Pan-American Sports

North American World Sports are Cowboy Polo, invented in New Mexico and now played only in Montana; and Ringette, a non-contact form of Ice Hockey popular in Canada, which utilises a straight stick which is used to guide a hoop around the ice and into a goal. Players use sponges on their feet rather than Ice Skates. Native North American Sports include Choctaw Stickball

Ringette Nova Scotia Facebook Profile Picture

Choctaw Stickball

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Native American Sports include Stickball, a Choctaw game in Oklahoma.

Choctaw Stickball:

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar Playing Stickball Choctaw Nation 2018


Canadian Ringette

Canadian Rigette:

Ringette Nova Scotia Women’s Recreational League 2015-2020

Picture Credit: [7] Ringette Nova Scotia Facebook Page (2020) Profile Picture, February 19, 2018 [Internet] Available from: [Accessed 30 March 2020]

Central American Sports

Mesoamerican Ulama Pok-ta-Pok

Ulama (Pok-ta-Pok)

Ulama is the ancient sport of the Native Aztec (Mexica) and Maya of Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and Honduras). It is played with the hips, with two teams trying to propel the ball past the opposing team and has been played since 1400 BC. It is known as “Pok Ta Pok” to the Maya and “Ulama” to the Mexica.

The Juego de Pelota Mesoamerican Ulamaztli Championship is an Annual Regional Competition in Teotihuacan, Mexico City, the seat of the ancient religious / ritual centre, and where the most impressive ancient Ball Court is to be seen.

The Ulama Mesoamerican Ball Game Tournament is the Annual World Cup basically, bringing together teams from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and Honduras.

Ulama Mesoamerican Ball Game Tournament (Ulama World Cup)

Ulama Mesoamerican Ball Game Tournament 2017-2018

Juego de Pelota Mesoamerican Ulamaztli Championship (Teotihuacan, Mexico)

Juego de Pelota Championship (seasons): 2017

Picture Credit: [1] Amber Griscaye (2017) Mexico v Belize in re-creation of the Maya Ball Game Ulama [Internet] Available from: [Accessed 28 June 2019]

South American Sports

CADC Cestoball Logo

Cestoball (Argentina)

Confederacion Argentina de Cestoball (Overviews)

Confederacion Argentina de Cestoball Liga Nacional A 2014-2015

Picture Credit: [1] Confederacion Argentina de Cestoball (2014) CADC Logo [Internet] Available from: 19 October 2019]