Category: Japan X-League

JXL Japan X-League X1 Super 2022

Standings

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Division A 2022

PosTeamWLTPFPANet PtsStreakPts
150027131240W515
241015313518L112
33201288741W29
423076148-72W16
514058147-89L23
605078216-138L50

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Division B 2022

PosTeamWLTPFPANet PtsStreakPts
150021753164W515
23111267254L110
331188862W110
4230105131-26W16
514057113-56L13
605069207-138L50

Rice Bowl Tournament and Relegation

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Playoffs 2022

Note: For Rice Bowl Box-Score and Scorers please click on the game in Question (Fujitsu Frontiers 29 Panasonic Impulse 21)

Schedule

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super 2022

Match Day Match Day 1
(Match Day 1)
17 - 10

Elecom Kobe Finies vs Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers

(Match Day 1)
49 - 0

Fujitsu Frontiers vs Tokyo Gas Creators

(Match Day 1)
35 - 10

IBM Big Blue vs Tainai Deers

(Match Day 1)
14 - 24

All-Mitsubishi Lions vs Asahi Beer Silver Star

(Match Day 1)
30 - 10

Panasonic Impulse vs Nojima Sagamihara Rise

(Match Day 1)
10 - 42

Otonari Fukuoka Suns vs Obic Seagulls

Match Day Match Day 2
(Match Day 2)
49 - 35

IBM Big Blue vs All-Mitsubishi Lions

(Match Day 2)
69 - 21

Fujitsu Frontiers vs Otonari Fukuoka Suns

(Match Day 2)
55 - 7

Panasonic Impulse vs Tainai Deers

(Match Day 2)
31 - 21

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs Asahi Beer Silver Star

(Match Day 2)
17 - 19

Tokyo Gas Creators vs Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers

(Match Day 2)
14 - 14

Obic Seagulls vs Elecom Kobe Finies

Match Day Match Day 3
(Match Day 3)
17 - 10

Obic Seagulls vs Tokyo Gas Creators

(Match Day 3)
31 - 7

Elecom Kobe Finies vs Otonari Fukuoka Suns

(Match Day 3)
68 - 0

Panasonic Impulse vs Asahi Beer Silver Star

(Match Day 3)
7 - 40

Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers vs Fujitsu Frontiers

(Match Day 3)
27 - 24

IBM Big Blue vs Nojima Sagamihara Rise

(Match Day 3)
26 - 28

All-Mitsubishi Lions vs Tainai Deers

Match Day Matchday 4
(Matchday 4)
7 - 38

Elecom Kobe Finies vs Fujitsu Frontiers

(Matchday 4)
73 - 0

Panasonic Impulse vs All-Mitsubishi Lions

(Matchday 4)
21 - 6

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs Tainai Deers

(Matchday 4)
28 - 21

IBM Big Blue vs Asahi Beer Silver Star

(Matchday 4)
17 - 35

Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers vs Obic Seagulls

(Matchday 4)
9 - 13

Otonari Fukuoka Suns vs Tokyo Gas Creators

Match Day Matchday 5
(Matchday 5)
42 - 3

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs All-Mitsubishi Lions

(Matchday 5)
45 - 14

Panasonic Impulse vs IBM Big Blue

(Matchday 5)
17 - 19

Tokyo Gas Creators vs Elecom Kobe Finies

(Matchday 5)
21 - 18

Fujitsu Frontiers vs Obic Seagulls

(Matchday 5)
10 - 7

Asahi Beer Silver Star vs Tainai Deers

(Matchday 5)
22 - 52

Otonari Fukuoka Suns vs Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers

Matchday Reports

Matchday 1 (10-11 September 2022)

In Matchday 1 of the 2022 Japan X-League X1 Super Division A there were wins for IBM Big Blue (35-10 versus newly promoted Tainai Deers), 2021’s Rice Bowl runners-up Panasonic Impulse (30-10 versus Nojima Sagamihara Rise) and newly promoted Asahi Beer Silver Star (24-14 at All-Mitsubishi Lions).

In Division B the victorious teams were defending Rice Bowl Champions Fujitsu Frontiers (49-0 versus Tokyo Gas Creators), Elecom Kobe Finies (17-10 versus newly promoted Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers) and Obic Seagulls (42-10 at Otonari Fukuoka Suns). [References: 1-2]

Matchday 2 (24-25 September 2022)

Matchday 2 wins for Panasonic Impulse (55-7 versus Tainai Deers) and IBM Big Blue (49-35 versus All Mitsubishi Lions) put them both on 2-0 and in command of Division A. Nojima Sagamihara Rise and Asahi Beer Silver Star were both on 1-1 just behind the two front-runners after Nojima Sagamihara defeated the Silver Star 31-21. Deers and Lions were both 0-2.

Division B was now a clear path for defending champions Fujitsu Frontiers after their 69-21 defeat of newly-promoted Otonari Fukuoka Suns who remain on 0-2 along with Tokyo Gas Creators who lost 17-19 to the other newly-promoted team in Division B Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers. Second place was held jointly by Obic Seagulls and Elecom Kobe Finies, both on 1-0-1 after a 14-14 tie at Akitsu Soccer Field. [References: 1-2]

Matchday 3 (8-10 October 2022)

Panasonic Impulse (68-0 victors over Asahi Beer Silver Star) and IBM Big Blue (27-24 winners versus Nojima Sagamihara Rise) continued to set the pace on 3-0 in Division A. Tainai Deers joined Silver Stars and Rise on 1-2 as the newly promoted team defeated All-Mitsubishi Lions 28-26 to register their first win in the topflight.

Division B was a three horse race by the end of Matchday 3, as Fujitsu Frontiers (3-0) defeated Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers 40-7 in a double bill at Kobe Oji Stadium that also featured the other Rice Bowl contestant from 2021 versus Asahi Soft Drinks brother Asahi Beer. Obic Seagulls and Elecom Kobe Finies were just half a game behind Fujitsu with wins over Tokyo Gas Creators (17-10) and Otonari Fukuoka Suns (31-7) respectively. [References: 1-2]

Matchday 4 (22-23 October 2022)

Panasonic Impulse and IBM Big Blue kept their 100% record through Matchday 4 as the Impulse won handsomely against All Mitsubishi Lions 73-0 and IBM Big Blue struggled to win 28-21 versus Asahi Beer Silver Star. The Division A Championship would now come down to the final game of the regular season between both teams. In the other match in Division A Nojima Sagamihara Rise improved to 2-2 with a 21-6 win over Tainai Deers in Kawasaki.

Fujitsu (4-0) defeated Elecom Kobe Finies (2-1-1) 38-7 in a top-of-the-table clash in Division B to put one hand on the Division B Trophy with just one Matchday to go. The Frontiers, however, would be meeting Obic Seagulls in the last Matchday after the Seagulls improved to 3-0-1 with a 35-17 victory over Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers at the Expo ’70 Commemorative Stadium in Osaka. The final match of Matchday 4 was a 13-9 victory for Tokyo Gas Creators over Otonari Fukuoka Suns in a battle of two winless teams. [References: 1-2; 6]

Matchday 5 (5-6 November 2022)

In Division A Nojima Sagamihara Rise improved to 3-2 with a 42-3 victory over All-Mitsubishi Lions (0-5) while Asahi Beer Silver Star (2-3) bested Tainai Deers (1-4) 10-7 in a low-scoring encounter. The big game in Division A saw two teams with perfect records match-up in Kobe Oji Stadium, with Panasonic Impulse winning easier than expected given their records, defeating IBM Big Blue 45-14.

Division B saw Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers improve to 2-3 with a 52-22 defeat of Otonari Fukuoka Suns (0-5) while Elecom Kobe Finies improved to 3-1-1 with a 19-17 victory at Tokyo Gas Creators (1-5). Division B’s big match-up was between 2021’s Rice Bowl Champions Fujitsu Frontiers and Obic Seagulls with Frontiers (5-0) prevailing 21-18 in a close encounter over the Seagulls (3-1-1). [References: 1-2; 7]

Playoffs Preview (19-20 November 2022)

The Top four teams in each Division reach the Playoffs with Cross-Division Match-Ups in Round 1 (Quarter-Finals). Last years Rice Bowl winners Fujitsu Frontiers (5-0) host Asahi Beer Silver Star (2-3) in a match the Frontiers should easily win. 2021’s Rice Bowl runners-up and 2022 Division A Champions Panasonic Impulse (5-0) likewise should have little trouble defeating Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers (2-3). The other two quarter-finals are harder to judge with IBM Big Blue (4-1) coming up against Elecom Kobe Finies (3-1-1) and Obic Seagulls (3-1-1) hosting Nojima Sagamihara Rise (3-2) in Yokohama Stadium. [References: 1-2; 8]

The relegation match-ups pit Tokyo Gas Creators (1-4) against All Mitsubishi Lions (0-5) and Tainai Deers (1-4) against Otonari Fukuoka Suns (0-5). [References: 8]

Playoffs Round 1 (19-20 November 2022)

In the Relegation Round 1 Playoffs Tokyo Gas Creators (2-4 all games) defeated All Mitsubishi Lions 13-7 (0-6) and Tainai Deers (2-4) won 41-30 versus Otonari Fukuoka Suns (0-6) in a far higher-scoring contest at Yokohama Stadium as part of a double-header.

The third match on Saturday 19 November 2022 saw Panasonic Impulse (6-0) struggle to beat Asahi Soft Drinks Challengers (2-4) 38-28 in the Rice Bowl Playoffs Round 1 at Yodoko Sakura Stadium. The following day at Yokohama Stadium in a triple-header Elecom Kobe Finies (4-1-1) provided a minor shock in defeating IBM Big Blue (4-2) 35-25, defending Champions Fujitsu Frontiers (6-0) defeated Asahi Beer Silver Star (2-4) 53-3 in a blow-out and Obic Seagulls (4-1-1) triumphed 21-9 versus Nojima Sagamihara Rise (3-3). [References: 8]

Playoff Semi-Finals (11-12 December 2022)

Panasonic Impulse and Fujitsu Frontiers set up a rematch of the 2021 Rice Bowl after defeating Obic Seagulls 30-10 and Elecom Kobe Finies 39-21 respectively in the Semi-Finals. For Fujitsu it shall be a chance to repeat while Panasonic shall be looking for revenge after defeat in Rice Bowl 2021. [References: 9]

Rice Bowl 76 (3 January 2023)

Despite falling behind 14-0 early on thanks to two Mitchell Victor Jamano Touchdown runs for Panasonic Impulse, Fujitsu Frontiers captured their second Rice Bowl in a row thanks to three Touchdown runs by their own Trashawn Nixon, the first one pulling them to within four points at the half, the second bringing the Frontiers back into the game after Panasonic’s Quarterback Jaylon Henderson found Watanabe Jamal for a 10-yard Touchdown Pass and then Nixon’s third Rushing TD, which earned him the MVP (Most Valuable Player) Award and put Fujitsu 29-21 up following the Frontiers go-ahead Passing TD from QB Tsubasa Takagi to Kyohei Kokaji which put Fujitsu 22-21 up. Frontiers still had to defend for the Final 3 minutes 14 seconds of the match, and despite good 25 yard drive by Panasonic it was ended with Fujitsu’s Defensive Back Takutoshi Takaoka taking his second Interception of the day. Final Score: Fujitsu Frontiers 29 Panasonic Impulse 21 [References: 10] Note: For Rice Bowl Box-Score and Scorers please click on the game in Question (Fujitsu Frontiers 29 Panasonic Impulse 21) in the Rice Bowl Tournament Scoreboard Above.

About Japan X-League X1 Super 2022

The Japan X-League X1 Super is the top Division of American Football in Japan playing for the Rice Bowl, Japan’s equivalent of the Super Bowl. The Rice Bowl is in its’ 76th season this year, starting out as a University All-Star game between East and West in 1947. After 24 wins for Kanto and 12 for Kansai the Rice Bowl became in 1984 a contest between the University Champions and the Social (Club) Champions. Ritsumeikan University Panthers were in 2009 the last University Champions to win the Rice Bowl and in 2021 the Rice Bowl became the sole possession of the X-League after growing concern for the safety of the University players who were younger and less experienced than their Social counterparts, all of whom could boast American professionals in star positions. For 2022 the X-League X1 Super (the top division in Japanese American Football) added four new teams promoted from the X1 Area League – Asahi Beer Silver Star, Asahi Soft Drinks Club Challengers, Tainai Deers and Otonari Fukuoka Suns. The X1 Super was divided into two divisions of six (A and B) to accomodate the promoted teams.

Photo of the 1st German Japan Bowl in Dusseldorf, Germany. 24 April 2010

Picture Credit: D. Young / Shutterstock (2010) DUSSELDORF, GERMANY – APRIL 24: The 1st German Japan Bowl. The action that lead to Japans last touch-down gathers momentum. On April 24, 2010 in Dusseldorf, Germany [Accessed 4 May 2021]

References

[1] Japan X-League (2022) Win-Loss table [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/standing [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[2] Japan X-League (2022) Schedule & Results [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[3] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 1 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-1 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[4] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 2 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-2 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[5] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 3 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-3 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[6] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 4 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-4 [Accessed 25 October 2022]

[7] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 5 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-5 [Accessed 12 November 2022]

[8] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Post [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-post [Accessed 21 November 2022]

[9] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday RBT [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-rbt [Accessed 15 December 2022]

[10] XLeague Japan (2023) Fujitsu wins back-to-back Rice Bowl with run attack explosion, Panasonic! Seventh Japan [Google Translate] [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/news/36485 [Accessed 3 January 2023]

ICON REFERENCES

[27] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[28] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[29] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[30] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[31] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[32] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[33] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[34] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[35] Japan X League (2022) silver [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/silver.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[36] Japan X League (2022) challengers [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/challengers.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[37] Japan X League (2022) fukuoka-suns [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fukuoka-suns.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[38] Japan X League (2022) deers [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/deers.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to John Gunning (Japan Times and Inside Sport Japan) and Caoilfhionn NicFhearai

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 3 January 2023

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021-2023

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved.The Logos, Videos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only. Eirball is not officially connected with or endorsed by the Japan X-League.

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

Major World Professional Football Leagues Hypothetical Realignment 2070

NFC National Football Conference

NFC National Football Conference Hypothetical 2070

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AFC American Football Conference

AFC American Football Conference Hypothetical 2070

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LFA Liga de Futbol Americano

LFA Liga de Futbol Americano Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
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CFL Canadian Football League

CFL Canadian Football League Hypothetical 2070

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JFL Japan Super League

JFL Japan Super League Hypothetical 2070

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ELF European League of Football

ELF European League of Football Hypothetical 2070

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WNFC Women’s National Football Conference

WNFC Women's National Football Conference 2070

PosTeam
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Hypothetical Re-Alignment of Professional Football Leagues 2070

With Texan Independence, the four Texas teams: Dallas Cowboys, Houston Texans, Houston Oilers, and the relocated San Antonio Jaguars join the LFA (Liga de Futbol Americano) bringing the Mexican Professional League up to 16 teams. The Texan teams are replaced in the NFL by Allegheny Athletics – a revival of the first Professional American Football team in Pittsburgh, now representing West Virginia; the Watertown Red & Black, the oldest continuously-operated Professional Football team in USA, based in upstate New York, replacing the Buffalo Bills who have moved to Toronto; and the moving of Montreal Alouettes to the NFL. With 16 Teams each in the NFC. AFC, LFA and WNFC (Women’s League), the JSL (Japan Super League) and CFL (Canadian Football League) form a loose alliance. The ELF (European League of Football goes up to 16 teams with the readdition of Scottish Claymores.

Dallas Cowboys Stadium

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]
ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

TEAM LOGO REFERENCES

National Football League Logos

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[25] SportsLogos (2021) 8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/176/full/8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[26] SportsLogos (2021) 8f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/174/full/f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[27] SportsLogos (2021) 9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/161/full/9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp.png  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[28] SportsLogos (2021) 857 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/162/full/857.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[29] SportsLogos (2021) 8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6708/full/8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[30] SportsLogos (2021) 1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6446/full/1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[31] SportsLogos (2021) 9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/179/full/9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[32] SportsLogos (2021) 8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/5941/full/8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[33] SportsLogos (2021) pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/180/full/pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[34] SportsLogos (2021) kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/177/full/kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[35] Sports Logos (2022) washington_commanders_logo_primary_20228587  [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6832/full/washington_commanders_logo_primary_20228587.png [Accessed 16 March 2022]

Canadian Football League Logos

LOGOS

[CFL-3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

Japan X-League Super Logos

[JXL-1] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-2] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-4] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-5] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-6] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-7] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-8] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-9] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

Liga de Futbol Americano Logos

[LFA-1] Artilleros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ArtillerosLFA/photos/a.298541940883309/579119006158933/    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/73513561_579119012825599_8802706180922146816_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=5nO8n1bZCXsAX9_5Lnj&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=c6a6d0a303ab49f16b9e426ddf538b25&oe=61C12730  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-2] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-3] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-4] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-5] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-6] Gallos Negros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/gallosnegroslfa/photos/a.103377538935156/103449988927911 [Accessed 28 February 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/273209155_103449985594578_5893798891700637738_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=HLcEcyEljGcAX8Q53Vw&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8XBlErvtJZo7Zl9p8OYBL9XH9ZezKZb7Y-jdjgKO_v3Q&oe=62215414 ][Accessed 28 February 2022]

[LFA-7] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-8] Osos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=251129953689617&set=a.125371869598760  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243020024_251129950356284_294552196448173790_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nI9MStm2EZQAX9vtC2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=d69c71335d78090b5ef73d3f92b43bcf&oe=61A0E836  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-9] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-10] Reyes LFA (2021) Profile Picture, November 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ReyesLFA/photos/a.104544895379393/113206377846578 [Accessed 21 December 2021][Actual Image link available at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/258195584_113206374513245_5663298235135969257_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=zn-zaWl4W4gAX9YEBZR&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_lNWqkZvrPIwTDFtz3FinayT6oF9lUkQJxBrNCq-bwzw&oe=61C6A29E   [Accessed 21 December 2021]

[LFA-11] Mayas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MayasLFA/photos/a.916904715071809/4490334654395446/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248497239_4490334641062114_2420135574359291948_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=tyzQ2K5mI24AX-IE9d5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2e12ee551f216704032abc0943f123a&oe=61A09048 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-12] Raramuris Pro Football Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 23, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=290832646380986&set=a.126222399508679 [Accessed 9 January 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253213500_290832643047653_812853683359621004_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jWDioG3u84gAX-7MiOn&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-JC_2hms2ttsrdpMbj-SMVCNrOF0TXhb4BYH5yCO8Obw&oe=61E02FF7 ][Accessed 9 January 2022]

European League of Football Logos

[ELF-1] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[ELF-2] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-3] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-4] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-5] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-6] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-7] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-8] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-9] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-11] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-12] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-13] ELF (2022) 6291dde6aa8e8749747937c6_Untitled design(108) [Internet] Available from: https://assets-global.website-files.com/5fb916e4beed7f5a8f3276f7/6291dde6aa8e8749747937c6_Untitled%20design(108).png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-14] Enthroners (2017) cropped-Enth-e_arany [Internet] Available from: http://enthroners.hu/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/cropped-Enth-e_arany.png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-15] FIDAF (2017) seamen-milano [Internet] Available from: https://1divisione.fidaf.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/seamen-milano.png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-16] Chris Creamer’s Sports Logos (2019) Scottish Claymores Alternsate Logo 1998 [Internet] Available from:http://content.sportslogos.net/logos/19/1233/full/2552_scottish_claymores-alternate-1998.png [Accessed 27 November 2019]

Women’s National Football conference Logos

[WNFC-3] Alabama Fire Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 21, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/alabamafire/photos/a.1609678612645442/2293692044244092/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44509495_2293692047577425_4284616892968075264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=cQmCwodyQdEAX-kFyPU&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_8vGrz57fSeRJqyW55hpcP_F5vJhTx_F_ZxYMRseWcOQ&oe=621566F2 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-4] Atlanta Phoenix Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, April 14, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AtlantaPhoenixFootball/photos/a.224221407625012/1626942494019556 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at:https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/30697661_1626942494019556_7969326540513182352_n.png?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Jp1t1-bXQHsAX-ugEOD&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-wdnImKivvSS61iNOGXls9xHH_l5geYJawYx1a6fcQEQ&oe=6212DE84 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-5] Denver Bandits Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 17, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/photos/a.694497494246762/857745641255279/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/64665741_857745644588612_690902092935593984_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ns4HkFNPsy0AX-ns5Es&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-GMZ2la3wrvayys0Y6tNMYdVdGxTNIbCRU6n3PBjmDQg&oe=621522E9 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-6] Florida Avengers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Florida.Avengers/photos/a.444326052990129/1073632963392765/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252851785_1073632960059432_8783092411184468427_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=22cjTbIcL8YAX-brk_1&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-rn_JeOLGueQ62PUdnTF37ba5VVPGpPgbxEmC-3uMCVw&oe=61F2B6FB  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-7] Houston Heat Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/WNFCHoustonHeat/photos/a.101981541417155/101981974750445 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/89009194_101981978083778_547615919447212032_n.png?_nc_cat=110&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7jLQROMpYssAX_bSUg4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9K1VJ-Xlyh6TCNYVdvFD2_bYSZbM1rUPuGc3l63SXF4w&oe=6215516C  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-8] Kansas City Glory (2022) Homepage-Hero-logo [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/5ddec83f9ab6b86728e295af/1582579183598-UA8B2Z059AAMXEOWDA1M/Homepage-Hero-logo.png?format=2500w [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-9] La Muerte De Las Cruces Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LaMuerteFootball/photos/a.390852434591826/1561945220815869/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/194878743_1561945224149202_7641845063387106805_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=9OWPUuc5UKgAX-khyHF&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8243sezauFUbOeyBri1zbN3OClBjSOkBFMwt0ISI2H_w&oe=6212CBC5  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-10] Las Vegas Silver Stars Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LVSilverStarsFootball/photos/a.1929343060616749/2899989276885451 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248577713_2899989270218785_131257031838698926_n.png?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qxHLlhCyIwIAX_fD1II&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9NBXIrQZ-lANT0-nEvhcY5jXQ-9EndWV_81CjSC20_7w&oe=61F41286 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-11] Los Angeles Legends Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-12] Mississippi Panthers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 2, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MSLadyPanthers/photos/a.575906792827673/1153536968397983/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145288747_1153536971731316_2848686869016924911_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=V-3yYTBAJQwAX8YPnCx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-CSuYrerBEmufa0tp-50nofw-w188z_ggKmmD6tQ-DIQ&oe=6213BC91  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-13] Oregon Ravens (2022) qt=q_95 [Internet] Available from: https://img1.wsimg.com/isteam/ip/326e9407-7443-4da5-a670-39b13b7164b9/logo/fa9954f8-725e-4ec5-a68f-5fe6c965ee58.png/:/rs=w:464,h:308,cg:true,m/cr=w:464,h:308/qt=q:95 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-14] Philadelphia Phantomz Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhantomzFootball/photos/a.102794326739605/1453719594980398/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/201968735_1453719601647064_3836045334241024886_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=trlH0vaotY8AX_c1G3B&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_uuaruRfjS8o6Mxq2UiHRMCvhNtwFD6a56VIe2p0F2fw&oe=62138196  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-15] Phoenix Prowlers Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, July 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhoenixProwlers/photos/a.269533323675889/616087212353830/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/82912655_616087215687163_1901893860461600867_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=S3I48O9maFIAX_Q7Sj6&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9AnmXZcLMwCkNfXkvg1Nk8vQ24U4EPqKGcKwr8BPxX1A&oe=62126E0E  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-16] San Diego Rebellion (2022) Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306 [Internet] Available from: https://sandiegorebellion.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306.png [Accessed 24 January 2021]

[WNFC-17] Seattle Majestics Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=124573763007179&set=a.124573753007180  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/161980636_124573766340512_6997491678419297740_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=W5lerB3p6vMAX8pgKcG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-or5wfT9cNPTH8EOgDCOTKXWvnT3g9L5IoKxqbY7jtSg&oe=6213E17F [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-18] Texas Elite Spartans Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 13, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/TexasEliteWomensFootball/photos/a.858993514267272/952798374886785  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/35199038_952798378220118_8483117007296790528_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=UFujdTN1TcAAX-J7EiE&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8BIjouip6Bt8otGYJaWC3kX3A5lmOfCyDhf9GDJaz5Gw&oe=62145C1A  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-19] Utah Falconz (2022) Asset-1 [Internet] Available from: https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.203/79k.a05.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Asset-1.png [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-20] Washington Prodigy (2022) 10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/58fa4a95bebafb32e27e2b9f/63bf0db8-db1b-457f-9d60-8b2162fb7077/10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG.png?format=1500w  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-21] Tennessee Trojans Facebook (2022) Profile Picture: [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/tennesseetrojans/photos/a.101068052415902/147256857797021/ [Accessed 29 July 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/278095504_147256854463688_588348596125765344_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-7&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qx3TGq5dn1gAX9iGw_e&tn=ustunkcjmGgmI3q9&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9T2qzw_a-GexQmZiBHOezuZYiw0XZAm5tMvaKumjqnrQ&oe=62E8FB3C ][Accessed 29 July 2022]

Other Football Team Logos

[O-1] Allegheny Athletic Association (2022) Allegheny Athletic Association Merch [Internet] Available from: https://i.pinimg.com/564x/57/b9/85/57b98555fab8665b72e5cee911558373.jpg [Accessed 29 July 2022]

[O-2] Watertown Red and Black Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=127650949364653&set=a.127650922697989  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/162528647_127650956031319_8807331780508775606_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=C8VoqUvuoRkAX8Bc75-&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2595ee56f528269d9dd6c187fa99ce6&oe=61C32C00 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

PHOTOS

[38] ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Cillian Smith, Michael Smith, Rick Kelley, Carmine, Todd Zboyan, Brianna, Tim Leadingham, John Turner, Stacy Aschton, Carlos Trevino, John Gunning, Steve Hearn and Anton “Pippo” O’Grady.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 30 July 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Major Alternative Football Leagues Final Standings 2021

Canadian Football League 2021

CFL Logo [Reference: 1]

Canadian Football League East Division 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
195018309318-9L1
28601631224468W1
37701434630541L1
431106224384-160W1

Canadian Football League West Division 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1113020361188173L2
2950182902846L1
38601631526352W3
459010312351-39W1
531106246378-132L1

CFL Canadian Football League Playoffs 2021

Match Day Eastern Semi-Final
(Eastern Semi-Final)
23 - 12

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Montreal Alouettes

Match Day Western Semi-Final
(Western Semi-Final)
33 OT - 30

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Eastern Final
(Eastern Final)
19 - 27

Toronto Argonauts vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

Match Day Western Final
(Western Final)
21 - 17

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Saskatchewan Roughriders

Match Day 108th Grey Cup
(108th Grey Cup)
25 - 33

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Winnipeg Blue Bombers

References: [2] (Standings Calculated Automatically).

Japan X-League X1 Super 2021

Japan X-League Logo. References: [3]

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
17002127160211W7
261018217113104W1
3520151556194L1
433110223249-26W3
53409148153-5W1
62506112237-125L1
71514115172-57L5
8070024220-196L7

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Playoffs 2021

References: [4, 5][Standings Calculated Automatically]

European League of Football 2021

European League of Football Logo
European League of Football Logo. References: [6]

European League of Football Division North 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPAStreak
17300.700274178L2
26400.600314259W3
35500.500295320L1
43700.300228289W1

European League of Football Division South 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPAStreak
19100.900357132W9
25500.500320365L1
33700.300230277L2
42800.200157355L6

European League of Football Playoffs 2021

References: [7, 8]

The Spring League 2021

The Spring League Logo
The Spring League Logo. References: [12]
The Spring League 2021PWLTPFPAPct
TSL North (Indianapolis)
Linemen (C)6510177117.833
Conquerors6420164118.667
Alphas6330118137.500
Aviators606053140.000
TSL South (Houston)
Jousters (C)642012162.667
Generals6420131104.667
Blues633078107.500
Sea Lions615090141.250
[References: Compiled from results in 13-14]
DateHome TeamAway Team
Mega Bowl ChampionshipRice Stadium, Houston, TX
19/06/2021Linemen26Jousters23
[References: 13-14]

Recap

The Major Alternative Football Leagues of 2021 were The Spring League which kicked off its 5th season this year, with a major expansion, adding a second hub city and four teams to its schedule, the European League of Football, Japan X-League X1 Super, and the Canadian Football League.

The Linemen won TSL North in Indianapolis with a 5-1 record and the Jousters were Champions of TSL South in Houston with a 4-2 record. In a close Mega Bowl Linemen defeated Jousters 26-23 [13-14]. Tadhg Leader, former Connacht Rugby player, who was born in Ireland, played kicker for the Aviators who finished 0-6 in the TSL North [8-10].

Following the TSL season, Tadhg Leader moved on to play for Panthers Wroclaw of Poland in the European League of Football, along with a young Tallaght, South Dublin County native Kevin Mayo. The Panthers finished the season 6-4 in the ELF North but lost the Semi-Final 27-30 at Hamburg Sea Devils, who finished runners-up to ELF South Champions Frankfurt Galaxy (9-1) who won the ELF Championship Game 32-30 in an even closer game than the TSL Mega Bowl [7-8].

By the Fall the Japan X-League had kicked off and the 6-1 Fujitsu Frontiers upset the 7-0 Panasonic Impulse 24-20 in the Rice Bowl [4-5]. This was the first year the JXL had sole ownership of the Rice Bowl, previously the X-League Champions contested the Rice Bowl with the College Champions in Japan.

The Canadian Football League, the biggest of the Major Alternative Football Leagues played a covid-shortened 14-game schedule, with newly renamed Edmonton Elks struggling to a 3-11 record, worst in the CFL. The big news on the Football field however was Winnipeg Blue Bombers who went 11-3 in winning the CFL West before triumphing 33-25 against Hamilton Tiger-Cats (8-6) who had upset CFL East Champions Toronto Argonauts 27-19 in the Eastern Final [2].

Tadhg Leader – Irish-born Player (Panthers Wroclaw ELF and Aviators TSL)

Former Connacht Rugby player Tadhg Leader was born in Galway, Ireland. At the age of 15 he and his brother Darragh headed out to kick some Rugby balls at their local pitch on Christmas Day. His dad, a former Galwegians RFC Rugby player made a bet with them that they could not kick the ball over the bars from the halfway line. Both Tadhg and his brother Darragh won €50 each.

Tadhg went on to play Rugby Professionally for Connacht and Darragh now lives in USA where he coaches at Clemson University Tigers. Tadhg suffered a number of injuries during his last few years at Connacht and after playing in Italy he ended up studying in USA and playing for both New England Free Jacks in Major League Rugby and making his Test debut for USA Eagles Rugby Union National Team.

Tadhg was signed up to play another year of Rugby Union in 2021 when the kicker started kicking American Footballs for fun. People took notice and said he should try out for American Football teams and so he went off to San Diego where he was kicking alongside Super Bowl-winning athletes. Unsure of his own ability he asked John Carney, who has 23 years of experience kicking Footballs and Carney said he could mix it with the NFL players.

Before long Leader found himself playing for the Aviators in The Spring League in USA. The Aviatiors, one of four teams based in Indianapolis, a COVID-19 Pod and one of two Pods in the 8-team league in 2021 finished with an 0-6 record in 2021. On May 7 versus Alphas Tadhg Leader scored the first points of his American Football career kicking a Field Goal to make the score Aviators 3 Alphas 7 at Halftime.

After spending Spring in Indianapolis with the Aviators Tadhg signed for Panthers Wroclaw in the European League of Football, making his debut on opening day in a 55-39 victory over Cologne Centurions. [References: 8-10]

Kevin Mayo – Irish Player (Panthers Wroclaw ELF)

Kevin Mayo, who is from Tallaght, South Dublin Co. in Ireland, and had previously played for the South Dublin Panthers in the American Football Ireland League joined the Panthers Wroclaw at the tail end of the season after being picked up by North Park University in Chicago, an NCAA Division III College.

CFL References

LOGOS

[1] Sports Logos (2021) 2757__canadian_football_league-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/2573/full/2757__canadian_football_league-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

REFERENCES

[2] Canadian Football League (2021) Schedule 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/schedule/2021/ [Accessed 31 July 2021]

Japan X-League References

IMAGES

[3] X-League (2020) logo_xleague [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/logo_xleague.jpg [Accessed 7 March 2021]

STANDINGS

[4] X-League (2021) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/standing [Accessed 13 December 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) Score [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/score [Accessed 4 August 2021]

ELF References

[6] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Profile Picture, February 4, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.100150555247238/159345569327736/ [Accessed 27 April 2021]

[7] European League of Football (2021) Stats [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/stats [Accessed 10 November 2021]

[8] European League of Football (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/schedule [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[9] South Dublin Panthers (2021) Post to Page 2 December 2021: “Great Interview!” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/southdublinpanthers/posts/309142057879208 [Accessed 3 December 2021]

[10] The Liberty (2021) Leader and Mayo: Meet the two Irishmen with the NFL in their sights [Internet] Available from: https://www.theliberty.ie/2021/12/01/leader-and-mayo-meet-the-two-irishmen-with-the-nfl-in-their-sights/?fbclid=IwAR1g3KnLD1lmr5GsnTTOrYiBJpVYPuyZzhjcgWKz54lKAc1ychvTjBiYwqA [Accessed 3 December 2021]

[11] Rugby Players Ireland (2021) The Journey Continues for Tadhg Leader [Internet] Available from: [Accessed 3 December 2021]

The Spring League References

[12] The Spring League (2017) Profile Picture August 13, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/68494309_2435273623417739_8497449137069883392_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&_nc_ohc=osM0If13hRYAX9kbxYM&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3d2ef90b030c12beaf5c4be4b091d540&oe=5E9E9711%5BAccessed 25 January 2020]

[13] The Spring League (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://thespringleague.com/?page_id=5732 [Accessed 20 June 2021]

[14] The Spring League (2021) League [Internet] Available from: https://thespringleague.com/?page_id=136 [Accessed 6 May 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Steve Hearn and Anton “Pippo” O’Grady, Bart Barden, Carmine, Tomasz and Todd Zboyan (Dublin Bay Raptors)

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish, North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 7 January 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021-2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Schedule 2021

Japan X-League Logo [Reference: 1]

Final Standings

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
17002127160211W7
261018217113104W1
3520151556194L1
433110223249-26W3
53409148153-5W1
62506112237-125L1
71514115172-57L5
8070024220-196L7

Playoff Schedule

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Playoffs 2021

Regular Season Schedule

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super 2021

Match Day Week 1
(Week 1)
17 - 49

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs Fujitsu Frontiers

(Week 1)
0 - 71

Tokyo Gas Creators vs Panasonic Impulse

(Week 1)
0 # - 20

All-Mitsublishi Lions vs Obic Seagulls

(Week 1)
26 - 26

IBM Big Blue vs Elecom Kobe Finies

Match Day Week 2
(Week 2)
20 - 41

IBM Big Blue vs Obic Seagulls

(Week 2)
10 - 24

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs Panasonic Impulse

(Week 2)
0 # - 20

All-Mitsublishi Lions vs Elecom Kobe Finies

(Week 2)
22 - 32

Tokyo Gas Creators vs Fujitsu Frontiers

Match Day Week 3
(Week 3)
0 # - 20

All-Mitsublishi Lions vs Fujitsu Frontiers

(Week 3)
0 - 24

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs Obic Seagulls

(Week 3)
17 - 65

IBM Big Blue vs Panasonic Impulse

(Week 3)
27 - 23

Tokyo Gas Creators vs Elecom Kobe Finies

Match Day Week 4
(Week 4)
24 - 63

IBM Big Blue vs Fujitsu Frontiers

(Week 4)
0 - 23

Tokyo Gas Creators vs Obic Seagulls

(Week 4)
0 # - 20

All-Mitsublishi Lions vs Panasonic Impulse

(Week 4)
20 - 14

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs Elecom Kobe Finies

Match Day Week 5
(Week 5)
33 - 7

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs Tokyo Gas Creators

(Week 5)
0 - 70

All-Mitsubishi Lions vs IBM Big Blue

(Week 5)
11 - 19

Elecom Kobe Finies vs Fujitsu Frontiers

(Week 5)
13 - 6

Panasonic Impulse vs Obic Seagulls

Match Day Week 6
(Week 6)
26 - 20

Panasonic Impulse vs Fujitsu Frontiers

(Week 6)
28 - 32

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs IBM Big Blue

(Week 6)
14 - 28

Elecom Kobe Finies vs Obic Seagulls

(Week 6)
21 - 30

All-Mitsublishi Lions vs Tokyo Gas Creators

Match Day Week 7
(Week 7)
40 - 3

Nojima Sagamihara Rise vs All-Mitsubishi Lions

(Week 7)
26 - 34

Tokyo Gas Creators vs IBM Big Blue

(Week 7)
7 - 52

Elecom Kobe Finies vs Panasonic Impulse

(Week 7)
13 - 14

Obic Seagulls vs Fujitsu Frontiers

Note: # Forfeit (0-20)

Week 1 Recap

Week 1 in the new Era of Japan X-League kicked off on Saturday, 4 September with Fujitsu Frontiers defeating Nojima Sagamihara Rise 49-17 and Panasonic Impulse winning by a landslide 71-0 against Tokyo Gas Creators. The following day, however, the single game played was much closer, in fact the match-up between IBM Big Blue and Elecom Kobe Finies ended up a 26-26 tie. The other match, to be played on the 5th September, between All-Mitsubishi Lions and Obic Seagulls was postponed.

Weeks 2-6 Recap

The big match-up between the two undefeated teams after five weeks went the way of Panasonic Impulse as they narrowly defeated Fujitsu Frontiers 26-20 to move to 6-0. Frontiers now have to regroup for another crucial top-of-the-standings game with Obic Seagulls shocked Elecom Kobe Finies 38-21 (both Fujitsu and Obic stand on 5-1) in the final week of the regular season. Kobe dropped to 2-4. In the other game that was crucial to playoff hopes IBM Big Blue defeated Nojima Sagamihara Rise 32-28 to move to 2-3-1 and in good position for the fourth playoff spot.

Week 7 Recap

Nojima Sagamihara Rise defeated All-Mitsubishi Lions 40-3 on the Saturday in a game with slim hopes for Rise to reach the Playoffs. Nojima finished 3-4 on the season and All-Mitsubishi 0-7. The Rise were eliminated from Playoff contention by IBM Big Blue’s 34-26 victory on the same day versus Tokyo Gas Creators leaving Big Blue 3-3-1 on the season and in the Playoffs and Creators finished 2-5 with their slim hopes of making the playoffs dashed by the loss. Elecom Kobe Finies finished the season with five straight losses after a 7-52 thrashing by Panasonic Impulse who took homefield advantage into the Playoffs after finishing the season 7-0 and on top of the 8-team X1 Super. In the week’s big game Fujitsu Frontiers narrowly defeated Obic Seagulls 14-13 to leave the Frontiers in second place on 6-1 and Seagulls in third on 5-2. Both Frontiers and Seagulls meet again in the Playoffs with Fujitsu having homefield advantage.

Semi-Finals Recap

Panasonic Impulse defeated IBM Big Blue 38-31 in a shootout to reach the 75th Rice Bowl on 3rd January 2022 where they will meet Fujitsu Frontiers after the Frontiers’ 17-10 victory over Obic Seagulls. Panasonic Impulse go into the Rice Bowl as favourites after a perfect season up to this point and having handed Fujitsu the Frontiers’ only defeat of the season, a 26-20 game back in Week 6 on November 13. Panasonic’s win over IBM was not as big as their regular season victory over the Big Blue, which ended 65-13 in a blowout. Fujitsu’s win over Obic was not as close as the 14-13 game which the Frontiers won in Week 1, but was similarly low-scoring.

Rice Bowl 75 Recap

Fujitsu Frontiers, playing in their 9th Social Championship game in a row, won the 75th Rice Bowl 24-18 against Number 1 Ranked Panasonic Impulse. The Frontiers had won four Rice Bowls straight from 2016 to 2019 but 2020 was the year of Obic Seagulls. 2021 again saw Fujitsu take the title of not just Working People (Social Championship – X League) but the Rice Bowl, this year the sole ownership of the X-League Social Championship (College Champions no longer compete for Rice Bowl) [23, 24] . Of Irish interest in the game is a player by the name Brennan – an Irish surname from Ossory, now Co. Kilkenny [25, 26]. Brennan played Wide Receiver for Panasonic Impulse, making at least two receptions [24].

For a full Match Report and Scorers please click on the Game in the above Playoff Schedule.

To View Footage of the 75th Rice Bowl, please see this link on Mike Tackett’s You Tube Channel:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AihsYDoKDUg [Accessed 4 January 2022]Reference: [23]

[23] Mike Tackett’s You Tube Channel (2022) Rice Bowl 75: Fujitsu Frontiers vs Panasonic Impulse (2022) watch?v=AihsYDoKDUg [Accessed 4 January 2022][Actual Reference at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AihsYDoKDUg ][Accessed 4 January 2022]

About the JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super 2021

The Japan American Football Association is the National Governing Body for American Football in Japan. The X-League is the Top Level Social League (Businesses) and from 1984 to 2020 contested the Rice Bowl with the College Champions. However, due to the Social Champions winning 11 Rice Bowl’s in-a-row in what was increasingly a mismatch, the X-League has taken over in 2021 sole ownership of the Rice Bowl (Japan’s Super Bowl). The Rice Bowl has been played since 1947 and Japan is one of the four to five Major Gridiron Football countries in the World, along with USA, Canada, Mexico and Germany.

REFERENCES

IMAGES

[1] X-League (2020) logo_xleague [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/logo_xleague.jpg [Accessed 7 March 2021]

STANDINGS

[2] X-League (2021) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/standing [Accessed 13 December 2021]

[3] X-League (2021) Score [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/score [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 1[Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-1 [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 2 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-2 [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 3 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-3 [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 4[Internet] Available from:https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-4 [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 5 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-5 [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 6 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-6 [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[7] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 7[Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-7  [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[8] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 8[Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-8 [Accessed 30 November 2021]

[9] X-League (2022) Rice Bowl 75 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/feature/ricebowl75 [Accessed 4 January 2022]

[10] X-League (2021) Fujitsu Frontiers [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/fujitsu [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[11] X-League (2021) Obic Seagulls Profile [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/obic [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[12] X-League (2021) Panasonic Impulse [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/impulse [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[13] X-League (2021) Elecom Kobe Finies [Internet] Available from:https://xleague.jp/team/elecom [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[14] X-League (2021) IBM Big Blue [Internet] Available f