Category: Canadian Football League

Bengals Stadium by Kelly

1991 Major Football Leagues Standings and Playoffs

1991 Major Football League Standings (USA)

1991 National Football League
American Football Conference
PWLTPFPAPct
AFC Eastern Division
*Buffalo Bills1613304583180.813
*New York Jets168803142930.500
Miami Dolphins168803433490.500
New England Patriots1661002113050.375
Indianapolis Colts1611501433890.063
AFC Central Division
*Houston Oilers1611503862510.688
Pittsburgh Steelers167902923440.438
Cleveland Browns1661002932980.375
Cincinnati Bengals1631302634350.188
AFC Western Division
*Denver Broncos1612403042350.750
*Kansas City Chiefs1610603222550.625
*Los Angeles Raiders169702982970.563
Seattle Seahawks167902762610.438
San Diego Chargers1641202743420.250
National Football Conference
PWLTPFPAPct
NFC Eastern
*Washington Redskins1614204852440.875
*Dallas Cowboys1611503423100.688
Philadelphia Eagles1610602852440.625
New York Giants168802812970.500
Phoenix Cardinals1641201963440.250
NFC Central
*Detroit Lions1612403392950.750
*Chicago Bears1611502992690.688
Minnesota Vikings168803013060.500
Green Bay Packers1641202733130.250
Tampa Bay Buccaneers1631301993650.188
NFC Western
*New Orlreans Saints1611503412110.688
*Atlanta Falcons1610603613380.625
San Francisco 49ers1610603932390.625
Los Angeles Rams1631302343900.188
1991 Mid-Continental Football League
PWLTPFPAPct
*Dayton Steelers11830102620.727
*Cleveland Falcons13940107920.692
Wyandot Chiefs853099910.625
Shenango Valley Blasters10370891300.300
1991 Major Football League Standings [References: see end of Article]

1991 Major Football League Standings (World)

1991 Canadian Football League
PWLTPFPAPts
CFL Eastern Division
*Toronto Argonauts18135064752626
*Winnipeg Blue Bombers1899051649918
*Ottawa Rough Riders18711052257714
Hamilton Tiger-Cats1831504005996
CFL Western Division
*Edmonton Eskimoes18126067156924
*Calgary Stampeders18117059655222
*British Columbia Lions18117066158722
Saskatchewan Roughriders18612060671012
1991 World League of American Football
PWLTPFPAPct
WLAF European Division
*London Monarchs109103101210.900
*Barcelona Dragons108202061260.800
Frankfurt Galaxy107301551390.700
WLAF North American East Division
*New York/New Jersey Knights105502571550.500
Orlando Thunder105502422860.500
Montreal Machine104601451440.400
Raleigh-Durham Skyhawks1001001233000.000
WLAF North American West Division
*Birmingham Fire105501401400.500
San Antonio Riders104601761960.400
Sacramento Surge103701792540.300
1991 Arena Football League
PWLTPFPAPct
*Detroit Drive109104372620.900
*Tampa Bay Storm108204213090.800
*Denver Dynamite106403893650.600
*Albany Firebirds106404273420.600
Dallas Texans104602863340.400
New Orleans Night104603144010.400
Orlando Predators103703213630.300
Columbus Thunderbolts1001002414600.000
1991 Association of American Football of USSR
PWLTPFPAPct
*Moscow Bruins (Bears)
*Moscow Swans
Caspian Sphinxes
Kharkov Atlantis
Donetsk Scythians
Minsk Zubrs (Bison)
1991 Major Football League Standings (World) – References: see end of article.

1991 Major Football League Playoffs (USA)

National Football League PlayoffsNational Football League Playoffs
National Football Conference Playoffs
Home TeamScoreRoad TeamScore
AFC Wild Card Playoffs
Kansas City Chiefs10Los Angeles Raiders6
Houston Oilers17New York Jets10
AFC Divisional Playoffs
Denver Broncos26Houston Oilers24
Buffalo Bills37Kansas City Chiefs14
AFC Conference Championship
Buffalo Bills10Denver Broncos7
National Football Conference Playoffs
Home TeamScoreRoad TeamScore
NFC Wild Card Playoffs
New Orleans Saints20Atlanta Falcons27
Chicago Bears13Dallas Cowboys17
NFC Divisional Playoffs
Washington Redskins24Atlanta Falcons7
Detroit Lions38Dallas Cowboys6
NFC Conference Championship
Washington Redskins41Detroit Lions10
Super Bowl XXVII (AFC v NFC)@Metrodome, Minneapolis, MN
AFC TeamNFC Team
Buffalo Bills24Washington Redskins37
Mid-Continental Football League Playoffs
Home TeamScoreRoad TeamScore
MCFL Championship Game
Cleveland Falcons7Dayton Steelers0
1991 Major Football League Playoffs (USA) – References: see end of article.

1991 Major Football League Playoffs (World)

Canadian Football League Playoffs
Home TeamScoreRoad TeamScore
Eastern Semi-Final
Winnipeg Blue Bombers26Ottawa Rough Riders8
Western Semi-Final
Calgary Stampeders43British Columbia Lions41
Eastern Final
Toronto Argonauts42Winnipeg Blue Bombers3
Western Final
Edmonton Eskimoes36Calgary Stampeders38
Grey Cup
Toronto Argonauts36Calgary Stampeders21
World League of American Football Playoffs
Home TeamScoreRoad TeamScore
Semi-Finals
Birmingham Fire3Barcelona Dragons10
New York/New Jersey Knights26London Monarchs42
World Bowl ’91@Wembley Stadium, London, ENG
London Monarchs21Barcelona Dragons0
Arena Football League Playoffs
Home TeamScoreRoad TeamScore
Semi-Finals
Detroit Drive37Albany Firebirds35
Tampa Bay Storm40Denver Dynamite13
Arena Bowl V
Tampa Bay Storm48Detroit Drive42
Association of American Football of USSR Playoffs
Home TeamScoreRoad TeamScore
Moscow BruinsWonMoscow SwansLost
1991 Major Football League Playoffs (World) – References: see end of article.

Report

Buffalo Bills, holding the best record in the AFC (13-3) lost their second Super Bowl in succession, defeated 37-24 by Washington Redskins, holders of the best record in the NFC and entire NFL (14-2). For the AFC it was an eighth successive loss in the biggest event in USA sports. The last time an AFC team won the Super Bowl was Los Angeles Raiders’ 38-9 victory over Washington Redskins on 22 January 1984 at Tampa, Florida in Super Bowl XVIII. Following a scoreless first quarter the Redskins scored 17 points in the second quarter and added a second John Riggs run touchdown 16 seconds into the third quarter to take a commanding 24-0 lead. Buffalo hit back later in the third quarter with a field goal and touchdown to reduce the deficit to 14 points, but another Redskins touchdown before the end of the quarter made the score 31-10. Two more field goals by Lohmiller made the score 37-10 in the fourth quarter. The Bills scored two passing touchdowns late in the game to make the score 37-24 at the final whistle. [NFL References: 1-2]

In other leagues, Cleveland Falcons triumphed 7-0 versus Dayton Steelers in the Mid-Continental Football League (MCFL) Championship Game. The MCFL was a new start-up league based in Ohio and Pennsylvania that took the place of any major 11v11 rival outdoor league to the NFL since the demise of the United States Football League following the 1985 season. Following the season Louisville Bulls of Kentucky replaced Wyandot Chiefs in the four-team league. [MCFL References: 1-2]

In the Canadian Football League, the Eastern Division’s Toronto Argonauts emerged victorious with a 36-21 victory over Calgary Stampeders. Calgary had the second-best record in the Western Division (11-7) after Edmonton Eskimoes, with Toronto putting up a 13-5 record to take first in the Eastern Division. Calgary eliminated Edmonton 38-36 in the Western Final and Toronto won 42-3 versus Winnipeg in the Eastern Final. [CFL References: 1]

The National Football League established the World League of American Football (WLAF) to further promote the sport around the World. Beginning in 1991 with ten teams the WLAF was divided into three divisions: European (with teams in London, England, UK; Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; and Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany); North American East Division (three teams in USA: New York/New Jersey Knights, NJ; Raleigh-Durham Skyhawks, NC; and Orlando Thunder, FL; plus one team in Quebec, Canada: Montreal Machine) and North American West Division (Three teams in USA: Birmingham Fire, AL; San Antonio Riders, TX; and Sacramento Surge, CA). An imbalance in players allocated by the NFL for development in the WLAF meant no team in the European Division finished with a losing record, and no team in either North American Division finished with a winning record. World Bowl ’91 was won by London Monarchs by 21-0 versus Barcelona Dragons at the hallowed grounds of Wembley Stadium, the home of England’s National Soccer Team. Following the 1991 season the winless Raleigh-Durham Skyhawks were replaced by Ohio Glory in Columbus for 1992. [WLAF References: 1-4]

The Arena Football League in 1991 expanded by two teams to eight, with Washington Commandos and Pittsburgh Gladiators leaving the league and replaced by four new teams in Tampa Bay Storm (FL), Orlando Predators (FL), New Orleans Night (LA) and Columbus Thunderbolts (OH). Tampa Bay Storm were immediately successful, winning Arena Bowl V 48-42 versus Detroit Drive. As in all other Major Football Leagues in 1991 the two teams with best records reached the Championship Game. Following the season Thunderbolts relocated to Cleveland (OH) and Cincinnati Rockers (OH), Charlotte Rage (NC), Sacramento Attack (CA) and San Antonio Force (TX) were added for 1992. [AFL References: 1]

A new Football power emerged on the scene in 1991: The USSR. Following glasnost the USSR opened up to American Football and a six-team league was established with teams in Moscow (Bruins and Swans), Caspian Sea Region (Sphinxes), Ukraine (Donetsk Scythians and Kharkov Atlantis) and Belarus (Minsk Zubrs – ‘Bison’). The first and only official Championship of USSR ended with a Moscow Bruins victory over Moscow Swans. After the season the USSR broke up, with Moscow Bears (Bruins) and Krasnoyarsk Siberian Devils competing for Championship of Russia. Kharkov Atlantis and Donetsk Scythians joined newly independent Ukraine’s Football Association and Minsk Zubrs joined Belarus’ Football Association. [AAF USSR References 1-2]

Stock Image

Bengals Stadium by Kelly
Bengals Stadium by Kelly

1991 Major Football League References

NFL References [1]
National Football League – 1996 Record and Factbook “Past Standings: 1996” p. 278.
Published by National Football League, Workman Publishing Co., New York

NFL References [2]
National Football League – 1996 Record and Factbook “Super Bowl Summaries” p. 327-329.
Published by National Football League, Workman Publishing Co., New York
MCFL References (1)
Semi-Pro Football -Defunct Leagues: EMCFL (Champs)
https://www.semiprofootball.org/minor/champs/mcfl.htm
[Accessed 1 January 2024]

MCFL References (2)
Semi-Pro Football – Defunct Leagues: EMCFL (1991)
https://www.semiprofootball.org/index.htm
[Accessed 1 January 2024]
CFL References (1)
Canadian Football League – CFL Standings: The 1990s
http://web.archive.org/web/19991108193646/http://www.cfl.ca/CFLArchives/1990s.html
[Accessed 20 January 2023][Archived at the Wayback Machine]
WLAF References (1-3)
Anon. (1991) “Standings” First Down, June 1, 1991, pg. 5
Anon. (1991) “Jon’s too Hort to handle” First Down, June 8, 1991, pg. 4-5
Anglesey, Steve (1991) “Enter the Dragons!” First Down, June 15, 1992, pg. 6-7
WLAF References (4)
World League of American Football (2018) WLAF History: 1991
http://www.worldleagueofamericanfootball.com/id165.html
[Accessed 23 April 2018]
Arena Football League References (1)
Arena Football League (2016) 2016 Record and Factbook pp. 67-83 / 52.
AAF USSR References (1)
American Football in Russia (2017) History of American Football in USSR and Russia
http://www.americanfootball.ru/Hist_RUS.php
Accessed 24 December 2017
AAF USSR References (2)
Anon. (1991) “Curtain Call” First Down. September 29, 1991. pg. 10.
Published by Mediawatch, Charlbury, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom.

About this Document

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 1 January 2024

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2024

You may quote this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only. All Rights Reserved.

A worn and aged vintage old style American football helmet. Authentic and game-worn 1950s style football face mask and helmet

Canadian Football League 1958

CFL Logo 1958 [References: 1][Cropped]

Standings

CFL Canadian Football League East Division 1958

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1103129123521
276126526915
368023324312
441002663088

CFL Canadian Football League West Division 1958

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1133036118226
296131229219
377232032416
469131431213
531302023996

Playoffs

CFL Canadian Football League Playoffs 1958

Recap

1958 was the first official year of the Canadian Football League (CFL) and Winnipeg Blue Bombers greatest season ever, winning 13 games (a team record only beaten in 2022) and proceeding to win the Grey Cup by defeating Hamilton Tiger-Cats 35-28. Along the way in the playoffs they won the Western Final by two games to one versus Edmonton Eskimos who had knocked out Saskatchewan Roughriders in two games in the Western Semi-Final. The Eastern Final was won by Hamilton in two games versus Ottawa Rough Riders, who had eliminated Montreal Alouettes 26-12 in a single game in the Eastern Semi-Final. [References: S-1]

About the 1958 Canadian Football League

1958 was the first official year of the Canadian Football League, having broken away from the Canadian Rugby Union and adopted fully Gridiron Football rules like in the National Football League with a number of exceptions: 3-Downs to move the ball 10 yards or the ball is turned over rather than four in the NFL; 12 players on the Field at any one time rather than 11 in the NFL; and the possibility to score a Single (also known as a Rouge) where the ball is kicked through the back of the endzone but not through the goalposts. The Field is much bigger too – 110 yards long with 20 yard endzones rather than 100n yardsv long with 10 yard endzones as in the NFL.

Stock Image of 1950s Football Helmet

A worn and aged vintage old style American football helmet. Authentic and game-worn 1950s style football face mask and helmet Picture Credit: By Brocreative[Shutterstock]

References

Logo References

[1] Marcus Aurelius Nelson Facebook (2022) Photo & Post, 19 January 2023 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=10160661803865050&set=gm.3468674473351543&idorvanity=1604657553086587 [Accessed 20 January 2023][Actual Photo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/326215543_740221097461125_4334037578557723754_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-7&_nc_sid=5cd70e&_nc_ohc=z-XdYUEGb_4AX85nzsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AfCDV4TbUWxj7b96-jNct1BW-UAz_BaBpbjYnZOvRyjm7Q&oe=63D05A5C ][Accessed 20 January 2023][Cropped]

Standings References

[S-1] CFL Wayback Machine Internet Archive (1999) CFL Standings: The 1950s [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19990203160244/http://www.cfl.ca/CFLArchives/1950s.html [Accessed 20 January 2023][Archived from the Original: http://www.cfl.ca/CFLArchives/1950s.html [Accessed 21 September 1999]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Dave Stewart-Candy

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 20 January 2023

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2023

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

Major World Professional Football Leagues Hypothetical Realignment 2070

NFC National Football Conference

NFC National Football Conference Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
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AFC American Football Conference

AFC American Football Conference Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
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LFA Liga de Futbol Americano

LFA Liga de Futbol Americano Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
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CFL Canadian Football League

CFL Canadian Football League Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
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JFL Japan Super League

JFL Japan Super League Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
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ELF European League of Football

ELF European League of Football Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
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WNFC Women’s National Football Conference

WNFC Women's National Football Conference 2070

PosTeam
1
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Hypothetical Re-Alignment of Professional Football Leagues 2070

With Texan Independence, the four Texas teams: Dallas Cowboys, Houston Texans, Houston Oilers, and the relocated San Antonio Jaguars join the LFA (Liga de Futbol Americano) bringing the Mexican Professional League up to 16 teams. The Texan teams are replaced in the NFL by Allegheny Athletics – a revival of the first Professional American Football team in Pittsburgh, now representing West Virginia; the Watertown Red & Black, the oldest continuously-operated Professional Football team in USA, based in upstate New York, replacing the Buffalo Bills who have moved to Toronto; and the moving of Montreal Alouettes to the NFL. With 16 Teams each in the NFC. AFC, LFA and WNFC (Women’s League), the JSL (Japan Super League) and CFL (Canadian Football League) form a loose alliance. The ELF (European League of Football goes up to 16 teams with the readdition of Scottish Claymores.

Dallas Cowboys Stadium

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]
ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

TEAM LOGO REFERENCES

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Canadian Football League Logos

LOGOS

[CFL-3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

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[CFL-6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

Japan X-League Super Logos

[JXL-1] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-2] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-4] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-5] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-6] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-7] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-8] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-9] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

Liga de Futbol Americano Logos

[LFA-1] Artilleros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ArtillerosLFA/photos/a.298541940883309/579119006158933/    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/73513561_579119012825599_8802706180922146816_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=5nO8n1bZCXsAX9_5Lnj&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=c6a6d0a303ab49f16b9e426ddf538b25&oe=61C12730  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-2] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-3] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-4] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-5] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-6] Gallos Negros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/gallosnegroslfa/photos/a.103377538935156/103449988927911 [Accessed 28 February 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/273209155_103449985594578_5893798891700637738_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=HLcEcyEljGcAX8Q53Vw&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8XBlErvtJZo7Zl9p8OYBL9XH9ZezKZb7Y-jdjgKO_v3Q&oe=62215414 ][Accessed 28 February 2022]

[LFA-7] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-8] Osos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=251129953689617&set=a.125371869598760  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243020024_251129950356284_294552196448173790_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nI9MStm2EZQAX9vtC2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=d69c71335d78090b5ef73d3f92b43bcf&oe=61A0E836  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-9] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-10] Reyes LFA (2021) Profile Picture, November 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ReyesLFA/photos/a.104544895379393/113206377846578 [Accessed 21 December 2021][Actual Image link available at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/258195584_113206374513245_5663298235135969257_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=zn-zaWl4W4gAX9YEBZR&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_lNWqkZvrPIwTDFtz3FinayT6oF9lUkQJxBrNCq-bwzw&oe=61C6A29E   [Accessed 21 December 2021]

[LFA-11] Mayas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MayasLFA/photos/a.916904715071809/4490334654395446/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248497239_4490334641062114_2420135574359291948_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=tyzQ2K5mI24AX-IE9d5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2e12ee551f216704032abc0943f123a&oe=61A09048 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-12] Raramuris Pro Football Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 23, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=290832646380986&set=a.126222399508679 [Accessed 9 January 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253213500_290832643047653_812853683359621004_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jWDioG3u84gAX-7MiOn&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-JC_2hms2ttsrdpMbj-SMVCNrOF0TXhb4BYH5yCO8Obw&oe=61E02FF7 ][Accessed 9 January 2022]

European League of Football Logos

[ELF-1] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[ELF-2] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-3] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-4] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-5] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-6] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-7] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-8] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-9] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-11] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-12] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-13] ELF (2022) 6291dde6aa8e8749747937c6_Untitled design(108) [Internet] Available from: https://assets-global.website-files.com/5fb916e4beed7f5a8f3276f7/6291dde6aa8e8749747937c6_Untitled%20design(108).png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-14] Enthroners (2017) cropped-Enth-e_arany [Internet] Available from: http://enthroners.hu/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/cropped-Enth-e_arany.png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-15] FIDAF (2017) seamen-milano [Internet] Available from: https://1divisione.fidaf.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/seamen-milano.png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-16] Chris Creamer’s Sports Logos (2019) Scottish Claymores Alternsate Logo 1998 [Internet] Available from:http://content.sportslogos.net/logos/19/1233/full/2552_scottish_claymores-alternate-1998.png [Accessed 27 November 2019]

Women’s National Football conference Logos

[WNFC-3] Alabama Fire Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 21, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/alabamafire/photos/a.1609678612645442/2293692044244092/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44509495_2293692047577425_4284616892968075264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=cQmCwodyQdEAX-kFyPU&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_8vGrz57fSeRJqyW55hpcP_F5vJhTx_F_ZxYMRseWcOQ&oe=621566F2 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-4] Atlanta Phoenix Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, April 14, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AtlantaPhoenixFootball/photos/a.224221407625012/1626942494019556 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at:https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/30697661_1626942494019556_7969326540513182352_n.png?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Jp1t1-bXQHsAX-ugEOD&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-wdnImKivvSS61iNOGXls9xHH_l5geYJawYx1a6fcQEQ&oe=6212DE84 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-5] Denver Bandits Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 17, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/photos/a.694497494246762/857745641255279/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/64665741_857745644588612_690902092935593984_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ns4HkFNPsy0AX-ns5Es&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-GMZ2la3wrvayys0Y6tNMYdVdGxTNIbCRU6n3PBjmDQg&oe=621522E9 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-6] Florida Avengers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Florida.Avengers/photos/a.444326052990129/1073632963392765/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252851785_1073632960059432_8783092411184468427_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=22cjTbIcL8YAX-brk_1&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-rn_JeOLGueQ62PUdnTF37ba5VVPGpPgbxEmC-3uMCVw&oe=61F2B6FB  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-7] Houston Heat Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/WNFCHoustonHeat/photos/a.101981541417155/101981974750445 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/89009194_101981978083778_547615919447212032_n.png?_nc_cat=110&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7jLQROMpYssAX_bSUg4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9K1VJ-Xlyh6TCNYVdvFD2_bYSZbM1rUPuGc3l63SXF4w&oe=6215516C  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-8] Kansas City Glory (2022) Homepage-Hero-logo [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/5ddec83f9ab6b86728e295af/1582579183598-UA8B2Z059AAMXEOWDA1M/Homepage-Hero-logo.png?format=2500w [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-9] La Muerte De Las Cruces Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LaMuerteFootball/photos/a.390852434591826/1561945220815869/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/194878743_1561945224149202_7641845063387106805_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=9OWPUuc5UKgAX-khyHF&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8243sezauFUbOeyBri1zbN3OClBjSOkBFMwt0ISI2H_w&oe=6212CBC5  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-10] Las Vegas Silver Stars Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LVSilverStarsFootball/photos/a.1929343060616749/2899989276885451 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248577713_2899989270218785_131257031838698926_n.png?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qxHLlhCyIwIAX_fD1II&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9NBXIrQZ-lANT0-nEvhcY5jXQ-9EndWV_81CjSC20_7w&oe=61F41286 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-11] Los Angeles Legends Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-12] Mississippi Panthers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 2, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MSLadyPanthers/photos/a.575906792827673/1153536968397983/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145288747_1153536971731316_2848686869016924911_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=V-3yYTBAJQwAX8YPnCx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-CSuYrerBEmufa0tp-50nofw-w188z_ggKmmD6tQ-DIQ&oe=6213BC91  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-13] Oregon Ravens (2022) qt=q_95 [Internet] Available from: https://img1.wsimg.com/isteam/ip/326e9407-7443-4da5-a670-39b13b7164b9/logo/fa9954f8-725e-4ec5-a68f-5fe6c965ee58.png/:/rs=w:464,h:308,cg:true,m/cr=w:464,h:308/qt=q:95 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-14] Philadelphia Phantomz Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhantomzFootball/photos/a.102794326739605/1453719594980398/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/201968735_1453719601647064_3836045334241024886_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=trlH0vaotY8AX_c1G3B&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_uuaruRfjS8o6Mxq2UiHRMCvhNtwFD6a56VIe2p0F2fw&oe=62138196  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-15] Phoenix Prowlers Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, July 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhoenixProwlers/photos/a.269533323675889/616087212353830/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/82912655_616087215687163_1901893860461600867_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=S3I48O9maFIAX_Q7Sj6&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9AnmXZcLMwCkNfXkvg1Nk8vQ24U4EPqKGcKwr8BPxX1A&oe=62126E0E  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-16] San Diego Rebellion (2022) Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306 [Internet] Available from: https://sandiegorebellion.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306.png [Accessed 24 January 2021]

[WNFC-17] Seattle Majestics Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=124573763007179&set=a.124573753007180  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/161980636_124573766340512_6997491678419297740_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=W5lerB3p6vMAX8pgKcG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-or5wfT9cNPTH8EOgDCOTKXWvnT3g9L5IoKxqbY7jtSg&oe=6213E17F [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-18] Texas Elite Spartans Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 13, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/TexasEliteWomensFootball/photos/a.858993514267272/952798374886785  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/35199038_952798378220118_8483117007296790528_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=UFujdTN1TcAAX-J7EiE&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8BIjouip6Bt8otGYJaWC3kX3A5lmOfCyDhf9GDJaz5Gw&oe=62145C1A  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-19] Utah Falconz (2022) Asset-1 [Internet] Available from: https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.203/79k.a05.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Asset-1.png [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-20] Washington Prodigy (2022) 10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/58fa4a95bebafb32e27e2b9f/63bf0db8-db1b-457f-9d60-8b2162fb7077/10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG.png?format=1500w  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-21] Tennessee Trojans Facebook (2022) Profile Picture: [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/tennesseetrojans/photos/a.101068052415902/147256857797021/ [Accessed 29 July 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/278095504_147256854463688_588348596125765344_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-7&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qx3TGq5dn1gAX9iGw_e&tn=ustunkcjmGgmI3q9&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9T2qzw_a-GexQmZiBHOezuZYiw0XZAm5tMvaKumjqnrQ&oe=62E8FB3C ][Accessed 29 July 2022]

Other Football Team Logos

[O-1] Allegheny Athletic Association (2022) Allegheny Athletic Association Merch [Internet] Available from: https://i.pinimg.com/564x/57/b9/85/57b98555fab8665b72e5cee911558373.jpg [Accessed 29 July 2022]

[O-2] Watertown Red and Black Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=127650949364653&set=a.127650922697989  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/162528647_127650956031319_8807331780508775606_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=C8VoqUvuoRkAX8Bc75-&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2595ee56f528269d9dd6c187fa99ce6&oe=61C32C00 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

PHOTOS

[38] ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Cillian Smith, Michael Smith, Rick Kelley, Carmine, Todd Zboyan, Brianna, Tim Leadingham, John Turner, Stacy Aschton, Carlos Trevino, John Gunning, Steve Hearn and Anton “Pippo” O’Grady.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 30 July 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

CFL Canadian Football League 2022

Standings

CFL Canadian Football League East Division 2022

PosTeamWLTTPPFPANet PtsStreak
111702244342518L1
29901847646610W1
3810016421473-52W4
441408380475-95L3

CFL Canadian Football League West Division 2022

PosTeamWLTTPPFPANet PtsStreak
1153030538370168W1
2126024562397165W2
3126024525405120L1
4612012387476-89L7
541408354599-245L4

Standings Calculated Automatically from Results on CFL website. Please visit the CFL website for Official Results and Standings. [References: 2]

Playoff Schedule

CFL Canadian Football League Playoffs 2022

Match Day Eastern Semi-Final
(Eastern Semi-Final)
28 - 17

Montreal Alouettes vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

Match Day Western Semi-Final
(Western Semi-Final)
30 - 16

British Columbia Lions vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Eastern Final
(Eastern Final)
34 - 27

Toronto Argonauts vs Montreal Alouettes

Match Day Western Final
(Western Final)
28 - 20

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs British Columbia Lions

Match Day 109th Grey Cup
(109th Grey Cup)
23 - 24

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Toronto Argonauts

[References: 2] Note: All Times IST.

Schedule

CFL Canadian Football League 2022

Match Day Week 1
(Week 1)
30 - 27

Calgary Stampeders vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 1)
19 - 17

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

(Week 1)
30 - 13

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 1)
59 - 15

British Columbia Lions vs Edmonton Elks

Match Day Week 2
(Week 2)
20 - 19

Toronto Argonauts vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 2)
12 - 19

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

(Week 2)
30 - 33

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Calgary Stampeders

(Week 2)
16 - 26

Edmonton Elks vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

Match Day Week 3
(Week 3)
37 - 13

Montreal Alouettes vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

(Week 3)
26 - 12

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 3)
30 - 23

Calgary Stampeders vs Edmonton Elks

(Week 3)
44 - 3

British Columbia Lions vs Toronto Argonauts

Match Day Week 4
(Week 4)
31 - 34

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 4)
25 - 29

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Edmonton Elks

(Week 4)
41 - 20

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 4)
22 - 23

Toronto Argonauts vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

(Week 4)
6 - 49

Edmonton Elks vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Week 5
(Week 5)
28 - 13

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

(Week 5)
22 - 43

British Columbia Lions vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

Match Day Week 6
(Week 6)
31 - 32

Montreal Alouettes vs Edmonton Elks

(Week 6)
26 - 19

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Calgary Stampeders

(Week 6)
30 - 24

Toronto Argonauts vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

(Week 6)
25 - 23

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

Match Day Week 7
(Week 7)
33 - 40

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 7)
17 - 12

British Columbia Lions vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 7)
10 - 24

Edmonton Elks vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

(Week 7)
21 - 31

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Toronto Argonauts

Match Day Week 8
(Week 8)
24 - 17

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 8)
17 - 32

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 8)
28 - 35

Calgary Stampeders vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

(Week 8)
13 - 23

Toronto Argonauts vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

Match Day Week 9
(Week 9)
20 - 35

Montreal Alouettes vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

(Week 9)
3 - 17

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Calgary Stampeders

(Week 9)
34 - 20

Toronto Argonauts vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 9)
46 - 14

British Columbia Lions vs Edmonton Elks

Match Day Week 10
(Week 10)
17 - 20 (ot)

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 10)
34 - 27

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Toronto Argonauts

(Week 10)
40 - 41

Calgary Stampeders vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 10)
23 - 34

Edmonton Elks vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

Match Day Week 11
(Week 11)
12 - 30

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Edmonton Elks

(Week 11)
10 - 28

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 11)
29 - 28

Montreal Alouettes vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 11)
19 - 22

Toronto Argonauts vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Week 12
(Week 12)
31 - 29

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Calgary Stampeders

(Week 12)
37 - 20

Toronto Argonauts vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 12)
16 - 23

British Columbia Lions vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

(Week 12)
18 - 25

Edmonton Elks vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

Match Day Week 13
(Week 13)
24 - 38

Montreal Alouettes vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

(Week 13)
18 - 20

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

(Week 13)
8 - 28

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Toronto Argonauts

(Week 13)
26 - 18

Calgary Stampeders vs Edmonton Elks

Match Day Week 14
(Week 14)
31 - 10

Montreal Alouettes vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 14)
19 - 24

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Toronto Argonauts

(Week 14)
54 - 20

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

(Week 14)
28 - 56

Edmonton Elks vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Week 15
(Week 15)
24 - 26

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Edmonton Elks

(Week 15)
48 - 31

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

(Week 15)
29 - 31

Calgary Stampeders vs British Columbia Lions

Match Day Week 16
(Week 16)
23 - 16

Montreal Alouettes vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 16)
15 - 45

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Toronto Argonauts

(Week 16)
11 - 25

British Columbia Lions vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Week 17
(Week 17)
31 - 13

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

(Week 17)
34 - 19

British Columbia Lions vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

(Week 17)
18 - 25

Edmonton Elks vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 17)
29 - 2

Calgary Stampeders vs Toronto Argonauts

Match Day Week 18
(Week 18)
18 - 14

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

(Week 18)
23 - 20

Toronto Argonauts vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 18)
48 - 11

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Edmonton Elks

(Week 18)
18 - 24

Montreal Alouettes vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

Match Day Week 19
(Week 19)
30 - 34

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 19)
32 - 35

Calgary Stampeders vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 19)
23 - 28

Edmonton Elks vs Toronto Argonauts

(Week 19)
40 - 32

British Columbia Lions vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

Match Day Week 20
(Week 20)
30 - 27

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Ottawa REDBLACKS

(Week 20)
14 - 31

Edmonton Elks vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 20)
23 - 24

Montreal Alouettes vs Toronto Argonauts

(Week 20)
21 - 32

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Week 21
(Week 21)
24 - 9

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs British Columbia Lions

(Week 21)
33 - 38

Toronto Argonauts vs Montreal Alouettes

(Week 21)
16 - 23

Ottawa REDBLACKS vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

(Week 21)
36 - 10

Calgary Stampeders vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

[References: 2] Note: All Times IST.

Week by Week Recaps

Preseason

Irish-born Kicker and Punter Tadgh Leader was released after playing preseason with the Hamilton Tiger-Cats – Please see: Canadian Football League Preseason 2022 for more details.

Week 1 (10-12 June 2022)

Three Inter-Division match-ups saw wins for Western Division teams all of whom were at home to teams from the East. Winnipeg Blue Bombers opened their defence of the Grey Cup with a defeat of Ottawa REDBLACKS by 19-17, Calgary Stampeders won 30-27 versus Montreal Alouettes, and Saskatchewan Roughriders had an easier victory against Hamilton Tiger-Cats 30-13. The biggest victory of the weekend, however, was BC Lions huge 59-15 win at home in an all-West Division affair versus Edmonton Elks, who are still struggling under their new name. [References: 2]

Week 2 (17-19 June 2022)

Toronto Argonauts defeated Montreal Alouettes 20-19 to go top of the Eastern Division on 1-0. The two Inter-Division games saw Ottawa REDBLACKS fall to 0-2 after losing to defending Champions Winnipeg Blue Bombers 19-12. Winnipeg improved to 2-0 with the win as Calgary Stampeders joined the Blue Bombers on 2-0 with a 33-30 victory over Hamilton Tiger-Cats, who fell to 0-2. The Western Division match-up saw Saskatchewan Roughriders also move to 2-0 with a 26-16 triumph over Edmonton Elks, who lost their second game. [References: 2]

Week 3 (24-26 June 2022)

Three Inter-Division match-ups saw Montreal Alouettes improve to 1-2 with a shock 37-13 victory at Saskatchewan Roughriders who lost for the first time in 2022; British Columbia Lions improve to 3-0 with a huge 44-3 defeat of the 0-2 Toronto Argonauts; and Winnipeg Blue Bombers also improved to 3-0 as they defeated Hamilton Tiger-Cats 26-12. The Ti-Cats dropping their third straight game to open the season. The Western Division game between Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Elks was won 30-23 by the Stamps as they improved to 3-0. [References: 2]

Weeks 4-8 (2-31 July 2022)

Winnipeg Blue Bombers marched on to 8-0 with five victories in July – at Toronto (23-22), at BC Lions (43-22), versus Calgary (26-19), at Edmonton (24-10) and at Calgary (35-28). Their nearest challengers in the West Division were British Columbia Lions on 5-1 who had defeated Ottawa 34-31 on the road and Hamilton Tiger-Cats 17-12 in Vancouver and Saskatchewan 32-17 in Regina. Calgary Stampeders were in third on 4-2, with a 49-6 victory at Edmonton. The difference between the teams was Winnipeg’s victories over the Stampeders (twice) and Lions (once). Saskatchewan Roughriders trailed on 4-4 but were still in with a shot at a crossover playoff spot with wins versus Montreal Alouettes (41-20) and Ottawa REDBLACKS (28-13) before three losses in a row to Toronto (twice) and BC Lions (once). Edmonton were at the foot of the Standings with a 2-5 record, although had defeated Montreal Alouettes 32-31 in week 6.

The Toronto Argonauts were leading the East Division on 3-2 following two wins in two weeks versus Saskatchewan Roughriders (30-24 and 31-21), while Montreal Alouettes and Hamilton Tiger-Cats were both still in the running for a playoff spot, both standing on 2-5. Montreal had defeated Ottawa 40-33 and Hamilton Tiger-Cats had gained wins over Ottawa (25-23) and Montreal (24-17), the latter a crucial game for the TiCats. Ottawa REDBLACKS languished in last place in the East on 0-6. On 31 July the previous winless Ottawa REDBLACKS created a shock with a 23-13 home victory over division leading Toronto Argonauts. [References: 2]

Week 9 (5-7 August 2022)

Winnipeg Blue Bombers remained on course for a three-peat with a 35-20 defeat of Montreal Alouettes who fell to 2-6, as the Blue Bombers marched on to a ninth consecutive victory while also remaining unbeaten. Calgary Stampeders improved to 5-2 with a 17-3 victory over Ottawa REDBLACKS who despite being only 1-7 were still only one game off a playoff spot. Toronto Argonauts extended their lead in the East with a 34-20 victory over Hamilton TigerCats who dropped to 2-6 as the Argos improved to 4-3. The final game of the weekend was a huge 46-14 defeat of Edmonton Elks by BC Lions as the Lions improved to 6-1 and the Elks, still not realistically out of a crossover playoff spot, fell to 2-6. [References: 2]

Week 10 (12-14 August 2022)

Winnipeg Blue Bombers (9-1) were defeated for the first time in the 2022 season after losing 17-20 in overtime to Montreal Alouettes who improved to 3-6. Elsewhere BC Lions (7-1) kept up the pace with Winnipeg after a thrilling 41-40 victory at Calgary Stampeders (5-3). Hamilton Tiger-Cats also improved to 3-6 in the weaker East Division after winning 34-27 at home to Toronto Argonauts (4-4). Saskatchewan Roughriders (5-4) remained on course for a crossover playoff spot with a 34-23 victory over the 2-7 Edmonton Elks. [References: 2]

Week 11 (20-21 August 2022)

With Winnipeg Blue Bombers not playing, the British Columbia Lions took the opportunity to close the gap on the West Division leaders to half a game with a 28-10 victory at Saskatchewan Roughriders, who despite falling to 5-5 were still in with a good chance of making the crossover playoff spot. Calgary Stampeders improved to 6-3 with a 22-19 victory at Toronto Argonauts meaning with the Argos on 4-5 every team in the East Division was now on a losing record. Montreal Alouettes defeated Hamilton Tiger-Cats 29-28 in another close game as the Als improved to 4-6 and the TiCats dropped to 3-7. In the other game between the two cellar-dwellers Edmonton Elks improved to 3-7 with a 30-12 triumph at the 1-8 Ottawa REDBLACKS. [References: 2]