XFLs and Spring Leagues

A new Era in Development League (AAA) Football began in 2001 with the first XFL, designed to give Football fans fed up with the NFL and Arena Football League “Hard Working Class Football” back. It lasted one season, but new leagues came up in 2009 (United Football League) and 2011-2013 (Stars Football League); 2014-15 (Fall Xperimental Football League) and 2017-2020 (The Spring League). The Budget XFL was resurrected in 2020 for half a season (it was cancelled due to the COVID virus) but is scheduled to return in 2023. The Spring Leagues are usually based in one city or area (Stars Football League, FXFL, TSL) which moves year-on-year. In 2022 The Spring League shall rebrand as the United States Football League, based in Birmingham, Alabama. Generally speaking the XFL, United Football League (2009-2011) and Alliance of American Football (2019) have been a step above the Spring Development Leagues (Stars Football League, FXFL, The Spring League).

Picture Credit: XFL- 2/9/20-MetLife Stadium East Rutherford,NJ- The Guardians host the Vipers on opening day of the XFL. By Christopher Lyzcen[Shutterstock]

From the early 1990s to 2020 Leagues have sprung up that have attempted to be the AFL / WFL / USFL of the Era. Some of these Leagues, such as the XFL of 2001 and 2020 have had quite an impact on the American Football scene, with big budgets, and Major TV contracts.

XFL’s (2001-2021)

RFL 1999; XFL 2001; 2020; AAF 2019

XFL (Seasons): 2020

Alliance of American Football (Seasons): 2019

United Football League (Overview and Seasons):

United Football League 2009-2011

2011 2010 2009 

XFL (Match Reports and Scorers):

XFL (Seasons): 2001

Regional Football League (Seasons): 1999

UFL Shield
UFL Shield

Picture Credit: [4] United Football League | Internet Archive (2012) UFL Shield [Internet] Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20121029043349im_/http://ufl-football.com.ismmedia.com/ISM3/std-content/repos/Top/Logos/UFL_Shield.png[Accessed 13 August 2019]

Another set of leagues has played a limited schedule – 2 to 6 games per team per season, often due to fans not showing up at the gates, or sometimes due to repositioning themselves as leagues confined to one area – ie. South Florida (Stars Football League) or New York / New England (FXFL)

Spring Leagues (2009-2021)

Spring Football League 2000; UFL 2009-2011; Stars Football League 2011-2013; FXFL 2014-2015; The Spring League 2017-2021

United Football League (2022):

The Spring League (Seasons): 

The Spring League 2017-Present

2021 2020 2019 2018 2017

The Spring League (Fall Seasons): 2020

FXFL Fall Experimental Football League (Seasons): 

FXFL Fall Experimental Football League 2014-2015


Stars Football League (Seasons):

Stars Football League 2011-2013  

2013 2012 2011

Spring Football League (Seasons): 2000