Atlantic and Celtic Sports

International Rules

International Rules, also known as Compromise Rules is a term for a number of related sports combining the rules of GAA sports with similar sports from around the World. There is International Rules Football, played between Ireland and Australia, Hurling-Shinty, played between Ireland and Scotland, Handball-Pelota, which is Ireland v Basque Country, as well as Rounders-Baseball and Rounders-Softball (Irish teams v American, Canadian and Britsh teams), Hurlacrosse (Hurling-Lacrosse – Ireland v Iroquois Nationals), and Poc Fada Golf (A Golf Course where players use a Hurl/Hurley to hit the ball into the hole)

Hurling-Shinty Internationals

Ireland v Scotland Hurling-Shinty International Rules; Club Internatinals

Ireland v Scotland Overviews:

Hurling-Shinty International Tailteann Games Ireland v Scotland 1924-1932

Hurling-Shinty Internationals Ireland v Scotland 1972-1979

Hurling-Shinty Internationals Ireland v Scotland 1988-1999

Hurling-Shinty Internationals Ireland v Scotland 2000-2009

International Rules Hurling-Shinty | Ireland v Scotland 2010-2015

International Rules Hurling-Shinty | Ireland v Scotland 2016-2018

Ireland v Scotland (Seasons): 2014

Hurling-Shinty Club Internationals:

Hurling-Shinty International Rules Club Internationals 1897

Picture Credit: INVERNESS CITY, SCOTLAND – 18 OCTOBER 2014: This is a scene from within the International Shinty-Hurling match between Scotland and Eire at Bught Park, Inverness, Scotland on 18 October, 2014. By JASPERIMAGE / shutterstock.com [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/inverness-city-scotland-18-october-2014-225347293 [Accessed 2 June 2021]

anonymous athletes playing handball in outdoor courts in sunlight

Handball-Pelota Internationals

Ireland v Basque Country Handball-Pelota International Rules.

Ireland v Basque Country (Years): 1932

International Rules Handball-Pelota | Ireland v Basque Country 2004-2006

Picture Credit: Pexels Free Photos

action american athlete athletes

Rounders-Softball Internationals

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Rounders-Softball Club Internationals

Rounders-Softball Club Internationals Lakelands GAA v Leinster Softball 1982

Rounders-Softball Club Internationals Skryne GAA Tour of Massachusetts 1982

Rounders-Baseball Club Internationals:

Rounders-Baseball International Rules 2008

Picture Credit: Pexels Free Photos

Hurlacrosse Internationals

Hurling-Lacrosse Internationals

Hurlacrosse Internationals

Hurlacrosse International Ireland Lacrosse v Europe Hurling Croke Park 2019

Hurlacrosse Club Internationals

International Rules Hurlacrosse Club Internationals 2009-2018

Picture Credit: [3] Pan-American Lacrosse Associaion (2019) R7D_0422.jpg_0-1024×683 [Internet] Available from: https://d13mgad1aost97.cloudfront.net/2019/12/R7D_0422.jpg_0-1024×683.jpg [Accessed 26 November 2020]

Poc Fada Golf

Poc Fada Golf

Poc Fada Golf

Picture Credit: [3] YourDaysOut (2020) Deer Park Golf FootGolf and Poc Fada | Things to Do in DubliN [Internet] Available from: https://yourdaysout.com/uploads/articleimages/72/72ec62f4b80966f2e1ba46df14c6c1f9.JPG [Accessed 15 March 2020]

Tallaght Rules Basketball-Futsal

Tallaght Rules Basketball-Futsal

Tallaght Rules Basketball-Futsal 2003

[1] Anon. (2003) “Photo Caption”Tallaght Echo. Thursday, March 20, 2003. pg. 94

Scottish Shinty

Shinty is Gaelic Scotland’s traditional version of Hurling. It is one of the forgotten Gaelic, Celtic or Atlantic Games like Basque Pelota and Welsh Baseball, played mostly in Gaelic parts of Scotland like the Highlands and Islands. The game is very similar to Hurling, with a curved stick used to hit a ball through a goal, except there is no point-over-the-bar and less play in the air. The game is 12-a-side as opposed to Hurling’s 15-a-side. The Shinty National League Division 1 was the Second Level of Men’s Shinty from 2004 to 2007. See also International Rules:

Shinty Matches in Ireland

Shinty Charity Match

Shinty Charity Match:

Irish Shinty Charity Match 2010

Picture Credit: [1] The 42.ie (2019) “17 counties represented in Ireland squad to face Scotland in shinty international” 31 October, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.the42.ie/ireland-scotland-hurling-shinty-squad-4873548-Oct2019/ [Photo Caption]: “Ireland Players Celebrate with the Cup following the 2015 Victory” [Internet] Available from: https://img2.thejournal.ie/article/4873548/river?version=4873574&width=1340 [Accessed 9 April 2020]

Camanachd Association National Leagues

Camanachd Association Senior Leagues 2021; Premier League era 2004-2019; National Premier era 2000-2003

Camanachd Association Premier League (Overviews):

Camanachd Association Shinty Premiership 2013-2019

Camanachd Association Shinty Premier Division 2008-2012

Camanachd Association Shinty Premier League 2004-2007

Camanachd Association Shinty National Premier League 2000-2003

Camanachd Association Senior League (Seasons):

Senior A 2021 Senior B 2021 Shinty C 2021

CA Premiership (Seasons): 2017 2018 2019

Camanachd Association National League (Overviews):

Camanachd Association Shinty National Division 2016-2019

Camanachd Association Shinty National League Division 1 2004-2007

Camanachd Association Shinty National League Division 1 2000-2003

CA National League (Seasons): 2017 2018 2019

Picture Credit: [2] Fort William Facebook Page (2019) Cover Photo, March 9, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/p960x960/53833633_1188317731329128_7717768416563560448_o.jpg?_nc_cat=110&ccb=2&_nc_sid=730e14&_nc_ohc=pW3Jc6uw36MAX_sTZSd&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&tp=6&oh=12aa55908e613341750b6d87d2ba2a82&oe=5FF20BF2 [Accessed 6 December 2020]

Camanachd Associatio Logo

Camanachd Association North Region Leagues

Shinty North Region

Camanachd Association North Division 1 (Overviews)

Camanachd Association Shinty North Division 1 2016-2019

Camanachd Association Shinty North Division 1 2004-2007

Camanachd Association Shinty North Division 1 2000-2003

Camanachd Association North Division 2 (OVerviews)

Camanachd Association Shinty North Division 2 2004-2007

Camanachd Association Shinty Marine Harvest North Division 2 2000-2003

CA North Division 1 (Seasons:): 2017 2018

CA North Division 2 (Seasons:): 2017 2018

Logo Refernece: [1] Camanachd Association (2017) Camanachd Association Logo [Internet] https://www.shinty.com/uploads/news-images/_w800fit/camanach-logo-wide.jpg [Accessed 9 March 2018]

Camanachd Associatio Logo

Camanachd Association South Region Leagues

Shinty South

Camanachd Association South Division 1 (Overviews):

Camanachd Association Shinty South Division 1 2000-2003

Camanachd Association Shinty South Division 1 2004-2007

Camanachd Association Shinty South Division 1 2016-2019

Camanachd Association South Division 2 (Overviews):

Camanachd Association Shinty Marine Harvest South Division 2 2000-2003

CA South Division 1 (Seasons): 2017 2018

CA South Division 2 (Seasons): 2017 2018

Logo Reference: [1] Camanachd Association (2017) Camanachd Association Logo [Internet] https://www.shinty.com/uploads/news-images/_w800fit/camanach-logo-wide.jpg [Accessed 9 March 2018]

Camanachd Associatio Logo

Camanachd Association Cups

Camanachd Association Cups

CA Camanachd Cup (Seasons): 2017

CA Macauley Cup (Seasons): 2017

CA Sutherland Cup (Seasons): 2017

Other Cups (Annual Challenge Cups)

Camanachd Association Shinty Lovat Cup 2016-2020

Logo Reference: [1] Camanachd Association (2017) Camanachd Association Logo [Internet] https://www.shinty.com/uploads/news-images/_w800fit/camanach-logo-wide.jpg [Accessed 9 March 2018]

Women’s Camanachd Association

WCA

Women’s Camanachd Association National Division 1 (Overviews):

Women’s Camanachd Association Shinty National Division 1 2004-2005

Women’s Camanachd Association National Division 1 2016-2018

PIcture Credit: Willie Urquhart: [6] West Highland Free Press (2018) SKYE-CAMANACHD-LADIES-LEAGUE-WINNERS-18-1 [Internet] Available from: https://www.whfp.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/SKYE-CAMANACHD-LADIES-LEAGUE-WINNERS-18-1.jpg%5BAccessed 22 November 2020]

Camanachd Associatio Logo

Scottish Universities Shinty

Scottish Universities Shinty

Shinty Universities (Overviews)

Scottish Universities Shinty Men’s Division 2009-2011

Logo Reference: [1] Camanachd Association (2017) Camanachd Association Logo [Internet] https://www.shinty.com/uploads/news-images/_w800fit/camanach-logo-wide.jpg [Accessed 9 March 2018]

Manx Cammag 2015

Manx Cammag

North v South

Manx Cammag | North v South on St. Stephen’s Day

Picture Credit: North American Manx Association (2015) Rain doesn’t stop Play on St. Stephen’s Day [Internet] Available from: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-4Yay0i0iKzc/VoK2Kbk6aOI/AAAAAAAABiU/19fGAhbeWwM/s1600/DSCF2438%2B%25282%2529.JPG [Accessed 2 May 2021]]

Cornish Hurling at St. Columb Major

Cornish Hurling

Town v Country

Cornish Hurling (Hurling the Silver Ball):

Cornish Hurling Town v Country Shrove Tuesday at St Columb 1950-2005

Cornish Hurling Town v Country Second Saturday After Shrove Tuesday 1950-2005

Picture Credit: Visit Newquay (2018) download [Internet] available from: https://www.visitnewquay.org/imageresizer/?image=%2fdmsimgs%2f2_480_x_350_764495063.png&action=ProductDetail [Accessed 2 May 2021]

Welsh Baseball (Celtic Code)

Welsh Baseball is a version of Rounders played primarily in South Wales, and also in Liverpool, where it is known as English Baseball. It is like a cross between Baseball, Rounders and Cricket. During the latter half of the 19th Century, the famous A.G. Spalding of Major League Baseball fame organised a Baseball Tour of England and Ireland, and in the process played a number of games against English and Welsh Rounders teams, who adopted some of the rules (such as tagging a playerout with the ball and two-handed batting). It kept the poles rather than flat bases and left the diamond in an irregular shape with all four sides unequal in length. Welsh Baseball also has a bat more like a Cricket Bat than a Baseball Bat, and it tapers towards the handle. According to sources in referenced in the articles below, Irish immigrants to Liverpool and South Wales were numerous among the Working Classes playing the game in the 20th Century. It is still played in South Wales and Liverpool but is now mostly a Children’s and Teenagers Game.

Welsh Ladies Baseball Union

Wrlsh Ladies Baseball Union

WLBU Premier Divison Overviews:

Welsh Ladies Baseball Union Premier Division 2012-2018

WLBU Division 1 Overviews:

Welsh Ladies Baseball Union Division 1 2012-2018

white baseball ball on brown leather baseball mitt

Welsh Baseball Union

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WBU Premier Division (Overviews):

Welsh Baseball Union Premier Division 2012-2014

Picture Credit: Pexels Free Photos

Basque Pelota

Pelota is the Traditional Game of the Basque People of Sourthwest France and North Central Iberia (Spain). Their language is the oldest in Europe, and the only non-Indo-European language left in Western Europe according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, and therefore with some justification the Basques refere to themselves as the only Native Europeans. The sport is similar to the GAA and European game of Handball, played with a curved glove which is used to propel the ball off one of two perpendicluar walls on a four-sided court, with the other two sides open.

ASPE Pelota (Spanish Basque Country)

ASPE Pelota;

ASPE Pelota (Spanish Basque Country)

Campeonato Cuatro y Medio (4 & 1/2) Finals:

ASPE Pelota Campeonato Cuatro y Medio de Lep.M 2000-Present

ASPE Pelota Lep.M Manomanista Championship (Seasons):

2019

ASPE Pelota Lep.M Pairs Championship (Seasons):

2021

Picture Credit: Man during a Jai-alai game, typical sport in Basque Country, Spain and some countries of Latin America By Ricardo Hernandez / http://www.shutterstock.com [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/man-during-jaialai-game-typical-sport-369691925 [Accessed 2 June 2021]

anonymous athletes playing handball in outdoor courts in sunlight

FFPB Pilote Basque (French Basque Country)

FFPB Pilote Basque

FFPB Pilote Basque (French Basque Country)

FFPB Pilote Basque Fronton (Standings):

FFPB Pilote Basque Fronton Place Libre Pala Championnat de France Nationale A Group A 2015-2018

FFPB Pilote Basque Trinquet (Standings):

FFPB Pilote Basque Trinquet Paleta Pilote de Cuir Championnat de France National A Groupe A 2015-2019

Picture Credit: Pexels Free Photos

Calcio Fiorentino

Calcio Storico Fiorentino is a Renaissance Football game first played in Florence (Fiorentina), Tuscany in the 1400s by workers on breaks from work in the city. It was the first organised football in the world, rather than the Medieval mob football which preceeded it and where there were no rules or restrictions on numbers playing. It could be seen as part of the wider Renaissance whereby Tuscany’s ancient pre-Roman, pre-Catholic past was brought back.

[References: [4] Calcio Storico Fiorentino Sito Ufficiale (2020) CALCIO STORICO FIORENTINO [Internet] Available from: http://calciostoricofiorentino.it/?q=calcio-storico-fiorentino [Accessed 4 August 2020] and [5] Calcio Storico Fiorentino Sito Ufficiale (2020) Studies & Documentation [Internet] Available from: http://www.calciostoricofiorentino.it/?q=studi_e_documentazione [Accessed 4 August 2020]

*The Tuscan language (Etruscan) is one which predates the Latin arrival in the Italian peninsula, and even though the letters and sounds are known there is no knowledge of the word meanings as no document translating Etruscan to Latin or Greek has ever been found. It does, however, sound similar to Basque, and therefore could be incuded in the Celtic sports section as part of the “Atlantic” or “Black Atlantic” family along with the Celtic languages, Basque and Berber (Tamashek) – half the words in the Gaelic language are of an Indo-European origin (Greek, Latin, Germanic, Slavic etc)and half of a North African Afro-Asiatic origin (Berber, Tuareg, Maltese, Hebrew, Arab etc).

[References: see Encyclopedia Brittanica sections on Indo-European, Celtic, and Afro-Asiatic languages: Encyclopedia Britannica | Britannica ]

Calcio Fiorentino

FFPB Pilote Basque

Calcio Storico Fiorentino

Calcio Storico Fiorentino Finals 1952-Present

Calcio Storico Fiorentino (Seasons): 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010

Calcio Storico Fiorentino August Festival (Seasons): 2012

Picture Credit: Picture Credit: [1] MONACO – CIRCA 1963: A stamp printed by MONACO shows an illustration of the Calcio Fiorentino field and starting positions from a 1688 book by Pietro di Lorenzo Bini, Florence, circa 1963 By Sergey Goryachev / http://www.shutterstock.com

Cornish Hurling

Cornish Hurling at St. Columb Major

Cornish Hurling

Town v Country

Cornish Hurling (Hurling the Silver Ball):

Cornish Hurling Town v Country Shrove Tuesday at St Columb 1950-2005

Cornish Hurling Town v Country Second Saturday After Shrove Tuesday 1950-2005

Picture Credit: Visit Newquay (2018) download [Internet] available from: https://www.visitnewquay.org/imageresizer/?image=%2fdmsimgs%2f2_480_x_350_764495063.png&action=ProductDetail [Accessed 2 May 2021]

Manx Cammag

Manx Cammag 2015

Manx Cammag

North v South

Manx Cammag | North v South on St. Stephen’s Day

Picture Credit: North American Manx Association (2015) Rain doesn’t stop Play on St. Stephen’s Day [Internet] Available from: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-4Yay0i0iKzc/VoK2Kbk6aOI/AAAAAAAABiU/19fGAhbeWwM/s1600/DSCF2438%2B%25282%2529.JPG [Accessed 2 May 2021]]