CAAF Logo

ČAAF Česká asociace amerického fotbalu Schedule 1994

CAAF Logo
CAAF Logo [References: 1]

Final Standings

ČAAF Česká asociace amerického fotbalu 1994

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Prague Panthers6001.00030636270W6
2Prague Lions3300.500106134-28L1
3Brno Alligators3300.5007199-28W1
4Ostrava Cobras0600.00018232-214L6

Playoffs

Regular Season Schedule

Recap

The first Czech American Football Association (CAAF) season was in 1994, not long after independence from the Soviets. Four teams entered: Prague Panthers, Brno Alligators, Prague Lions and Ostrava Cobras. Prague Panthers finished the season 6-0 claiming the CAAF Championship with an astounding 145-9 triumph over Prague Lions in the first Czech Bowl.

The Prague Panthers are the oldest team in the Czech Republic and had previously played in the Austrian Football League before becoming founding members of the ČAAF Česká asociace amerického fotbalu. They got better as the season progressed, winning by bigger and bigger margins as the weeks went by. Brno Alligators and Prague Lions tied for second place on 3-3 records, and it is not known if a Semi-Final was played before the Prague Lions defeat in the Czech Bowl. Ostrava Cobras finished last on 0-6 and were replaced for the 1995 season by a new Ostrava team, the Ostrava Eagles for 1995. All three of the other teams continued to play in 1995.

REFERENCES

LOGO References

[1] CAAF (2021) nejnovejsi [Internet] Available from: https://www.caaf.cz/_SitePublic/img/nejnovejsi.jpg [Accessed 11 April 2021]

Regular Season and Standings References

[2] CAAF (2017) Czech Bowl I [Internet] Available from: http://www.caaf.cz/?path=divize/63/rozpisdivize/ [Accessed 21 December 2017]

Playoff References

[1] Lucky Show (2021) Czech Bowl [Internet] Available from: http://www.luckyshow.org/football/Czech_Bowl.htm [Accessed 17 July 2019]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to John Kane, John Wills, Gavin Coleman.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 29 November 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

ONEFA Mexico Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes 2021

ONEFA Logo
ONEFA Logo [References: 7]

Standings

ONEFA Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Rojo 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Borregos TEC Monterrey3001.0001072384W3
2Borregos TEC CEM2100.667594910W1
3Pumas Acatlan UNAM2100.6675370-17W2
4Águilas Blancas IPN1100.500553718L1
5Leones Anáhuac México1200.3333472-38L2
6Borregos TEC Puebla0200.0002446-22L2
7Linces UVM0200.0002459-35L2

ONEFA Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Verde 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Autenticos Tigres UANL2001.000801367W2
2Burros Blancos IPN2001.000563620W2
3Borregos TEC Toluca1100.500634815L1
4Pumas UNAM1100.50035350L1
5Borregos TEC Guadalajara0200.0003656-20L2
6Potros Salvajes UAEM0200.0001395-82L2

Schedule Conferencia 14 Grandes Rojo

Schedule Conferencia 14 Grandes Verde

Recap

After three weeks in the 2021 ONEFA Conferencia 14 Grandes season, Borregos TEC Monterrey were the only undefeated team in the Rojo (Red) Division and both Autenticos Tigres UANL (Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon) and Burros Blancos IPN (Instituto Politecnica Nacional) undefeated on 2-0 in the Verde (Green) Division.

ABOUT ONEFA LIGA MAYOR CONFERENCIA DE LOS 10 GRANDES

The ONEFA College Football Championship is one of the highlights of the Mexican American Football season, and was considered the National Championship from 1933 until recently, with challengers both the breakaway CONADEIP College League (2013 onwards) and the Liga Football Americano Profesional (LFA Mexico), a Major Pro League (2016 onwards).

There are a number of different eras in the ONEFA Championship, with UNAM Pumas and Condores UNAM the most successful teams. The Conferencia 14 Grandes (Big 14 Conference) was established in 2021, a level about the Conferencia Nacional (National Conference). It is a merger of the ONEFA 10 Grandes and CONADEIP with the Technology Colleges which started CONADEIP now back in the ONEFA fold.

Royalty-free stock photo ID: 2076956458

Monterrey, Nuevo León, México – November 17, 2021: Entrance to the UANL Tiger’s soccer stadium (Estadio de Fútbol Tigres de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León)

Entrance to the Tigres UANL Stadium in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, MexicoF

By Forge Productions

References 2021

[1] ONEFA Oficial (2021) Categoria Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Rojo Semana 1 [Internet] Available from: http://onefaoficial.org/calendario/2021/liga-mayor/14-grandes-rojo/semana-1 [Accessed 26 November 2021]

[2] ONEFA Oficial (2021) Categoria Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Rojo Semana 2 [Internet] Available from: http://onefaoficial.org/calendario/2021/liga-mayor/14-grandes-rojo/semana-2  [Accessed 26 November 2021]

[3] ONEFA Oficial (2021) Categoria Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Rojo Semana 3 [Internet] Available from: http://onefaoficial.org/calendario/2021/liga-mayor/14-grandes-rojo/semana-3 [Accessed 26 November 2021]

[4] ONEFA Oficial (2021) Categoria Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Verde Semana 1 [Internet] Available from: http://onefaoficial.org/calendario/2021/liga-mayor/14-grandes-verde/semana-1 [Accessed 26 November 2021]

[5] ONEFA Oficial (2021) Categoria Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Verde Semana 2 [Internet] Available from: http://onefaoficial.org/calendario/2021/liga-mayor/14-grandes-verde/semana-2 [Accessed 26 November 2021]

[6] ONEFA Oficial (2021) Categoria Liga Mayor Conferencia 14 Grandes Verde Semana 3 [Internet] Available from:  http://onefaoficial.org/calendario/2021/liga-mayor/14-grandes-verde/semana-3 [Accessed 26 November 2021]

Logo REFERENCES

IMAGES

[7] ONEFA (2020) ONEFA Logo [Internet] Available from: https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/PpcJl5QlfPoMSO4T5EdZd4ou8LwusCaoqw0_cjYcC2_CTplUWHkQJTa9S-DKMPI-FrkqeXFWoppz6Rha95yr [Accessed 11 May 2020]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Francesco

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball – Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 26 November 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Professional Gridiron Football Teams by Year of Formation 1896-2021

Year of Formation and League

Professional Gridiron Football Teams by Year of Foundation

PosTeamYearLeague
11873CFL Canada
21896WSPF (Semi-Pro) #
31898NFL USA (APFA) +
41921NFL USA (APFA)+
51922NFL USA
61924NFL USA
71928NFL USA
81933NFL USA
91933NFL USA
101936CFL Canada $
111936NFL USA (AFL) +
121937NFL USA +
131938CFL Canada $
141945CFL Canada
151946CFL Canada $
161946NFL USA (AAFC) +
171946NFL USA (AAFC) +
181950CFL Canada $
191953NFL USA (AAFC) +
201954CFL Canada
211960NFL USA (AFL)+
221960NFL USA (AFL) +!
231960NFL USA (AFL) +
241960NFL USA (AFL)+
251960NFL USA (AFL) +
261960NFL USA
271960NFL USA (AFL) +
281961NFL USA
291963NFL USA (AFL) +
301963NFL USA (AFL) +
311966NFL USA
321967NFL USA
331969NFL USA (AFL) +
341969NFL USA (AFL)+
351976NFL USA
361976NFL USA
371982CFL Canada *
381996CFL Canada $
391996NFL USA
401996NFL USA
411998NFL USA +
421999NFL USA
432002NFL USA
442014CFL Canada $
452016LFA Mexico
462016LFA Mexico
472016LFA Mexico
482017LFA Mexico £
492017LFA Mexico
502017LFA Mexico
512018LFA Mexico
522018LFA Mexico
532019LFA Mexico £
542021ELF Europe ^
552021ELF Europe ^
562021ELF Europe ^
572021ELF Europe^
582021ELF Europe^
592021ELF Europe ^
602021ELF Europe ^
612021ELF Europe ^
622021JXL Japan %
632021JXL Japan %
642021JXL Japan %
652021JXL Japan %
662021JXL Japan %
672021JXL Japan %
682021JXL Japan %
692021JXL Japan %
702021CFL Canada $
712022ELF Europe ^
722022ELF Europe ^
732022ELF Europe ^
742022ELF Europe ^
752022LFA Mexico

NFL USA (National Football League 1922-Present) – Plays for Super Bowl between AFC and NFC Champions since 1966.

NFL USA (APFA) + Team played in APFA (American Professional Football Association, 1920-1921) before name changed to NFL in 1922.

NFL USA + Originally played in NFL before joining AFC on NFL-AFL merger.

NFL USA (AAFC) + Teams previously played in the All-America Football Conference before joining NFL.

NFL USA (AFL) + Teams previously played in the American Football

Semi-Professional Teams

WSPF # – World Series of Professional Football – Team played in World Series of Professional Football for Champions of New York City, New Jersey, Upstate New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio Leagues from 1902 to 1903.

Continental Football Leagues

CFL Canada $ – Canadian Football League – Teams had various and numerous before settling on current names

LFA Mexico £ – Liga de Futbol Americano – Teams had other names prior to current name or promoted from FAM (Futbol Americano Mexico). Plays for Mexican Bowl.

ELF Europe ^ – European League of Football – Many ELF teams took names from previous WLAF (World League of American Football, 1991-1997) and NFL Europe League (1998-2007). Others joined from their respective National Leagues or played in Eurobowl – the Champions League for European National Champions.

JXL Japan & – Japan X-League X1 Super – Teams were previously part of Japan Leagues before taking over sole ownership of “Rice Bowl” from University Teams in 2021. Expected by Eirball to go fully professional in 2022.

Other Teams

# Defunct Teams – Houston Oilers name retired.

* Awarded but Yet to Play – Atlantic Schooners have twice been awarded teams (1982 and 2019) but have both times been unable to finalize plans for a Stadium.

Early Gridiron Football Teams – From Semi-Pro to WWII Era (1873-1936)

Professional Gridiron Football Teams have existed since the late 1890s. Currently there are 70 teams in existence although Eirball is counting also previous incarnations of teams which of historical significance in this list.

  1. Toronto Argonauts were formed in 1873 and are the oldest Professional Gridiron Football Team in existence. They were founder members of the CFL (Canadian Football League) and are still members of the league.

2. The Watertown Red and Black, from New Jersey appear second in this list as they were formed in 1896 and played in the World Series of Professional Football (A Series for the Champions of New York City, New Jersey, Upstate New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio which lasted two seasons: 1902 and 1903). Watertown are still in existence playing in a Semi-Pro State League in the New York / New Jersey Metropolitan Area.

3. Next up are the Ariziona Cardinals, formed in 1898 as the Morgan Athletic Club in an Irish neighbourhood of Chicago. The Cardinals have been through many incarnations: They changed their name first to the Normals after Normal Park, then the Racine Cardinals after a Street in Chicago. When they joined the APFA (American Professional Football Association) in 1920 they were known as the Chicago Cardinals. The APFA changed its’ name to the NFL (National Football League) in 1922 and in 1960 the Cardinals moved to St. Louis. from there they moved on to Phoenix, AZ in 1988 and then in 1993 moved to Glendale, AZ becoming the Arizona Cardinals as they were no longer based in Phoenix.

4. Green Bay Packers were formed in 1919 in Wisconsin, and are named Packers due to sponsorship from ACME Packing company in Green Bay. The Packers joined the APFA in 1921, which renamed itself the NFL in 1922. They have played at times in Milwaukee, splitting their home schedule between Green Bay and Milwaukee in the process.

5. Chicago Bears come next. Formed as the Decatur Staleys (and named after the owner) they were bought out by a Chicago consortium in 1921 which was paid by Staley to keep the name for one year. In 1922 they became the Chicago Bears.

6. New York Giants are number 6 on this list, being formed in 1924, although there was a previous team by the name of the New York Giants in the APFA as the NFL was known then in 1921. The Giants are no longer based in New York City, but in Rutherford, New Jersey, and in the 1970s briefly played in Connecticut.

7. Detroit Lions are number 7 on this list, having been formed as the Portsmouth Spartans, moving to Detroit and becoming the Lions in 1834.

8. Washington Redskins were formed as Boston Braves in 1932, becoming Boston Redskins in 1933 and moving to Washington in 1937.

9. Philadelphia Eagles were formed in 1933 and are still the Philadelphia Eagles, although they have moved Stadiums within Philadelphia.

10. Winnipeg Blue Bombers were formed in 1936, although there were previous teams in Winnipeg before the Blue Bombers. They were founding members of the CFL (Canadian Football League) when it broke away from the CRU (Canadian Rugby Union) in 1956.

Foundation of the CFL and NFL merger with AAFC (1937-1959)

11. Los Angeles Rams played in an incarnation of the AFL (American Football League) in 1936 as the Cleveland Rams before joining the NFL in 1937. The Rams moved to Los Angeles after WWII in 1945 and in 1982 moved to Anaheim, Orange County, CA. From there they moved to St. Louis in 1995 before moving back to Los Angeles in 2019.

12. Pittsburgh Steelers joined the NFL as the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1933, renaming themselves the Steelers in 1937. They briefly merged with Philadelphia Eagles as Phil-Pitt for one season during WWII (and were known as the “Steagles” by fans). They also merged for one season during WWII with the Chicago Cardinals as Card-Pitt. The Steelers moved to the AFC (American Football Conference) after the merger with the AFL in 1970.

13. Edmonton Eskimos took this name in 1938 and were founder members of the CFL in 1956. They have recently changed their name to Edmonton Elks.

14. Calgary Stampeders, like many other CFL teams, were known by many names before settling on Calgary Stampeders in 1945. They too were founder members of the CFL in 1956.

15. Originally known as Regina Roughriders the Saskatchewan Roughriders were formed in 1946 and were original members of CFL in 1956.

16. Cleveland Browns were founder members of the AAFC (All-America Football Conference) in 1946 before joining the NFL in 190. They moved to the AFC upon the merger with the AFL in 1970 and in 1996 moved to Baltimore. It was a controversial move and the NFL promised a new team to Cleveland for 1999 which would have the Cleveland Browns, name, colours, logos and history. The Baltimore team was named the Ravens.

17. San Francisco 49ers were another founding member of the AAFC that joined the NFL in 1950. In 2014 the team moved to Santa Clara, a suburb of San Jose, although kept the name San Francisco 49ers.

18. Hamilton Tiger-Cats were formed in 1950 from the merger of two previous Canadian teams: Hamilton Tigers and Hamilton Wildcats. They were founding members of the CFL in 1956.

19. The 18th team on this list is Indianapolis Colts. While there was a previous team known as the Baltimore Colts in the AAFC which joined the NFL in 1950, that team folded and was replaced first by the New York Yanks and then the Dallas Texans and after both of those two teams also folded a new Baltimore Colts was founded in 1953. The Colts joined the AFC upon merger with the AFL in 1970 and in 1982 moved to Indianapolis.

20. British Columbia Lions were formed in Vancouver in 1954 and became founding members of the CFL in 1956.

The American Football League Era – The foundation of the AFL (1960-1965)

21. Denver Broncos were founding members of yet another AFL (American Football League) in 1960 before it merged with the NFL in 1970.

22. Houston Oilers were also founding members of the AFL in 1960 which merged with the NFL in 1970. In 1996 the team moved to Memphis, Tennessee, temporarily known as the Tennessee Oilers before moving into their new home in Nashville in 1998 and renaming themselves the Tennessee Titans. The NFL retired the name Oilers.

23. Los Angeles Chargers were founding members of the AFL in 1960. Unable to compete with the Rams in Los Angeles they moved to San Diego in 1961. Unable to gain City funding for a new Stadium in 2019 they moved back to Los Angeles, sharing a new Stadium with the Rams.

24. Buffalo Bills. Another founding member of the AFL, the Bills played one game a year in the 2000s in Toronto in order to build on their Canadian market. There was a previous team in the AAFC of 1946-1949 called the Buffalo Bills.

25. New England Patriots. Another founding member of the AFL in 1960 they were originally known as the Boston Patriots but changed their name in 1970 to reflect the fact they were no longer based in Boston, but in Foxborough, Massachusetts.

26. Dallas Cowboys. After Dallas businessman Lamar Hunt set up the AFL in 1960 the NFL placed the Cowboys in the Dallas market which forced Hunt’s Dallas Texans to relocate to Kansas City in 1963. The Cowboys are still the Dallas Cowboys although over the years they have been based in the Dallas suburbs of Irving and Arlington.

27. Las Vegas Raiders. Founder members of the AFL in 1960 the Oakland Raiders moved to Anaheim, Orange County, CA in 1982, before moving back to Oakland in 1995. Unable to get City funding for a new Stadium they moved to Las Vegas in 2020.

28. Minnesota Vikings. After Minneapolis was awarded an AFL team in 1960 they moved to the NFL before the start of the season after the NFL gave a better offer. The Vikings played their first season in the NFL in 1961. Named Minnesota rather than Minneapolis as they cater for both Minneapolis and St. Paul – the Twin Cities.

29. IN 1963 Dallas Texans, founder members of the AFL in 1960, were forced out of the Dallas market, unable to compete with the Cowboys of the NFL. The Texans moved to Kansas City, MO and renamed the Chiefs.

30. New York Jets were formed as the New York Titans in the AFL of 1960. They changed their name to Jets in 1960 and moved to East Rutherford, New Jersey, sharing with the New York Giants, in the 1970s.

Southern Expansion Era (1966-2002)

31. Atlanta Falcons. First expansion team of the 1960s after the explosion of teams in 1960 the Falcons joined the NFL in 1966.

32. New Orleans Saints. Joined the NFL in 1967. After Hurricane Katrina, which destroyed parts of the Louisiana Superdome, the Saints played a year in San Antonio, TX, and Baton Rouge, LA in 2005.

33. Miami Dolphins. Expansion team of the AFL in 1969 the Dolphins joined the AFC (American Football Conference) of the NFL in 1970. Now based in Miami Gardens, FL, but still known as Miami Dolphins.

34. Cincinnati Bengals joined the AFL as an expansion team in 1969 like the Dolphins and like the Dolphins are still members of the AFC. The Bengals are still based in Cincinnati. There was a previous team called the Cincinnati Bengals in an AFL of the 1930s.

35. Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Joined the NFL as a member of the AFC in 1976, moving to the NFC in 1977.

36. Seattle Seahawks. Joined the NFL as a member of the NFC in 1976 the Seahawks moved to the AFC in 1977 and back to the NFC in 2002.

37. Atlantic Schooners were awarded a CFL franchise in 1982 for Halifax, Nova Scotia but were unable get funding for a Stadium. Again in 2019 they were awareded a franchise for Moncton, New Brunswick, to start in 2022 or 2023, but COVID-19 has set the plans back.

38. Montreal Alouettes. Originally founded in 1946, and founder members of the CFL in 1956, the Alouettes folded in 1983. A team called the Montreal Concordes replaced them in 1983 but folded again in 1988. After the NFL placed a WLAF (World League of American Football) team there from 1991-1992 called the Montreal Machine, the Alouettes were resurrected in 1996.

39. Carolina Panthers. First NFL expansion team since 1976, the Carolina Panthers were awarded a team for Charlotte, NC, which began play in 1995.

40. Jacksonville Jaguars. Awarded expansion team for 1995 soon after the Panthers, the Jaguars have been the designated Home Team for one NFL regular season game a year in London since 2014.

41. Baltimore Ravens. After controversially moving from Cleveland in 1996, the Baltimore team was named the Ravens with the NFL promising a new team for Cleveland for 1999 that would keep the Browns Logo, Colours and History.

42. Tennessee Titans. After moving from Houston the Oilers spent a couple of seasons in Memphis before moving into their new home in Nashville in 1998. They were renamed Tennessee Titans in 1998.

43. Houston Texans. New expansion team for Houston after Oilers moved to Tennessee. awarded in 1999, they began play in 2002.

Liga de Football Americano in Mexico Era (2014-2019)

44. Ottawa REDBLACKS. While the CFL considers the REDBLACKS to be the same team as the Ottawa Rough Riders (1908-1996) and the Ottawa Renegades (2002-2005) both of the previous teams folded.

45. Condors Queretaro. Formed as Condors CDMX in Mexico City in 2016 the Condors are one of four founding members of the LFA (Liga de Football Americano) in Mexico.

46. Mayas. Formed as Mayas CDMX in Mexico City, this founding member has since moved out of the Capital City and led a nomadic existence year-by-year.

47. Raptors Edomex. Founded in CDMX in 2016 but representing Edomex (Estado de Mexico – the State which shares a name with the country of Mexico) the Raptors are now based in Naucalpan, Edomex, where the Irish Institute is based.

48. Mexicas CDMX. Founding members of the LFA the Mexicas were originally known as Eagles but changed their name in 2017.

49. Dinos Saltillo. Based in the Monterrey satellite town of Saltillo the Dinos were the first expansion team of the LFA along with the Fundidores in 2017.

50. Fundidores Nuevo Leon. Originally Fundidores Monterrey and now named for the State of Nuevo Leon, of which Monterrey is the biggest city, the Fundidores (Smelters) are one of two LFA expansion teams of 2017.

51. Osos Toluca. Toluca “Bears” are a 2018 expansion team of the LFA in Mexico.

52. Artilleros Puebla. Puebla “Gunners” are a 2018 expansion team of the LFA and taking a year out in 2022.

53. Pioneros Queretaro. Queretaro “Pioneers” were founded in 2018 as one of the original members of thew FAM Futbol Americano Mexico, the Mexican second division, gaining promotion in 2019 to thew LFA but relegated back down for 2022.

European League of Football Era (2021-2022)

54. Barcelona Dragons. Founding members of the ELF (European League of Football). Formed in the Catalan Capital in 2021, the Barcelona Dragons took the name of a previous team in the WLAF (World League of American Football) 1991-1997, and NFL Europe League (1998-2003).

55. Frankfurt Galaxy. Founding members of the ELF in 2021, the Frankfurt Galaxy was also the name of a team in the WLAF (1991-1997) and NFL Europe League (1998-2007).

56. Stuttgart Surge. Founding members of the ELF in 2021, the Stuttgart Surge took the name and colours of a previous WLAF team: Sacramento Surge.

57. Berlin Thunder. founding members of the ELF in 2021 the Berlin Thunder took the name of a previous team called Berlin Thunder in the NFL Europe League from 1999-2007.

58. Cologne Centurions. Another founding member of the ELF in 2021, the Cologne Centurions were named the same as a previous team in the NFL Europe League from 2004-2007.

59. Hamburg Sea Devils. Founding members of the ELF in 2021 the Hamburg Sea Devils took the name of a previous team called Hamburg Sea Devils in the NFL Europe League from 2005-2007.

60. Panthers Wroclaw were originally members of the Polish League of American Football before joining the ELF in 2021.

61. Leipzig Kings are an entirely new team in the ELF for 2021, although the name bears resemblance to the Monarchs name of the London / England team of the WLAF (1991-1997) and NFL Europe League (1998).

62. Vienna Vikings are the first expansion team of the ELF for 2022, having previously been members of the Austrian Football League.

63. Raiders Tirol. The Innsbruck, Austria, team were previously members of the Austrian Football League before joining the ELF for 2022.

64. Istanbul Rams. The Turkish League team, founded in 2001, joined the ELF as an expansion team for 2022.

65. Rhein Fire. The Dusseldorf, Germany, based team are an expansion team for 2022 in the ELF, which takes the name of a previous team which played in the WLAF (1995-1997) and NFL Europe League (1998-2007).

66. Edmonton Elks. After controversy surrounding the Edmonton Eskimos name the Edmonton team retired the name Eskimos and chose the new name Elks for their team for the 2021 season.

Japan X-League Professionalism Era (2022)

67. Galgos Tijuana. An Expansion team of the LFA in Mexico, the “Greyhounds” are due to begin play in 2022.

68. All-Mitsubishi Lions. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

69. Elecom Kobe Finies. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

70. Fujitsu Frontiers. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

71. IBM Big Blue. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

72. Nojima Sagamihara Rise. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

73. Obic Seagulls. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

74. Panasonic Impulse. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

75. Tokyo Gas Creators. One of the Japan X-League teams which has taken over sole lowndership of gthe “Rice Bowl” – the Japanese Super Bowl.

SEMI-PRO / WORLD SERIES OF PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL TEAM LOGOS

[1] Watertown Red and Black Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=127650949364653&set=a.127650922697989  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/162528647_127650956031319_8807331780508775606_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=C8VoqUvuoRkAX8Bc75-&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2595ee56f528269d9dd6c187fa99ce6&oe=61C32C00 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

NFL TEAM LOGO REFERENCES

[1] Chris Creamer’s Sportslogos (2019) 7425_washington_redskins-primary_on_dark-1983 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/168/full/7425_washington_redskins-primary_on_dark-1983.png [Accessed 22 November 2021]

[2] Chris Creamer’s SportsLogos (2021) 581 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/186/full/581.gif  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[3] SportsLogos (2021) y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/151/full/y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[4] SportsLogos (2021) n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/149/full/n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[5] SportsLogos (2021) 7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/150/full/7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[6] SportsLogos (2021) 9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/152/full/9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[7] SportsLogos (2021) 5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6741/full/5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[8] SportsLogos (2021) 960 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/167/full/960.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[9] SportsLogos (2021) 406 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/165/full/406.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[10] SportsLogos (2021) 919 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/166/full/919.gif [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[11] SportsLogos (2021) 970 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/156/full/970.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[12] SportsLogos (2021) 318 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/153/full/318.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[13] SportsLogos (2021) 7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/155/full/7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[14] SportsLogos (2021) cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/154/full/cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[15] SportsLogos (2021) dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/171/full/dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[16] SportsLogos (2021) 364 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/169/full/364.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[17] SportsLogos (2021) 1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/170/full/1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[18] SportsLogos (2021) 2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/172/full/2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[19] SportsLogos (2021) 593 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/158/full/593.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[20] SportsLogos (2021) 1053 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/160/full/1053.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[21] SportsLogos (2021) 570 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/157/full/570.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[22] SportsLogos (2021) 8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/159/full/8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[23] SportsLogos (2021) 299 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/173/full/299.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[24] SportsLogos (2021) 907 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/175/full/907.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[25] SportsLogos (2021) 8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/176/full/8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[26] SportsLogos (2021) 8f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/174/full/f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[27] SportsLogos (2021) 9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/161/full/9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp.png  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[28] SportsLogos (2021) 857 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/162/full/857.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[29] SportsLogos (2021) 8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6708/full/8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[30] SportsLogos (2021) 1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6446/full/1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[31] SportsLogos (2021) 9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/179/full/9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[32] SportsLogos (2021) 8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/5941/full/8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[33] SportsLogos (2021) pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/180/full/pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[34] SportsLogos (2021) kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/177/full/kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

CFL TEAM LOGOS REFERENCES

[1] Chris Creamer’s Sportslogos (2019) edmonton_eskimos_logo_primary_19987020 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/93/full/edmonton_eskimos_logo_primary_19987020.png  [Accessed 22 November 2021]

[2] David Burnett to A Football World Discussion Group Facebook (2021) Post to Page, October 27, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=10223294722629561&set=gm.1008333219949031  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/247859990_10223294722589560_7128872716997977271_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=825194&_nc_ohc=tQlu7Zz9TGoAX9PiYqG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3b02a54c6ac6522bc2b9c2fa2a35c25f&oe=61A00B91 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

LFA TEAM LOGOS REFERENCES

[1] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[2] Mayas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MayasLFA/photos/a.916904715071809/4490334654395446/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248497239_4490334641062114_2420135574359291948_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=tyzQ2K5mI24AX-IE9d5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2e12ee551f216704032abc0943f123a&oe=61A09048 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[3] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[4] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[5] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[6] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[7] Artilleros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ArtillerosLFA/photos/a.298541940883309/579119006158933/    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/73513561_579119012825599_8802706180922146816_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=5nO8n1bZCXsAX9_5Lnj&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=c6a6d0a303ab49f16b9e426ddf538b25&oe=61C12730  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[8] Osos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=251129953689617&set=a.125371869598760  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243020024_251129950356284_294552196448173790_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nI9MStm2EZQAX9vtC2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=d69c71335d78090b5ef73d3f92b43bcf&oe=61A0E836  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[9] Pioneros de Queretaro Facebook (2019) Profile Picture, March 13, 2019 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/PionerosQueretaro/photos/a.312818059325778/356245418316375  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/53921531_356245421649708_1781715436979617792_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Dn0vvddghZ8AX-9UYuM&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=1ba917a778991792f7ce39c7764ddb48&oe=61BF9309  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[10] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

ELF TEAM LOGOS REFERENCES

[1] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[2] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[3] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[4] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[5] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[6] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[7] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[8] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[9] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[11] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[12] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

JXL TEAM LOGOS REFERENCES

[1] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[2] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[3] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[7] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[8] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

NFL WEBSITE AND BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] National Football League (2014) “Past Standings” 2014 Official NFL Record & Factbook” pg. 350-399. National football League, Time Home Entertainment. 2014.

WEBSITES

[2] Pro Football Hall of Fame (2005) American Football League Standings (1936-37) [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballhof.com/news/american-football-league-standings-1936-37/ [Accessed 5 June 2017]

[3] Bob Gill, The Coffin Corner, Pro Football Researchers Association (1989) Back Before Bengalmania – Cincinnati’s First Brush with the Big Time – [Internet] Available from: http://profootballresearchers.com/archives/Website_Files/Coffin_Corner/11-05-379.pdf [Accessed 9 October 2018]

[4] Pro Football Archives (2019) 1938 | American Football League [Internet] Available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/1938.html [Accessed 12 October 2019]

[5] Pro Football Archives (2019) 1939 | American Football League [Internet] Available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/1939.html [Accessed 12 October 2019]

[6] Pro Football Hall of Fame (2005) American Football League (1940-1941) [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballhof.com/news/american-football-league-1940-1941/ [Accessed 5 June 2017]

[7] Pro Football Hall of Fame (2005) All-America Football Conference (AAFC) Standings (1946-1949) [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballhof.com/news/all-america-football-conference-aafc-standings-1946-1949/ [Accessed 5 June 2017]

CFL WEBSITES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] Maher, Todd & Gill, Bob (2013) Canadian Pro Football Encyclopedia Historical Highlights pg. 1-2. Maher Sports Media, 2013.

WEBSITES

[2] Canadian Football League (2019) Welcome to the new online home of the Atlantic Schooners [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/2019/03/22/welcome-new-online-home-atlantic-schooners/ [Accessed 6 March 2020]

IMAGES

[3] Pinterest (2019) Canadian Football League Logo (2003-2015) [Internet] Available from: https://i.pinimg.com/originals/a0/b4/41/a0b441a47f1f1b851d8a46b3412fe91a.png [Accessed 10 March 2019]

LFA MEXICO WEBSITE REFERENCES

WEBSITES

[2] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

[3] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[4] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[5] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[6] American Football International (2016) Mayas Win First Liga de Football Americano Championship Game In Mexico [Internet] available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/mayas-win-first-liga-de-futboll-americano-championship-game-mexico/ [accessed 5 August 2018]

[7] LFA Mexico (2019) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 15 April 2019]

[8] LFA Mexico (2019) Calendario [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario/[Accessed 13 May 2019]

WEB ARCHIVE

[9] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20161106181310/http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

IMAGES

[10] Brands of the World (2018) LFA Logo [Internet] Available from: https://botw-pd.s3.amazonaws.com/styles/logo-thumbnail/s3/012017/untitled-1_0.jpg?itok=is8COLAV [Accessed 1 August 2018]

WEBSITES

[11] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[12] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[13] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) #ESTOES LFA [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[14] Liga Football Americano Mexico / Cinthiya Garcia (2021) A postponement that hurts, but it’s for everyone’s sake [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/una-postergacion-que-duele-pero-es-por-el-bien-de-todos/ [Accessed 18 May 2021]

ELF WEBSITE REFERENCES

[1] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Profile Picture, February 4, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.100150555247238/159345569327736/ [Accessed 27 April 2021]

[2] American Football International (2020) Pro football returns to Europe: European League of Football kicks off in 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootballinternational.com/pro-football-returns-to-europe-european-league-of-football-kicks-off-in-2021/ [Accessed 5 November 2020]

[3] Mailchimp ELF (2021) European League of Football Season Schedule 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://mailchi.mp/468f778ac192/european-league-of-league-of-football-season-schedule-2021?e=8720ab58ac [Accessed 20 April 2021]

[4] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Post, 26 April 2021: “The divisions with the updated Leipzig Kings logo!” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.189040923024867/211338784128414 [Accessed 27 April 2021]

[5] European League of Football (2021) Stats [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/stats [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[6] European League of Football (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/schedule [Accessed 11 July 2021]

JAPAN X-LEAGUE WEBSITE REFERENCES

IMAGES

[1] X-League (2020) logo_xleague [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/logo_xleague.jpg [Accessed 7 March 2021]

STANDINGS

[2] X-League (2021) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/standing [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[3] X-League (2021) Score [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/score [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 1[Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-1 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 2 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-2 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 3 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-3 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 4[Internet] Available from:https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-4 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 5 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-5 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 6 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-6 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[7] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 7[Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-7  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Richard Mulcahy, Dervla Mulcahy, Nora Mulcahy, Declan Mulcahy, Conor Conolly-Mulcahy, Dara Conolly-Mulcahy, Orla Conolly-Mulcahy, Aodhan Conolly-Mulcahy, Aedamar Kincaid, Isabella Kincaid, Fiona Conolly, Colm Kincaid.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish, North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 22 November 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Professional Gridiron Football Teams Organized by Name Type 1896-2021

Animal Names

Professional Gridiron Football Teams (Animal Names)

PosTeamYear
11898
21922
31928
41933
51936
61945
71950
81953
91954
101960
111966
121967
131969
141976
151996
151996
151996
181999
192016
192016
212017
222018
232021
232021
232021
232021
272022
272022

Human Names

Professional Gridiron Football Teams (Human Names)

PosTeamYear
11873
21921
31924
41932
51937
61938
71946
71946
91960
91960
91960
91960
91960
141961
151963
161969
171976
181998
192002
202016
212017
212017
232018
242019
252021
252021
252021
282022

Mechanical Names

Professional Gridiron Football Teams (Merchanical Names)

PosTeamYear
11936
21963
31982
42021

Colour Names

Professional Gridiron Football Teams (Colour Names)

PosTeamYear
11896
21946
32014

Geographical Names

Professional Gridiron Football Teams (Geographical Names)

PosTeamYear
11961
22021
22021
22021
22021
22021
22021

Creative Names

Professional Gridiron Football Teams (Creative Names)

PosTeamYear
02021
02021

Cryptozoological Names

Professional Gridiron Football Teams (Cryptozoological Names)

PosTeamYear
02021
02021
02021

Report

Professional Gridiron Teams have used a variety of team names since the Watertown Red and Black appeared in the World Series of Professional Football (1902-1903). Watertown are still in existence, but the New Jersey teams choice of a color name is rare in Professional Football – only the Cleveland Browns (NFL) and Ottawa REDBLACKS (CFL) employ such names other than Watertown.

By far the most popular names are Animals and Humans. Animals were employed first in the NFL (National Football League, USA) by Chicago Cardinals in 1920, and subsequently by teams such as the Chicago Bears, Philadelphia Eagles, Los Angeles Rams and others down to the present day where the newest Professional Franchise, Galgos Tijuana of the Liga Football Americano (Mexico), which translates as Greyhounds.

Human names for teams have been employed since the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian football League made an appearance in 1873. The Green Bay Packers were sponsored by the ACME Packing company in Wisconsin in 1919 (they joined the NFL in 1921). Popular variations on warfaring people (Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Las Vegas Raiders) have appeared since along with working-class jobs (Houston Oilers, Pittsburgh Steelers) and names for Native (Indigenous) people (Washington Redskins, Edmonton Eskimos, Mexicas CDMX, Mayas).

Less popular so far are Mechanical names, such as the names of vehicles (Winnipeg Blue Bombers, New York Jets, Atlantic Schooners) and the Computer at the Headquarters of IBM: Big Blue. Also less popular so far are Geographical names and the names and the names of Natural Phenomena. so far we have Los Angeles Chargers, Berlin Thunder, Frankfurt Galaxy, Stuttgart Surge, Rhein Fire, Fujitsu Frontiers and Nojima Sagamihara Rise (Suunrise). Then there are Creative Names (Panasonic Impulse and Elecom Kobe Finies) and the Names of Cryptozoological Creatues or Gods whose existence evidence has not been found yet: Barcelona Dragons, Hamburg Sea Devils and Tokyo Gas Creators.

Semi-Pro / World Series of Professional Football Team Logos

[1] Watertown Red and Black Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=127650949364653&set=a.127650922697989  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/162528647_127650956031319_8807331780508775606_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=C8VoqUvuoRkAX8Bc75-&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2595ee56f528269d9dd6c187fa99ce6&oe=61C32C00 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

NFL Team Logo References

[1] Chris Creamer’s Sportslogos (2019) 7425_washington_redskins-primary_on_dark-1983 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/168/full/7425_washington_redskins-primary_on_dark-1983.png [Accessed 22 November 2021]

[2] Chris Creamer’s SportsLogos (2021) 581 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/186/full/581.gif  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[3] SportsLogos (2021) y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/151/full/y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[4] SportsLogos (2021) n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/149/full/n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[5] SportsLogos (2021) 7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/150/full/7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[6] SportsLogos (2021) 9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/152/full/9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[7] SportsLogos (2021) 5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6741/full/5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[8] SportsLogos (2021) 960 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/167/full/960.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[9] SportsLogos (2021) 406 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/165/full/406.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[10] SportsLogos (2021) 919 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/166/full/919.gif [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[11] SportsLogos (2021) 970 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/156/full/970.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[12] SportsLogos (2021) 318 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/153/full/318.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[13] SportsLogos (2021) 7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/155/full/7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[14] SportsLogos (2021) cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/154/full/cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[15] SportsLogos (2021) dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/171/full/dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[16] SportsLogos (2021) 364 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/169/full/364.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[17] SportsLogos (2021) 1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/170/full/1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[18] SportsLogos (2021) 2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/172/full/2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[19] SportsLogos (2021) 593 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/158/full/593.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[20] SportsLogos (2021) 1053 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/160/full/1053.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[21] SportsLogos (2021) 570 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/157/full/570.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[22] SportsLogos (2021) 8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/159/full/8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[23] SportsLogos (2021) 299 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/173/full/299.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[24] SportsLogos (2021) 907 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/175/full/907.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[25] SportsLogos (2021) 8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/176/full/8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[26] SportsLogos (2021) 8f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/174/full/f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[27] SportsLogos (2021) 9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/161/full/9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp.png  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[28] SportsLogos (2021) 857 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/162/full/857.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[29] SportsLogos (2021) 8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6708/full/8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[30] SportsLogos (2021) 1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6446/full/1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[31] SportsLogos (2021) 9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/179/full/9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[32] SportsLogos (2021) 8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/5941/full/8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[33] SportsLogos (2021) pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/180/full/pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[34] SportsLogos (2021) kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/177/full/kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

CFL Team Logos References

[1] Chris Creamer’s Sportslogos (2019) edmonton_eskimos_logo_primary_19987020 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/93/full/edmonton_eskimos_logo_primary_19987020.png  [Accessed 22 November 2021]

[2] David Burnett to A Football World Discussion Group Facebook (2021) Post to Page, October 27, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=10223294722629561&set=gm.1008333219949031  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/247859990_10223294722589560_7128872716997977271_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=825194&_nc_ohc=tQlu7Zz9TGoAX9PiYqG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3b02a54c6ac6522bc2b9c2fa2a35c25f&oe=61A00B91 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

LFA Team Logos References

[1] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[2] Mayas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MayasLFA/photos/a.916904715071809/4490334654395446/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248497239_4490334641062114_2420135574359291948_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=tyzQ2K5mI24AX-IE9d5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2e12ee551f216704032abc0943f123a&oe=61A09048 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[3] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[4] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[5] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[6] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[7] Artilleros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ArtillerosLFA/photos/a.298541940883309/579119006158933/    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/73513561_579119012825599_8802706180922146816_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=5nO8n1bZCXsAX9_5Lnj&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=c6a6d0a303ab49f16b9e426ddf538b25&oe=61C12730  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[8] Osos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=251129953689617&set=a.125371869598760  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243020024_251129950356284_294552196448173790_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nI9MStm2EZQAX9vtC2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=d69c71335d78090b5ef73d3f92b43bcf&oe=61A0E836  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[9] Pioneros de Queretaro Facebook (2019) Profile Picture, March 13, 2019 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/PionerosQueretaro/photos/a.312818059325778/356245418316375  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/53921531_356245421649708_1781715436979617792_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Dn0vvddghZ8AX-9UYuM&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=1ba917a778991792f7ce39c7764ddb48&oe=61BF9309  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[10] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

ELF Team Logos References

[1] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[2] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[3] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[4] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[5] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[6] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[7] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[8] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[9] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[11] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[12] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

JXL Team Logos References

[1] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[2] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[3] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[7] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[8] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

NFL Website and Bibliography REFERENCES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] National Football League (2014) “Past Standings” 2014 Official NFL Record & Factbook” pg. 350-399. National football League, Time Home Entertainment. 2014.

WEBSITES

[2] Pro Football Hall of Fame (2005) American Football League Standings (1936-37) [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballhof.com/news/american-football-league-standings-1936-37/ [Accessed 5 June 2017]

[3] Bob Gill, The Coffin Corner, Pro Football Researchers Association (1989) Back Before Bengalmania – Cincinnati’s First Brush with the Big Time – [Internet] Available from: http://profootballresearchers.com/archives/Website_Files/Coffin_Corner/11-05-379.pdf [Accessed 9 October 2018]

[4] Pro Football Archives (2019) 1938 | American Football League [Internet] Available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/1938.html [Accessed 12 October 2019]

[5] Pro Football Archives (2019) 1939 | American Football League [Internet] Available from: https://www.profootballarchives.com/1939.html [Accessed 12 October 2019]

[6] Pro Football Hall of Fame (2005) American Football League (1940-1941) [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballhof.com/news/american-football-league-1940-1941/ [Accessed 5 June 2017]

[7] Pro Football Hall of Fame (2005) All-America Football Conference (AAFC) Standings (1946-1949) [Internet] Available from: http://www.profootballhof.com/news/all-america-football-conference-aafc-standings-1946-1949/ [Accessed 5 June 2017]

CFL Websites And Bibliography References

BIBLIOGRAPHY

[1] Maher, Todd & Gill, Bob (2013) Canadian Pro Football Encyclopedia Historical Highlights pg. 1-2. Maher Sports Media, 2013.

WEBSITES

[2] Canadian Football League (2019) Welcome to the new online home of the Atlantic Schooners [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/2019/03/22/welcome-new-online-home-atlantic-schooners/ [Accessed 6 March 2020]

IMAGES

[3] Pinterest (2019) Canadian Football League Logo (2003-2015) [Internet] Available from: https://i.pinimg.com/originals/a0/b4/41/a0b441a47f1f1b851d8a46b3412fe91a.png [Accessed 10 March 2019]

LFA Mexico Website References

WEBSITES

[2] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

[3] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[4] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[5] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[6] American Football International (2016) Mayas Win First Liga de Football Americano Championship Game In Mexico [Internet] available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/mayas-win-first-liga-de-futboll-americano-championship-game-mexico/ [accessed 5 August 2018]

[7] LFA Mexico (2019) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 15 April 2019]

[8] LFA Mexico (2019) Calendario [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario/[Accessed 13 May 2019]

WEB ARCHIVE

[9] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20161106181310/http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

IMAGES

[10] Brands of the World (2018) LFA Logo [Internet] Available from: https://botw-pd.s3.amazonaws.com/styles/logo-thumbnail/s3/012017/untitled-1_0.jpg?itok=is8COLAV [Accessed 1 August 2018]

WEBSITES

[11] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[12] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[13] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) #ESTOES LFA [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[14] Liga Football Americano Mexico / Cinthiya Garcia (2021) A postponement that hurts, but it’s for everyone’s sake [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/una-postergacion-que-duele-pero-es-por-el-bien-de-todos/ [Accessed 18 May 2021]

ELF WEBSITE References

[1] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Profile Picture, February 4, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.100150555247238/159345569327736/ [Accessed 27 April 2021]

[2] American Football International (2020) Pro football returns to Europe: European League of Football kicks off in 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootballinternational.com/pro-football-returns-to-europe-european-league-of-football-kicks-off-in-2021/ [Accessed 5 November 2020]

[3] Mailchimp ELF (2021) European League of Football Season Schedule 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://mailchi.mp/468f778ac192/european-league-of-league-of-football-season-schedule-2021?e=8720ab58ac [Accessed 20 April 2021]

[4] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Post, 26 April 2021: “The divisions with the updated Leipzig Kings logo!” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.189040923024867/211338784128414 [Accessed 27 April 2021]

[5] European League of Football (2021) Stats [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/stats [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[6] European League of Football (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/schedule [Accessed 11 July 2021]

Japan X-League Website References

IMAGES

[1] X-League (2020) logo_xleague [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/logo_xleague.jpg [Accessed 7 March 2021]

STANDINGS

[2] X-League (2021) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/standing [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[3] X-League (2021) Score [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/score [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 1[Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-1 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 2 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-2 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 3 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-3 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[4] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 4[Internet] Available from:https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-4 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[5] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 5 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-5 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[6] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 6 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-6 [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[7] X-League (2021) Schedule / Results Section 7[Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2021/2021-x1-super-autumn-7  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Richard Mulcahy, Dervla Mulcahy, Nora Mulcahy, Declan Mulcahy, Conor Conolly-Mulcahy, Dara Conolly-Mulcahy, Orla Conolly-Mulcahy, Aodhan Conolly-Mulcahy, Aedamar Kincaid, Isabella Kincaid, Fiona Conolly, Colm Kincaid.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish, North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 22 November 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Iceland Americkansk Football Bud Light Bikarinn 2021

Schedule

Recap

Reykjavik Einherjar (Vikings) scored three touchdowns but failed to convert any of them. Spartverjar (Spartans) scored four Touchdowns and scored three two-point conversions for a 30-18 victory in the Bud Light Bikarinn (Cup) 2021. Einherjar had defeated Spartverjar in the three-team competition in 2020. The Bud Light Cup was just two teams in 2021.

References

[1] David Godi You Tube Channel (2021) Bud Light Bikarinn [Internet] Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08XEI-pV6eE [Accessed 20 November 2021]

Logo References

[2] Einherjar (2021) Profile Picture, October 8, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Einherjarfootball/photos/a.149814218560293/530612943813750 [Accessed 20 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/14611024_530612943813750_3382437769666265005_n.jpg?_nc_cat=106&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=SQgRMx8jmTEAX_6UAM5&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=56ef347269bb4e64727871e89addf946&oe=61BD51C5 ][Accessed 20 November 2021]

[3] Einherjar (2021) Event, November 20, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/events/954253588823332?ref=newsfeed [Accessed 20 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/p720x720/245091274_1701468920061474_5044410191761011393_n.jpg?_nc_cat=106&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=340051&_nc_ohc=M7N5hXLfeN0AX9gDbmA&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=efdcd04592dd50dd149841a87e857ed1&oe=619E22D9 ][Accessed 20 November 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Aoife Mulcahy.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 21 November 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

AMFA Moroccan Football League 2019

AMFA Morocco Logo [References: 11]

Standings

AMFA Moroccan Football League North Conference 2019

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
11001.0001284W1
21100.50028244L1
30100.0001220-8L1

AMFA Moroccan Football League South Conference 2019

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
11001.00024024W1
21001.00016016W1
30200.000040-40L2

Schedule

Note: Final regular season matches possibly postponed until February 18th and 25th 2021.

MFL Moroccan Football League Logo [References: 1]

Recap

The inaugural Association Marocaine de Football Américain 9-man Moroccan Football League took place in 2019. The first ever Full-contact, helmets-and-pads league in Morocco consisted of two conferences: North and South of three teams each.

While Week 3 was postponed until after Ramadan, and may not have taken place at all, there is mention on Agadir White Sharks Facebook page on March 7th 2021 of them being Champions a week after announcing they were back. Another postponed match between Black Mambas and Rabat Lions appears to have been rescheduled for February 18th 2021. The intervening Covid-19 restrictions appear to have stopped all Football in 2020 in Morocco like almost everywhere else.

As it is known, Agadir White Sharks were leading the South Conference having defeated Marrakech Spartiates, while the Casablanca Stars were also on 1-0 having also defeated Marrakech Spartiates. In the North Conference Salè Black Mambas stood on 1-0, Salè Jaguars on 1-1 and Rabat Lions on 0-1

References

[1] American Football International (2019) Morocco launches historic first-ever league [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootballinternational.com/morocco-launches-historic-first-ever-league/?fbclid=IwAR2LP0i5CAakCXpF1-J6Wi4JZh4vYFfI0h7wJwOAZVDvPJEn8KEaB2NMq4k [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[2] Association Marocaine de football américain Facebook (2019) January 21, 2019: “Big 1st MFL Championship Game in our beautiful Kingdom” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/moroccoamericanfootball/posts/2578389645534456 [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[3] Association Marocaine de football américain Facebook (2019) January 29, 2019: “Pour le 2eme Match de la Ligue MFL.Casa stars Vs Spartiates de Marrakech.Un très grand esprit sportif entre les 2 equipes” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/moroccoamericanfootball/posts/2594316293941791 [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[4] Association Marocaine de football américain Facebook (2019) February 24, 2019: “BLACK MAMBAS Vs JAGUARS” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/moroccoamericanfootball/posts/2654533814586705 [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[4] Association Marocaine de football américain Facebook (2019) February 26, 2019: “Rencontre choque de la ligue.CHARk (agadir)vsSPARTIATES (Marrakech)

[Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/moroccoamericanfootball/posts/2657820517591368 [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[5] Association Marocaine de football américain Facebook (2019) April 19, 2019: “We inform you that the opposing matches:lan Casablanca Stars Vs Sharkas Black Mambas Vs LionsWill be postponed after RAMADAN .

[Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/moroccoamericanfootball/posts/2769611519745600 [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[6] Rabat Lions You Tube (2019) January 31st 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kT12dH4ZCQA [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[7] Agadir White Sharks Facebook (2019) Photo February 26, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/479194115596206/photos/a.768268030022145/1094230074092604/ [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[8] Agadir White Sharks Facebook (2019) Photo March 4, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/479194115596206/photos/a.768268030022145/1097661163749495/ [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[9] Rabat American Football Facebook (2021) February 18th, 2021: “Let’s Do It!!!!” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Rabatamericanfootball/photos/a.710921168947300/3803563039683082/ [Accessed 20 November 2021]

[10] Agadir White Sharks Facebook (2021) March 7, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AgadirWhiteSharks/videos/439240000649259 [Accessed 20 November 2021]

Logo references

[11] Association Marocaine de football américain Facebook (2019) Profile Picture, July 25, 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/moroccoamericanfootball/photos/a.692258777480895/1713088248731271/ [Accessed 20 November 2021][Actual logo reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t31.18172-8/20368724_1713088248731271_25625928436323614_o.jpg?_nc_cat=106&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=1MEnZzJUdhAAX_Z_EiV&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=109b9a9eaa19fccbf2b78015604806aa&oe=61BD363F ][Accessed 20 November 2021]

Logo references

[12] Association Marocaine de football américain Facebook (2019) Photo, February 24, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/moroccoamericanfootball/photos/2654532211253532 [Accessed 20 November 2021][Actual logo reference at:https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/52633075_2654532217920198_2414765935345795072_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=730e14&_nc_ohc=pfY-mJfcm8wAX_1WByq&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=bedc36154794fe1b6d10a21aa31a0202&oe=61C06734  ][Accessed 20 November 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Nora Mulcahy.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 20 November 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

American Football League of China 2016

American Football League of China Logo [References: 11]

Final Standings

AFLC American Football League of China East 2016

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
14001.0001264284W4
23100.75016048112W3
32200.5001156649W1
42200.500844836L1
51300.25030142-112L3
60400.00026195-169L4

AFLC American Football League of China South 2016

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
13100.750634617L1
22200.500714823L1
32200.5004748-1W2
42200.5003742-5W1
51300.2505084-34L1

AFLC American Football League of China West 2016

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
13100.75016238124W3
23100.7501289038L1
30400.00030192-162L4

Playoff Schedule

Regular Season Schedule