Tag: Major Alternative Football Leagues

San Jose Arena

Major Alternative Football Leagues 2022

Major Alternative Gridiron Football Leagues in 2022 included the Canadian Football League (CFL), Liga de Football Americano (LFA México), United States Football League (USFL), European League of Football (ELF), Japan X-League (JXL), Women’s National Football Conference (WNFC), X League (XLW), National Arena League (NAL) and the Indoor Football League (IFL).

CFL Canadian Football League 2022

CFL Canadian Football League East Division 2022

PosTeamWLTTPPFPANet PtsStreak
111702244342518L1
29901847646610W1
3810016421473-52W4
441408380475-95L3

CFL Canadian Football League West Division 2022

PosTeamWLTTPPFPANet PtsStreak
1153030538370168W1
2126024562397165W2
3126024525405120L1
4612012387476-89L7
541408354599-245L4

CFL Canadian Football League Playoffs 2022

Match Day Eastern Semi-Final
(Eastern Semi-Final)
28 - 17

Montreal Alouettes vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

Match Day Western Semi-Final
(Western Semi-Final)
30 - 16

British Columbia Lions vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Eastern Final
(Eastern Final)
34 - 27

Toronto Argonauts vs Montreal Alouettes

Match Day Western Final
(Western Final)
28 - 20

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs British Columbia Lions

Match Day 109th Grey Cup
(109th Grey Cup)
23 - 24

Winnipeg Blue Bombers vs Toronto Argonauts

109th Grey Cup (20 November 2022 – Regina, Saskatchewan)

A Ouellette (Two Rushing Touchdowns) and B Bede (Three Field Goals, Two Convert Kicks and One Rouge (Single) were the heroes for Toronto Argonauts scoring 12 points each, and accounting for all the Argos points between them as Toronto ended Winnipeg Blue Bombers dreams of a dynasty with a close 24-23 victory in Regina, Saskatchewan. 

The reigning Grey Cup holders Winnipeg were hoping for a three-peat but went down to A Ouellette’s five yard touchdown run and B Bede’s successful convert kick with less than four minutes remaining. The Blue Bombers had scored through two touchdowns from Quarterback D Prukop and a 102-yard punt return for Touchdown by J Grant, the longest in Grey Cup history as well as a Field Goal and two successful Convert Kicks by M Liegghio, however it was not to be as the Double Blues of Toronto took home the 109th Grey Cup. [References: 11]

LFA Liga de Football Americano (México) 2022

LFA Liga de Futbol Americano 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPAStreak
15100.83313374L1
24200.667132111L1
34200.66713789W3
44200.66712290W3
53300.50092129W2
61500.16795109L5
70600.00046155L6

Tazon Mexico V (Mexico Bowl V)

Marcelo González opened the scoring for Fundidores Monterrey with an 11 yard run in the first quarter for a 6-0 lead (the Point After Touchdown was missed). Jason Smith recovered a fumble for a touchdown in the second quarter and with Alberto Gonzalez kicking the PAT Queretaro Black Roosters were leading 7-6 before the Smelters recovered the lead through a Field Goal to leave Monterrey 9-7 up at Halftime.

In the third quarter the Black Roosters’ Quarterback Marco Garcia sneaked into the endzone to make it 14-9 to Queretaro after another successful PAT. Monterrey again took the lead when Brandon Calzoncit ran in for a TD, but again the PAT was missed to leave Monterrey 15-14 up. Fundidores sealed the victory and their first ever Mexico Bowl with a Field Goal in the fourth quarter to leave the Final score Fundidores Monterrey 18 Gallos Negros Queretaro 14. [References: 2]

USFL United States Football League 2022

USFL United States Football League North Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
19100.90023218250W9
26400.60026224319L1
32800.200211236-25W1
41900.100147243-96L5

USFL United States Football League South Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
19100.90023416965W1
26400.60019616432L1
34600.400162195-33L2
43700.300196208-12W2

USFL United States Football League Playoffs 2022

USFL Championship Game 2022 (3 July 2022)

Birmingham Stallions triumphed over Philadelphia Stars 33-30 thanks to two inportant interceptions in the fourth quarter – one of which was returned for a 46yard Touchdown by S Wright III and three more touchdowns as well as two Field Goals by R Aubrey. A Stars fightback in the 4th Quarter was ended by first Wright III’s interception with 3:03 left on the clock and then C McFarland’s timely interception with 28 seconds left which ended the game. [See Box-Score and Recap in the Game Link above]

ELF European League of Football 2022

ELF European League of Football Northern Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
111100.917424160264W10
27500.58332128239L1
35700.417287305-18W1
44800.333242370-128W2

ELF European League of Football Central Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
110200.833352209143L1
28400.667418229189W1
38400.667386247139W2
401200.000113451-338L12

ELF European League of Football Southern Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
18400.667364225139L2
27500.58334631432L1
33900.250301473-172W1
411100.083210499-289L5

ELF European League of Football Playoffs 2022

Match Day Playoff
(Playoff)
19 - 7

Hamburg Sea Devils vs Raiders Tirol

Match Day Playoffs
(Playoffs)
29 - 0

Vienna Vikings vs Barcelona Dragons

Match Day ELF Championship Game II
(ELF Championship Game II)
27 - 15

Vienna Vikings vs Hamburg Sea Devils

ELF Championship Game II (25 September 2022)

Vienna Vikings dominated the Hamburg Sea Devils 27-15 in the Second ever European League of Football Championship Game. The Vikings held the Sea Devils top rusher Glen Toonga to a total of minus five yards in the First Half as Vienna’s Quarterback Jackson Erdmann completing almost all passes. [Reference: S-2

Japan X-League 2022

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Division A 2022

PosTeamWLTPFPANet PtsStreakPts
150027131240W515
241015313518L112
33201288741W29
423076148-72W16
514058147-89L23
605078216-138L50

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Division B 2022

PosTeamWLTPFPANet PtsStreakPts
150021753164W515
23111267254L110
331188862W110
4230105131-26W16
514057113-56L13
605069207-138L50

JAFA Japan X-League X1 Super Playoffs 2022

JXL Rice Bowl 76 (3 January 2023)

Despite falling behind 14-0 early on thanks to two Mitchell Victor Jamano Touchdown runs for Panasonic Impulse, Fujitsu Frontiers captured their second Rice Bowl in a row thanks to three Touchdown runs by their own Trashawn Nixon, the first one pulling them to within four points at the half, the second bringing the Frontiers back into the game after Panasonic’s Quarterback Jaylon Henderson found Watanabe Jamal for a 10-yard Touchdown Pass and then Nixon’s third Rushing TD, which earned him the MVP (Most Valuable Player) Award and put Fujitsu 29-21 up following the Frontiers go-ahead Passing TD from QB Tsubasa Takagi to Kyohei Kokaji which put Fujitsu 22-21 up. Frontiers still had to defend for the Final 3 minutes 14 seconds of the match, and despite good 25 yard drive by Panasonic it was ended with Fujitsu’s Defensive Back Takutoshi Takaoka taking his second Interception of the day. Final Score: Fujitsu Frontiers 29 Panasonic Impulse 21 [References: 10] Note: For Rice Bowl Box-Score and Scorers please click on the game in Question (Fujitsu Frontiers 29 Panasonic Impulse 21) in the Rice Bowl Tournament Scoreboard Above.

WNFC Women’s National Football Conference 2022

WNFC Women's National Football Conference Atlantic 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
16001.00021545170W6
26001.0001496143W6
34200.6671294980W2
44200.6671256857L1
53300.5001768294W1
63300.5001141140W2
71500.16733194-161L3
80600.00016188-172L6
90600.00038249-211L6

WNFC Women's National Football Conference Pacific 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
16001.00020621185W6
26001.0001192792W6
34200.6671088028W1
43300.5001265175W1
52400.33354109-55L1
62400.33361119-58L2
71500.16759146-87L2
80600.00013193-180L6

WNFC Women's National Football Conference Playoffs 2022

Match Day Atlantic Conference Playoffs
(Atlantic Conference Playoffs)
34 - 14

Texas Elite Spartans vs Kansas City Glory

(Atlantic Conference Playoffs)
7 (OT) - 0

Atlanta Phoenix vs Alabama Fire

Match Day Pacific Conference Playoffs
(Pacific Conference Playoffs)
15 - 24

San Diego Rebellion vs Utah Falconz

(Pacific Conference Playoffs)
19 - 14

Denver Bandits vs Las Vegas Silver Stars

Match Day Atlantic Conference Final
(Atlantic Conference Final)
34 - 14

Texas Elite Spartans vs Atlanta Phoenix

Match Day Pacific Conference Final
(Pacific Conference Final)
20 (OT) - 14

Utah Falconz vs Denver Bandits

Match Day IX Cup Championship Game 2022
(IX Cup Championship Game 2022)
48 - 12

Texas Elite Spartans vs Utah Falconz

WNFC IX Cup Championship Game 2022 (26 June 2022)

Having defeated two unbeaten teams on their way to the IX Cup Championship Game, Utah Falconz were unable to spring another surprise as Texas Elite Spartans triumphed 48-12 to win their fourth straight Women’s National title and third straight WNFC Championship in a row. The Elite Spartans remained the only team to win the WNFC IX Cup since the founding of the Major Women’s Football League, the WNFC. [References: 4-6]

X League 2022 Standings

X League 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPAStreak
1Atlanta Empire2001.0007834W2
2Chicago Blitz2001.0007462W2
3Seattle Thunder1100.50011260L1
4Austin Sound1100.5008469L1
5Los Angeles Black Storm1100.5006758W1
6Kansas City Force0100.0003440L1
7Arizona Red Devils0100.000848L1
8Denver Rush0200.00026112L2

X League Playoffs 2022

X Cup 2022

Chicago Blitz defeated Atlanta Empire 19-12 to lift the X Cup 2022. [References: 1-2]

NAL National Arena League 2022

NAL National Arena League 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
19500.64372567649W1
28400.66771761998W4
37500.58357655422W3
47700.50070766344L2
54800.333647720-73L1
63900.250492632-140L6

NAL National Arena League Playoffs 2022

Match Day Playoffs
(Playoffs)
68 - 67

Albany Empire vs Jacksonville Sharks

(Playoffs)
65 - 51

Carolina Cobras vs Columbus Lions

Match Day NAL Championship
(NAL Championship)
47 - 20

Albany Empire vs Carolina Cobras

NAL Championship (13 August 2022)

Albany Empire won the 2022 NAL Championship in blistering fashion, reeling off 41 unanswered points after Carolina Cobras took a 7-6 lead. Albany quarterback Sam Castronova fired six touchdown passes at the appropriately-named MVP Arena in New York State to make the Empire back-to-back NAL Champions. Even though Albany were 47-7 up after three quarters the never-say-die Cobras punched back with a Zack Brown Fumble Recovery in the Endzone and a 38-yard Adam Smith Touchdown catch but time ran out for the Cobras as the Empire prevailed 47-20 thanks to a 3-yard TD run by Castronova less than two minuters into the game; a catch from Aaron Wascha for a 13-7 Albany lead after a 3-yard Kendrick Ings TD pass; Aaron Wascha scored a second TD catch and another TD pass from Castronova as well as a 10-yard Darius Prince TD put Albany 34-7 ahead. Two more TD passes by Castronova for Albany put the game beyond doubt: to Marquel Wade a lineman Cornelius Lewis to give the Empire an unassailable 47-7 lead at the end of the third quarter. [Reference: 10]

IFL Indoor Football League 2022

IFL Indoor Football League East Conference 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Frisco Fighters14200.875772590182W9
2Massachusetts Pirates11500.68867257399W2
3Iowa Barnstormers9700.56364260537L1
4Quad Cities Steamwheelers9700.56366464222W1
5Sioux Falls Storm8800.500671681-10L1
6Green Bay Blizzard61000.375517558-41L2
7Bismarck Bucks31300.188497662-165L11

IFL Indoor Football League West Conference 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1Arizona Rattlers13300.813846500346W4
2Northern Arizona Wranglers12400.750654486168L1
3Tucson Sugar Skulls9700.563782788-6W1
4Duke City Gladiators8800.500683687-4W2
5Vegas Knight Hawks61000.375586617-31L1
6San Diego Strike Force31300.188597809-212L3
7Bay Area Panthers11500.063457842-385L15

IFL National Championship Game (13 August 2022)

Northern Arizona Wranglers defeated Quad Cities Steamwheelers 47-45 to take the IFL National Championship in Prescott Valley, Arizona. [References: 1B]

Eirball’s Map of CFL Teams 2022

Vector Contributor Porcupen (2022) Canada vintage map and flag – vector illustration [Internet] Available from Shutterstock at: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/canada-vintage-map-flag-vector-illustration-737573665 [Accessed 10 August 2022][CFL Team logos sourced and added by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball]

ABOUT THE CANADIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE

There are 3 main versions of Gridiron Football: the traditional 11v11 game played in USA, a 12v12 version of the game played in Canada, and a 8v8 version of the game played Indoors on converted Ice Hockey Arenas.

Map of Mexico Showing LFA 2022 Team Locations

Map of LFA Mexico Teams 2022
Mexico map and flag – highly detailed vector illustration

[13] 123RF (2022) Mexico map and flag – highly detailed vector illustration Image ID: 78267524 Copyright: dikobrazik [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_78267524_mexico-map-and-flag-highly-detailed-vector-illustration.html?vti=o7a7x8rghuckf7jo01-1-64 [Accessed 9 January 2022]

About the 2022 LFA Season

The 2022 Liga de Futbol Americano (Mexico) kicks off its sixth season. First played in 2016 between four teams (Condors CDMX, Eagles CDMX, Mayas CDMX and Raptors EdoMex) with all four teams playing in a single Arena in Mexico City (CDMX – Ciudad de Mexico) [6, 9], the league has grown to a 10 team league in 2022 with the addidion of Reyes Jalisco (Jalisco State Kings) in Guadalajara and Galgos Tijuana (Tijuana Greyhounds) from Estado Baja California (Baja California State) [1] .

Map of USA with USFL Cities and Team Logos

Map of USFL Teams 2022
High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling Contributor: Bardocz Peter with additional USFL 2022 Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie References: [60]

[12] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NFL AFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][11 February 2022][For NFL Logos please see References 2-8]

About the 2022 USFL Season

The United States Football League (USFL) 2022 is a reincarnation of the successful Spring alternative to the National Football League (NFL) which ran from 1983 to 1985 before an unsuccessful bid to move to an autumn season and taking the NFL head-on [See link to USFL 1983-1985 below for more details]. The 2022 version shall be played entirely within a Hub City in Birmingham, Alabama, a model first used by The Spring League (TSL) from 2016 to 2021, before that league went into partnership with Fox Sports and bought out the naming rights and logos of the USFL 1983-1985 and renaming itself USFL for 2022 [See link below for The Spring League for more details] . The USFL 2022 published a 10-game schedule culminating in Semi-Finals and Championship Game between the top two teams in each Division [10].

Map of Europe featuring Team Logos and Locations

Map of European League of Football Teams 2022
Map of Europe featuring European League of Football 2022 Team Logos and Locations [References: M-1]

[M-1] Map Contributor: Rainer Lesniewski (2022) Stock Vector ID: 151344206 europe map [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/europe-map-151344206 [Accessed 12 June 2022][Overlaid with ELF Team Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][Logo References: ELF-1 to ELF-12]

About the European League of Football 2022

In some ways a resurrection of the old National Football League sponsored World League of American Football / National Football League Europe League, the European League of Football is the latest top-level Professional American Football League spanning the continent of Europe. The League resurrected many of the old WLAF and NFLE team names, such as Barcelona Dragons (Catalonia), Frankfurt Galaxy, Berlin Thunder, Hamburg Sea Devils, Rhein Fire and Cologne Centurions, as well as adding new teams Stuttgart Surge and Leipzig Kings (all Germany), and promoting European National League and previously members of other smaller European Professional Leagues, Raiders Tirol and Vienna Vikings (both Austria), Istanbul Rams (Turkey), and Panthers Wroclaw (Poland).

About Japan X-League X1 Super 2022

The Japan X-League X1 Super is the top Division of American Football in Japan playing for the Rice Bowl, Japan’s equivalent of the Super Bowl. The Rice Bowl is in its’ 76th season this year, starting out as a University All-Star game between East and West in 1947. After 24 wins for Kanto and 12 for Kansai the Rice Bowl became in 1984 a contest between the University Champions and the Social (Club) Champions. Ritsumeikan University Panthers were in 2009 the last University Champions to win the Rice Bowl and in 2021 the Rice Bowl became the sole possession of the X-League after growing concern for the safety of the University players who were younger and less experienced than their Social counterparts, all of whom could boast American professionals in star positions. For 2022 the X-League X1 Super (the top division in Japanese American Football) added four new teams promoted from the X1 Area League – Asahi Beer Silver Star, Asahi Soft Drinks Club Challengers, Tainai Deers and Otonari Fukuoka Suns. The X1 Super was divided into two divisions of six (A and B) to accomodate the promoted teams.

Map of USA Showing WNFC 2022 Team Logos and Locations

Map of WNFC Teams 2022
High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling Contributor: Bardocz Peter with additional WNFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie References: [60]

[60] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with WNFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][24 January 2021][For WNFC Logos please see References 3-20]

About the National Women’s Football Conference

The National Women’s Football Conference is a National Women’s Tackle American Football League that brought Women’s Tackle Football to the World Stage for the first time. It is in its 3rd season in 2022 having launched its inaugural season in 2019, and has been featured in CBS, Iheartradio, NFL Network, NBC, ABC, FOX4, Yahoo Sports and Sports Illustrated [22].

About X League 2022

An all new start for the Legends Football League (also known as the Lingerie Football League) in 2022 as a rebrand to the X League and eight new teams sees an eight-week schedule with one game per week (for a total of two games per team) before the top four reach the playoffs and the X Cup 2022. The X League is a rival league to the Women’s National Football Conference, the NFL of Women’s Football, which plays for the IX Cup. The big differences are that the X League is 7v7 Arena Indoor Football versus the WNFC’s standard 11v11 Outdoor American Football, and the lack of protective clothing or knee pads that the X League players wear, although the 2022 edition of this Alternative League sees the gimmick of women wearing little in the way of clothing covered up another little bit more. It is also positioning itself almost entirely in the Western USA, whereas the other AAA Alternative League to the NFL/WNFC in 2022, the USFL is based almost entirely in the Eastern USA. [References: 1-2]

Map of USA showing NAL 2022 Team Locations

Map of USA National Arena League Teams 2022
[60] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NAL Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][27 September][For NAL Logos please see References 3-8]

2022 National Arena League Preview

After a reduced schedule of 8 games in 2021 due to Covid-19 concerns, the National Arena League has scheduled a full 14-week schedule with each team playing 12 games for 2022. Jersey Flight have left the league after finishing 2-6 in 2021 and have been replaced by San Antonio Gunslingers, giving the NAL a footprint in Texas. Albany Empire shall be defending the title they won in 2021 with a 7-1 record and two 2-Touchdown victories in the playoffs: 79-62 versus Columbus Lions in the Championship Game after a 55-41 defeat of Carolina Cobras in the Semi-Finals.

ABOUT the IFL 2022

For the 2022 season the Indoor Football League lost the Louisville Xtreme and Spokane Shock but added Bay Area Panthers (San Jose, California), Quad Cities Steamwheelers (Moline, Illinois), San Diego Strike Force (California) and Vegas Knight Hawks (Las Vegas, Nevada) to incease to a 14-team league, divided into two Conferences (East and West) of seven teams each.

The Indoor Football League is a Major American Football League playing Reduced Numbers (8v8) Arena Indoor American Football in USA. Previously AAA, it has since the demise of the Arena Football League (a Major League) after the 2019 season, expanded its Geographic Reach, and has taken the AFL’s position as the Major League in Indoor/Arena Football. This version of American Football is most popular in Mexico, hence names like Tucson Sugar Skulls. LEXFA (Liga Extrema de Futbol Arena) in Mexico is the Major League in Mexico (and also one of four Mexican Majors)

CF Canadian Football League 2022 REFERENCES

LOGOS

[1] Sports Logos (2021) 2757__canadian_football_league-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/2573/full/2757__canadian_football_league-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

GAMEDAY REFERENCES

[2] Canadian Football League (2021) Schedule 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/schedule/2022/ [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 14 November 2022]

[2B] Canadian Football League (2022) Standings 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/standings/ [Last Accessed 24 October 2022]

[2C] Winnipeg Blue Bombers Facebook (2022) Photo, 29 October 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BlueBombers/photos/a.783762148323415/6064110433621867/ [Accessed 31 October 2022]

[3] Hamilton Tiger-Cats (2022) Tadgh Leader [Internet] Available from: https://ticats.ca/video/may-28-tadhg-leader  [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[4] Hamilton Tiger-Cats (2022) Transactions [Internet] Available from: https://ticats.ca/article/tiger-cats-transactions-june-5 [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[5] Hamilton Tiger-Cats (2022) Tiger-Cats add Global Kicker Leader [Internet] Available from: https://ticats.ca/article/tiger-cats-add-global-kicker-leader  [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[6] Canadian Football League (2022) Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 25 Montreal Alouettes 23 Box-Score [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6206/montreal-alouettes-vs-hamilton-tiger-cats/?_ga=2.173484064.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#boxscore [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[7] Canadian Football League (2022)  Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 25 Montreal Alouettes 23 Play-by-Play [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6206/montreal-alouettes-vs-hamilton-tiger-cats/?_ga=2.173484064.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#playbyplay [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[8] Canadian Football League (2022) Tadgh Leader [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/players/tadhg-leader/166367/ [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[9] Canadian Football League (2022) Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 17 Toronto Argonauts 18 Match-Up [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6208/hamilton-tiger-cats-vs-toronto-argonauts/?_ga=2.211093398.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#matchup [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[10] Canadian Football League (2022)  Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 25 Montreal Alouettes 23 Box Score [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6208/hamilton-tiger-cats-vs-toronto-argonauts/?_ga=2.211093398.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#boxscore  [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[11] CFL (2022) Game 6296 Toronto Argonauts 24 Winnipeg Blue Bombers 23 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.cfl.ca/games/6296/toronto-argonauts-vs-winnipeg-blue-bombers/?_ga=2.141315762.1468903814.1669053186-1126242507.1665724673#playbyplay [Accessed 21 November 2022]

LOGOS

[3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

CFL 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Steve Hearn and Anton “Pippo” O’Grady (Dublin Bay Raptors)

LFA Liga de Football Americano References

[1] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Calendario 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario-2022/ [Accessed 21 December 2021][Last Accessed 10 May 2022]
[1a] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings [Last Accessed 9 May 2022]

[1b] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Home [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/ [Last Accessed 9 May 2022]

[1c] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Fundidores lights its flame at the Estadio Caliente for its first Championship in history [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/fundidores-enciende-su-llama-en-el-estadio-caliente-para-su-primer-campeonato-en-la-historia/ [Accessed 23 May 2022]

Preview References WEBSITES

[2] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

[3] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[4] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[5] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[6] American Football International (2016) Mayas Win First Liga de Football Americano Championship Game In Mexico [Internet] available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/mayas-win-first-liga-de-futboll-americano-championship-game-mexico/ [accessed 5 August 2018]

[7] LFA Mexico (2019) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 15 April 2019]

[8] LFA Mexico (2019) Calendario [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario/[Accessed 13 May 2019]

[9] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2016) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20161106181310/http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

[10] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[11] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[12] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) #ESTOES LFA [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[13] Liga Football Americano Mexico / Cinthiya Garcia (2021) A postponement that hurts, but it’s for everyone’s sake [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/una-postergacion-que-duele-pero-es-por-el-bien-de-todos/ [Accessed 18 May 2021]

Logo references

[14] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[15] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[16] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[17] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[18] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[19] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[20] Reyes LFA (2021) Profile Picture, November 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ReyesLFA/photos/a.104544895379393/113206377846578 [Accessed 21 December 2021][Actual Image link available at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/258195584_113206374513245_5663298235135969257_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=zn-zaWl4W4gAX9YEBZR&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_lNWqkZvrPIwTDFtz3FinayT6oF9lUkQJxBrNCq-bwzw&oe=61C6A29E   [Accessed 21 December 2021]

[21] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2019) LFA 2018 Logo [Internet] Available from: https://i1.wp.com/lfa.mx/2018/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/LFAlogonew.png?fit=734%2C734&ssl=1 %5BAccessed 1 August 2018]

Map Reference

[22] 123RF (2022) Mexico map and flag – highly detailed vector illustration Image ID: 78267524 Copyright: dikobrazik [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_78267524_mexico-map-and-flag-highly-detailed-vector-illustration.html?vti=o7a7x8rghuckf7jo01-1-64 [Accessed 10 January 2022]/ LFA Team and Map Combined by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie

LFA 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Caroline Mitchell & Francesco

USFL 2022 References

[1] Fox Sports (2022) USFL unveils team cities, nicknames and logos for 2022 debut [Internet] Available from: https://www.foxsports.com/stories/usfl/usfl-unveils-team-cities-nicknames-and-logos-for-2022-debut [Accessed 11 February 2022]

[10] Fox Sports (2022) USFL 2022: Jeff Fischer, Larry Fedora named as final two coaches [Internet] Available from: https://www.foxsports.com/stories/usfl/usfl-2022-jeff-fisher-larry-fedora-named-as-final-two-coaches [Accessed 11 February 2022]

Logo References

[2] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Panthers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Panthers.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[3] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Generals [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Generals.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[4] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Stars [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Stars.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[5] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Maulers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Maulers.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[6] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Stallions [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Stallions.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[7] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Gamblers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Gamblers.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[8] USFL (2022) Logos_USFL_Breakers [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/images/Logos_USFL_Breakers.svg [Accessed 11 February 2022]

[9] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Bandits [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Bandits.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[11] Sports Logos History (2018) USFL Logo 1983-1985 [Internet] Available from: https://sportslogohistory.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/united_states_football_league.png [Accessed 31 December 2019]

Maps

[12] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NFL AFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][11 February 2022][For NFL Logos please see References 2-8]

Standings and Schedule References

[13] TheUSFL (2022) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/standings [Accessed 26 June 2022]

[14] TheUSFL (2022) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/schedule  [Accessed 9 April 2022][Last Accessed 4 July 2022]

[15] TheUSFL (2022) Box Score: Birmingham Stallions v Philadelphia Stars Box Score 43 [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/championship-birmingham-stallions-vs-philadelphia-stars-jul-03-2022-game-boxscore-43 [Accessed 4 July 2022]

USFL 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Todd Zboyan and Decy Maher.

ELF 2022 Schedule References

[S-1] European League of Football (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/schedule [Accessed 12 June 2022][Last Accessed 4 October 2022]

[S-2] European League of Football (2022) Breaking:  Vienna Vikings win the 2022 Championship Game [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/elf-news/breaking-vienna-vikings-win-the-2022-championship-game [Accessed 4 October 2022]

Logo References

[ELF-1] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[ELF-2] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-3] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-4] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-5] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-6] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-7] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-8] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-9] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-11] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-12] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

Note: for individual game scores and stats view each game [click on the game in the schedule above]

ELF 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to John Gunning (American Football International); Tomas; Carmine and Morgan (Dublin Bay Raptors)

JXL Japan X-League 2022 References

[1] Japan X-League (2022) Win-Loss table [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/standing [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[2] Japan X-League (2022) Schedule & Results [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[3] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 1 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-1 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[4] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 2 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-2 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[5] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 3 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-3 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[6] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 4 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-4 [Accessed 25 October 2022]

[7] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 5 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-5 [Accessed 12 November 2022]

[8] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Post [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-post [Accessed 21 November 2022]

[9] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday RBT [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-rbt [Accessed 15 December 2022]

[10] XLeague Japan (2023) Fujitsu wins back-to-back Rice Bowl with run attack explosion, Panasonic! Seventh Japan [Google Translate] [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/news/36485 [Accessed 3 January 2023]

ICON REFERENCES

[27] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[28] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[29] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[30] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[31] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[32] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[33] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[34] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[35] Japan X League (2022) silver [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/silver.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[36] Japan X League (2022) challengers [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/challengers.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[37] Japan X League (2022) fukuoka-suns [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fukuoka-suns.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[38] Japan X League (2022) deers [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/deers.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to John Gunning (Japan Times and Inside Sport Japan) and Caoilfhionn NicFhearai

WNFC 2022 References

Schedule References

[1] WNFC Football (2022) Schedule 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/tickets [Accessed 17 July 2022]

[2] WNFC Football (2022) Home [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/ [Accessed 11 June 2022]

[3] Denver Bandits Facebook (2022) Post, June 10 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/posts/pfbid024ghRFgcX99p2Exz62qxdxrmYfTcbc8JCxHcvqrdwpU6i8Qdrqut3HdQgzpmT5zB6l [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[4] Texas Elite Spartans (2022) Texas Elite Spartans win 3rd Straight WNFC Atlantic Conference Title [Internet] Available from: https://www.texaselitewomensfootball.com/post/texas-elite-spartans-win-3rd-straight-wnfc-atlantic-conference-title [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[5] WNFC Football (2022) 2022 IX Cup Title Game is set [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/news/the-2022-ix-cup-title-game-is-set [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[6] Texas Elite Spartans (2022) Home: 4x National Champions / 3x WNFC Champions [Internet] Available from: https://www.texaselitewomensfootball.com/ [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[7] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/schedules [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[8] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) 2022 Scores [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/2022-scores [Accessed 12 April 2022]

[9] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) Week 2 Plays of the Game! [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/single-post/week-2-plays-of-the-game [Accessed 18 April 2022]

[10] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) 2022 Schedule and Tickets [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/tickets [Accessed 26 May 2022]

Team Logo References

[3] Alabama Fire Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 21, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/alabamafire/photos/a.1609678612645442/2293692044244092/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44509495_2293692047577425_4284616892968075264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=cQmCwodyQdEAX-kFyPU&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_8vGrz57fSeRJqyW55hpcP_F5vJhTx_F_ZxYMRseWcOQ&oe=621566F2 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[4] Atlanta Phoenix Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, April 14, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AtlantaPhoenixFootball/photos/a.224221407625012/1626942494019556 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at:https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/30697661_1626942494019556_7969326540513182352_n.png?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Jp1t1-bXQHsAX-ugEOD&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-wdnImKivvSS61iNOGXls9xHH_l5geYJawYx1a6fcQEQ&oe=6212DE84 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[5] Denver Bandits Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 17, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/photos/a.694497494246762/857745641255279/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/64665741_857745644588612_690902092935593984_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ns4HkFNPsy0AX-ns5Es&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-GMZ2la3wrvayys0Y6tNMYdVdGxTNIbCRU6n3PBjmDQg&oe=621522E9 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[6] Florida Avengers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Florida.Avengers/photos/a.444326052990129/1073632963392765/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252851785_1073632960059432_8783092411184468427_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=22cjTbIcL8YAX-brk_1&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-rn_JeOLGueQ62PUdnTF37ba5VVPGpPgbxEmC-3uMCVw&oe=61F2B6FB  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[7] Houston Heat Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/WNFCHoustonHeat/photos/a.101981541417155/101981974750445 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/89009194_101981978083778_547615919447212032_n.png?_nc_cat=110&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7jLQROMpYssAX_bSUg4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9K1VJ-Xlyh6TCNYVdvFD2_bYSZbM1rUPuGc3l63SXF4w&oe=6215516C  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[8] Kansas City Glory (2022) Homepage-Hero-logo [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/5ddec83f9ab6b86728e295af/1582579183598-UA8B2Z059AAMXEOWDA1M/Homepage-Hero-logo.png?format=2500w [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[9] La Muerte De Las Cruces Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LaMuerteFootball/photos/a.390852434591826/1561945220815869/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/194878743_1561945224149202_7641845063387106805_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=9OWPUuc5UKgAX-khyHF&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8243sezauFUbOeyBri1zbN3OClBjSOkBFMwt0ISI2H_w&oe=6212CBC5  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[10] Las Vegas Silver Stars Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LVSilverStarsFootball/photos/a.1929343060616749/2899989276885451 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248577713_2899989270218785_131257031838698926_n.png?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qxHLlhCyIwIAX_fD1II&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9NBXIrQZ-lANT0-nEvhcY5jXQ-9EndWV_81CjSC20_7w&oe=61F41286 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[11] Los Angeles Legends Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[12] Mississippi Panthers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 2, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MSLadyPanthers/photos/a.575906792827673/1153536968397983/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145288747_1153536971731316_2848686869016924911_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=V-3yYTBAJQwAX8YPnCx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-CSuYrerBEmufa0tp-50nofw-w188z_ggKmmD6tQ-DIQ&oe=6213BC91  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[13] Oregon Ravens (2022) qt=q_95 [Internet] Available from: https://img1.wsimg.com/isteam/ip/326e9407-7443-4da5-a670-39b13b7164b9/logo/fa9954f8-725e-4ec5-a68f-5fe6c965ee58.png/:/rs=w:464,h:308,cg:true,m/cr=w:464,h:308/qt=q:95 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[14] Philadelphia Phantomz Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhantomzFootball/photos/a.102794326739605/1453719594980398/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/201968735_1453719601647064_3836045334241024886_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=trlH0vaotY8AX_c1G3B&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_uuaruRfjS8o6Mxq2UiHRMCvhNtwFD6a56VIe2p0F2fw&oe=62138196  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[15] Phoenix Prowlers Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, July 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhoenixProwlers/photos/a.269533323675889/616087212353830/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/82912655_616087215687163_1901893860461600867_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=S3I48O9maFIAX_Q7Sj6&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9AnmXZcLMwCkNfXkvg1Nk8vQ24U4EPqKGcKwr8BPxX1A&oe=62126E0E  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[16] San Diego Rebellion (2022) Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306 [Internet] Available from: https://sandiegorebellion.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306.png [Accessed 24 January 2021]

[17] Seattle Majestics Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=124573763007179&set=a.124573753007180  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/161980636_124573766340512_6997491678419297740_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=W5lerB3p6vMAX8pgKcG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-or5wfT9cNPTH8EOgDCOTKXWvnT3g9L5IoKxqbY7jtSg&oe=6213E17F [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[18] Texas Elite Spartans Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 13, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/TexasEliteWomensFootball/photos/a.858993514267272/952798374886785  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/35199038_952798378220118_8483117007296790528_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=UFujdTN1TcAAX-J7EiE&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8BIjouip6Bt8otGYJaWC3kX3A5lmOfCyDhf9GDJaz5Gw&oe=62145C1A  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[19] Utah Falconz (2022) Asset-1 [Internet] Available from: https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.203/79k.a05.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Asset-1.png [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[20] Washington Prodigy (2022) 10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/58fa4a95bebafb32e27e2b9f/63bf0db8-db1b-457f-9d60-8b2162fb7077/10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG.png?format=1500w  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

‘About’ References

[22] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) About [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/about [Accessed 24 January 2022]

Map References

[60] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with WNFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][24 January 2021][For WNFC Logos please see References 3-20]

WNFC ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Brianna Wallace & Heather Foust (Dublin Bay Raptors)

X League 2022 References

[1] X League (2022) Printable Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.live/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/2022-printable-schedule.pdf [Accessed 6 May 2022]

[2] X League (2022) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.live/en/schedule [Accessed 23 June 2022][Last Accessed 6 September 2022]

[3] X League (2022) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.live/en/standings [Accessed 23 June 2022][Last Accessed 7 August 2022]

X League 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Fiona Corrigan, Caoimhe Mullaney, Aisling Delaney, Roisin NicDhonnachadha & Larissa McCloyne.

NAL 2022 References

Schedule References

[1] National Arena League (2021) Standings – Regular Season 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.nationalarenaleague.com/stats#/1200/standings?division_id=15180&render=division [Accessed 11 June 2022][Last Accessed 27 September 2022]

[2] National Arena League (2021) Schedule 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.nationalarenaleague.com/stats#/1200/schedule?all&division_id=15180 [Accessed 23 December 2021][Last Accessed 27 September 2022]

Logo References

[3] Albany Empire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, April 21, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AlbanyEmpireNAL/photos/a.114119940511473/224039989519467/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/175722931_224039992852800_3153126319118634559_n.png?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ohlvircLPMoAX_F9cMm&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT90KU5WOVOZR4Y8VkZsjP154jfk_OubmKE2B2R0ka4eWg&oe=61E834C7 ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[4] Carolina Cobras Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, January 30, 2019 [Internet] Available from:https://www.facebook.com/CARCOBRAS/photos/a.729681523895324/1018696151660525/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/51150903_1018696154993858_4453961032473247744_n.png?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=hIm2yhgPPcYAX_v7TQx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9oPksC5cZ3I_mCfXQwS3923TLy2BqZN6BqlfrhS6VP2Q&oe=61E961A6 ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[5] Columbus Lions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, January 5 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Lionsfootball/photos/a.394426010611320/3553889807998242/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/135232744_3553889814664908_5635971999624288916_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=8Z9JZ2zOO9MAX-qI9qp&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8NNz6e5afjgI29U5LzGzVHTiZQJ-wt7mNigAdqWfu1Hw&oe=61E9CE0B ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[6] Jacksonville Sharks Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, April 8, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/jaxsharks/photos/a.447633111742/10158252413896743/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/171575270_10158252413901743_5558377385564098303_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NHluAl2NqAYAX_X6GGB&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-1F6HsHx4X-w7Z2zbvhrur29bz3TGNwdd4-DxEAN_F3g&oe=61E9AB9A ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[7] Orlando Predators Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, November 22, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PredatorsNAL/photos/a.111663323669188/216208296548023/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/127025930_216208299881356_1495890677339676587_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=B6aAth-qw-sAX8jcA7g&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8y49iFCKl8yfkyiCKbxhPZiWaomzkjW2HiUzVybSmReA&oe=61E85DBC][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[8] San Antonio Gunslingers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, April 5, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/210sagunslingers/photos/a.107469927582326/107588840903768/  [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/92099595_107588847570434_4538398238381703168_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nj11ENCAd8oAX-aUQw4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9PpdfDGBgOlDXck_mgS9hfmlojTW60qccrmQz39fHqzA&oe=61E95ACB ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

NAL Championship Report Reference

[10] National Arena League (2022) Empire Conquer Cobras 47-20 in NAL Championship [Internet] Available from: https://www.nationalarenaleague.com/news/empire-conquer-cobras-47-20-in-nal-championship [Accessed 27 September 2022]

IMAGES

[9] National Arena League (2018) logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.nationalarenaleague.com/images/logo.png [Accessed 26 November 2019]

[1] Sutterstock / Wangkun Jia (2019) Amway Center, Orlando [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/orlando-jan-24-2019-amway-center-2055516044 [Accessed 24 December 2021]

NAL 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Todd Zboyan & Tim Leadingham.

IFL 2022 References

[1] Indoor Football League (2021) 2022 Football Standings [Internet] Available from: https://goifl.com/standings.aspx?standings=9 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 August 2022]

[1B] Indoor Football League (2022) Calendar Season = 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://goifl.com/calendar.aspx?season=2022 [Accessed 7 August 2022][Last Accessed 15 August 2022]

[2] Arizona Rattlers (2021) 2022 Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://azrattlers.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[3] Bay Area Panthers (2021) 2022 Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.bayareapanthers.com/stats#/team-schedule?team_id=153709 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[4] Duke City Gladiators (2021) 2022 Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://dukecitygladiators.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[5] Northern Arizona Wranglers (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://nazwranglers.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[6] San Diego Strike Force (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.sdstrikeforce.com/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[7] Spokane Shock (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://thespokaneshock.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 23 March 2022]

[8] Tucson Sugar Skulls (2021) 2022 Tucson Sugar Skulls Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://tucsonsugarskulls.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[9] Vegas Knight Hawks (2021) Vegas Knight Hawks Announce Inaugural Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.hendersonsilverknights.com/vegas-knight-hawks-announce-inaugural-season-schedule/ [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[10] Bismarck Bucks (2021) 2022 Bucks Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.bismarckbucks.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[11] Frisco Fighters (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://friscofighters.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[12] Green Bay Blizzard (2021) 2022 Football schedule [Internet] Available from: https://greenbayblizzard.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[13] Iowa Barnstormers (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://theiowabarnstormers.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[14] Massachusetts Pirates (2021) 2022 Pirates Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://masspiratesfootball.com/schedule/ [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[15] Quad Cities Steamwheelers (2021) 2022 Home Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://steamwheelersfootball.com/schedule/home-schedule-mm.html [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[16] Sioux Falls Storm (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://siouxfallsstorm.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Bart Barden, Tim Leadingham & Sam Thompson

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish, North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 27 February 2023

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2023

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

USFL United States Football League 2022

United States Football League Logo [Reference: 11]

Standings

USFL United States Football League North Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
19100.90023218250W9
26400.60026224319L1
32800.200211236-25W1
41900.100147243-96L5

USFL United States Football League South Division 2022

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
19100.90023416965W1
26400.60019616432L1
34600.400162195-33L2
43700.300196208-12W2

Standings calculated automatically from results. For Official Standings please visit USFL website at: [References: 10]

Playoffs

USFL United States Football League Playoffs 2022

Schedule compiled from schedule in USFL website. For Official Schedule please visit USFL website at: [References: 14] Note: All times GMT +1 (Summer Time)

For Box-Score and Game Recap of the USFL Championship Game please click on the Game in the Schedule Above.

Schedule

USFL United States Football League 2022

Match Day Week 1
(Week 1)
24 - 28

New Jersey Generals vs Birmingham Stallions

(Week 1)
17 - 12

Houston Gamblers vs Michigan Panthers

(Week 1)
17 - 23

Philadelphia Stars vs New Orleans Breakers

(Week 1)
17 - 3

Tampa Bay Bandits vs Pittsburgh Maulers

Match Day Week 2
(Week 2)
6 - 10

Michigan Panthers vs New Jersey Generals

(Week 2)
23 - 30

Pittsburgh Maulers vs Philadelphia Stars

(Week 2)
33 - 28

Birmingham Stallions vs Houston Gamblers

(Week 2)
34 - 3

New Orleans Breakers vs Tampa Bay Bandits

Match Day Week 3
(Week 3)
27 - 26

Tampa Bay Bandits vs Houston Gamblers

(Week 3)
0 - 24

Pittsburgh Maulers vs Michigan Panthers

(Week 3)
22 - 13

Birmingham Stallions vs New Orleans Breakers

(Week 3)
24 - 16

New Jersey Generals vs Philadelphia Stars

Match Day Week 4
(Week 4)
26 - 25

Philadelphia Stars vs Michigan Panthers

(Week 4)
21 - 13

New Jersey Generals vs Pittsburgh Maulers

(Week 4)
10 - 16

Tampa Bay Bandits vs Birmingham Stallions

(Week 4)
16 - 23

Houston Gamblers vs New Orleans Breakers

Match Day Week 5
(Week 5)
20 - 27

Michigan Panthers vs Tampa Bay Bandits

(Week 5)
17 - 27

New Orleans Breakers vs New Jersey Generals

(Week 5)
30 - 17

Birmingham Stallions vs Philadelphia Stars

(Week 5)
21 - 20

Pittsburgh Maulers vs Houston Gamblers

Match Day Week 6
(Week 6)
17 - 33

Michigan Panthers vs Birmingham Stallions

(Week 6)
28 - 35

Tampa Bay Bandits vs Philadelphia Stars

(Week 6)
16 - 26

Pittsburgh Maulers vs New Orleans Breakers

(Week 6)
25 - 26

Houston Gamblers vs New Jersey Generals

Match Day Week 7
(Week 7)
20 - 13

New Jersey Generals vs Tampa Bay Bandits

(Week 7)
31 - 27

New Orleans Breakers vs Michigan Panthers

(Week 7)
26 - 16

Birmingham Stallions vs Pittsburgh Maulers

(Week 7)
35 - 24

Philadelphia Stars vs Houston Gamblers

Match Day Week 8
(Week 8)
18 - 29

Pittsburgh Maulers vs New Jersey Generals

(Week 8)
9 - 10

New Orleans Breakers vs Birmingham Stallions

(Week 8)
24 - 46

Michigan Panthers vs Philadelphia Stars

(Week 8)
3 - 13

Houston Gamblers vs Tampa Bay Bandits

Match Day Week 9
(Week 9)
25 - 23

New Jersey Generals vs Michigan Panthers

(Week 9)
17 - 15

Houston Gamblers vs Birmingham Stallions

(Week 9)
6 - 17

Tampa Bay Bandits vs New Orleans Breakers

(Week 9)
17 - 16

Philadelphia Stars vs Pittsburgh Maulers

Match Day Week 10
(Week 10)
23 - 26

Philadelphia Stars vs New Jersey Generals

(Week 10)
21 - 18

Birmingham Stallions vs Tampa Bay Bandits

(Week 10)
3 - 20

New Orleans Breakers vs Houston Gamblers

(Week 10)
33 - 21

Michigan Panthers vs Pittsburgh Maulers

Schedule compiled from schedule in USFL website. For Official Schedule please visit USFL website at: [References: 14] Note: All times GMT +1 (Summer Time)

Weekly Recaps

Week 1 (16-18 April 2022)

Birmingham Stallions opened the 2022 USFL season, the first since 1985, with a 28-24 victory over New Jersey Generals, once owned back in the 1980s by former US President Donald Trump. Despite a lawsuit from the original owners claiming trademark violations, the league went ahead, and the home team Stallions won the first of four opening weekend games played at their Protective Stadium (it was planned for all games to be played at Protective Stadium throught the season as part of the hub model). Other games saw wins for Houston Gamblers (17-12 versus Michigan Panthers), New Orleans Breakers (23-17 versus Philadelphia Stars) and Tampa Bay Bandits (17-3 versus Pittsburgh Maulers). [References: 13-14]

Week 2 (23-25 April 2022)

In the North Division New Jersey Generals improved to 1-1 with their first win of the season in a low-scoring game versus Michigan Panthers (10-6 to the Generals) and Philadelphia Stars likewise got their first win, 30-23 against Pittsburgh Maulers (0-2) in a Pennsylvania derby. The South Division, dominant during week 1, saw Birmingham Stallions make full usage of the home field advantage to move to 2-0 with a 33-28 defeat of Houston Gamblers, while New Orleans Breakers joined them on 2-0 with a huge 34-3 victory over Tampa Bay Bandits. [References: 13-14]

Week 3 (30 April-2 May 2022)

The South Division match-up between Tampa Bay Bandits and Houston Gamblers (both 1-1 coming into the game) was the closest of the weekend with Bandits prevailing 27-26. Birmingham Stallions were the only remaining undefeated team after defeating New Orleans Breakers, who were also undefeated coming into the game, 22-13. The North Division also saw a match-up between the two joint-division leaders (on wins) with New Jersey Generals winning 24-16 versus Philadelphia Stars. The other game between winless Pittsburgh Maulers and Michigan Panthers went the way of the Panthers, 24-0. [References: 13-14]

May 2022 Recap (Weeks 4-7)

Birmingham Stallions made full use of homefield advantage winning all four games at Protective Stadium in May, defeating Tampa Bay Bandits, Phiadelphia Stars, Michigan Panthers and Pittsburgh Maulers on their way to 7-0. Second place in the South Division was occupied by New Orleans Breakers on 5-2 who went 3-1 during May with only a loss to New Jersey Generals spoiling the record which included wins over Houston Gamblers, Michigan Panthers and Pittsburgh Maulers. Tampa Bay Bandits picked up a win over Michigan Panthers to go 3-4 in an otherwise disappointing May for the Florida team. Houston Gamblers lost all four games in May to be left out of playoff contention on 1-6. [References: 13-14]

The North Division saw New Jersey Generals assured of a playoff spot with their six game winning streak to week 7 leaving them on 6-1. Philadelphia Stars were almost assured of a playoff spot also standing on 4-3 as they defeated Michigan Panthers, Tampa Bay Bandits and Houston Gamblers in May. Michigan Panthers lost four in a row as the team from the City of Big Cats were joined on 1-6 by Pittsburgh Maulers who managed their first win with a narrow 21-20 victory over Houston Gamblers to also stand on 1-6 at the end of May. [References: 13-14]

June 2022 Recap (Weeks 8-10)

After narrowly defeating New Orleans Breakers 10-9 to record their eighth successive victory, Birmigham Stallions suffered a big shock in week 9 with a 17-15 loss to Houston Gamblers, only the Gamblers second victory of the season. The Stallions bounced back with a 21-18 triumph over Tampa Bay Bandits on the Final day of the Regular Season to finish 9-1 and capture the South Division title. New Orleans breakers joined the Stallions in the playoffs with a victory over Tampa Bay Bandits in week 9, but suffered a loss to the surging Houston Gamblers in the last week to finish 6-4. Tampa Bay Bandits won 13-3 versus Houston Gamblers in week 9 as the Bandits secured third place in the division with the win. Houston Gamblers finished 3-7 with those two shock victories against playoff-bound Birmigham and New Orleans to put a gloss on what was a disappointing season for the Texas team. [References: 13-14]

The North Division Champions were New Jersey Generals who finished off the regular season with victories over division rivals Pittsburgh Maulers, Michigan Panthers and Philadelphia Stars to complete a nine-game winning streak to end the regular season after that first loss to Birmingham Stallions in week 1. The Generals were joined in the playoffs by Philadelphia Stars who defeated Michigan Panthers and Pittsburgh Maulers either side of the loss to New Jersey in week 9 to finish on 6-4. The battle for the unenviable crown of first draft pick in 2023 went to Pittsburgh Maulers who finished 1-9 after a five game losing streak to end season including a 21-33 defeat to Michigan Panthers who finished 2-8 with the victory. [References: 13-14]

Playoff Preview

New Jersey Generals head into the Playoffs on the back of a nine-game winning streak which saw the Generals finish the regular season 9-1. The Garden State team’s only loss came in week 1 when they lost to host city team for the hub model in 2022, Birmigham Stallions 24-28. The Stallions themselves finished on 9-1 also, with a shock loss to the surprising Houston Gamblers in the penultimate week of the regular season. The Generals play North Division runners-up Philadelphia Stars (6-4) who they beat twice during the regular season in the Playoffs while Birmingham Stallions also meet a 6-4 team the New Orleans Breakers, who they also defeated twice during the regular season. All playoff games shall be played at the Professional Football Hall of Fame Stadium in Canton, Ohio, the birthplace just over 100 years ago of the National Football League (NFL) the Major Professional Football League. [References: 13-14]

Playoffs (26 June 2022)

Philadelphia Stars shocked New Jersey Generals 19-14 ending a nine-game winning-streak for the Generals. New Jersey had defeated the Stars twice during the regular season. Philadelphia meet Birmingham Stallions in the USFL Championship Game after the Stallions triumphed 31-17 over New Orleans Breakers in the other Semi-Finals. [References: 13-14]

USFL Championship Game 2022 (3 July 2022)

Birmingham Stallions triumphed over Philadelphia Stars 33-30 thanks to two inportant interceptions in the fourth quarter – one of which was returned for a 46yard Touchdown by S Wright III and three more touchdowns as well as two Field Goals by R Aubrey. A Stars fightback in the 4th Quarter was ended by first Wright III’s interception with 3:03 left on the clock and then C McFarland’s timely interception with 28 seconds left which ended the game. [See Box-Score and Recap in the Game Link above]

About the USFL 2022

The United States Football League (USFL) 2022 is a reincarnation of the successful Spring alternative to the National Football League (NFL) which ran from 1983 to 1985 before an unsuccessful bid to move to an autumn season and taking the NFL head-on [See link to USFL 1983-1985 below for more details]. The 2022 version shall be played entirely within a Hub City in Birmingham, Alabama, a model first used by The Spring League (TSL) from 2016 to 2021, before that league went into partnership with Fox Sports and bought out the naming rights and logos of the USFL 1983-1985 and renaming itself USFL for 2022 [See link below for The Spring League for more details] . The USFL 2022 published a 10-game schedule culminating in Semi-Finals and Championship Game between the top two teams in each Division [10].

For More on the USFL 1983-1985 please see:

And for More on The Spring League (TSL) 2017-2021 please see:

Map of USA with USFL Cities and Team Logos

Map of USFL Teams 2022
High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling Contributor: Bardocz Peter with additional USFL 2022 Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie References: [60]

[12] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NFL AFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][11 February 2022][For NFL Logos please see References 2-8]

References

[1] Fox Sports (2022) USFL unveils team cities, nicknames and logos for 2022 debut [Internet] Available from: https://www.foxsports.com/stories/usfl/usfl-unveils-team-cities-nicknames-and-logos-for-2022-debut [Accessed 11 February 2022]

[10] Fox Sports (2022) USFL 2022: Jeff Fischer, Larry Fedora named as final two coaches [Internet] Available from: https://www.foxsports.com/stories/usfl/usfl-2022-jeff-fisher-larry-fedora-named-as-final-two-coaches [Accessed 11 February 2022]

Logo References

[2] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Panthers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Panthers.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[3] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Generals [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Generals.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[4] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Stars [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Stars.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[5] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Maulers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Maulers.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[6] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Stallions [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Stallions.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[7] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Gamblers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Gamblers.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[8] USFL (2022) Logos_USFL_Breakers [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/images/Logos_USFL_Breakers.svg [Accessed 11 February 2022]

[9] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Bandits [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Bandits.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[11] Sports Logos History (2018) USFL Logo 1983-1985 [Internet] Available from: https://sportslogohistory.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/united_states_football_league.png [Accessed 31 December 2019]

Maps

[12] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NFL AFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][11 February 2022][For NFL Logos please see References 2-8]

Standings and Schedule References

[13] TheUSFL (2022) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/standings [Accessed 26 June 2022]

[14] TheUSFL (2022) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/schedule  [Accessed 9 April 2022][Last Accessed 4 July 2022]

[15] TheUSFL (2022) Box Score: Birmingham Stallions v Philadelphia Stars Box Score 43 [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/championship-birmingham-stallions-vs-philadelphia-stars-jul-03-2022-game-boxscore-43 [Accessed 4 July 2022]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Todd Zboyan and Decy Maher.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 4 July 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Major Alternative Football Leagues Final Standings 2021

Canadian Football League 2021

CFL Logo [Reference: 1]

Canadian Football League East Division 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
195018309318-9L1
28601631224468W1
37701434630541L1
431106224384-160W1

Canadian Football League West Division 2021

PosTeamWLTPctPFPANet PtsStreak
1113020361188173L2
2950182902846L1
38601631526352W3
459010312351-39W1
531106246378-132L1

CFL Canadian Football League Playoffs 2021

Match Day Eastern Semi-Final
(Eastern Semi-Final)
23 - 12

Hamilton Tiger-Cats vs Montreal Alouettes

Match Day Western Semi-Final
(Western Semi-Final)
33 OT - 30

Saskatchewan Roughriders vs Calgary Stampeders

Match Day Eastern Final
(Eastern Final)
19 - 27

Toronto Argonauts vs Hamilton Tiger-Cats

Match Day Western Final