Tag: European American Football Leagues

EFL European Football League Final Standings and Eurobowl Playoffs 1987-88

EFL Eurobowl Playoffs 1988

European Football League Eurobowl Tournament 1988

Match Day Eurobowl Qualification
(Eurobowl Qualification)
36 - 12

Graz Giants vs Dublin Celts

Match Day Eurobowl Quarter-Finals
(Eurobowl Quarter-Finals)
43 - 24

Berlin Adler vs Graz Giants

(Eurobowl Quarter-Finals)
51 - 6

Helsinki Roosters vs Paris Castors

(Eurobowl Quarter-Finals)
0 - 68

Zurich Renegades vs Frogs Legnano

(Eurobowl Quarter-Finals)
27 - 31

London Ravens vs Amsterdam Crusaders

Match Day Eurobowl Semi-Finals
(Eurobowl Semi-Finals)
33 - 35

Frogs Legnano vs Helsinki Roosters

(Eurobowl Semi-Finals)
29 - 28

Amsterdam Crusaders vs Berlin Adler

Match Day Third Place Playoff
(Third Place Playoff)
28 - 3

Frogs Legnano vs Berlin Adler

Match Day Eurobowl II Final
(Eurobowl II Final)
35 - 14

Helsinki Roosters vs Amsterdam Crusaders

AIFA Italy Serie A 1987

AIFA Associazione Italiana Football Americano Girone A 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1Warriors Bologna11100.95846794
2Doves Bologna10110.87535669
3Skorpions Varese6600.500189255
4Giaguari Torino5700.417205227
5Panthers Parma57000.417140260
6Seahawks Bellusco21000.16788304
7Tauri Torino21000.16779315

AIFA Associazione Italiana Football Americano Girone B 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1Frogs Legnano12001.00037054
2Rhinos Milano10200.83330274
3Falchi Modena7500.583208153
4Mastini Ivrea6600.500194243
5Chiefs Ravenna4800.333119257
6Squali Genova21000.167124280
7Pharaones Garbagnate11100.08378334

AIFA Associazione Italiano Football Americano Girone C 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1Angels Pesaro12001.00033538
2Towers Bologna8400.667215146
3Dolphins Ancona6600.500130163
4Condor Grosseto5700.417145151
5Gladiatori Roma4710.37579123
6Grizzlies Roma3810.292153199
7Aquile Ferrara3900.25055292

AIFA Associazione Italiana Football Americano Girone D 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1Seamen Milano11100.91745979
2Jets Bolzano10200.833353128
3Redskins Verona8400.667216303
4Lions Bergamo5700.417173189
5Saints Padova4800.333201218
6Muli Trieste4800.333175248
7Green Machine Camposampiero01200.00047459

AIFA Italy Serie A Playoffs 1987

AFVD Germany 1. Bundesliga 1987

AFVD German 1. Bundesliga Nord Gruppe A 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Düsseldorf Panther73032011614
2Cologne Crocodiles73024313214
3Cologne Red Barons64019113012
4Hamburg Dolphins55013420310
5Bonn Jets4601641738
6Düsseldorf Bulldozer01000583640

AFVD German 1. Bundesliga Nord Gruppe B 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Berlin Adler10005087120
2Monheim Sharks73019214914
3Dortmund Giants55021518210
4Assindia Cardinals55014116410
5Hilden Hurricanes2801053394
6Recklinghausen Chargers190553112

AFVD Germany 1. Bundesliga Süd Gruppe A 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Badener Greifs100047210720
2Hanau Hawks73022610314
3Mannheim Redskins3701423016
4Mainz Golden Eagles22096884
5Stuttgart Scorpions190643832
6Bad Homburg Falken040401090

AFVD Germany 1. Bundesliga Süd Gruppe B 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Noris Rams7101875014
2Kempten Comets5301429010
3Ansbach Grizzlies (AFVD)5101213510
4Munich Cowboys170942102
5München Rangers04023930
6Rothenburg Knights000000

Note 1: Rothenburg Knights pulled out of league after 2 games (Record: 0-2-0 3-101 0)

Note 2: Results of a number of games involving Mainz Golden Eagles, Bad Homburg Falken, Ansbach Grizzlies and Muenchen Rangers not known.

AFVD German 1. Bundesliga Playoffs 1987

Match Day Playoffs - Achtelfinale
(Playoffs - Achtelfinale)
24 - 28

Cologne Red Barons vs Dortmund Giants

(Playoffs - Achtelfinale)
28 - 6

Ansbach Grizzlies (AFVD) vs Mainz Golden Eagles

(Playoffs - Achtelfinale)
10 - 32

Monheim Sharks vs Cologne Crocodiles

(Playoffs - Achtelfinale)
0 # - 20

Hanau Hawks vs Kempten Comets

Match Day Playoffs - Viertelfinale
(Playoffs - Viertelfinale)
48 - 6

Badener Greifs vs Dortmund Giants

(Playoffs - Viertelfinale)
88 - 2

Berlin Adler vs Kempten Comets

(Playoffs - Viertelfinale)
21 - 27

Düsseldorf Panther vs Ansbach Grizzlies (AFVD)

(Playoffs - Viertelfinale)
21 - 16

Noris Rams vs Cologne Crocodiles

Match Day Playoffs - Halbfinale
(Playoffs - Halbfinale)
21 - 17

Berlin Adler vs Noris Rams

(Playoffs - Halbfinale)
13 - 7

Badener Greifs vs Ansbach Grizzlies (AFVD)

Match Day German Bowl IX
(German Bowl IX)
37 - 12

Berlin Adler vs Badener Greifs

Note 3: Dates of games not known.

Britain Budweiser League National Division 1987

Budweiser League National Division Northern Conference 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1*Manchester Allstars10001.000387117
2*Fylde Falcons640.600342205
3Newcastle Senators (R)370.300124360
4Glasgow Lions370.300121200
5Manchester Spartans280.200137330

Budweiser League National Division Eastern Conference 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1*Luton Flyers820.800293136
2*Chelmsford Cherokee820.800202115
3CMK Coventry-Milton Keynes Bucks550.500209267
4Northants Stormbringers370.300177212
5Cambridge Cats (R)091.050152361

Budweiser League National Division Western Conference 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1*Leicester Panthers910.900318149
2*Birmingham Bulls730.700224132
3Nottingham Hoods730.700217154
4Cardiff Tigers (R)280.200131280
5Swindon Steelers (R)181.150138263

Budweiser League National Division Southern Conference 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPA
1*London Ravens10001.00041286
2*London Olympians640.600266121
3Slough Silverbacks550.500243214
4Thames Valley Chargers460.400168207
5Steel City Giants (R)0100.00057424

BAFA Budweiser League National Division Playoffs 1987

FFFA France Casque d’Or 1987

FFFA France Casque d'Or Poule A 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Joinville Anges Bleus6001301518
2Aix-en-Provence Argonautes420946414
3Paris Hurricanes150381076
4Antony Cherokees15018944

FFFA France Casque d'Or Poule B 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Paris Spartacus5101431216
2Montpellier Wolfmen4201042914
3Fonteney Météores240288710
4Paris Wild Turkey150211686

FFFA France Casque d'Or Poule C 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Paris Jets6001514818
2St. Etienne Titans231439911
3La Corneuve Flash24074739
4Paris Rangers14130789

FFFA France Casque d'Or Poule D 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Paris Castors5102402116
2Paris Challengers510826616
3Lyon Samouraïs2406711410
4Nantes Drakkars060402286

FFFA France Casque d'Or Playoffs 1987

Note: 2 Pts Win, 1 Pt Tie, 0 Pts Loss, 1 Pt Match Played.

Note: A number of teams forfeited matches thus receiving 0 points for those matches.

SAJL Finland Vaahteraliiga Maple League 1987

SAJL Finland Vaahteramalja Maple League 1987

PosTeamWLTPFPAPts
1Helsinki Roosters80135612217
2Turku Trojans7112569315
3Helsinki Colts72033516414
4Espoo FT Scotch72021410814
5Tampere Rocks4501742578
6Pori Bears4501482308
7East City Giants2611391745
8Oulu Northern Lights270813314
9Jyväskylä Rangers1711472543
10Vantaa Terrikulen AFT0721762932

SAJL Finland Vaahteraliiga Maple League 1987

Match Day Playoffs
(Playoffs)
24 - 3

Helsinki Roosters vs Helsinki Colts

(Playoffs)
28 - 7

Turku Trojans vs Espoo FT Scotch

Match Day Bronze Game
(Bronze Game)
49 - 24

Espoo FT Scotch vs Helsinki Colts

Match Day Vaahteramalja - Maple Bowl VIII
(Vaahteramalja - Maple Bowl VIII)
14 - 7

Helsinki Roosters vs Turku Trojans

Netherlands

NAFF Nederlandse American Football Federatie Playoffs 1987

Match Day Tulip Bowl III
(Tulip Bowl III)
47 - 13

Amsterdam Crusaders vs The Hague Raiders

SAFV Switzerland Meisterschaft 1987

SAFV Switzerland Meisterschaft Ost 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPAPts
1Lugano Seagulls7100.8753041914
2Zurich Renegades7100.8752131514
3Bülach Giants3500.3751021266
4Zurich Bay Bandits2600.250691844
5Aarau Outlaws1700.125233672

SAFV Switzerland Meisterschaft West 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPAPts
1Bienna Jets8001.0002644216
2Basilisk Mean Machine5300.62515412210
3St. Gallen Raiders5300.6251439210
4Berner Grizzlies1700.125501722
5Mendrisio Smugglers1700.125482312

SAFV Switzerland Meisterschaft Playoffs 1987

AFBÖ Austrian Football League 1987

AFBÖ Austrian Football League Playoffs 1987

Match Day Austrian Bowl III
(Austrian Bowl III)
20 - 0

Graz Giants vs Salzburg Lions

Note 5: Final Standings not known.

AFAI Irish American Football League 1987

IAFL Mourne Conference 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
19100.90044947402W2
26400.600121164-43L1
3Carrickfergus Cougars4600.40099126-27L1
41900.10058234-176L6
51900.10010284-274W1

IAFL Tara Conference 1987

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
110001.00024664182W10
28200.80025859199W3
37300.7001527280W2
4Bangor Buccaneers4600.40067221-154W1
53700.30045175-130L4
62800.2001574-59L3

Irish American Football League Playoffs 1987

Match Day Semi-Finals
(Semi-Finals)
20 - 28

Belfast Blitzers vs Craigavon Cowboys

(Semi-Finals)
43 - 0

Dublin Celts vs Belfast Giants

Match Day Shamrock Bowl II
(Shamrock Bowl II)
43 - 25

Dublin Celts vs Craigavon Cowboys

Recap

Eurobowl Playoffs 1988

Ireland’s Dublin Celts lost 36-12 in Austria to Graz Giants on 1 November 1987 in the Eurobowl Qualifying game. Graz Giants went on to compete in the Eurobowl Tournament proper in England from the 30 July 1988 to 7 August 1988.

The Helsinki Roosters won Eurobowl II behind the strong running of American Mike Kane who scored three touchdowns in their shock 35-33 defeat of favourites Frogs Legnano from Milan, Italy in the Semi-Finals, and then bettered that by scoring four touchdowns in the Roosters 35-14 triumph at Crystal Palace in London, in the Eurobowl II Final.

Frogs Legnano defeated Berlin Adler 28-3 in the Third Place Playoff.

National Bowl Games 1987

Qualifying for the Eurobowl Tournament 1988 was by winning the European Football League members’ National Bowl Game in 1987. Dublin Celts triumphed 43-25 over Craigavon Cowboys in Shamrock Bowl II to represent Ireland. The Celts met Austrian Bowl Champions Graz Giants in a Qualifying game after Graz won Austrian Bowl III 20-0 versus Salzburg Lions.

Italian Champions were Legnano Frogs who were victorious by 27-24 versus Seamen Milano in Super Bowl VII to win the 28-team Italian League. Berlin Adler were the German representatives after winning German Bowl IX 37-12 over Badener Greifs in the 24-team German 1. Bundesliga. British representatives London Ravens triumphed 40-23 over Manchester Allstars to take Britbowl III and the 20-team British Budweiser League National Division.

French Champions Paris Castors had a surprisingly easy 75-0 victory over Paris Jets to win the 16-team Casque d’Or for the Casque d’Or VI title. The ten team Finnish Maple League was won by Helsinki Roosters who triumphed 14-7 versus Turku Trojans in Maple Bowl VIII. Amsterdam Crusaders defeated The Hague Raiders 47-13 to win Tulip Bowl III in the Netherlands and in Switzerland Zurich Renegades won the 2nd Swiss Meisterschaft with an 8-0 win over Lugano Seagulls.

Map of Europe 2022

Map of Europe. [M-1] Map Contributor: Rainer Lesniewski (2022) Stock Vector ID: 151344206 europe map [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/europe-map-151344206 [Accessed 12 June 2022]

Flag Map of European Union 2022

Europe map and European Union flag.
Europe map and European Union flag. Friendship and cooperation concept. Vector illustration Vadi Fuoco [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/europe-map-european-union-flag-friendship-2082203368 [Accessed 24 December 2022]

References

Eurobowl Playoffs

WEBSITES:

[EU-1] Football History | Wayback Machine (2015) Eurobowl 1988 [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20151119234614/http://football-history.de/ [Accessed 27 April 2019]

[EU-2] Britball Now (2016) Eurobowl II, hosted in the United Kingdom, 1988 [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/History/European%20Competitions/EurobowlII.html [Accessed 11 January 2016]

SOURCES:

[EU-3] Robertshaw, Neil et al (1988) Euro Bowl | Euro Crown Comes Home to Roost American Football News. August 11, 1988. pg. 19.

Italy

[I-1] Warriors Bologna (2022) Enciclopedia del football Italiano – 1987 – Associazione Italiana Football Americano [Internet] Available from: https://www.warriorsbologna.it/public/Enciclopedia/PDF/1987_aifa.pdf [Last Accessed 27 December 2022]

Germany

[D-1] Astreas Stojalowski / Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2003) 1. Bundesliga Nord 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20030530102128/http://astreas.stojalowski.de/1bundesliga/1987/NORD.HTM [Accessed 6 June 2021]

[D-2] Astreas Stojalowski / Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2003) 1. Bundesliga Sued 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20030530101845/http://astreas.stojalowski.de/1bundesliga/1987/SUED.HTM [Accessed 6 June 2021]

Britain

[GB-1] Anon. / Mark Lees (Ed.)(1987) “Results – Standings – Fixtures: Bud Playoffs: National” First Down. August 8, 1987. pg. 16. Mediawatch Ltd. Charlbury, Oxfordshire, England, UK.

France

[F-1] Conf’Ouest (2001) Championnat Casque d’Or 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://confouest.free.fr/champion.htm [Accessed 18 April 2001][Broken Link]

Netherlands

[NL-1] Lucky Show (2019) American Football in Holland – Tulip Bowl [Internet] Available from: http://www.luckyshow.org/football/Tulip_Bowl.htm [Accessed 27 December 2022]

Finland

[SF-1] SAJL (2017) Vaahteraliiga – Sajataulukko 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://www.sajl.org/selaus/sarjataulukko.php?sarja=1&kausi=1987 [Accessed 22 December 2017]

[SF-2] SAJL (2017) Vaahteraliiga – Otteluohjelma 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://www.sajl.org/selaus/otteluohjelma.php?sarja=1&kausi=1987  [Accessed 22 December 2017]

[SF-3] Helsinki Roosters (2002) Maple League 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://www.roosters.fi/tila87.htm [Accessed 17 January 2002][Broken Link][Available on the Wayback Machine Internet Archive at: https://web.archive.org/web/20020107211626/http://www.roosters.fi/tila87.htm ][Accessed 27 December 2022]

Switzerland

[CH-1] SAFV / Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2005) Rangliste / Classement 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051228232142/http://www.safv.ch/ [Accessed 5 June 2020]

[CH-2] SAFV / Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2005) Meisterschaft American Football 1987 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19981205013147/http://safv.ch/mei1987.htm [Accessed 5 June 2020]

Austria

[AUT-1] AFBÖ Austrian Football League (2020) Österreichische Meister [Internet] Available from: https://football-austria.com/austrian-bowl-champions [Accessed 18 April 2020]

Ireland

References

[IRL-12] Britball Now (2016) Results Section [1987] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/results-section.html [Accessed 23 March 2017]

[IRL-13] Anon. (1987) “Weekend Sport: American Football” Belfast Telegraph. April 27, 1987. pg. 29.

[IRL-12] Britball Now (2016) Results Section [1987] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/results-section.html [Accessed 23 March 2017]

[IRL-38] Anon. (1987) “American football in town” Drogheda Independent. Friday, September 11, 1987. pg. 13 [Past Editions of the Drogheda Independent can be viewed online at https://www.irishnewsarchive.com/ [Accessed 18 July 2019]

Logo References – Ireland

[1] Dublin Celts American Football Team Facebook Page (2016) Photo by Joseph Greene August 28, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1421158977901127&set=gm.269427200117075&type=3&theater&ifg=1 [Accessed 3 July 2018]

[2] Coleraine Chieftans (2002) Coleraine Chieftans: Chief Image [Internet] Available from: http://www.thecolerainechieftans.freeservers.com/images/chief.gif [Accessed 18 July 2018]

[3] Craigavon Cowboys – Twitter Account (2018) Profile Picture [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/864100166680424448/TCauLbnj_400x400.jpg [Accessed 22 July 2018]

[4] Belfast Blitzers Facebook Page (2019) Post, August 12, 2019 at 1:31 PM [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/belfastblitzers/posts/2244208692356940?notif_id=1565921781157641&notif_t=comment_mention [Accessed 17 August 2019]

[6] Belfast Blitzers Facebook Page (2021) Post to Page by Belfast Blitzers, 5 February 2021: [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/146339398_3535274803250316_484236705150193506_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=2&_nc_sid=dbeb18&_nc_ohc=APIfzLRulaMAX9g3LLc&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=72bcf54f0435a9ab26cd035a8d2cf7c7&oe=604502C2 [Accessed 5 February 2021]

[11] Dublin Tornadoes Football Helmet – Authors’ Personal Collection – Purchased at http://www.417helmets.com

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Jo Buchanan (Craigavon Cowboys), Kevin Sharkey (Dublin Celts) and David Turner (Belfast Blitzers)

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

REirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 28 December 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

Major World Professional Football Leagues Hypothetical Realignment 2070

NFC National Football Conference

NFC National Football Conference Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

AFC American Football Conference

AFC American Football Conference Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

LFA Liga de Futbol Americano

LFA Liga de Futbol Americano Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

CFL Canadian Football League

CFL Canadian Football League Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

JFL Japan Super League

JFL Japan Super League Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

ELF European League of Football

ELF European League of Football Hypothetical 2070

PosTeam
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

WNFC Women’s National Football Conference

WNFC Women's National Football Conference 2070

PosTeam
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Hypothetical Re-Alignment of Professional Football Leagues 2070

With Texan Independence, the four Texas teams: Dallas Cowboys, Houston Texans, Houston Oilers, and the relocated San Antonio Jaguars join the LFA (Liga de Futbol Americano) bringing the Mexican Professional League up to 16 teams. The Texan teams are replaced in the NFL by Allegheny Athletics – a revival of the first Professional American Football team in Pittsburgh, now representing West Virginia; the Watertown Red & Black, the oldest continuously-operated Professional Football team in USA, based in upstate New York, replacing the Buffalo Bills who have moved to Toronto; and the moving of Montreal Alouettes to the NFL. With 16 Teams each in the NFC. AFC, LFA and WNFC (Women’s League), the JSL (Japan Super League) and CFL (Canadian Football League) form a loose alliance. The ELF (European League of Football goes up to 16 teams with the readdition of Scottish Claymores.

Dallas Cowboys Stadium

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]
ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

TEAM LOGO REFERENCES

National Football League Logos

[3] SportsLogos (2021) y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/151/full/y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[4] SportsLogos (2021) n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/149/full/n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[5] SportsLogos (2021) 7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/150/full/7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[6] SportsLogos (2021) 9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/152/full/9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[7] SportsLogos (2021) 5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6741/full/5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[8] SportsLogos (2021) 960 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/167/full/960.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[9] SportsLogos (2021) 406 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/165/full/406.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[10] SportsLogos (2021) 919 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/166/full/919.gif [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[11] SportsLogos (2021) 970 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/156/full/970.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[12] SportsLogos (2021) 318 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/153/full/318.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[13] SportsLogos (2021) 7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/155/full/7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[14] SportsLogos (2021) cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/154/full/cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[15] SportsLogos (2021) dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/171/full/dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[16] SportsLogos (2021) 364 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/169/full/364.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[17] SportsLogos (2021) 1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/170/full/1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[18] SportsLogos (2021) 2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/172/full/2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[19] SportsLogos (2021) 593 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/158/full/593.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[20] SportsLogos (2021) 1053 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/160/full/1053.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[21] SportsLogos (2021) 570 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/157/full/570.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[22] SportsLogos (2021) 8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/159/full/8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[23] SportsLogos (2021) 299 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/173/full/299.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[24] SportsLogos (2021) 907 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/175/full/907.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[25] SportsLogos (2021) 8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/176/full/8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[26] SportsLogos (2021) 8f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/174/full/f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[27] SportsLogos (2021) 9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/161/full/9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp.png  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[28] SportsLogos (2021) 857 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/162/full/857.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[29] SportsLogos (2021) 8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6708/full/8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[30] SportsLogos (2021) 1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6446/full/1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[31] SportsLogos (2021) 9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/179/full/9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[32] SportsLogos (2021) 8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/5941/full/8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[33] SportsLogos (2021) pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/180/full/pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[34] SportsLogos (2021) kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/177/full/kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[35] Sports Logos (2022) washington_commanders_logo_primary_20228587  [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6832/full/washington_commanders_logo_primary_20228587.png [Accessed 16 March 2022]

Canadian Football League Logos

LOGOS

[CFL-3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[CFL-11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

Japan X-League Super Logos

[JXL-1] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-2] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-4] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-5] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-6] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-7] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-8] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[JXL-9] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

Liga de Futbol Americano Logos

[LFA-1] Artilleros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ArtillerosLFA/photos/a.298541940883309/579119006158933/    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/73513561_579119012825599_8802706180922146816_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=5nO8n1bZCXsAX9_5Lnj&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=c6a6d0a303ab49f16b9e426ddf538b25&oe=61C12730  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-2] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-3] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-4] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-5] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-6] Gallos Negros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/gallosnegroslfa/photos/a.103377538935156/103449988927911 [Accessed 28 February 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/273209155_103449985594578_5893798891700637738_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=HLcEcyEljGcAX8Q53Vw&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8XBlErvtJZo7Zl9p8OYBL9XH9ZezKZb7Y-jdjgKO_v3Q&oe=62215414 ][Accessed 28 February 2022]

[LFA-7] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-8] Osos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=251129953689617&set=a.125371869598760  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243020024_251129950356284_294552196448173790_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nI9MStm2EZQAX9vtC2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=d69c71335d78090b5ef73d3f92b43bcf&oe=61A0E836  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-9] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-10] Reyes LFA (2021) Profile Picture, November 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ReyesLFA/photos/a.104544895379393/113206377846578 [Accessed 21 December 2021][Actual Image link available at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/258195584_113206374513245_5663298235135969257_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=zn-zaWl4W4gAX9YEBZR&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_lNWqkZvrPIwTDFtz3FinayT6oF9lUkQJxBrNCq-bwzw&oe=61C6A29E   [Accessed 21 December 2021]

[LFA-11] Mayas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MayasLFA/photos/a.916904715071809/4490334654395446/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248497239_4490334641062114_2420135574359291948_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=tyzQ2K5mI24AX-IE9d5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2e12ee551f216704032abc0943f123a&oe=61A09048 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[LFA-12] Raramuris Pro Football Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 23, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=290832646380986&set=a.126222399508679 [Accessed 9 January 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253213500_290832643047653_812853683359621004_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jWDioG3u84gAX-7MiOn&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-JC_2hms2ttsrdpMbj-SMVCNrOF0TXhb4BYH5yCO8Obw&oe=61E02FF7 ][Accessed 9 January 2022]

European League of Football Logos

[ELF-1] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[ELF-2] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-3] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-4] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-5] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-6] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-7] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-8] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-9] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-11] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-12] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-13] ELF (2022) 6291dde6aa8e8749747937c6_Untitled design(108) [Internet] Available from: https://assets-global.website-files.com/5fb916e4beed7f5a8f3276f7/6291dde6aa8e8749747937c6_Untitled%20design(108).png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-14] Enthroners (2017) cropped-Enth-e_arany [Internet] Available from: http://enthroners.hu/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/cropped-Enth-e_arany.png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-15] FIDAF (2017) seamen-milano [Internet] Available from: https://1divisione.fidaf.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/seamen-milano.png [Accessed 30 July 2022]

[ELF-16] Chris Creamer’s Sports Logos (2019) Scottish Claymores Alternsate Logo 1998 [Internet] Available from:http://content.sportslogos.net/logos/19/1233/full/2552_scottish_claymores-alternate-1998.png [Accessed 27 November 2019]

Women’s National Football conference Logos

[WNFC-3] Alabama Fire Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 21, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/alabamafire/photos/a.1609678612645442/2293692044244092/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44509495_2293692047577425_4284616892968075264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=cQmCwodyQdEAX-kFyPU&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_8vGrz57fSeRJqyW55hpcP_F5vJhTx_F_ZxYMRseWcOQ&oe=621566F2 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-4] Atlanta Phoenix Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, April 14, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AtlantaPhoenixFootball/photos/a.224221407625012/1626942494019556 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at:https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/30697661_1626942494019556_7969326540513182352_n.png?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Jp1t1-bXQHsAX-ugEOD&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-wdnImKivvSS61iNOGXls9xHH_l5geYJawYx1a6fcQEQ&oe=6212DE84 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-5] Denver Bandits Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 17, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/photos/a.694497494246762/857745641255279/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/64665741_857745644588612_690902092935593984_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ns4HkFNPsy0AX-ns5Es&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-GMZ2la3wrvayys0Y6tNMYdVdGxTNIbCRU6n3PBjmDQg&oe=621522E9 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-6] Florida Avengers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Florida.Avengers/photos/a.444326052990129/1073632963392765/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252851785_1073632960059432_8783092411184468427_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=22cjTbIcL8YAX-brk_1&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-rn_JeOLGueQ62PUdnTF37ba5VVPGpPgbxEmC-3uMCVw&oe=61F2B6FB  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-7] Houston Heat Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/WNFCHoustonHeat/photos/a.101981541417155/101981974750445 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/89009194_101981978083778_547615919447212032_n.png?_nc_cat=110&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7jLQROMpYssAX_bSUg4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9K1VJ-Xlyh6TCNYVdvFD2_bYSZbM1rUPuGc3l63SXF4w&oe=6215516C  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-8] Kansas City Glory (2022) Homepage-Hero-logo [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/5ddec83f9ab6b86728e295af/1582579183598-UA8B2Z059AAMXEOWDA1M/Homepage-Hero-logo.png?format=2500w [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-9] La Muerte De Las Cruces Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LaMuerteFootball/photos/a.390852434591826/1561945220815869/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/194878743_1561945224149202_7641845063387106805_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=9OWPUuc5UKgAX-khyHF&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8243sezauFUbOeyBri1zbN3OClBjSOkBFMwt0ISI2H_w&oe=6212CBC5  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-10] Las Vegas Silver Stars Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LVSilverStarsFootball/photos/a.1929343060616749/2899989276885451 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248577713_2899989270218785_131257031838698926_n.png?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qxHLlhCyIwIAX_fD1II&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9NBXIrQZ-lANT0-nEvhcY5jXQ-9EndWV_81CjSC20_7w&oe=61F41286 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-11] Los Angeles Legends Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-12] Mississippi Panthers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 2, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MSLadyPanthers/photos/a.575906792827673/1153536968397983/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145288747_1153536971731316_2848686869016924911_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=V-3yYTBAJQwAX8YPnCx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-CSuYrerBEmufa0tp-50nofw-w188z_ggKmmD6tQ-DIQ&oe=6213BC91  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-13] Oregon Ravens (2022) qt=q_95 [Internet] Available from: https://img1.wsimg.com/isteam/ip/326e9407-7443-4da5-a670-39b13b7164b9/logo/fa9954f8-725e-4ec5-a68f-5fe6c965ee58.png/:/rs=w:464,h:308,cg:true,m/cr=w:464,h:308/qt=q:95 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-14] Philadelphia Phantomz Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhantomzFootball/photos/a.102794326739605/1453719594980398/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/201968735_1453719601647064_3836045334241024886_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=trlH0vaotY8AX_c1G3B&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_uuaruRfjS8o6Mxq2UiHRMCvhNtwFD6a56VIe2p0F2fw&oe=62138196  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-15] Phoenix Prowlers Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, July 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhoenixProwlers/photos/a.269533323675889/616087212353830/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/82912655_616087215687163_1901893860461600867_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=S3I48O9maFIAX_Q7Sj6&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9AnmXZcLMwCkNfXkvg1Nk8vQ24U4EPqKGcKwr8BPxX1A&oe=62126E0E  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-16] San Diego Rebellion (2022) Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306 [Internet] Available from: https://sandiegorebellion.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306.png [Accessed 24 January 2021]

[WNFC-17] Seattle Majestics Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=124573763007179&set=a.124573753007180  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/161980636_124573766340512_6997491678419297740_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=W5lerB3p6vMAX8pgKcG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-or5wfT9cNPTH8EOgDCOTKXWvnT3g9L5IoKxqbY7jtSg&oe=6213E17F [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-18] Texas Elite Spartans Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 13, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/TexasEliteWomensFootball/photos/a.858993514267272/952798374886785  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/35199038_952798378220118_8483117007296790528_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=UFujdTN1TcAAX-J7EiE&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8BIjouip6Bt8otGYJaWC3kX3A5lmOfCyDhf9GDJaz5Gw&oe=62145C1A  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-19] Utah Falconz (2022) Asset-1 [Internet] Available from: https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.203/79k.a05.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Asset-1.png [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-20] Washington Prodigy (2022) 10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/58fa4a95bebafb32e27e2b9f/63bf0db8-db1b-457f-9d60-8b2162fb7077/10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG.png?format=1500w  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[WNFC-21] Tennessee Trojans Facebook (2022) Profile Picture: [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/tennesseetrojans/photos/a.101068052415902/147256857797021/ [Accessed 29 July 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/278095504_147256854463688_588348596125765344_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-7&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qx3TGq5dn1gAX9iGw_e&tn=ustunkcjmGgmI3q9&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9T2qzw_a-GexQmZiBHOezuZYiw0XZAm5tMvaKumjqnrQ&oe=62E8FB3C ][Accessed 29 July 2022]

Other Football Team Logos

[O-1] Allegheny Athletic Association (2022) Allegheny Athletic Association Merch [Internet] Available from: https://i.pinimg.com/564x/57/b9/85/57b98555fab8665b72e5cee911558373.jpg [Accessed 29 July 2022]

[O-2] Watertown Red and Black Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=127650949364653&set=a.127650922697989  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/162528647_127650956031319_8807331780508775606_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=C8VoqUvuoRkAX8Bc75-&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2595ee56f528269d9dd6c187fa99ce6&oe=61C32C00 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

PHOTOS

[38] ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Cillian Smith, Michael Smith, Rick Kelley, Carmine, Todd Zboyan, Brianna, Tim Leadingham, John Turner, Stacy Aschton, Carlos Trevino, John Gunning, Steve Hearn and Anton “Pippo” O’Grady.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 30 July 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

ELF European League of Football 2022

Standings

ELF European League of Football Northern Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
111100.917424160264W10
27500.58332128239L1
35700.417287305-18W1
44800.333242370-128W2

ELF European League of Football Central Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
110200.833352209143L1
28400.667418229189W1
38400.667386247139W2
401200.000113451-338L12

ELF European League of Football Southern Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
18400.667364225139L2
27500.58334631432L1
33900.250301473-172W1
411100.083210499-289L5

Note: Standings compiled automatically from Results in European League of Football website – For Official Schedule please see References: [1]

Playoff Schedule

ELF European League of Football Playoffs 2022

Match Day Playoff
(Playoff)
19 - 7

Hamburg Sea Devils vs Raiders Tirol

Match Day Playoffs
(Playoffs)
29 - 0

Vienna Vikings vs Barcelona Dragons

Match Day ELF Championship Game II
(ELF Championship Game II)
27 - 15

Vienna Vikings vs Hamburg Sea Devils

Note: Schedule compiled from Results in European League of Football website – For Official Schedule please see References: [1] For Individual Game References and Quarter-by-Quarter Points please click on each game in the Schedule above.

Regular Season Schedule

ELF European League of Football 2022

(Week 1)
40 - 38

Cologne Centurions vs Istanbul Rams

(Week 1)
9 - 38

Stuttgart Surge vs Barcelona Dragons

(Week 1)
34 - 27

Panthers Wroclaw vs Leipzig Kings

(Week 1)
43 - 18

Hamburg Sea Devils vs Berlin Thunder

(Week 1)
26 - 29

Frankfurt Galaxy vs Rhein Fire

(Week 1)
23 - 29

Raiders Tirol vs Vienna Vikings

(Week 2)
41 - 7

Berlin Thunder vs Istanbul Rams

(Week 2)
49 - 46

Cologne Centurions vs Raiders Tirol

(Week 2)
17 - 28

Leipzig Kings vs Rhein Fire

(Week 2)
25 - 28

Stuttgart Surge vs Panthers Wroclaw

(Week 2)
30 - 10

Vienna Vikings vs Frankfurt Galaxy

(Week 2)
21 - 24

Hamburg Sea Devils vs Barcelona Dragons

(Week 3)
0 - 14

Leipzig Kings vs Hamburg Sea Devils

(Week 3)
34 - 32

Barcelona Dragons vs Cologne Centurions

(Week 3)
28 - 16

Raiders Tirol vs Berlin Thunder

(Week 3)
47 - 13

Frankfurt Galaxy vs Panthers Wroclaw

(Week 3)
42 - 12

Rhein Fire vs Istanbul Rams

(Week 3)
42 - 13

Vienna Vikings vs Stuttgart Surge

(Week 4)
0 - 49

Istanbul Rams vs Vienna Vikings

(Week 4)
12 - 48

Cologne Centurions vs Frankfurt Galaxy

(Week 4)
23 - 26

Panthers Wroclaw vs Hamburg Sea Devils

(Week 4)
13 - 17

Rhein Fire vs Barcelona Dragons

(Week 4)
15 - 19

Berlin Thunder vs Leipzig Kings

(Week 4)
0 - 33

Stuttgart Surge vs Raiders Tirol

(Week 5)
7 - 34

Cologne Centurions vs Berlin Thunder

(Week 5)
41 - 7

Barcelona Dragons vs Istanbul Rams

(Week 5)
28 - 22

Leipzig Kings vs Stuttgart Surge

(Week 5)
42 - 15

Hamburg Sea Devils vs Rhein Fire

(Week 5)
23 - 17

Raiders Tirol vs Frankfurt Galaxy

(Week 5)
30 - 6

Vienna Vikings vs Panthers Wroclaw

(Week 6)
0 - 70

Istanbul Rams vs Hamburg Sea Devils

(Week 6)
20 - 27

Barcelona Dragons vs Vienna Vikings

(Week 6)
31 - 25

Berlin Thunder vs Panthers Wroclaw

(Week 6)
17 - 3

Rhein Fire vs Cologne Centurions

(Week 6)
20 - 26

Stuttgart Surge vs Frankfurt Galaxy

(Week 6)
37 - 6

Raiders Tirol vs Leipzig Kings

(Week 7)
46 - 14

Frankfurt Galaxy vs Cologne Centurions

(Week 7)
22 - 33

Leipzig Kings vs Berlin Thunder

(Week 7)
34 - 0

Panthers Wroclaw vs Stuttgart Surge

(Week 8)
22 - 19

Istanbul Rams vs Barcelona Dragons

(Week 8)
29 - 13

Vienna Vikings vs Raiders Tirol

(Week 8)
16 - 40

Rhein Fire vs Hamburg Sea Devils

(Week 9)
33 - 23

Barcelona Dragons vs Rhein Fire

(Week 9)
29 - 26

Hamburg Sea Devils vs Istanbul Rams

(Week 9)
0 - 41

Stuttgart Surge vs Vienna Vikings

(Week 9)
29 - 30

Panthers Wroclaw vs Frankfurt Galaxy

(Week 9)
14 - 56

Leipzig Kings vs Raiders Tirol

(Week 9)
39 - 29

Berlin Thunder vs Cologne Centurions

(Week 11)
32 - 50

Istanbul Rams vs Rhein Fire

(Week 11)
15 - 37

Cologne Centurions vs Barcelona Dragons

(Week 11)
59 - 0

Hamburg Sea Devils vs Leipzig Kings

(Week 11)
44 - 3

Raiders Tirol vs Stuttgart Surge

(Week 11)
42 - 8

Frankfurt Galaxy vs Vienna Vikings

(Week 11)
12 - 29

Panthers Wroclaw vs Berlin Thunder

(Week 12)
62 - 8

Barcelona Dragons vs Stuttgart Surge

(Week 12)
23 - 21

Rhein Fire vs Frankfurt Galaxy

(Week 12)
37 - 22

Vienna Vikings vs Istanbul Rams

(Week 12)
45 - 20

Raiders Tirol vs Cologne Centurions

(Week 12)
17 - 39

Berlin Thunder vs Hamburg Sea Devils

(Week 12)
37 - 41

Leipzig Kings vs Panthers Wroclaw

(Week 13)
14 - 38

Istanbul Rams vs Berlin Thunder

(Week 13)
37 - 59

Cologne Centurions vs Rhein Fire

(Week 13)
24 - 18

Vienna Vikings vs Barcelona Dragons