-list-of-european-nfl-players/ [Accessed 11 October 2019]

[3] Pro Football Archives (2019) Detroit Heralds 1920 [Internet] Available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/1920apfadet.html [Accessed 11 October 2019]

[4] Arizona Cardinals (2020) Schedule [1920] [Internet] Available from: https://www.azcardinals.com/schedule/1920/ [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[5]  Marc S. Maltby, The Coffin Corner Vol. 14 No. 4, Pro Football Researchers Association (1992) Evansville 1920-1922: The Early Stuggles of Professional Football – [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballresearchers.org/archives/Website_Files/Coffin_Corner/14-04-466.pdf   [Accessed 18 September 2020]

[6] Arizona Cardinals | Wayback Machine (2009) All-Time Results [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20090914231608/http://www.azcardinals.com/history/all-time-results.html [Accessed 19 september 2020]

[7] Bob Carroll, The Coffin Corner Vol. 4 No. 12, Pro Football Researchers Association (1982) Akron Pros 1920 – [Internet] Available from: https://www.webcitation.org/65r52lUNU?url=http://www.profootballresearchers.org/Coffin_Corner/04-12-119.pdf  Accessed 18 September 2020]

[8] Chicago Bears (2020) Schedule [1920] [Internet] available from: https://www.chicagobears.com/schedule/1920/ [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[10] Google News: Youngsown Vindicator, October 4, 1920. Canton Trims Pitcairn Team [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=dGxKAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QYYMAAAAIBAJ&pg=2868%2C2793544 [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[11] Google News: Youngsown Vindicator, October 11, 1920. pg. 10 Canton Stops Toledo Eleven [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=pqgf-8x9CmQC&dat=19201011&printsec=frontpage&hl=en [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[12] Google News: Youngsown Vindicator, October 11, 1920. pg. 10 Panhandles lose to Akron [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=pqgf-8x9CmQC&dat=19201011&printsec=frontpage&hl=en [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[13] Google News: Toledo News-Bee, October 18, 1920. Canton beats Cleveland [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=-u9XAAAAIBAJ&sjid=BEUNAAAAIBAJ&pg=4221%2C2532398 [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[14] Google News: Youngstown Vindicator, October 25, 1920. pg. 11 Thorpe saves Canton Eleven with 2 Goals [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=pqgf-8x9CmQC&dat=19201025&printsec=frontpage&hl=en [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[15] Google News: Youngstown Vindicator, November 1, 1920. pg. 15 Akron Takes Canton in Great Game [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=MC1KAAAAIBAJ&sjid=_YUMAAAAIBAJ&pg=3302%2C1526680 [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[16] Google News: Youngstown Vindicator, November 22, 1920. pg. 15 Canton Downs Buffalo Team [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=pqgf-8x9CmQC&dat=19201122&printsec=frontpage&hl=en [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[17] Google News: The Sunday Chronicle, December 5, 1920. pg. 15 Tigers tame Thorpe’s Bulldogs [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=aO9WAAAAIBAJ&sjid=fkINAAAAIBAJ&pg=1212,1102615&dq=canton+bulldogs&hl=en [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[18] NFL | WAyback Machine (2010) Thanksgiving serves up classic games [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20100410093827/http://www.nfl.com/thanksgiving/story?id=09000d5d8045a5e3&template=without-video&confirm=true [accessed 19 september 2020]

[19] New York Times December 5, 1920 All-Americans win Pro Gridiron Game [Internet] Available from: https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1920/12/05/102991292.pdf [acessed 19 september 2020] [See PDF]

[20] Pro Football Archives (2020) New Haven Washington Glees [Internet] available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/1920newhwa.html [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[21] Pro Football Archives (2020) Phoenixville Union AA [Internet] available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/1920uni.html [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[22] Rochester Jeffersons (2020) 1920 Season {Internet] Available from: http://kencrippen.com/Jeffersons/1920_Rochester_Jeffersons.pdf [Accessed 19 September 2020][See PDF]

[23] Dayton Triangles (2020) Dayton APFA / NFL Summary [Internet] Available from: https://daytontriangles.com/dayton-apfa-nfl-franchise-summary/ [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[24] Dayton Triangles (2020) Dayton APFA / NFL Summary [Internet] Available from: https://daytontriangles.com/dayton-apfa-nfl-franchise-summary/ [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[25] Dayton Triangles (2020) Dayton APFA / NFL Clubs Official Games [Internet] Available from: https://daytontriangles.com/dayton-apfa-nfl-clubs-official-games-1920-1929/ [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[26] Bills Backers | Wayback Machine (2001) History of Pro football in Western New York 1920-1939 [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20010425091533/http://www.billsbackers.com/1920s.htm [accessed 19 September 2020]

[27] Sports Encyclopedia (2020) Muncie Flyers [Internet] Available from: https://sportsecyclopedia.com/nfl/muncie/flyers.html [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[28] Roy Sye, The Coffin Corner Vol. 24 No. 3, Pro Football Researchers Association (2002) Muncie Flyers 1920 – [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballresearchers.org/archives/Website_Files/Coffin_Corner/24-03-937.pdf  Accessed 18 September 2020]

[29] Google News: Toledo News-Bee, November 1, 1920 pg. 11. Brickley Boy Wins for Cleveland [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=k_8v9Q84L5sC&dat=19201101&printsec=frontpage&hl=en [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[30] Google News: Youngstown Vindicator, November 29, 1920. pg. 15 Pat’s defeat Panhandles in last game [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=pqgf-8x9CmQC&dat=19201129&printsec=frontpage&hl=en  [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[31] Case Western Reserve University (2020) Cleveland Tigers [Internet] Available from: https://case.edu/ech/articles/c/cleveland-tigers [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[32] Google News: Youngstown Vindicator, November 15, 1920. pg. 15 Patricians defeat St. Edwards at Idora 10-0 [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=pqgf-8x9CmQC&dat=19201122&printsec=frontpage&hl=en [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[33] Detroit Free Press. October 11, 1920. p. 13. “Heralds Trim Panthers 40-14: Vogel, Cleveland Star Right Halfback, in Hospital From Injuries”

[34] Detroit Free Press. October 18, 1920. p. 11. “FLUKY KICKS GIVE CHICAGO THE GAME: Detroit Heralds Lose Hard Fought Game, 12 to 0”

[35] Detroit Free Press. October 25, 1920. p. 12. “Heralds Get Lonely Tally: Fitzgerald Intercepts Forward Pass, Runs 85 Yards to Beat Pan Handles; Local Team Plays Good Game as Do the Visitors; Big Crowd Out”

[36] Detroit Free Press. November 1, 1920. p. 15. “HERALDS BEATEN BY LARGE SCORE: Three Blocked Punts Turn Detroit Team Back”

[37] Detroit Free Press. November 15, 1920. p. 14. “Heralds Draw at Ft. Wayne”

[38] Detroit Free Press. November 29, 1920. p. 11. “No Scoring in Title Battle: Neither Lansing Nor Champion Heralds Are Able to Tally on Muddy Gridiron; Visitors Outgain Locals but Long Forward Pass Almost Beats Them”

[39]  Detroit Free Press. December 6, 1920. p. 11. “EACH ELEVEN SCORES ONCE: Heralds and Maroons Go to 7-7 Tie on Muddy Grid Sunday Afternoon”

[40] Rock Island Independents (2020) 1920 R.I. Independents [Read All About It][1920] [Internet] Available from: http://www.rockislandindependents.com/index_frame.htm [Accessed 18 September 2020]

[41] Decatur Staleys (2020) Staleys [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20050517205446/http://home.comcast.net/~esterneman/sternaman/football.htm [accessed 19 September 2020]

 [42] Bob Carroll, The Coffin Corner Vol. 10 No. 4, Pro Football Researchers Association (1988) George Roudebush – [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20101127053406/http://profootballresearchers.org/Coffin_Corner/10-04-344.pdf  Accessed 19 September 2020]

[43] Jim Quirk, The Coffin Corner Vol. 20 No. 1, Pro Football Researchers Association (1998) The Minneapolis Marines – Minnesota’s Forgotten NFL Team – [Internet] Available from:  https://web.archive.org/web/20101218204303/http://profootballresearchers.org/Coffin_Corner/20-01-732.pdf Accessed 19 September 2020][Also Available at: https://web.archive.org/web/20071210085947/http://footballresearch.com/articles/frpage.cfm?topic=marines [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[44] Website (2009) Toledo Maroons [Internet] Available from: https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/krd4052/FootballResearch/ohio/ohtolmar.htm&date=2009-10-26+01:32:02 [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[45] Cleveland (2015) 100 Years ago, were Youngstown Patricians pro football’s world champs? (photos) [Internet] available from: https://www.cleveland.com/browns/2015/11/100_years_ago_youngstown_patri.html [Accessed 20 September 2020]

[46] Google News: Youngsown Vindicator, October 11, 1920 pg. 10. Akron downs “Pats” in close contest [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=eGxKAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QYYMAAAAIBAJ&pg=1462%2C4224078 [Accessed 19 September 2020]

[47] Google News: Youngstown Vindicator, October 4, 1920. pg. 14 Sharon beaten by Patricians [Internet] Available from: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=dGxKAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QYYMAAAAIBAJ&pg=3879%2C2787954  [Accessed 20 September 2020]

WEBSITES/ BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] National Football League (2018) 2018 NFL Record & Factbook | International Games p. 510 [Internet] Available from: http://www.nfl.com/static/content/public/photo/2018/08/09/0ap3000000946101.pdf [Accessed 9 November 2019]

[2] National Football League (2018) 2018 Scores | Week 6 [Internet] Available from: https://www.nfl.com/scores/2018/REG6 [Accessed 9 November 2019]

[3] National Football League (2018) 2018 Scores | Week 7 [Internet] Available from: https://www.nfl.com/scores/2018/REG7 [Accessed 9 November 2019]

[4] National Football League (2018) 2018 Scores | Week 8 [Internet] Available from: https://www.nfl.com/scores/2018/REG8 [Accessed 9 November 2019]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Decy Maher and Joe Piascik

REFERENCES (CANADIAN FOOTBALL ALMANAC 1875-2012 – DAVID STEWART-CANDY & DAVE CLAMEN)

SOURCES

Ontario Rugby Football Union
Québec Rugby Football Union
Western Canada Rugby Football Union
Manitoba Rugby Football Union
Saskatchewan Rugby Football Union
Alberta Rugby Football Union
British Columbia Rugby Football Union
Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union
Kingston Rugby Football League
Winnipeg Rugby Football League
Intermediate Champions
CFL Attendance Statistics – All Teams for 1982, 1983, 1986 and 1987
Calgary Stampeders Attendance Statistics 1979
Edmonton Eskimo Attendance Statistics 1966-1987
Montréal Alouettes Attendance Statistics 1977
CFL versus NFL Scores
kindly supplied by David Clamen
Thornhill, Ontario
Canada

Canadian Football League Facts Figures & Records 1986 Edition
Canadian Football League Facts Figures & Records 1994 Edition
Canadian Football League Facts Figures & Records 1995 Edition
Canadian Football League Facts Figures & Records 1996 Edition
Canadian Football League Facts Figures & Records 1997 Edition
published by Canadian Football League
Fifth Floor
110 Elginton Avenue West
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
M4R 1A3
1986-1997 Canadian Football League

Canadian Football League
http://www.cfl.ca

Canadian Football – The Grey Cup Years
written by Frank Cosentino
published by Musson Book Company Limited
Don Mills, Ontario
Canada
1969 Frank Cosentino

A Passing Game – A History of the CFL
written by Frank Cosentino
published by Bain & Cox
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Canada
1995 Frank Cosentino

100 Years of Canadian Football
written by Gordon Currie
published by Pagurian Press Limited
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
1968 Pagurian Press Limited

Rider Pride – The Story of Canada’s Best-Loved Football Team
written by Bob Calder and Garry Andrews
published by Western Producer Prairie Books
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
1984

Gael Force – A Century of Football At Queen’s
written by Merv Daub
published by McGill-Queen’s University Press
Montréal, Québec & Kingston, Ontario
1996

1995 British Columbia Lions Media Guide
1996 British Columbia Lions Media Guide
published by Jim Dorash
1996 British Columbia Lions Football Club

Montréal Alouettes Guide Média / Media Guide ’86
published by Club de Football Les Alouettes de Montréal
1986

Ottawa Rough Riders ’87 Media Guide / Guide Média
published by the Ottawa Rough Riders Football Club
 1987

Ottawa Rough Riders 1995 Fact Book
published by the Ottawa Rough Riders Football Club
1995 Ottawa Rough Riders

Toronto Argonauts ’89 Yearbook & Media Guide
published by the Toronto Argonauts Football Club
 1989

Sports Logo Guide – Third Edition
written by John M. Fulgano
published by The Sports Fanatic
San Ramon, California
1997 John M Fulgaro

The Vancouver Sun
October 24th 1998
published by Pacific Press
Vancouver, British Columbia

1997 & 1998 Attendance
kindly supplied courtesy of the Saskatchewan Roughriders Football Club

Canadian Junior Football League
http://www.cjfl.ca/

Ottawa Rough Riders Fan Page
http://roughriders.ottawa.com/history/coachrecord.html

Professional Football Researchers Association
http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/Sideline/5960/contlg.htm

University of Western Ontario Mustangs
http://members.tripod.com/mustangfootball/overallrecord.htm

Many thanks to Jim Stevenson (Statistician – Ontario Football Conference) for kindly providing OFC material for 1984 to 2000
Many thanks to Mitch Soivenski of Hampton, New Hampshire for submitting errata corrections

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to David Stewart-Candy

REFERENCES

WEBSITES

[2] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

[3] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[4] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[5] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[6] American Football International (2016) Mayas Win First Liga de Football Americano Championship Game In Mexico [Internet] available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/mayas-win-first-liga-de-futboll-americano-championship-game-mexico/ [accessed 5 August 2018]

[7] LFA Mexico (2019) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 15 April 2019]

[8] LFA Mexico (2019) Calendario [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario/[Accessed 13 May 2019]

WEB ARCHIVE

[9] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20161106181310/http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

IMAGES

[6] Brands of the World (2018) LFA Logo [Internet] Available from: https://botw-pd.s3.amazonaws.com/styles/logo-thumbnail/s3/012017/untitled-1_0.jpg?itok=is8COLAV [Accessed 1 August 2018]

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Todd Zboyan.

REFERENCES

LOGOS

[1] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Profile Picture, February 4, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.100150555247238/159345569327736/ [Accessed 27 April 2021]

WEBSITES

[2] American Football International (2020) Pro football returns to Europe: European League of Football kicks off in 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootballinternational.com/pro-football-returns-to-europe-european-league-of-football-kicks-off-in-2021/ [Accessed 5 November 2020]

[3] Mailchimp ELF (2021) European League of Football Season Schedule 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://mailchi.mp/468f778ac192/european-league-of-league-of-football-season-schedule-2021?e=8720ab58ac [Accessed 20 April 2021]

[4] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Post, 26 April 2021: “The divisions with the updated Leipzig Kings logo!” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.189040923024867/211338784128414 [Accessed 27 April 2021]

[5] European League of Football (2021) Stats [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/stats [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[6] European League of Football (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/schedule [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[7] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[8] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[9] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[10] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[11] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[12] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[13] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[14] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

PHOTOS

[38] ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

REFERENCES

WEBSITES

[1] World League of American Football (2018) download [Internet] Available from: data:image/png;base64,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 Accessed 23 April 2018]

[2] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1991 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id165.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

NEWSPAPERS

[3] Anon. (1991) “Standings” First Down, June 1, 1991, pg. 5

[4] Anon. (1991) “Jon’s too Hort to handle” First Down, June 8, 1991, pg. 4-5

[5] Anglesey, Steve (1991) “Enter the Dragons!” First Down, June 15, 1992, pg. 6-7

WEBSITES

[6] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1992 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id166.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[7] Anon. (1992) “Standings” First Down, May 30, 1992, pg. 5

[8] Anon. (1992) “What a Drag On!” First Down, June 6, 1992, pg. 4-5

[9] Anglesey, Steve (1992) “Ace Arch has a ball in Montreal” First Down, June 13, 1992, pg. 4-5

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Rose McCabe, Ann Hanley, Gabriel McCloyne, Eerson Callender, Peter Lemass, Gerry Tully & Ciaran Simms

REFERENCES

MAGAZINES

[1] Anon. (1996) Claymores Roster / Monarchs Roster First Down. April 13th, 1996. Centre Pages.

[2] FD Reporter (1996) “Kicking Kev Keeps Irish Eyes Smiling: Ex-London ace Hurst hooks up with Kurt Smeby’s Leprechauns” First Down. March 15, 1997.

NEWSPAPERS

[20] Naughton, Lindie (1996) US FOOTBALLEvening Herald. Thursday, 29 February 1996. pg 62 [Internet] Available from: http://archive.irishnewsarchive.com/Olive/APA/INA/Print.Article.aspx?mode=image&href=EHD%2F1996%2F02%2F29&id=Ar06206 [Accessed 5 July 2017]

WEBSITES

[19] Football Database (2017) Emmett Waldron Career Stats [Internet] Available from: https://www.footballdb.com/players/emmett-waldron-waldrem01/stats [Accessed 2 December 2017]

[20] Irish American Football Association (2010) Jeff Reinebold to give clinics in Ireland [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/jeff-reinebold-to-give-clinics-in-ireland/ [Accessed 3 August 2018]

[21] Irish American Football Association (2010) Jeff Reinebold to give clinics in Ireland – Picture [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/1945124.jpg [Accessed 3 August 2018]

[22] American Football International (2015) The Never Ending Football Journey of Jeff Reinebold [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/the-never-ending-football-journey-of-jeff-reinebold/ [accessed 4 August 2018]

[23] Wikipedia (2018) Jeff Reinebold [Internet] Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Reinebold [Accessed 4 August 2018]

NEWSPAPERS

[11] Naughton, Lindie (1996) “US FOOTBALL”Evening Herald. Thursday, 29 February 1996. pg 62 [Internet] Available from: http://archive.irishnewsarchive.com/Olive/APA/INA/Print.Article.aspx?mode=image&href=EHD%2F1996%2F02%2F29&id=Ar06206 [Accessed 5 July 2017]

[12] Anon. (1991) “Standings” First Down. May 25, 1991. Issue 257. pg. 5.

WEBSITES

[1] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/WLAFlogo.gif [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[4] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1995 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id170.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[5] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1996 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id171.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[6] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1997 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id172.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[7] Scottish Claymores (1995)1995 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/1995.php [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[8] Scottish Claymores (1996)1996 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/1996.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[9] Scottish Claymores (1997)1997 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/1997.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[12] Football Database (2017) Emmett Waldron Career Stats [Internet] Available from: https://www.footballdb.com/players/emmett-waldron-waldrem01/stats [Accessed 2 December 2017]

IMAGES

[24] World League of American Football (2020) 96claymoresawayjersey50rs.jpg.w300h350 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/.pond/96claymoresawayjersey50rs.jpg.w300h350.jpg [Accessed 17 September 2020]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Laura Shadbolt.

NEWSPAPERS

[20] Naughton, Lindie (1996) US FOOTBALL Evening Herald. Thursday, 29 February 1996. pg 62 [Internet] Available from: http://archive.irishnewsarchive.com/Olive/APA/INA/Print.Article.aspx?mode=image&href=EHD%2F1996%2F02%2F29&id=Ar06206 [Accessed 5 July 2017]

WEBSITES

[1] Growth of a Game (2014) NFL Europe Logos [Internet] Available from: https://www.growthofagame.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/NFL-Europe-Logo.jpg [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[2] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1998 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id173.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[3] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1999 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id174.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[4] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2000 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id175.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[5] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2001 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id176.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[6] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2002 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id177.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[7] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2003 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id178.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[8] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2004 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id179.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[9] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2005 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id180.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[10] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2006 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id181.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[11] World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 2007 [Internet] Available from: http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id182.html [Accessed 23 April 2018]

[12] Scottish Claymores (1998)1998 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/1998.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[13] Scottish Claymores (1999)1999 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/1999.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[14] Scottish Claymores (1999)2000 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/2000.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[15] Scottish Claymores (1999)2001 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/2001.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[16] Scottish Claymores (1999)2002 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/2002.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[17] Scottish Claymores (1999)2003 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/1999.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[18] Scottish Claymores (1999)2004 Season [Internet] Available from: http://www.esspeedee.com/claymores/2004.php [Accessed 19 October 2017]

[19] Football Database (2017) Emmett Waldron Career Stats [Internet] Available from: https://www.footballdb.com/players/emmett-waldron-waldrem01/stats [Accessed 2 December 2017]

[20] Irish American Football Association (2010) Jeff Reinebold to give clinics in Ireland [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/jeff-reinebold-to-give-clinics-in-ireland/ [Accessed 3 August 2018]

[21] Irish American Football Association (2010) Jeff Reinebold to give clinics in Ireland – Picture [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/1945124.jpg [Accessed 3 August 2018]

[22] American Football International (2015) The Never Ending Football Journey of Jeff Reinebold [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/the-never-ending-football-journey-of-jeff-reinebold/ [accessed 4 August 2018]

[23] Wikipedia (2018) Jeff Reinebold [Internet] Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeff_Reinebold [Accessed 4 August 2018]

[24] Britball Now (2018) Historical League Tables | NFL Europe [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/historical-league-tables-in/ [Accessed 28 December 2018]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Laura Shadbolt.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 23 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved.

Pass the Parcel

About Pass the Parcel

Pass the Parcel is a Children’s game, usually played at Birthday parties, whereby a gift is wrapped up in several layers of wrapping paper. Music is played as the parcel is passed around between the children, and when the music stops the person holding the parcel takes off the wrapper. The person who takes off the last wrapper (i.e. the inner-most wrapper) and reaches the gift gets to take home the gift.

crop faceless woman showing small gift box on palms
Photo by Liza Summer on Pexels.com

REFERENCES

[2] Experience. Played this game myself in School.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Jillian Glynn, Kevin Smyth, Ian Collins and Ian Clarke.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 21 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2020-2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Flag Oceane Senior Competition 2001

Flag Oceane Logo 2008 [References: 1]

Final Standings Senior Flag 2001

Flag Oceane Senior Competition Overall Rankings 2001

PosTeamWLTPct
1Team USA (Flag Magazine USA)2001.000
2Ramstein Knights (KMC-US Army)1100.500
3Le Plessis-Robinson Mousquetaires 2 (Fra)1100.500
4Aguilas Blancas (Mex)0000
5St. Ouen l'Aumône Crevettes (Fra)0000
6Clermont-Ferrand Flying Bougnats (Fra)0000
7La Corneuve Flashs (Fra)0000
8Troyes Pygargues (Fra)0000
9La Queue en Brie Gladiateurs 1 (Fra)0000
10Le Plessis-Robinson Mousquetaires 1 (Fra)0000
11Sannois Gaulois (Fra)0000
12Big Binouz0000
13Asnières Molosses 2 (Fra)0000
14La Queue en Brie Gladiateurs 2 (Fra)0000
15Tours Pionniers / Orléans Chevaliers (Fra) 0000
16Asnières Molosses 1 (Fra)0000
17Reims Jaguars (Fra)0000
18Rouen Léopards (Fra)0000
19Garches Waoki (Fra)0000
20Klosterneuberg Indians (Aut)0200.000

[References: 2]

Playoffs

[References: 2]

Report

Team USA represented by Flag Magazine USA won the Flag Oceane in 2001, defeating USA Air Force base team Ramstein Knights (Based in Germany) 34-18 in the Final of the Senior Competition. Le Plessis-Robinson Mousquetaires 2 (France) came third and Klosterneuberg Indians fourth of the 20 teams in the section. France’s Sannois Gaulois, named after the old Celtic name for the people living in France before the Roman conquest came 12th.

About Flag Oceane

Flag Oceane was organised by Le Havre Salamandres in Normandie, France every Summer from 1999 to 2008, becoming the biggest Flag Football competition in Europe during that time. Teams came from USA, Mexico, Canada, Israel, Ausrtria, Ukraine, England, Scotland, Denmark, Germany and Netherlands to compete in Senior, Hopeful and Leisure Open, Women’s, Cadets, Minime and Benjamins categories.

Logos

[1] Flag Oceane Wayback Machine (2004) ball [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20070824020039im_/http://www.flag-oceane.com/images/ball.gif [Accessed 20 August 2021]

References

[2] Flag Oceane Wayback Machine (2004) Results 2001 : Senior Competition [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20041010081305fw_/http://www.flag-oceane.com/2001ry.html [Accessed 18 April 2020]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Sean Douglas (NP Flag Big Bowl 2017 and Dublin Bay Raptors)

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 20 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

European Federation of American Football Eurobowl 2001

EFAF Logo
EFAF Logo [Reference: 1]

Standings

EFAF Eurobowl North League 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Stockholm Mean Machine (Swe)2001.000000W2
2Oslo Vikings (Nor)0200.000000L2

EFAF Eurobowl South League 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Bergamo Lions (Ita)4001.00017448126W4
2Tyrolean Raiders (Aut)1300.25085101-16L1
3Seaside Vipers (Swi)1300.25045155-110L3
4Prague Panthers (Cze)0000.0000000

EFAF Eurobowl Division 1 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1La Corneuve Flash (Fra)2001.000641351W2
2London O's (Eng)0200.0001364-51L2

EFAF Eurobowl Division 2 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Chrysler Vienna Vikings (Aut)4001.00015246106W4
2Marche Team Dolphins (Ita)2200.5006294-32W1
3Zurich Renegades (Swi)0000.0000000
4Bolzano Giants (Ita)0400.00049123-74L4

EFAF Eurobowl Division 3 2001

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Marfil Alella Drags (Spa)2001.000000W2
2Aix-en-Provence Argonautes (Fra)0200.000000L2

Note: Oslo Vikings (North League), Prague Panthers (South League), Zurich Renegades (Division 2) and Aix-en-Provenvce Argonautes (Division 3) all withdrew.

North League Schedule

South League Schedule

Division 1 Schedule

Division 2 Schedule

Division 3 Schedule

Eurobowl Playoffs

Report

With one team withdrawing from four of the five Divisions and Leagues, there was little competition in the Qualifying Phase, with Stockholm Mean Machine and Marfil Alella Drags receiving a bye into the Quarter-Finals, and the South League’s six matches being superfluous as all three teams that played were guaranteed a Quarter-Final spot. This left Division 1 and 2 to be played to knock out two teams. La Corneuve Flash of France qualified from Division 1 at the expense of British Champions London O’s and Chrysler Vienna Vikings (4-0) and Marche Team Dolphins (2-2) qualified from Division 2 ahead of Bolzano Giants of Italy.

In the Quarter-Finals an All-Italian match-up saw Bergamo Lions progress at the expense of Marche Team Dolphins, and an All-Austrian tie was a win for Chrysler Vienna Vikings by a single point versus Tyrolean Raiders. The previous weekend Sweden’s Stockholm Mean Machine had triumphed 72-52 in a high-scoring thriller at Spain’s Marfil Alella Drags and La Corneuve Flash of France shutout Seaside Vipers of Switzerland 62-0.

The Semi-Finals were a lot closer as Bergamo Lions defeated La Corneuve Flash 28-12 and Chrysler Vienna Vikings defeated Stockholm Mean Machine 23-14. Eurobowl XV was a repeat victory for Bergamo Lions as they defeated Chrysler Vienna Vikings 28-11.

About Eurobowl XV 2001

With the German teams not entering and a total of 14 teams entering, including the return of the British Champions London O’s, a similar format to 2000 was employed, with the North and South Leagues kept and three other Divisions, named 1, 2 and 3. The South League and Division 2 each had four teams in their Group and The North League and Division 1 and 3 each had two teams in their Group.

The Winners of the Divisions and Leagues with two teams each entered the Quarter-Finals, and the Top three teams in the South League and Top two in Division 2 also qualified for the Quarter-Finals. Each Division and League in the Qualifying Phase played Home & Away (Home & Home in North American naming) and from the Quarter-Finals onwards the playoffs were single elimanation with one game per tie.

ABOUT THE EUROBOWL

The Eurobowl is the most prestigious American Football Tournament in Europe for the Champions of Europe’s National Leagues. First played in 1986 it is Europe’s version of the Super Bowl. Ireland’s Champions were not represented in 2000 after having withdrawn from the European Federation of American Football in 1992.

IMAGES

[1] American Football International (2013) EFAF Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/EFAF_logo.gif [Accessed 30 August 2017]

References

[1] FIAF Wayback Machine (2001) Eurobowl XV [Sommario: Eurobowl XV 2001] [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20011107184551/http://fiaf.net/ [Accessed 3 August 2018]

[3] SAFV Wayback Machine (2001) Euroliga Teams [EFAF Resultati sind online] [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20010723062045/http://safv.ch [Accessed 5 June 2020]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Ralph Schmeer (IAFOA)

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 20 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

European Federation of American Football Champions League Eurobowl 2000

EFAF Logo
EFAF Logo [Reference: 1]

Region Standings

EFAF Eurobowl Champions League North Region 1 2000

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Stockholm Mean Machine (Swe)4001.0001106149W4
2Oslo Vikings (Nor)1300.2507479-5W1
3Aarhus Tigers (Den)1300.2504993-44L2

EFAF Eurobowl Region 2 2000

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Vienna Vikings (Aut)2001.000872760W2
2Ancona Dolphins (Ita)0200.0002787-60L2

EFAF Eurobowl Region 3 2000

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Aix-en-Provence Argonautes (Fra)2001.000561442W2
2Osos de Madrid (Spa)0200.0001456-42L2

EFAF Eurobowl Region 5 2000

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Cologne Crocodiles (Ger)2001.0001136152W2
2Bolzano Giants (Ita)0200.00061113-52L2

EFAF Eurobowl Region 6 2000

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Asnieres Molosses (FRA)1100.500482523L1
2Badelona Drags (Spa)1100.5002548-23W1

EFAF Eurobowl Champions League South Region 7 2000

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Bergamo Lions (Ita)4001.00021357156W4
2St. Gallen Vipers (Swi)2200.50068137-69W1
3Prague Panthers (Cze)0400.00064151-87L4

Champions League Eurobowl Region 1 Schedule

Eurobowl Region 2 Schedule

Eurobowl Region 3 Schedule

Eurobowl Region 5 Schedule

Eurobowl Region 6 Schedule

Champions League Eurobowl Region 7 Schedule

Eurobowl Playoffs

EFAF Eurobowl XIV 2000 Logo [Reference: 2]

Champions League Final

EFAF Champions League Logo [Reference: 3]

Report

Champions League North Region 1 was won by Stockholm Mean Machine of Sweden with a 4-0 record and Bergamo Lions also went 4-0 in winning the Champions League South Region 7. Both of those teams were seeded to the Eurobowl Semi-Finals and Champions League Final.

Eurobowl Regions 2, 3 and 5 were all won with two victories by Vienna Vikings (Austria), Aix-en-Provence Argonautes (France) and Cologne Crocodiles (Germany), but Region 6 was tougher for the winner Asnieres Molosses of France who had to rely on points differential to see off Badelona Drags of Spain.

The Wild-Cards saw Vienna Vikings defeat Aix-en-Provence Argonautes 48-28 and Cologne Crocodiles win 49-27 against Asnieres Molosses. Hamburg Blue Devils and Braunschweig Lions (1999 Runners-Up and Eurobowl Champions) entered at the Quarter-Final stage, defeating Vienna Vikings 43-16 and losing to Cologne Crocodiles (24-15) respectively.

Champions League North and South Group winners entered at the Semi-Final stage where Stockholm Mean Machine went down 12-35 to Hamburg Blue Devils and Bergamo Lions defeated Cologne Crocodiles 62-56 in Overtime in a close high-scoring encounter.

The Eurobowl XIV 2000 Final was thus between Italy’s Bergamo Lions and Germany’s Hamburg Blue Devils and again the Blue Devils had to be content to be runners-up as Bergamo Lions won 42-20. The Champions League Final between North Region 1 and South Region 7 winners took place four weeks later and again Bergamo Lions emerged thriumphant, winning 35-10 versus Stockholm Mean Machine.

About the EFAF Eurobowl and Champions League 2000

The 2000 edition of the European Federation of American Football (EFAF) Champions League and Eurobowl featured 16 teams divided into six regions for Qualification games. Two of those teams, German sides Braunschweig Lions and Hamburg Blue Devils (Eurobowl XIII 1999 Champions and Runners-Up) were given byes into the Quarter-Finals. The other two Quarter-Finalists were to be the Winners of the two Wild-Card Games between the four Regions with two teams each in the Qualification Games (Regions 2, 3, 5, 6).

There were also two Champions League regions of three teams each – Champions League North Region 1 and Champions League South Region 7, the winners of which were seeded into the Semi-Finals, and also met in the Final of a separate Competition – the EFAF Champions League 2000. The winners of the two Semi-Finals met in the EFAF Eurobowl XIV 2000. Qualification Region Groups were all to be Double Round-Robin (Home & Away – Home & Home in North American naming) and the Eurobowl Playoffs and Champions League Final were to be a single match each fixture.

Regions 4 and 8 (Atlantic Isles including Ireland; and Eastern Europe) were not represented in Eurobowl XIV 2000.

ABOUT THE EUROBOWL

The Eurobowl is the most prestigious American Football Tournament in Europe for the Champions of Europe’s National Leagues. First played in 1986 it is Europe’s version of the Super Bowl. Ireland’s Champions were not represented in 2000 after having withdrawn from the European Federation of American Football in 1992.

IMAGES

[1] American Football International (2013) EFAF Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/EFAF_logo.gif [Accessed 30 August 2017]

[2] FIAF Wayback Machine (2000) eb14logo [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20010214031100im_/http://www.fiaf.net/champions/eb14logo.jpg [Accessed 19 August 2021]

[3] FIAF Wayback Machine (2000) cllogo3 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20010214031100im_/http://www.fiaf.net/champions/cllogo3.gif [Accessed 19 August 2021]

References

[1] FIAF Wayback Machine (2000) 2000 Champions League Eurobowl XIV [Sommario: Eurobowl 2000] [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20001202113500/http://fiaf.net/ [Accessed 3 August 2018]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Ralph Schmeer (IAFOA)

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 19 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

European Federation of American Football Eurobowl 1999

EFAF Logo
EFAF Logo [References: 1]

Qualification Group Standings

EFAF Eurobowl Qualification Group A 1999

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Moscow Bears (Rus)1001.000303W1
2Donetsk Scythians (Ukr)0100.00003-3L1

EFAF Eurobowl Qualification Group B 1999

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Helsinki Roosters (Fin)2001.000322210W2
2Aarhus Tigers (Den)1100.500482919W1
3Stockholm Mean Machine (Swe)0200.0002150-29L2

EFAF Eurobowl Qualification Group C 1999

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Prague Panthers (Cze)1001.00026215W1
2Russelsheim Razorbacks (Ger)0100.0002126-5L1

EFAF Eurobowl Qualification Group D 1999

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Paris Flash (Fra)1100.500422319L1
2St. Gallen Vipers (Swi)1100.5002342-19W1

EFAF Eurobowl Qualification Group E 1999

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Bergamo Lions (Ita)2001.0001016536W2
2Cologne Crocodiles (Ger)1100.50058580W1
3Graz Giants (Aut)0200.00065101-36L2

EFAF Eurobowl Qualification Group F 1999

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Legnano Frogs (Ita)1100.50052439W1
2Aix-en-Provence Argonautes (Fra)1100.50044386L1
3Badelona Drags (Spa)1100.5004257-15L1

Qualification Group Schedules

Group A

Group B

Group C

Group D

Group E

Group F

Qualification Games and Playoffs

Match Day Week 1

Match Day Week 2

Match Day Week 3

Match Day Week 4

Match Day Week 5

Match Day Week 6

Match Day Quarter-Finals

Match Day Semi-Finals

Match Day Eurobowl XIII 1999

Note: If you are viewing this in an email browser, the Standings and schedules may not show up in some email browsers. If that is the case please click into the email heading to view the article on the Eirball website where the Standings and Schedule can be viewed.

Report

The 1999 EFAF Eurobowl featured 17 teams with teams drawn into six Regional based Qualification Groups, the winners of which qualified for the Quarter-Finals along with Hamburg Blue Devils and Braunschweig Lions who qualified for the playoffs automatically.

Moscow Bears defeated Ukrainian Champions Donetsk Scythians 3-0 in Group A. Group B saw Helsinki Roosters of Finland narrowly qualify ahead of Aarhus Tigers of Denmark and Stockholm Mean Machine of Sweden. In Group C Prague Panthers (Czech Republic) defeated Germany’s Russelsheim Razorbacks 26-21. Group D was won on aggregate by Paris Flash ahead of St. Gallen Vipers after each had won one game. Bergamo Lions of Italy qualified out of a high-scoring Group E that also included Cologne Crocodiles of Germany andf Austria’s Graz Giants. The final group, Group F, was won on points difference by Italy’s Legnano Frogs in front of Aix-en-Provence Argonauts of France and Badelona Drags from Spain.

In the Playoff Quarter-Finals Hamburg Blue Devils shutout Paris Flashg 35-0, Braunschweig Lions trounced Prague Panthers 74-0, Legnano Frogs defeated Bergamo Lions 28-14 in an All-Italian match-up, and Helsinki Roosters despatched Moscow Bears 39-18.

The Semi-Finals saw both remaining German teams Hamburg Blue Devils and Braunschweig Lions both win on the road versus Legnano Frogs and Helsinki Roosters respectively, which set up an All-German Eurobowl XIII which was won 27-23 in a close encounter by Braunschweig Lions.

About the Eurobowl

The Eurobowl is the most prestigious American Football Tournament in Europe for the Champions of Europe’s National Leagues. First played in 1986 it is Europe’s version of the Super Bowl. Ireland’s Champions were not represented in 1999 after having withdrawn from the European Federation of American Football in 1992.

IMAGES

[8] American Football International (2013) EFAF Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/EFAF_logo.gif [Accessed 30 August 2017]

References

[1] Helsinki Rooster Wayback Machine (1999) History: Eurobowl 1999 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19991128185748/http://roosters.fi/main.html [Accessed 27 April 2019]

[2] SAFV Wayback Machine (1999) Eurobowl ’99 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19991002160713/http://safv.ch/eurobowl99.htm [Accessed 18 August 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Ralph Schmeer (IAFOA)

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 18 August 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.