AFI American Football Ireland and Predecessors Teams Timeline 1942-2022

ETO (1942-1944), AAF (1983), AFAI (1984-1999), IAFA (2001-2018), and AFI (2019-2022) Teams Timeline.

AFI American Football Ireland Timeline 1942-2022

PosTeamYearLeague
1Hale Blue Devils1942ETO
1Tech Fighting Irish1942ETO
1Yarvard Crimson Tide1942ETO
4Army Wolverines1944ETO
4Navy Galloping Gaels1944ETO
6Redskins1983AAF
6Yankees1983AAF
81984-1993AFAI
91985-1990AFAI
101985-1988AFAI
111986-1995; 2003-2022AFAI, IAFA, AFI
121986-1998AFAI
131986-1996AFAI
14Carrickfergus / East Antrim Cougars1986-1989AFAI
15Aldergrove Hawks1987AFAI
161987-1996AFAI
17Bangor Buccaneers1987AFAI
171987AFAI
191987-1990AFAI
20Jordanstown Jaguars1987AFAI
211988-1993AFAI
211988-1993AFAI
231989-1993AFAI
24Bray Seahawks1989AFAI
25Dublin Pirates1990AFAI
261991-1993AFAI
27Brownlow Bandits1991AFAI
27Newtownabbey Warriors1991AFAI
291992AFAI
301993AFAI
311994-2022AFAI, IAFA, AFI
321994-1995AFAI
331995-1998AFAI
341996-1997AFAI
351997AFAI
361998-1999AFAI
371998AFAI
381998-1999AFAI
391999AFAI
402000-2022IAFA, AFI
412000-2015IAFA
422001-2022IAFA, AFI
432002-2008IAFA
442002-2022IAFA, AFAI
452006-2010IAFA
462006IAFA
472007-2022IAFA, AFI
482007-2008IAFA
482007-2008IAFA
502008-2022IAFA. AFI
502008-2022IAFA, AFI
522009-2010IAFA
532009IAFA
542009-2022IAFA, AFI
55Institute of Technology Carlow Chargers2010IAFA
562010-2013IAFA
572011-2014IAFA
582011-2022IAFA, AFI
592012-2019IAFA
602012-2022IAFA, AFI
612012-2017IAFA
622014-2017IAFA
632014-2022IAFA, AFI
642014-2017IAFA
652014-2020IAFA
662015-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
712017-2022IAFA, AFI
722018-2022AFI
732019-2022AFI

European Theater of Operations (1942-1944), All-American Festival (1983)

The first teams based in Ireland were the European Theater of Operations Football Championship teams of US Army and Navy personnel stationed in Northern Ireland during World War II. The Hale Blue Devils, Yarvard Crimson Tide, Tech Fighting Irish, Army Wolverines and Navy Galloping Gaels played a handful of matches in Larne, Ravenhill and Newry. In 1983 with Britain’s Channel 4 TV station showing the game on our screens for the first time, the Redskins and Yankees – two teams of specially trained Rugby Union players played at the All-American Festival in Banbridge, Co. Down.

American Football Association of Ireland (1987-1999)

With the founding of the Dublin Celts in the Phoenix Park in 1984 the foundations of Irish American Football proper were laid. Following quickly were Coleraine Chieftains, also 1984 but not kitted until 1986, Craigavon Cowboys, Belfast Blitzers, Ballymena Wolfhounds, Carrickfergus Cougars in 1985 and 1986. The Wolfhounds withdrew from the AFAI in 1986 and concentrated solely on Youth Football, becoming fully kitted in 1991. The other five mentioned teams played in the first season of the American Football Association of Ireland in 1986. In 1987 Belfast Spartans, Jordanstown Jaguars, Bangor Buccaneers, Dublin Tornadoes, Belfast Giants, East Side Jets (Castlereagh) joined the league as did Aldergrove Hawks, who only played preseason. The 11 teams was soon whittled down to 8 as Jordanstown and East Side folded during the season and Bangor Buccaneers folded after the season. In 1988, however, the Antrim A26 Bulldogs were born. The Lee Valley Steelers in Cork were also formed that year. Belfast Blitzers dropped out of the league after 1988 and in 1989 Belfast Giants did likewise. 1989, however, saw the birth of the Bray Seahawks and Limerick Patriots. Bray played the one season of friendlies and Limerick never joined the league proper, playing in an 8v8 Mini-League.

1990 saw the birth and death of the Dublin Pirates. In 1991 Coleraine Chieftains and Carrickfergus Cougars merged as the Newtownabbey Warriors. This was to be the pattern for the next decade – one or two teams would fold each year and one replaced them. In 1991 the Junior Kitted League started in Northern Ireland with the Wolfhounds, Brownlow Bandits (a feeder team for the Cowboys), the Belfast Junior Spartans and the Prospect Pumas. Pumas were to become the Carrickfergus Knights senior team in 1994. Before that was to happen, however, the Drogheda Vikings entered the league in 1992, lasting one season, before a splinter group formed the Ardee Falcons in 1993, playing 8v8 Football for one season. That year was the last year of the Celts, Patriots, Falcons and Steelers as the league numbers dwindled. The Cowboys also folded temporarily, replaced by the nearby Lurgan Area Raiders in 1994. In 1995 the Dublin Lightning were formed by former Celts players. 1996 was the last year of the Tornadoes and Spartans. All of the original teams had now disappeared. Portadown Panthers replaced the Raiders in 1996 and were again replaced by the returning Craigavon Cowboys in 1998. The Tornadoes were replacerd by the Dublin Tigers in 1998 who had merged with the Gateway Bulls who were formed in Dublin in 1997. Greystones Rebels also formed around this time but stayed out of the league most season, as did the Dublin Lightning due to disatisfaction with the running of the league. 1998 saw Queen’s University Belfast Broncos play the first of two seasons, and a new team in Belfast, the Lasers played 7v7 Football in 1999.

Irish American Football Association (2001-2019)

By 2000, however, all but three teams had folded: Carrickfergus Cougars, Greystones Rebels and Dublin Lightning, with only one still affiliated to AFAI. Following protracted disputes, eventually leading to a court case, the AFAI was replaced by the IAFA in 2001 and the league started afresh with the Tigers and Rebels merged to become the Dublin Rebels, the Carrickfergus Knights and two entirely new teams: Dublin Dragons, formed from a Flag Football team, and the University of Limerick Vikings. The League expanded rapidly adding the Cork Admirals, Belfast Bulls and a resurrected Craigavon Cowboys by 2003 and the North Dublin Marshals and Dublin City University Saints by 2006. In 2007 the Marshals were replaced by the Tallaght Outlaws who lasted until 2008, the Edenderry Soldiers and the Belfast Trojans, a split from the Belfast Bulls. The Bulls folded after the 2008 season, and that year the introduction of the DV8 Development League saw a boom in team numbers: Both seconds teams, West Dublin Rhinos and Trinity College Dublin Thunderbolts were added that year. In 2009 the Erris (Mayo) Rams (until 2010), Midlands Soldiers (a merger of Edenderry Soldiers and new team Mullingar Archers, which lasted one season) and University College Dublin Sentinels joined the league. In 2010 the Soldiers were replaced in the midlands by Tullamore Phoenix, who played until 2013, and the IT Carlow Chargers who lost their sponsor after one game. Drogheda Lightning and Trim (Meath) Bulldogs joined in 2011 and in 2012 North Kildare Reapers, Mullingar Minotaurs and Waterford Wolves joined.

By 2013 the DV8 Development League was replaced by a full 11v11 Division 1 (IAFL 1) below the newly renamed Shamrock Bowl Conference, featuring seven of the Devlopment teams. 2014 saw the introduction of a third division, with Galway Warriors, Dundalk Mavericks, Tyrone Titans and South Kildare Soldiers joining in the IAFL 2. In 2015 Donegal Derry Vipers joined and the Mavericks and Lightning had merged as the Louth Mavericks. In 2016 a further three teams joined: North Dublin Pirates, NI Razorbacks, and Wexford Eagles. That year the Dublin Dragons also disbanded, becoming the reformed South Dublin Panthers. In 2017 the Antrim Jets joined replacing the Tyrone Titans and the two Kildare teams merged as the Cill Dara Crusaders in 2018, by which the Waterford Wolves were playing their last season, as were Galway Warriors in 2019. 2019 was the first year of the Causeway Giants and by now a new administration had taken over, with the IAFA renamed American Football Ireland.

Map of Northern Ireland (2022 Districts) Showing All-Time ETO, AAF, AFAI, IAFA and AFI Teams (1942-2022)

Labeled Color Map of Districts of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Copyright: lara2016 [Superimposed with 1942-2022 AFI and Predecessors Team Logos added by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie [27]

Map of Ireland (2022 Counties, Boroughs and Districts) Showing AFAI (1986-1999), IAFA (2001-2018) and AFI (2019-2022) Republic of Ireland Teams

Map of Ireland administrative divisions on counties level Copyright: lesniewski [28]Combined with 1984-2022 Irish American Football Team Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie [16 January 2022]

Map of Dublin (2022 Counties and Boroughs) Showing AFAI (1984-1999), IAFA (2001-2018) and AFI (2019-2022) Team Locations and Logos

Map of Ireland administrative divisions on counties level

MAP REFERENCES

[27] Vector — Labeled Color Map of Districts of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Copyright: lara2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_144615978_labeled-color-map-of-districts-of-northern-ireland-united-kingdom.html?vti=lnoo9k86jx77fg2u6b-1-21 [Accessed 10 January 2022] Superimposed on [28] Vector — Map of Ireland administrative divisions on counties level Copyright: lesniewski [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_51580818_map-of-ireland-administrative-divisions-on-counties-level.html?vti=lnoo9k86jx77fg2u6b-1-1 [Accessed 10 January 2022] Combined with 1987 Irish American Football Team Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie [10 January 2022]

REFERENCES

[1] Dublin Celts American Football Team Facebook Page (2016) Photo by Joseph Greene August 28, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1421158977901127&set=gm.269427200117075&type=3&theater&ifg=1 [Accessed 3 July 2018]

[2] Dublin Dragons – IAFA (2018) Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/dragons.jpg [Accessed 16 November 2018]

[3] Dublin Lightning (1999) Lightning Logo [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20010614095221im_/http://www.geocities.com:80/Colosseum/Stadium/6662/lightninglogo.jpg [Accessed 4 July 2018]

[4] Irish American Football Association (2018) Dublin Rebels Team Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Team-Logo-Dublin-Rebels-2.png [Accessed 22 July 2018]

[5] Dublin Tornadoes (1995) Timmy Tornado Logo [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19961115063729im_/http://fiachra.ucd.ie:80/~alan/Icons/American/timmy.gif [Accessed 3 July 2018]

[6] North Dublin Marshals – Wayback Machine (2007) North Dublin Marshals Logo [Internet] Avaiilable from: http://web.archive.org/web/20060906220811im_/http://www.northdublinmarshals.com:80/image002.jpg [Accessed 3 August 2018]

[7] North Dublin Pirates (2019) North Dublin Pirates Logo [Internet] Avaiilable from: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0b/NorthDublinPirates.png [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[8] South Dublin Panthers Facebook Page (2018) South Dublin Panthers Profile Picture https://www.facebook.com/southdublinpanthers/photos/a.345294775649262/906846089494125/?type=1&theater [Accessed 16 November 2018]

[9] Tallaght Outlaws – Wayback Machine (2007) Tallaght Outlaws – Logo [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20070312123103im_/http://www.tallaghtoutlaws.com:80/forum/templates/subSilver/images/logo_phpBB.gif [Accessed 6 July 2018]

[10] Trinity College Dublin American Football | Facebook (2019) TCD American Football Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/214800495197037/photos/1306609992682743/ [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[11] University College Dublin American Football | Facebook (2019) UCD American Football Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/42217493_1698569130253365_7279433760959889408_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=7a5022628bcaee96b826121685dfb223&oe=5CC99467 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[12] West Dublin Rhinos | Twitter (2019) West Dublin Rhinos Logo [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/834675830257229824/fw7mbNXR_400x400.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[13] Antrim Jets | Twitter (2019) Antrim Jets Logo [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/863895806876798976/X–gwGlf_400x400.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[14] Irish American Football Association (2008) Belfast Bulls Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/bullslogoX.jpg [Accessed 1 December 2018]

[13] Belfast Trojans | Facebook (2019) Belfast Trojans Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/396414_329765713737073_1023026931_n.jpg?_nc_cat=106&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=61cbbd2dd06504291f7e7843703e7b1d&oe=5CB71144 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[16] Carrickfergus Knights – Vimeo (2018) Portrait [Internet] Available from: https://i.vimeocdn.com/portrait/482449_300x300 [Accessed 22 July 2018]

[17] Causeway Giants | Twitter (2019) Causeway Giants Logo [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1053726473272680448/pF_Cb76b_400x400.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[18] Coleraine Chieftans (2002) Coleraine Chieftans: Chief Image [Internet] Available from: http://www.thecolerainechieftans.freeservers.com/images/chief.gif [Accessed 18 July 2018]

[19] Craigavon Cowboys – Twitter Account (2018) Profile Picture [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/864100166680424448/TCauLbnj_400x400.jpg [Accessed 22 July 2018]

[20] Donegal Derry Vipers (2018) Donegal Derry Vipers Logo [Internet] Available from: http://ddvipers.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/DDVIPERS.png [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[21] International Police Association (2018) NI Razorbacks Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.ipa-uk.org/write/Images/Razorbacks_logo.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[22] Tyrone Fermanagh Titans | Facebook (2018) Tyrone Titans Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/21557438_1594065800659297_3400819593502111960_n.jpg?_nc_cat=106&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a7d826672807573a79f7c8876c57df15&oe=5CCC26DA [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[23] Cill Dara Crusaders | Facebook (2018) Cill Dara Crusaders Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/22154178_148372745771309_392433809994775255_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3f80123bc5d863bbaf21c0d014ef795b&oe=5CFCA568 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[24] Drogheda Lightning (2011) Drogheda Lightning Logo [Internet] Available from: https://boltsinblue.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/final_crest_2.png?w=212&h=300 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[25] Irish American Football Association (2017) Louth Mavericks Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/helmet-decal-2.png [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[26] Irish American Football Association (2017) Meath Bulldogs Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Bulldogs.png [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[27] North Kildare Reapers Facebook Page (2016) North Kildare Reapers Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/1915656_601510396666670_1466765724774743782_n.png?_nc_cat=108&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9ce7704ef3f30893cf5253668ebb76c8&oe=5C98C46E [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[28] South Kildare Soldiers (2016) South Kildare Soldiers Logo [Internet] Available from: https://i.ytimg.com/vi/Sz7Fd5-sSPM/maxresdefault.jpg [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[29] Bolts in Blue (2011) Tullamore Phoenix Logo [Internet] Available from: https://boltsinblue.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/tullamore-phoenix.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[30] Westmeath Minotaurs | Facebook (2015) Westmeath Minotaurs Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/12065840_1078155085529890_2779932276034449252_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3673d2a991ca4920aad2e85dc589c794&oe=5CC01F4B [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[31] Irish American Football Association (2018) Wexford Eagles Team Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Team-Logo-Wexford-Eagles.png [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[32] Irish American Football Association (2017) Admirals Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Admirals-PNG-1.png [Accessed 30 November 2018]

[33] Irish American Football Association (2017) UL Vikings Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/ULVikings-HI-RES-Logo.png [Accessed 30 November 2018]

[34] Waterford Wolves Twitter – Twitter Profile Image [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/3322832460/9983db1ab02be8203c021435fd9cc127_400x400.png [Accessed 6 July 2018]

[35] Erris Rams Twitter – Twitter Profile Image [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/567881658/rsz_rsz_ramlogo_1_400x400.jpg [Accessed 6 July 2018]

[36] Irish American Football Association (2017) Galway Warriors Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Team-Logo-Galway-Warriors.png [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[37] Belfast Blitzers | Facebook (2019) Belfast Blitzers Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/67510518_2229601940484282_4045526367226298368_n.jpg?_nc_cat=110&_nc_oc=AQl1RH5LGTyzP7JMEVoPCpPxclJUvZJLdfcQ4B410nJOwq86JZKgmCdGwLxt9Ohiu_LX86-8QPWKraapOFn6Q0ai&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=28e5b0bd6891c62c2b9a18b51ad283a1&oe=5DE33CA5 [Accessed 8 August 2019]

Yearly Results and Standings References

REFERENCES

SOURCES

[5] (1988) “Ireland” American Football News. 18 August 1988. pg.

[6] (1988) “Shamrock Bowl report” American Football News. 29 September 1988. pg. 22

[1] Anon. (1992) “IRISH CHAMPION CELTS STUNG BY BULLDOG SPIRIT”First Down. July 11, 1992, pg. 17.

[7] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, July 2, 1992, pg. 65

[8] Anon. (1992) “Sad Celts are Torn to shreds”First Down. July 18, 1992, pg. 16.

[9] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Celts blown away”Evening Herald. Thursday, July 9, 1992, pg. 66

[10] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, July 16, 1992, pg. 69

[11] Anon. (1992) “Dublin Celts still winless”First Down. July 25, 1992, pg. 19.

[12] FD Reporter. (1992) “At last! It’s the Dub-win Celts!”First Down. August 15, 1992, pg. 17.

[13] Anon. (1992) “IRISH RESULTS”First Down. August 29, 1992, pg. 17.

[14] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Vikings ready to invade Tallaght”Evening Herald. Thursday, August 13, 1992, pg. 66

[15] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Tornadoes ko Vikings”Evening Herald. Thursday, August 20, 1992, pg. 61

[16] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, August 27, 1992, pg. 61

[17] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, September 3, 1992, pg. 94

[18] Anon. (1992) “Vikings Victory”Drogheda Independent. Friday, September 4, 1992, pg. 11

[19] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, September 10, 1992, pg. 70

[20] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Gridiron grief for Dubs!”Evening Herald. Thursday, September 17, 1992, pg. 76

[21] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, October 8, 1992, pg. Sport 7

[22] (1993) “Tornadoes Bowl Glory”, First Down, October 9, 1993, pg. 20

[23] Carrickfergus Knights (1994) Knights American Football Club Carrickfergus Shamrock Bowl Programme. Belfast. Aldine Print

[24] Anon. (1994) Dublin Clinch CrownFirst Down. 8 October1994. p. 22

[25] Anon. (1994) ScoreboardFirst Down. 16 July 1994. p. 19

[26] Anon. (1994) Scoreboard. First Down. 9 July 1994. p. 19

[27] Anon. (1994) Lurgan Blank Belfast. First Down. 9 July 1994. p. 20

[28] Anon. (1994) Scoreboard. First Down. 2 July 1994. p. 19

[29] Anon. (1994) Scoreboard. First Down. 18 June 1994. p. 19

[30] Anon. (1994) Full Round-Up of BAFA’s Divisions Two and Three. First Down. 7 May 1994. pg. 21

[31] Anon. (1994) Chicago Knights maintain challenge. Carrick Times. 6 June 1994. pg. 60

[32] Naughton, L. (1994) Tornadoes hit!. Evening Herald. Thursday, 21 April 1994 . pg. 54

[33] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 5 May 1994 . pg. 91

[34] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 26 May 1994 . pg. 68

[35] Naughton, L. (1994) Tornadoes turn up the power. Evening Herald. Thursday, 28 July 1994. pg. 55

[36] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 11 August 1994. pg. 44

[37] Naughton, L. (1994) Tornadoes blow Knights away!. Evening Herald. Thursday, 25 August 1994. pg. 50

[38] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 22 September 1994. pg.78

[39] Naughton, L. (1994) US Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 29 September1994. pg.58

[40] Anon (1995) Tornadoes breeze past Carrickfergus to claim third straight Irish title. First Down. 7 October 1995, pg. 21.

[41] (1996) “US Football”, Evening Herald, Thursday, September 19, 1996, pg. 79

WEBSITES

[1] Britball Now (2016) Results Section [1986] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/results-section.html [Accessed 23 March 2017]

[2] Britball Now (2016) Bangor Buccaneers [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/History/Britball%20Teams/BangorBuccaneers.htm [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[3] Britball Now (2016) Results Section [1987] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/results-section.html [Accessed 23 March 2017]

[7] Britball Now (2016) Historial League Tables [1989] [CGL] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/historical-league-tables-in/ [Accessed 27 February 2017]

[8] Irish American Football Association (2018) Shamrock Bowl History [Internet] Available from: hhttp://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-history/ [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[42] Dublin Tornadoes (1996) Irish American Football League 1995: The League Schedule ’95 / Results in ’95 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19961115060654/http://fiachra.ucd.ie/~alan/american_football.html#main_menu [Accessed 5 July 2017]

[43] Britball (2016) Shamrock Bowl Results www.britball.co.uk/history-index/ireland/shamrock-bowl-results-1986.html [Accessed 2 October 2016]

[44] Irish American Football Association (2018) Shamrock Bowl History [Internet] Available from: hhttp://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-history/ [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[46] Dublin Tornadoes (1996) Irish American Football League 1995: The League Schedule ’95 / Results in ’95 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19961115060654/http://fiachra.ucd.ie/~alan/american_football.html#main_menu [Accessed 5 July 2017]

[47] Dublin Tornadoes (1997) Shamrock Bowl [Internet] Available from: www.connect.ie/users/tornadoes/Shamrock.html [Accessed 6 April 2001]

[48] Carrickfergus Knights (1998) Full 1998 AFAI Results and Table [Internet] Available from: www.sugarcube.co.uk/knight/Full_1998_AFAI_Results_and.htm [Accessed 23 May 2000]

[49] Irish American Football Association (2001) 2001 IAFL Standings & Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2001-iafl-standings/schedule [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[50] Irish American Football Association (2002) 2002 IAFL Standings & Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2002-iafl-standings/schedule [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[51] Irish American Football Association (2003) 2003 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2003results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[52] Irish American Football Association (2004) 2004 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2004results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[53] Irish American Football Association (2005) 2005 Resuults [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2005results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[54] Irish American Football Association (2006) [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2006results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[55] Irish American Football Association (2007) 2007 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2007results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[56] Irish American Football Association (2008) 2008 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2008results.htm [Accessed 17 October 2009]

[57] Irish American Football Association (2009) 2009 IAFL Fixtures [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2009iaflfixtures.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[58] Irish American Football Association (2010) 2010 IAFL Schedule Published [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2010-iafl-schedule-published/ [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[59] Irish American Football Association (2011) 2011 IAFL Schedule Published [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2011-iafl-schedule-published/ [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[60] Irish American Football Association (2014) 2012 IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 13 January 2014]

[62] Irish American Football Association (2013) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 23 August 2013]

[63] Irish American Football Association (2014) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 23 August 2014]

[64] Irish American Football Association (2015) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 14 July 2015]

[65] Irish American Football Association (2016) SBC 2016 Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/sbc-2016-schedule/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[66] Irish American Football Association (2016) Journey to Thirty [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/journey-to-thirty/ [Accessed 8 August 2016]

[67] Irish American Football Association (2018) Shamrock Bowl History [Internet] Available from: hhttp://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-history/ [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[68] Irish American Football Association (2017) IAFL Shamrock Bowl Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-conference/ [Accessed 26 July 2018]

[69] Irish American Football Association (2018) SBC Schedule & Results 2018 [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/sbc-schedule-results-2018/ [Accessed 26 July 2018]

[81] Irish American Football Association – Wayback Machine (2015) 2014 IAFL 1 Conference standings & Schedule [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20150110221134/http://www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 14 July 2018]

[82] Irish American Football Association (2015) UCD wins IAFL1 Championship; Tyrone wins IAFL2 Championship [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/ucd-wins-iafl1-championship/ [Accessed 27 November 2018]

[83] Irish American Football Association (2015) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 14 July 2015]

[84] Irish American Football Association (2016) IAFL 1 Conference [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/contact-football/iafl1-conference/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[85] Irish American Football Association (2016) IAFL 1 2016 Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/iafl1-2016-schedule/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[88] Irish American Football Association (2017) IAFL-1 Conference Standings http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/iafl1-conference/ [Accessed 24 July 2017]

[92] Irish American Football Association (2018) IAFL 1 Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/iafl1-conference/ [Accessed 28 May 2018]

[93] Irish American Football Association (2018) IAFL1 Schedule & Results 2018 [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/iafl-1-schedule-results-2018/ [Accessed 28 May 2018]

[94] Irish American Football Association (2016) IAFL 2 Conference [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/contact-football/iafl2-conference/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[95] Irish American Football Association (2014) IAFL 2 2016 Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/iafl2-2016-schedule/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[96] Donegal Daily (2016) Donegal Derry Vipers on a Roll with six wins in a row [Internet] Available from: http://www.donegaldaily.com/2016/08/24/donegal-derry-vipers-on-a-roll-with-six-wins-in-a-row/ [Accessed 23 February 2017]

[97] Irish american Football Association (2016) Donegal Derry Vipers win IAFL2 Bowl in a spectacular game with Wexford Eagles [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/donegalderry-vipers-win-iafl2-bowl-spectacular-game-wexford-eagles/ [Accessed 1 September 2016]

[98] Irish American Football Association (2017) IAFL-2 Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/iafl2-conference/ [Accessed 28 August 2017]

SOCIAL MEDIA

[45] Dublin Celts American Football Team Facebook Page (2016) Post by Kevin Sharkey, August 27, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/groups/259540917772370/permalink/268518076874654/ [Accessed 6 June 2018]

[71] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 14 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1233266033373961 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[72] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 14 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1227508007283097 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[73] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 7 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1227556927278205:0 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[74] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 17 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1212468245453740 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[75] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 24 2016[Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1217083948325503 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[76] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 24 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1217246988309199 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[77] Carrickfergus Knights Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post July 30 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CarrickKnights/posts/1067948010006303 [Accessed 2 August 2017]

[78] Dublin Rebels Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post July 30 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/dublinrebels/posts/617503018373620 [Accessed 2 August 2017]

[79] Irish American Football Association (2017) Facebook Post 14 August 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1619638348070059 [Accessed 14 August 2017]

[80] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2018) IAFA shared an Album – 20 August 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/2060236584010231 [Accessed 20 August 2018]

[86] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 14 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1233266033373961 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[87] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 17 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1212468245453740 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[89] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post July 23 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1596885733678654 [Accessed 24 July 2017]

[90] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 27 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1632046600162567 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

[91] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 20 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1625971890770038 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

[99] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 27 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1632046600162567 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

[100] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 20 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1625846934115867 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

INTERNET ARCHIVE

[61] Dublin Rebels – Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2008) News: 2008 League Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20081019054255/http://www.dublinrebels.com/news.php [Accessed 5 July 2017]

[70] Irish American Football Association – Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2017) IAFL Shamrock Bowl Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20171115125115/http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-conference/ [Accessed 18 January 2018]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Nora Mulcahy, Dervla Kincaid, Orla Connolly-Mulcahy, Aedamar Kincaid & Isabella Kincaid.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eiirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 15 January 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2019-2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Leave a Reply