Category: American Football Timelines

Major Professional Football League Teams (LFA, CFL, NFC, AFC, ELF, WNFC) 1896-2022

CFL Canadian Football League Teams 1873-2021

PosTeamYear
11873
21910
31936
41945
51946
61947
71950
81953
92014

NFL National Football League Original 12 Teams 1896-1953

PosTeamYear
11896
21919
31922
41924
51929
61932
71933
81933
91935
101946
111946
121953

AFL American Football League Expansion Era Teams 1960

PosTeamYear
11960
21960
31960
41960
51960
61960
71960
81960
91960
101960

NFL National Football League Southern Expansion Era 1966-2002

PosTeamYear
11966
21967
31967
41969
51976
61976
71995
81995
91996
101998
112002
122021

LFA Liga de Futbol Americano Teams 2016-2022

PosTeamYear
12016
22016
32016
42016
52017
62017
72018
82018
92022
102022
112022

WNFC Women's National Football Conference Teams 2021-2022

PosTeamYear
12019
22019
32019
42019
52019
62019
72019
82019
92019
102019
112019
122019
132020
142020
152020
162020
172020

ELF European League of Football Teams 2021-2022

PosTeamYear
12021
22021
32021
42021
52021
62021
72021
82021
92022
102022
112022
122022

Professional Football Team Renaming Era Teams 2021-2022

PosTeamYear
12021
22022

About

List of Major Professional American Football Teams 2022 by League and Era: CFL Canada, NFL National Original 12, AFL American 1960, NFL Southern Expansion 1966-2002, LFA Mexico, WNFC Women’s National Football Conference, ELF Europe, Pro Football Renaming Era.

Team USA IFAF Women’s World Cup 2010

STOCKHOLM – JULY 3: Team USA wins gold in first ever IFAF woman’s tackle football world championship July 3, 2010 in Stockholm, Sweden, Team USA dominates by winning all their games. Reference: [21]

[21] Image Contributor Greg Perkins (2010) STOCKHOLM – JULY 3: Team USA wins gold in first ever IFAF woman’s tackle football world championship July 3, 2010 in Stockholm, Sweden, Team USA dominates by winning all their games. Item ID: 56511814 [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/stockholm-july-3-team-usa-wins-56511814 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

LFA LOGO REFERENCES

[1] Artilleros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ArtillerosLFA/photos/a.298541940883309/579119006158933/    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/73513561_579119012825599_8802706180922146816_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=5nO8n1bZCXsAX9_5Lnj&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=c6a6d0a303ab49f16b9e426ddf538b25&oe=61C12730  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[14] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[15] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[16] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[17] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[1] Mayas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MayasLFA/photos/a.916904715071809/4490334654395446/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248497239_4490334641062114_2420135574359291948_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=tyzQ2K5mI24AX-IE9d5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2e12ee551f216704032abc0943f123a&oe=61A09048 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[18] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[1] Osos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=251129953689617&set=a.125371869598760  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243020024_251129950356284_294552196448173790_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nI9MStm2EZQAX9vtC2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=d69c71335d78090b5ef73d3f92b43bcf&oe=61A0E836  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[19] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[20] Reyes LFA (2021) Profile Picture, November 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ReyesLFA/photos/a.104544895379393/113206377846578 [Accessed 21 December 2021][Actual Image link available at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/258195584_113206374513245_5663298235135969257_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=zn-zaWl4W4gAX9YEBZR&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_lNWqkZvrPIwTDFtz3FinayT6oF9lUkQJxBrNCq-bwzw&oe=61C6A29E   [Accessed 21 December 2021]

[21] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2019) LFA 2018 Logo [Internet] Available from: https://i1.wp.com/lfa.mx/2018/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/LFAlogonew.png?fit=734%2C734&ssl=1 %5BAccessed 1 August 2018]

CFL Logo References

[3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

NFL Logo References

TEAM LOGO REFERENCES

[3] SportsLogos (2021) y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/151/full/y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[4] SportsLogos (2021) n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/149/full/n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[5] SportsLogos (2021) 7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/150/full/7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[6] SportsLogos (2021) 9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/152/full/9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[7] SportsLogos (2021) 5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6741/full/5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[8] SportsLogos (2021) 960 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/167/full/960.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[9] SportsLogos (2021) 406 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/165/full/406.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[10] SportsLogos (2021) 919 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/166/full/919.gif [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[11] SportsLogos (2021) 970 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/156/full/970.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[12] SportsLogos (2021) 318 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/153/full/318.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[13] SportsLogos (2021) 7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/155/full/7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[14] SportsLogos (2021) cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/154/full/cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[15] SportsLogos (2021) dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/171/full/dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[16] SportsLogos (2021) 364 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/169/full/364.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[17] SportsLogos (2021) 1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/170/full/1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[18] SportsLogos (2021) 2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/172/full/2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[19] SportsLogos (2021) 593 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/158/full/593.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[20] SportsLogos (2021) 1053 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/160/full/1053.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[21] SportsLogos (2021) 570 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/157/full/570.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[22] SportsLogos (2021) 8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/159/full/8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[23] SportsLogos (2021) 299 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/173/full/299.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[24] SportsLogos (2021) 907 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/175/full/907.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[25] SportsLogos (2021) 8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/176/full/8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[26] SportsLogos (2021) 8f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/174/full/f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[27] SportsLogos (2021) 9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/161/full/9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp.png  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[28] SportsLogos (2021) 857 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/162/full/857.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[29] SportsLogos (2021) 8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6708/full/8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[30] SportsLogos (2021) 1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6446/full/1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[31] SportsLogos (2021) 9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/179/full/9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[32] SportsLogos (2021) 8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/5941/full/8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[33] SportsLogos (2021) pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/180/full/pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[34] SportsLogos (2021) kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/177/full/kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[1] Chris Creamer’s SportsLogos (2021) 581 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/186/full/581.gif  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

Renaming Era Logos

[1] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

Sports Logos (2022) washington_commanders_logo_primary_20228587  [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6832/full/washington_commanders_logo_primary_20228587.png [Accessed 16 March 2022]

ELF Logo References

[4] European League of Football Facebook Page (2021) Post, 26 April 2021: “The divisions with the updated Leipzig Kings logo!” [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/europeanleagueoffootball/photos/a.189040923024867/211338784128414 [Accessed 27 April 2021]

[5] European League of Football (2021) Stats [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/stats [Accessed 10 November 2021]

[6] European League of Football (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/schedule [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[7] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[8] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[9] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[10] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[11] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[12] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[13] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[14] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[9] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[11] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[12] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

WNFC LOGO REFERENCES

[3] Alabama Fire Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 21, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/alabamafire/photos/a.1609678612645442/2293692044244092/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44509495_2293692047577425_4284616892968075264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=cQmCwodyQdEAX-kFyPU&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_8vGrz57fSeRJqyW55hpcP_F5vJhTx_F_ZxYMRseWcOQ&oe=621566F2 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[4] Atlanta Phoenix Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, April 14, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AtlantaPhoenixFootball/photos/a.224221407625012/1626942494019556 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at:https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/30697661_1626942494019556_7969326540513182352_n.png?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Jp1t1-bXQHsAX-ugEOD&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-wdnImKivvSS61iNOGXls9xHH_l5geYJawYx1a6fcQEQ&oe=6212DE84 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[5] Denver Bandits Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 17, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/photos/a.694497494246762/857745641255279/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/64665741_857745644588612_690902092935593984_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ns4HkFNPsy0AX-ns5Es&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-GMZ2la3wrvayys0Y6tNMYdVdGxTNIbCRU6n3PBjmDQg&oe=621522E9 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[6] Florida Avengers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Florida.Avengers/photos/a.444326052990129/1073632963392765/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252851785_1073632960059432_8783092411184468427_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=22cjTbIcL8YAX-brk_1&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-rn_JeOLGueQ62PUdnTF37ba5VVPGpPgbxEmC-3uMCVw&oe=61F2B6FB  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[7] Houston Heat Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/WNFCHoustonHeat/photos/a.101981541417155/101981974750445 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/89009194_101981978083778_547615919447212032_n.png?_nc_cat=110&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7jLQROMpYssAX_bSUg4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9K1VJ-Xlyh6TCNYVdvFD2_bYSZbM1rUPuGc3l63SXF4w&oe=6215516C  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[8] Kansas City Glory (2022) Homepage-Hero-logo [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/5ddec83f9ab6b86728e295af/1582579183598-UA8B2Z059AAMXEOWDA1M/Homepage-Hero-logo.png?format=2500w [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[9] La Muerte De Las Cruces Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LaMuerteFootball/photos/a.390852434591826/1561945220815869/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/194878743_1561945224149202_7641845063387106805_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=9OWPUuc5UKgAX-khyHF&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8243sezauFUbOeyBri1zbN3OClBjSOkBFMwt0ISI2H_w&oe=6212CBC5  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[10] Las Vegas Silver Stars Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LVSilverStarsFootball/photos/a.1929343060616749/2899989276885451 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248577713_2899989270218785_131257031838698926_n.png?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qxHLlhCyIwIAX_fD1II&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9NBXIrQZ-lANT0-nEvhcY5jXQ-9EndWV_81CjSC20_7w&oe=61F41286 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[11] Los Angeles Legends Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[12] Mississippi Panthers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 2, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MSLadyPanthers/photos/a.575906792827673/1153536968397983/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145288747_1153536971731316_2848686869016924911_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=V-3yYTBAJQwAX8YPnCx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-CSuYrerBEmufa0tp-50nofw-w188z_ggKmmD6tQ-DIQ&oe=6213BC91  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[13] Oregon Ravens (2022) qt=q_95 [Internet] Available from: https://img1.wsimg.com/isteam/ip/326e9407-7443-4da5-a670-39b13b7164b9/logo/fa9954f8-725e-4ec5-a68f-5fe6c965ee58.png/:/rs=w:464,h:308,cg:true,m/cr=w:464,h:308/qt=q:95 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[14] Philadelphia Phantomz Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhantomzFootball/photos/a.102794326739605/1453719594980398/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/201968735_1453719601647064_3836045334241024886_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=trlH0vaotY8AX_c1G3B&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_uuaruRfjS8o6Mxq2UiHRMCvhNtwFD6a56VIe2p0F2fw&oe=62138196  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[15] Phoenix Prowlers Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, July 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhoenixProwlers/photos/a.269533323675889/616087212353830/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/82912655_616087215687163_1901893860461600867_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=S3I48O9maFIAX_Q7Sj6&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9AnmXZcLMwCkNfXkvg1Nk8vQ24U4EPqKGcKwr8BPxX1A&oe=62126E0E  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[16] San Diego Rebellion (2022) Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306 [Internet] Available from: https://sandiegorebellion.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306.png [Accessed 24 January 2021]

[17] Seattle Majestics Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=124573763007179&set=a.124573753007180  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/161980636_124573766340512_6997491678419297740_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=W5lerB3p6vMAX8pgKcG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-or5wfT9cNPTH8EOgDCOTKXWvnT3g9L5IoKxqbY7jtSg&oe=6213E17F [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[18] Texas Elite Spartans Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 13, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/TexasEliteWomensFootball/photos/a.858993514267272/952798374886785  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/35199038_952798378220118_8483117007296790528_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=UFujdTN1TcAAX-J7EiE&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8BIjouip6Bt8otGYJaWC3kX3A5lmOfCyDhf9GDJaz5Gw&oe=62145C1A  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[19] Utah Falconz (2022) Asset-1 [Internet] Available from: https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.203/79k.a05.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Asset-1.png [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[20] Washington Prodigy (2022) 10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/58fa4a95bebafb32e27e2b9f/63bf0db8-db1b-457f-9d60-8b2162fb7077/10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG.png?format=1500w  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

MAP REFERENCE

[22] 123RF (2022) Mexico map and flag – highly detailed vector illustration Image ID: 78267524 Copyright: dikobrazik [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_78267524_mexico-map-and-flag-highly-detailed-vector-illustration.html?vti=o7a7x8rghuckf7jo01-1-64 [Accessed 10 January 2022]/ LFA Team and Map Combined by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Caroline Mitchell & Francesco

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 16 March 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021-2022

You are free to copy this document in whole or part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

AFI American Football Ireland and Predecessors Teams Timeline 1942-2022

ETO (1942-1944), AAF (1983), AFAI (1984-1999), IAFA (2001-2018), and AFI (2019-2022) Teams Timeline.

AFI American Football Ireland Timeline 1942-2022

PosTeamYearLeague
1Hale Blue Devils1942ETO
1Tech Fighting Irish1942ETO
1Yarvard Crimson Tide1942ETO
4Army Wolverines1944ETO
4Navy Galloping Gaels1944ETO
6Redskins1983AAF
6Yankees1983AAF
81984-1993AFAI
91985-1990AFAI
101985-1988AFAI
111986-1995; 2003-2022AFAI, IAFA, AFI
121986-1998AFAI
131986-1996AFAI
14Carrickfergus / East Antrim Cougars1986-1989AFAI
15Aldergrove Hawks1987AFAI
161987-1996AFAI
17Bangor Buccaneers1987AFAI
171987AFAI
191987-1990AFAI
201987AFAI
211988-1993AFAI
211988-1993AFAI
231989-1993AFAI
24Bray Seahawks1989AFAI
25Dublin Pirates1990AFAI
261991-1993AFAI
27Brownlow Bandits1991AFAI
27Newtownabbey Warriors1991AFAI
291992AFAI
301993AFAI
311994-2022AFAI, IAFA, AFI
321994-1995AFAI
331995-1998AFAI
341996-1997AFAI
351997AFAI
361998-1999AFAI
371998AFAI
381998-1999AFAI
391999AFAI
402000-2022IAFA, AFI
412000-2015IAFA
422001-2022IAFA, AFI
432002-2008IAFA
442002-2022IAFA, AFAI
452006-2010IAFA
462006IAFA
472007-2022IAFA, AFI
482007-2008IAFA
482007-2008IAFA
502008-2022IAFA. AFI
502008-2022IAFA, AFI
522009-2010IAFA
532009IAFA
542009-2022IAFA, AFI
55Institute of Technology Carlow Chargers2010IAFA
562010-2013IAFA
572011-2014IAFA
582011-2022IAFA, AFI
592012-2019IAFA
602012-2022IAFA, AFI
612012-2017IAFA
622014-2017IAFA
632014-2022IAFA, AFI
642014-2017IAFA
652014-2020IAFA
662015-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
672016-2022IAFA, AFI
712017-2022IAFA, AFI
722018-2022AFI
732019-2022AFI

European Theater of Operations (1942-1944), All-American Festival (1983)

The first teams based in Ireland were the European Theater of Operations Football Championship teams of US Army and Navy personnel stationed in Northern Ireland during World War II. The Hale Blue Devils, Yarvard Crimson Tide, Tech Fighting Irish, Army Wolverines and Navy Galloping Gaels played a handful of matches in Larne, Ravenhill and Newry. In 1983 with Britain’s Channel 4 TV station showing the game on our screens for the first time, the Redskins and Yankees – two teams of specially trained Rugby Union players played at the All-American Festival in Banbridge, Co. Down.

American Football Association of Ireland (1987-1999)

With the founding of the Dublin Celts in the Phoenix Park in 1984 the foundations of Irish American Football proper were laid. Following quickly were Coleraine Chieftains, also 1984 but not kitted until 1986, Craigavon Cowboys, Belfast Blitzers, Ballymena Wolfhounds, Carrickfergus Cougars in 1985 and 1986. The Wolfhounds withdrew from the AFAI in 1986 and concentrated solely on Youth Football, becoming fully kitted in 1991. The other five mentioned teams played in the first season of the American Football Association of Ireland in 1986. In 1987 Belfast Spartans, Jordanstown Jaguars, Bangor Buccaneers, Dublin Tornadoes, Belfast Giants, East Side Jets (Castlereagh) joined the league as did Aldergrove Hawks, who only played preseason. The 11 teams was soon whittled down to 8 as Jordanstown and East Side folded during the season and Bangor Buccaneers folded after the season. In 1988, however, the Antrim A26 Bulldogs were born. The Lee Valley Steelers in Cork were also formed that year. Belfast Blitzers dropped out of the league after 1988 and in 1989 Belfast Giants did likewise. 1989, however, saw the birth of the Bray Seahawks and Limerick Patriots. Bray played the one season of friendlies and Limerick never joined the league proper, playing in an 8v8 Mini-League.

1990 saw the birth and death of the Dublin Pirates. In 1991 Coleraine Chieftains and Carrickfergus Cougars merged as the Newtownabbey Warriors. This was to be the pattern for the next decade – one or two teams would fold each year and one replaced them. In 1991 the Junior Kitted League started in Northern Ireland with the Wolfhounds, Brownlow Bandits (a feeder team for the Cowboys), the Belfast Junior Spartans and the Prospect Pumas. Pumas were to become the Carrickfergus Knights senior team in 1994. Before that was to happen, however, the Drogheda Vikings entered the league in 1992, lasting one season, before a splinter group formed the Ardee Falcons in 1993, playing 8v8 Football for one season. That year was the last year of the Celts, Patriots, Falcons and Steelers as the league numbers dwindled. The Cowboys also folded temporarily, replaced by the nearby Lurgan Area Raiders in 1994. In 1995 the Dublin Lightning were formed by former Celts players. 1996 was the last year of the Tornadoes and Spartans. All of the original teams had now disappeared. Portadown Panthers replaced the Raiders in 1996 and were again replaced by the returning Craigavon Cowboys in 1998. The Tornadoes were replacerd by the Dublin Tigers in 1998 who had merged with the Gateway Bulls who were formed in Dublin in 1997. Greystones Rebels also formed around this time but stayed out of the league most season, as did the Dublin Lightning due to disatisfaction with the running of the league. 1998 saw Queen’s University Belfast Broncos play the first of two seasons, and a new team in Belfast, the Lasers played 7v7 Football in 1999.

Irish American Football Association (2001-2019)

By 2000, however, all but three teams had folded: Carrickfergus Cougars, Greystones Rebels and Dublin Lightning, with only one still affiliated to AFAI. Following protracted disputes, eventually leading to a court case, the AFAI was replaced by the IAFA in 2001 and the league started afresh with the Tigers and Rebels merged to become the Dublin Rebels, the Carrickfergus Knights and two entirely new teams: Dublin Dragons, formed from a Flag Football team, and the University of Limerick Vikings. The League expanded rapidly adding the Cork Admirals, Belfast Bulls and a resurrected Craigavon Cowboys by 2003 and the North Dublin Marshals and Dublin City University Saints by 2006. In 2007 the Marshals were replaced by the Tallaght Outlaws who lasted until 2008, the Edenderry Soldiers and the Belfast Trojans, a split from the Belfast Bulls. The Bulls folded after the 2008 season, and that year the introduction of the DV8 Development League saw a boom in team numbers: Both seconds teams, West Dublin Rhinos and Trinity College Dublin Thunderbolts were added that year. In 2009 the Erris (Mayo) Rams (until 2010), Midlands Soldiers (a merger of Edenderry Soldiers and new team Mullingar Archers, which lasted one season) and University College Dublin Sentinels joined the league. In 2010 the Soldiers were replaced in the midlands by Tullamore Phoenix, who played until 2013, and the IT Carlow Chargers who lost their sponsor after one game. Drogheda Lightning and Trim (Meath) Bulldogs joined in 2011 and in 2012 North Kildare Reapers, Mullingar Minotaurs and Waterford Wolves joined.

By 2013 the DV8 Development League was replaced by a full 11v11 Division 1 (IAFL 1) below the newly renamed Shamrock Bowl Conference, featuring seven of the Devlopment teams. 2014 saw the introduction of a third division, with Galway Warriors, Dundalk Mavericks, Tyrone Titans and South Kildare Soldiers joining in the IAFL 2. In 2015 Donegal Derry Vipers joined and the Mavericks and Lightning had merged as the Louth Mavericks. In 2016 a further three teams joined: North Dublin Pirates, NI Razorbacks, and Wexford Eagles. That year the Dublin Dragons also disbanded, becoming the reformed South Dublin Panthers. In 2017 the Antrim Jets joined replacing the Tyrone Titans and the two Kildare teams merged as the Cill Dara Crusaders in 2018, by which the Waterford Wolves were playing their last season, as were Galway Warriors in 2019. 2019 was the first year of the Causeway Giants and by now a new administration had taken over, with the IAFA renamed American Football Ireland.

Map of Northern Ireland (2022 Districts) Showing All-Time ETO, AAF, AFAI, IAFA and AFI Teams (1942-2022)

Labeled Color Map of Districts of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Copyright: lara2016 [Superimposed with 1942-2022 AFI and Predecessors Team Logos added by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie [27]

Map of Ireland (2022 Counties, Boroughs and Districts) Showing AFAI (1986-1999), IAFA (2001-2018) and AFI (2019-2022) Republic of Ireland Teams

Map of Ireland administrative divisions on counties level Copyright: lesniewski [28]Combined with 1984-2022 Irish American Football Team Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie [16 January 2022]

Map of Dublin (2022 Counties and Boroughs) Showing AFAI (1984-1999), IAFA (2001-2018) and AFI (2019-2022) Team Locations and Logos

Map of Ireland administrative divisions on counties level

MAP REFERENCES

[27] Vector — Labeled Color Map of Districts of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Copyright: lara2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_144615978_labeled-color-map-of-districts-of-northern-ireland-united-kingdom.html?vti=lnoo9k86jx77fg2u6b-1-21 [Accessed 10 January 2022] Superimposed on [28] Vector — Map of Ireland administrative divisions on counties level Copyright: lesniewski [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_51580818_map-of-ireland-administrative-divisions-on-counties-level.html?vti=lnoo9k86jx77fg2u6b-1-1 [Accessed 10 January 2022] Combined with 1987 Irish American Football Team Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie [10 January 2022]

REFERENCES

[1] Dublin Celts American Football Team Facebook Page (2016) Photo by Joseph Greene August 28, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1421158977901127&set=gm.269427200117075&type=3&theater&ifg=1 [Accessed 3 July 2018]

[2] Dublin Dragons – IAFA (2018) Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/dragons.jpg [Accessed 16 November 2018]

[3] Dublin Lightning (1999) Lightning Logo [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20010614095221im_/http://www.geocities.com:80/Colosseum/Stadium/6662/lightninglogo.jpg [Accessed 4 July 2018]

[4] Irish American Football Association (2018) Dublin Rebels Team Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Team-Logo-Dublin-Rebels-2.png [Accessed 22 July 2018]

[5] Dublin Tornadoes (1995) Timmy Tornado Logo [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19961115063729im_/http://fiachra.ucd.ie:80/~alan/Icons/American/timmy.gif [Accessed 3 July 2018]

[6] North Dublin Marshals – Wayback Machine (2007) North Dublin Marshals Logo [Internet] Avaiilable from: http://web.archive.org/web/20060906220811im_/http://www.northdublinmarshals.com:80/image002.jpg [Accessed 3 August 2018]

[7] North Dublin Pirates (2019) North Dublin Pirates Logo [Internet] Avaiilable from: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/0b/NorthDublinPirates.png [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[8] South Dublin Panthers Facebook Page (2018) South Dublin Panthers Profile Picture https://www.facebook.com/southdublinpanthers/photos/a.345294775649262/906846089494125/?type=1&theater [Accessed 16 November 2018]

[9] Tallaght Outlaws – Wayback Machine (2007) Tallaght Outlaws – Logo [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20070312123103im_/http://www.tallaghtoutlaws.com:80/forum/templates/subSilver/images/logo_phpBB.gif [Accessed 6 July 2018]

[10] Trinity College Dublin American Football | Facebook (2019) TCD American Football Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/214800495197037/photos/1306609992682743/ [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[11] University College Dublin American Football | Facebook (2019) UCD American Football Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/42217493_1698569130253365_7279433760959889408_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=7a5022628bcaee96b826121685dfb223&oe=5CC99467 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[12] West Dublin Rhinos | Twitter (2019) West Dublin Rhinos Logo [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/834675830257229824/fw7mbNXR_400x400.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[13] Antrim Jets | Twitter (2019) Antrim Jets Logo [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/863895806876798976/X–gwGlf_400x400.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[14] Irish American Football Association (2008) Belfast Bulls Logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/bullslogoX.jpg [Accessed 1 December 2018]

[13] Belfast Trojans | Facebook (2019) Belfast Trojans Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/396414_329765713737073_1023026931_n.jpg?_nc_cat=106&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=61cbbd2dd06504291f7e7843703e7b1d&oe=5CB71144 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[16] Carrickfergus Knights – Vimeo (2018) Portrait [Internet] Available from: https://i.vimeocdn.com/portrait/482449_300x300 [Accessed 22 July 2018]

[17] Causeway Giants | Twitter (2019) Causeway Giants Logo [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1053726473272680448/pF_Cb76b_400x400.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[18] Coleraine Chieftans (2002) Coleraine Chieftans: Chief Image [Internet] Available from: http://www.thecolerainechieftans.freeservers.com/images/chief.gif [Accessed 18 July 2018]

[19] Craigavon Cowboys – Twitter Account (2018) Profile Picture [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/864100166680424448/TCauLbnj_400x400.jpg [Accessed 22 July 2018]

[20] Donegal Derry Vipers (2018) Donegal Derry Vipers Logo [Internet] Available from: http://ddvipers.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/DDVIPERS.png [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[21] International Police Association (2018) NI Razorbacks Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.ipa-uk.org/write/Images/Razorbacks_logo.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[22] Tyrone Fermanagh Titans | Facebook (2018) Tyrone Titans Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/21557438_1594065800659297_3400819593502111960_n.jpg?_nc_cat=106&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a7d826672807573a79f7c8876c57df15&oe=5CCC26DA [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[23] Cill Dara Crusaders | Facebook (2018) Cill Dara Crusaders Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/22154178_148372745771309_392433809994775255_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3f80123bc5d863bbaf21c0d014ef795b&oe=5CFCA568 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[24] Drogheda Lightning (2011) Drogheda Lightning Logo [Internet] Available from: https://boltsinblue.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/final_crest_2.png?w=212&h=300 [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[25] Irish American Football Association (2017) Louth Mavericks Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/helmet-decal-2.png [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[26] Irish American Football Association (2017) Meath Bulldogs Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Bulldogs.png [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[27] North Kildare Reapers Facebook Page (2016) North Kildare Reapers Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/1915656_601510396666670_1466765724774743782_n.png?_nc_cat=108&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9ce7704ef3f30893cf5253668ebb76c8&oe=5C98C46E [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[28] South Kildare Soldiers (2016) South Kildare Soldiers Logo [Internet] Available from: https://i.ytimg.com/vi/Sz7Fd5-sSPM/maxresdefault.jpg [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[29] Bolts in Blue (2011) Tullamore Phoenix Logo [Internet] Available from: https://boltsinblue.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/tullamore-phoenix.jpg [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[30] Westmeath Minotaurs | Facebook (2015) Westmeath Minotaurs Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/12065840_1078155085529890_2779932276034449252_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3673d2a991ca4920aad2e85dc589c794&oe=5CC01F4B [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[31] Irish American Football Association (2018) Wexford Eagles Team Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Team-Logo-Wexford-Eagles.png [Accessed 21 January 2019]

[32] Irish American Football Association (2017) Admirals Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Admirals-PNG-1.png [Accessed 30 November 2018]

[33] Irish American Football Association (2017) UL Vikings Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/ULVikings-HI-RES-Logo.png [Accessed 30 November 2018]

[34] Waterford Wolves Twitter – Twitter Profile Image [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/3322832460/9983db1ab02be8203c021435fd9cc127_400x400.png [Accessed 6 July 2018]

[35] Erris Rams Twitter – Twitter Profile Image [Internet] Available from: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/567881658/rsz_rsz_ramlogo_1_400x400.jpg [Accessed 6 July 2018]

[36] Irish American Football Association (2017) Galway Warriors Logo [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Team-Logo-Galway-Warriors.png [Accessed 11 December 2018]

[37] Belfast Blitzers | Facebook (2019) Belfast Blitzers Logo [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/67510518_2229601940484282_4045526367226298368_n.jpg?_nc_cat=110&_nc_oc=AQl1RH5LGTyzP7JMEVoPCpPxclJUvZJLdfcQ4B410nJOwq86JZKgmCdGwLxt9Ohiu_LX86-8QPWKraapOFn6Q0ai&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=28e5b0bd6891c62c2b9a18b51ad283a1&oe=5DE33CA5 [Accessed 8 August 2019]

Yearly Results and Standings References

REFERENCES

SOURCES

[5] (1988) “Ireland” American Football News. 18 August 1988. pg.

[6] (1988) “Shamrock Bowl report” American Football News. 29 September 1988. pg. 22

[1] Anon. (1992) “IRISH CHAMPION CELTS STUNG BY BULLDOG SPIRIT”First Down. July 11, 1992, pg. 17.

[7] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, July 2, 1992, pg. 65

[8] Anon. (1992) “Sad Celts are Torn to shreds”First Down. July 18, 1992, pg. 16.

[9] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Celts blown away”Evening Herald. Thursday, July 9, 1992, pg. 66

[10] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, July 16, 1992, pg. 69

[11] Anon. (1992) “Dublin Celts still winless”First Down. July 25, 1992, pg. 19.

[12] FD Reporter. (1992) “At last! It’s the Dub-win Celts!”First Down. August 15, 1992, pg. 17.

[13] Anon. (1992) “IRISH RESULTS”First Down. August 29, 1992, pg. 17.

[14] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Vikings ready to invade Tallaght”Evening Herald. Thursday, August 13, 1992, pg. 66

[15] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Tornadoes ko Vikings”Evening Herald. Thursday, August 20, 1992, pg. 61

[16] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, August 27, 1992, pg. 61

[17] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, September 3, 1992, pg. 94

[18] Anon. (1992) “Vikings Victory”Drogheda Independent. Friday, September 4, 1992, pg. 11

[19] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, September 10, 1992, pg. 70

[20] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: Gridiron grief for Dubs!”Evening Herald. Thursday, September 17, 1992, pg. 76

[21] Naughton, L. (1992) “Minority Reports: U.S. Football”Evening Herald. Thursday, October 8, 1992, pg. Sport 7

[22] (1993) “Tornadoes Bowl Glory”, First Down, October 9, 1993, pg. 20

[23] Carrickfergus Knights (1994) Knights American Football Club Carrickfergus Shamrock Bowl Programme. Belfast. Aldine Print

[24] Anon. (1994) Dublin Clinch CrownFirst Down. 8 October1994. p. 22

[25] Anon. (1994) ScoreboardFirst Down. 16 July 1994. p. 19

[26] Anon. (1994) Scoreboard. First Down. 9 July 1994. p. 19

[27] Anon. (1994) Lurgan Blank Belfast. First Down. 9 July 1994. p. 20

[28] Anon. (1994) Scoreboard. First Down. 2 July 1994. p. 19

[29] Anon. (1994) Scoreboard. First Down. 18 June 1994. p. 19

[30] Anon. (1994) Full Round-Up of BAFA’s Divisions Two and Three. First Down. 7 May 1994. pg. 21

[31] Anon. (1994) Chicago Knights maintain challenge. Carrick Times. 6 June 1994. pg. 60

[32] Naughton, L. (1994) Tornadoes hit!. Evening Herald. Thursday, 21 April 1994 . pg. 54

[33] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 5 May 1994 . pg. 91

[34] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 26 May 1994 . pg. 68

[35] Naughton, L. (1994) Tornadoes turn up the power. Evening Herald. Thursday, 28 July 1994. pg. 55

[36] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 11 August 1994. pg. 44

[37] Naughton, L. (1994) Tornadoes blow Knights away!. Evening Herald. Thursday, 25 August 1994. pg. 50

[38] Naughton, L. (1994) American Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 22 September 1994. pg.78

[39] Naughton, L. (1994) US Football. Evening Herald. Thursday, 29 September1994. pg.58

[40] Anon (1995) Tornadoes breeze past Carrickfergus to claim third straight Irish title. First Down. 7 October 1995, pg. 21.

[41] (1996) “US Football”, Evening Herald, Thursday, September 19, 1996, pg. 79

WEBSITES

[1] Britball Now (2016) Results Section [1986] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/results-section.html [Accessed 23 March 2017]

[2] Britball Now (2016) Bangor Buccaneers [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/History/Britball%20Teams/BangorBuccaneers.htm [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[3] Britball Now (2016) Results Section [1987] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/results-section.html [Accessed 23 March 2017]

[7] Britball Now (2016) Historial League Tables [1989] [CGL] [Internet] Available from: http://www.britballnow.co.uk/history-index/historical-league-tables-in/ [Accessed 27 February 2017]

[8] Irish American Football Association (2018) Shamrock Bowl History [Internet] Available from: hhttp://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-history/ [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[42] Dublin Tornadoes (1996) Irish American Football League 1995: The League Schedule ’95 / Results in ’95 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19961115060654/http://fiachra.ucd.ie/~alan/american_football.html#main_menu [Accessed 5 July 2017]

[43] Britball (2016) Shamrock Bowl Results www.britball.co.uk/history-index/ireland/shamrock-bowl-results-1986.html [Accessed 2 October 2016]

[44] Irish American Football Association (2018) Shamrock Bowl History [Internet] Available from: hhttp://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-history/ [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[46] Dublin Tornadoes (1996) Irish American Football League 1995: The League Schedule ’95 / Results in ’95 [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/19961115060654/http://fiachra.ucd.ie/~alan/american_football.html#main_menu [Accessed 5 July 2017]

[47] Dublin Tornadoes (1997) Shamrock Bowl [Internet] Available from: www.connect.ie/users/tornadoes/Shamrock.html [Accessed 6 April 2001]

[48] Carrickfergus Knights (1998) Full 1998 AFAI Results and Table [Internet] Available from: www.sugarcube.co.uk/knight/Full_1998_AFAI_Results_and.htm [Accessed 23 May 2000]

[49] Irish American Football Association (2001) 2001 IAFL Standings & Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2001-iafl-standings/schedule [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[50] Irish American Football Association (2002) 2002 IAFL Standings & Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2002-iafl-standings/schedule [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[51] Irish American Football Association (2003) 2003 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2003results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[52] Irish American Football Association (2004) 2004 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2004results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[53] Irish American Football Association (2005) 2005 Resuults [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2005results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[54] Irish American Football Association (2006) [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2006results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[55] Irish American Football Association (2007) 2007 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2007results.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[56] Irish American Football Association (2008) 2008 Results [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl/2008results.htm [Accessed 17 October 2009]

[57] Irish American Football Association (2009) 2009 IAFL Fixtures [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2009iaflfixtures.htm [Accessed 24 September 2016]

[58] Irish American Football Association (2010) 2010 IAFL Schedule Published [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2010-iafl-schedule-published/ [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[59] Irish American Football Association (2011) 2011 IAFL Schedule Published [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/2011-iafl-schedule-published/ [Accessed 24 March 2014]

[60] Irish American Football Association (2014) 2012 IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 13 January 2014]

[62] Irish American Football Association (2013) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 23 August 2013]

[63] Irish American Football Association (2014) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 23 August 2014]

[64] Irish American Football Association (2015) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 14 July 2015]

[65] Irish American Football Association (2016) SBC 2016 Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/sbc-2016-schedule/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[66] Irish American Football Association (2016) Journey to Thirty [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/journey-to-thirty/ [Accessed 8 August 2016]

[67] Irish American Football Association (2018) Shamrock Bowl History [Internet] Available from: hhttp://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-history/ [Accessed 23 March 2018]

[68] Irish American Football Association (2017) IAFL Shamrock Bowl Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-conference/ [Accessed 26 July 2018]

[69] Irish American Football Association (2018) SBC Schedule & Results 2018 [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/sbc-schedule-results-2018/ [Accessed 26 July 2018]

[81] Irish American Football Association – Wayback Machine (2015) 2014 IAFL 1 Conference standings & Schedule [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20150110221134/http://www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 14 July 2018]

[82] Irish American Football Association (2015) UCD wins IAFL1 Championship; Tyrone wins IAFL2 Championship [Internet] Available from: https://www.americanfootball.ie/ucd-wins-iafl1-championship/ [Accessed 27 November 2018]

[83] Irish American Football Association (2015) IAFL Standings [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/iafl-standings/ [Accessed 14 July 2015]

[84] Irish American Football Association (2016) IAFL 1 Conference [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/contact-football/iafl1-conference/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[85] Irish American Football Association (2016) IAFL 1 2016 Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/iafl1-2016-schedule/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[88] Irish American Football Association (2017) IAFL-1 Conference Standings http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/iafl1-conference/ [Accessed 24 July 2017]

[92] Irish American Football Association (2018) IAFL 1 Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/iafl1-conference/ [Accessed 28 May 2018]

[93] Irish American Football Association (2018) IAFL1 Schedule & Results 2018 [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/iafl-1-schedule-results-2018/ [Accessed 28 May 2018]

[94] Irish American Football Association (2016) IAFL 2 Conference [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/contact-football/iafl2-conference/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[95] Irish American Football Association (2014) IAFL 2 2016 Schedule [Internet] Available from: www.americanfootball.ie/schedule/iafl2-2016-schedule/ [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[96] Donegal Daily (2016) Donegal Derry Vipers on a Roll with six wins in a row [Internet] Available from: http://www.donegaldaily.com/2016/08/24/donegal-derry-vipers-on-a-roll-with-six-wins-in-a-row/ [Accessed 23 February 2017]

[97] Irish american Football Association (2016) Donegal Derry Vipers win IAFL2 Bowl in a spectacular game with Wexford Eagles [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/donegalderry-vipers-win-iafl2-bowl-spectacular-game-wexford-eagles/ [Accessed 1 September 2016]

[98] Irish American Football Association (2017) IAFL-2 Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/iafl2-conference/ [Accessed 28 August 2017]

SOCIAL MEDIA

[45] Dublin Celts American Football Team Facebook Page (2016) Post by Kevin Sharkey, August 27, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/groups/259540917772370/permalink/268518076874654/ [Accessed 6 June 2018]

[71] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 14 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1233266033373961 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[72] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 14 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1227508007283097 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[73] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 7 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1227556927278205:0 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[74] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 17 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1212468245453740 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[75] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 24 2016[Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1217083948325503 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[76] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 24 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1217246988309199 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[77] Carrickfergus Knights Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post July 30 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CarrickKnights/posts/1067948010006303 [Accessed 2 August 2017]

[78] Dublin Rebels Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post July 30 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/dublinrebels/posts/617503018373620 [Accessed 2 August 2017]

[79] Irish American Football Association (2017) Facebook Post 14 August 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1619638348070059 [Accessed 14 August 2017]

[80] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2018) IAFA shared an Album – 20 August 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/2060236584010231 [Accessed 20 August 2018]

[86] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post August 14 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1233266033373961 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[87] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2016) Post July 17 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1212468245453740 [Accessed 26 October 2016]

[89] Irish American Football Association Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post July 23 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1596885733678654 [Accessed 24 July 2017]

[90] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 27 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1632046600162567 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

[91] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 20 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1625971890770038 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

[99] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 27 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1632046600162567 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

[100] IAFA Ireland Facebook Page (2017) Facebook Post August 20 2017 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/iafaireland/posts/1625846934115867 [Accessed 28 August 2017]

INTERNET ARCHIVE

[61] Dublin Rebels – Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2008) News: 2008 League Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20081019054255/http://www.dublinrebels.com/news.php [Accessed 5 July 2017]

[70] Irish American Football Association – Wayback Machine Internet Archive (2017) IAFL Shamrock Bowl Conference Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20171115125115/http://www.americanfootball.ie/american-football/shamrock-bowl-conference/ [Accessed 18 January 2018]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Nora Mulcahy, Dervla Kincaid, Orla Connolly-Mulcahy, Aedamar Kincaid & Isabella Kincaid.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eiirball | Irish North American and World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 15 January 2022

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2019-2022

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

World Football Leagues Prediction 2060

National Football League – National Football Conference

National Football Conference East Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0NFC East
0NFC East
0NFC East
0NFC East

National Football Conference North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0NFC North
0NFC North
0NFC North
0NFC North

National Football Conference South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0NFC South
0NFC South
0NFC South
0NFC South

National Football Conference West Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0NFC West
0NFC West
0NFC West
0NFC West

National Football League – World Football Conference

World Football Conference East Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0WFC East
0WFC East
0WFC East
0WFC East

World Football Conference North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0WFC North
0WFC North
0WFC North
0WFC North

World Football Conference South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0WFC South
0WFC South
0WFC South
0WFC South

World Football Conference West Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0WFC West
0WFC West
0WFC West
0WFC West

United States Football League – United Football Conference

United Football Conference East Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0UFC East
0UFC East
0UFC East
0Washington FederalsUFC East

United Football Conference North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0Chicago BlitzUFC North
0Memphis ShowboatsUFC North
0UFC North
0Oklahoma OutlawsUFC North

United Football Conference South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0UFC South
0UFC South
0Orlando RenegadesUFC South
0UFC South

United Football Conference West Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0Arizona WranglersUFC West
0Los Angeles ExpressUFC West
0Portland BreakersUFC West
0San Antonio GunslingersUFC West

United States Football League – Xtreme Football Conference

Xtreme Football Conference East Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0XFC East
0XFC East
0XFC East
0New York TitansXFC East

Xtreme Football Conference North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0XFC North
0XFC North
0XFC North
0XFC North

Xtreme Football Conference South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0XFC South
0Houston OilersXFC South
0XFC South
0XFC South

Xtreme Football Conference West Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0XFC West
0XFC West
0XFC West
0XFC West

Canadian Football League

Canadian Football League East Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0CFL East
0Hartford ColonialsCFL East
0CFL East
0Quebec City NorthmenCFL East

Canadian Football League North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0CFL North
0CFL North
0CFL North
0CFL North

Canadian Football League West Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0CFL West
0CFL West
0CFL West
0CFL West

Canadian Football League South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0CFL South
0CFL South
0CFL South
0CFL South

Liga de Futbol Americano

Liga de Futbol Americano North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0LFA North
0LFA North
0LFA North
0LFA North

Liga de Futbol Americano South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0LFA South
0LFA South
0LFA South
0LFA South

International League of Football

Independent Football League North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0IFL North
0IFL North
0New Mexico ThunderbirdsIFL North
0San Jose ApachesIFL North

Independent Football League South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0IFL South
0IFL South
0IFL South
0Mexico Golden AztecsIFL South

Japan Super League

Japan Super League North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0JSL North
0JSL North
0JSL North
0JSL North

Japan Super League West Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0JSL West
0JSL West
0JSL West
0JSL West

Global League of Football

Global League of Football East Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0Jerusalem JoustersGLF East
0Kolkata VipersGLF East
0Shanghai SkywalkersGLF East
0Singapore Sea LionsGLF East

Global League of Football South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0Cairo PharaohsGLF South
0Corsarios Buenos AiresGLF South
0Nairobi Crimson TideGLF South
0Santos TsunamiGLF South

European League of Football

European League of Football East Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0ELF East

European League of Football North Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0Amsterdam CrusadersELF North
0Helsinki RoostersELF North

European League of Football South Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0Gladiatori RomaELF South

European League of Football West Division 2060

PosTeamLeague
0ELF West
0ELF West

Pacific League of Football

Pacific League of Football 2060

PosTeamLeague
0ACT MonarchsPLF
0New Zealand KiwisPLF
0South Australia DragonsPLF
0Western Australia RaidersPLF

Report

With the United States Football League version 2 starting in 2022, but with only teams in the North East and South regions of USA, Eirball takes a brief look into the crystal ball, to see where not only the USFL shall go next, but also what will happen when the NFL goes Global.

After reviving old USFL 1 teams in the Midwest and West such as Chicago Blitz, Memphis Showboats, Oklahoma Outlaws, Portland Breakers, San Antonio Gunslingers, Los Angeles Express and Arizona Wranglers, as well as resurrecting the Orlando Renegades; the USFL becomes a Major League in the USA after the NFL goes global. With a large amount of fans unhappy with the NFL putting teams in Canada, Mexico, Japan and Germany, US fans of Football flock to the USA-only league which revived the popular United States Football League of 1983 to 1985, becoming the firsty successful Spring League.

By 2040 the NFL, under increasing pressure from protest groups in USA, not only moves teams with controversial names such as the Chiefs to Johannesburg, Patriots to Dublin, Ravens to London, Colts to Berlin, Bengals to Delhi, Rams to Sydney, Chargers to Tokyo, Vikings to Stockholm, Browns to Mexico City, Cowboys to Rio de Janeiro, Cardinals to Rome, and Bills to Toronto, but also scraps the AFC in favour of the new World Football Conference, which includes the Houston Texans, Jacksonville Jaguars and Tennessee Titans.

In 2060 the XFL begins its fifth iteration (after another failed attempt in 2040) by bringing back the old NFL teams which the NFL moved out of their markets – Houston Oilers, Dallas Cowboys, Baltimore Colts, Washington Redskins, Boston Patriots, Buffalo Bills, New York Titans, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Bengals, Cleveland Browns, Minnesota Vikings, Kansas City Chiefs, Los Angeles Rams, Oakland Raiders, San Diego Chargers and San Francisco 49ers are all resurrected in a new Xtreme Football Conference which merges with the United States Football League creating a USA-only 32-team league.

Meanwhile the CFL has added the Atlantic Schooners and the Japan X-League Super division teams drop their Company names and represent the 8 regions of Japan – Kanto Creators, Hokkaido Frontiers are just two of the eight regional teams in the new Japan Super League. The Liga de Futbol Americano and European League of Football also take their place among the 4 Major Regional Leagues along with the CFL and JSL.

Meanwhile Native Americans and other groups such as Hawaiians and Mississippi African-Americans who have had their identity stolen revive old team names in a new Independent Football League with ownership and players of that heritage. A Global League of Football featuring 4 teams in Asia, 2 in Africa and 2 in South America is also set up at the same time, with the two leagues merging as the International League of Football. Finally, to fill in a gap, the Pacific League of Football, with one team in New Zealand and three in Australia is launched.

Cowboys Stadium, Arlington, TX

ARLINGTON, USA - SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]
ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

IMAGES

[2] Birmingham Pro Sports (2019) Birmingham Americans History | Logo World Football League [Internet] Available from: https://www.birminghamprosports.com/birminghamamericans/logo%20world%20football%20league.jpg [Accessed 11 February 2019]

WEBSITES

[1] NFL / Kevin Patra (2020) Washington retiring nickname, logo; new nickname TBD [Internet] Available from: https://www.nfl.com/news/washington-retires-nickname-logo-new-nickname-tbd [Accessed 14 July 2020]

Canadian Football Leagues: https://eirball.ie/canadian-football-leagues/

National Football League: https://eirball.ie/national-football-league-2/

American Football League Era 1920-1950: https://eirball.ie/american-football-leagues-era-1920-1950/

Mexican American Football Leagues: https://eirball.ie/mexican-american-football-leagues/

Japan American Football: https://eirball.ie/japanese-american-football/

United States Football Leagues Era 1960-1985: /https://eirball.ie/united-states-football-leagues-era-1960-1985/

Arena and Indoor Football Leagues: https://eirball.ie/arena-indoor-football-leagues/

European american Football: https://eirball.ie/european-american-football/

Women’s American Football (including Legends Leagues): https://eirball.ie/womens-american-football/

XFL Era Football Leagues: https://eirball.ie/xfl-football-leagues-era-1990-2020/

World American Football Leagues: https://eirball.ie/world-american-football/

PHOTO References

[38] ARLINGTON, USA – SEP 15, 2015: Interior view of the AT&T Stadium, formerly known as Cowboys Stadium in Arlington. Texas, United States [Photo Credit; David J. Maldonaldo on Shutterstock.com]

NFL Logo References

TEAM LOGO REFERENCES

[3] SportsLogos (2021) y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/151/full/y71myf8mlwlk8lbgagh3fd5e0.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[4] SportsLogos (2021) n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/149/full/n0fd1z6xmhigb0eej3323ebwq.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[5] SportsLogos (2021) 7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/150/full/7306_miami_dolphins-primary-2018.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[6] SportsLogos (2021) 9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/152/full/9116_new_york_jets-primary-2019.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[7] SportsLogos (2021) 5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6741/full/5727_washington_football_team-alternate-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[8] SportsLogos (2021) 960 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/167/full/960.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[9] SportsLogos (2021) 406 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/165/full/406.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[10] SportsLogos (2021) 919 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/166/full/919.gif [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[11] SportsLogos (2021) 970 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/156/full/970.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[12] SportsLogos (2021) 318 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/153/full/318.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[13] SportsLogos (2021) 7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/155/full/7855_cleveland_browns-primary-2015.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[14] SportsLogos (2021) cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/154/full/cincinnati_bengals_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-2049.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[15] SportsLogos (2021) dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/171/full/dcy03myfhffbki5d7il3.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[16] SportsLogos (2021) 364 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/169/full/364.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[17] SportsLogos (2021) 1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/170/full/1398_detroit_lions-primary-2017.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[18] SportsLogos (2021) 2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/172/full/2704_minnesota_vikings-primary-20131.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[19] SportsLogos (2021) 593 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/158/full/593.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[20] SportsLogos (2021) 1053 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/160/full/1053.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[21] SportsLogos (2021) 570 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/157/full/570.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[22] SportsLogos (2021) 8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/159/full/8856_jacksonville_jaguars-alternate-2013.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[23] SportsLogos (2021) 299 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/173/full/299.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[24] SportsLogos (2021) 907 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/175/full/907.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[25] SportsLogos (2021) 8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/176/full/8363_tampa_bay_buccaneers-primary-2020.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[26] SportsLogos (2021) 8f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/174/full/f1wggq2k8ql88fe33jzhw641u.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[27] SportsLogos (2021) 9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/161/full/9ebzja2zfeigaziee8y605aqp.png  [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[28] SportsLogos (2021) 857 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/162/full/857.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[29] SportsLogos (2021) 8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6708/full/8521_las_vegas_raiders-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[30] SportsLogos (2021) 1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/6446/full/1660_los_angeles__chargers-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[31] SportsLogos (2021) 9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/179/full/9455_san_francisco_49ers-primary-2009.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[32] SportsLogos (2021) 8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/5941/full/8334_los_angeles_rams-primary-20201.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

[33] SportsLogos (2021) pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/180/full/pfiobtreaq7j0pzvadktsc6jv.png %5BAccessed 3 August 2021]

[34] SportsLogos (2021) kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/7/177/full/kwth8f1cfa2sch5xhjjfaof90.png [Accessed 3 August 2021]

CFL Logo References

LOGOS

[1] David Burnett to A Football World Discussion Group Facebook (2021) Post to Page, October 27, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=10223294722629561&set=gm.1008333219949031  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/247859990_10223294722589560_7128872716997977271_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=825194&_nc_ohc=tQlu7Zz9TGoAX9PiYqG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=3b02a54c6ac6522bc2b9c2fa2a35c25f&oe=61A00B91 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

TSL (CFL South) Logos

[1] The Spring League (2021) SEALIONS_Prim_FulClrWhtBG-1-512×326 [Internet] Available from: https://www.thespringleague.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/SEALIONS_Prim_FulClrWhtBG-1-512×326.png [Accessed 27 December 2021]

[2] The Spring League (2021) generals-hero-min [Internet] Available from: https://www.thespringleague.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/generals-hero-min.png [Accessed 27 December 2021]

[3] The Spring League (2021) aviators-min-512×273 [Internet] Available from: https://www.thespringleague.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/aviators-min-512×273.png [Accessed 27 December 2021]

[4] The Spring League (2021) alpha-wordmark-min-1-512×271 [Internet] Available from: https://www.thespringleague.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/alpha-wordmark-min-1-512×271.png [Accessed 27 December 2021]

LFA Logo References

LOGO REFERENCES

[14] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[15] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[16] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[17] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[18] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[19] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[20] Reyes LFA (2021) Profile Picture, November 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ReyesLFA/photos/a.104544895379393/113206377846578 [Accessed 21 December 2021][Actual Image link available at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/258195584_113206374513245_5663298235135969257_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=zn-zaWl4W4gAX9YEBZR&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_lNWqkZvrPIwTDFtz3FinayT6oF9lUkQJxBrNCq-bwzw&oe=61C6A29E   [Accessed 21 December 2021]

[2] Mayas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MayasLFA/photos/a.916904715071809/4490334654395446/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248497239_4490334641062114_2420135574359291948_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=tyzQ2K5mI24AX-IE9d5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f2e12ee551f216704032abc0943f123a&oe=61A09048 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[7] Artilleros LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ArtillerosLFA/photos/a.298541940883309/579119006158933/    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/73513561_579119012825599_8802706180922146816_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=5nO8n1bZCXsAX9_5Lnj&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=c6a6d0a303ab49f16b9e426ddf538b25&oe=61C12730  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[8] Osos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, October 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=251129953689617&set=a.125371869598760  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243020024_251129950356284_294552196448173790_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nI9MStm2EZQAX9vtC2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=d69c71335d78090b5ef73d3f92b43bcf&oe=61A0E836  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

JSL Logo References

[7] X-League (2021) Fujitsu Frontiers [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/fujitsu [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[8] X-League (2021) Obic Seagulls Profile [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/obic [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[9] X-League (2021) Panasonic Impulse [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/impulse [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[10] X-League (2021) Elecom Kobe Finies [Internet] Available from:https://xleague.jp/team/elecom [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[11] X-League (2021) IBM Big Blue [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/ibm [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[12] X-League (2021) Tokyo Gas Creators [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/tokyogas  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[13] X-League (2021) All-Mitsubishi Lions [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/hel-lions [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[14] X-League (2021) Nojima Sagamihara Rise [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/team/rise [Accessed 4 August 2021]

ELF Logo References

[7] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[8] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[9] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[10] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[11] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[12] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[13] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[14] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[9] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[11] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[12] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[13] Chris Creamer’s Sports Logos (2019) Scottish Claymores Alternsate Logo 1998 [Internet] Available from:http://content.sportslogos.net/logos/19/1233/full/2552_scottish_claymores-alternate-1998.png [Accessed 27 November 2019]

Other Logos

[1] The Spring League (2021) blues-hero-min-512×299 [Internet] Available from: https://www.thespringleague.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/blues-hero-min-512×299.png [Accessed 27 December 2021]

[2] Chris Creamer’s Sportslogos (2019) edmonton_eskimos_logo_primary_19987020 [Internet] Available from:https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/93/full/edmonton_eskimos_logo_primary_19987020.png  [Accessed 22 November 2021]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Todd Zboyan, Bart Barden, Bri Wallace, Sondra Maher, Decy Maher, Tom Gallagher and Carmine.

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish, North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 27 December 2021

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2021

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

Professional Gridiron Football Teams by Year of Formation 1896-2021

Year of Formation and League

Professional Gridiron Football Teams by Year of Foundation

PosTeamYearLeague
11873CFL Canada
21896WSPF (Semi-Pro) #
31898NFL USA (APFA) +
41921NFL USA (APFA)+
51922NFL USA
61924NFL USA
71928NFL USA
81933NFL USA
91933NFL USA
101936CFL Canada $
111936NFL USA (AFL) +
121937NFL USA +
131938CFL Canada $
141945CFL Canada
151946CFL Canada $
161946NFL USA (AAFC) +
171946NFL USA (AAFC) +
181950CFL Canada $
191953NFL USA (AAFC) +
201954CFL Canada
211960NFL USA (AFL)+
221960NFL USA (AFL) +!
231960NFL USA (AFL) +
241960NFL USA (AFL)+
251960NFL USA (AFL) +
261960NFL USA
271960NFL USA (AFL) +
281961NFL USA
291963NFL USA (AFL) +
301963NFL USA (AFL) +
311966NFL USA
321967NFL USA
331969NFL USA (AFL) +
341969NFL USA (AFL)+
351976NFL USA
361976NFL USA
371982CFL Canada *
381996CFL Canada $
391996NFL USA
401996NFL USA
411998NFL USA +
421999NFL USA
432002NFL USA
442014CFL Canada $
452016LFA Mexico
462016LFA Mexico
472016LFA Mexico
482017LFA Mexico £
492017LFA Mexico
502017LFA Mexico
512018LFA Mexico
522018LFA Mexico
532019LFA Mexico £
542021JXL Japan %
552021JXL Japan %
562021JXL Japan %
572021JXL Japan %
582021JXL Japan %
592021JXL Japan %
602021JXL Japan %
612021JXL Japan %
622021CFL Canada $
632022LFA Mexico

NFL USA (National Football League 1922-Present) – Plays for Super Bowl between AFC and NFC Champions since 1966.

NFL USA (APFA) + Team played in APFA (American Professional Football Association, 1920-1921) before name changed to NFL in 1922.

NFL USA + Originally played in NFL before joining AFC on NFL-AFL merger.

NFL USA (AAFC) + Teams previously played in the All-America Football Conference before joining NFL.

NFL USA (AFL) + Teams previously played in the American Football

Semi-Professional Teams

WSPF # – World Series of Professional Football – Team played in World Series of Professional Football for Champions of New York City, New Jersey, Upstate New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio Leagues from 1902 to 1903.

Continental Football Leagues

CFL Canada $ – Canadian Football League – Teams had various and numerous before settling on current names

LFA Mexico £ – Liga de Futbol Americano – Teams had other names prior to current name or promoted from FAM (Futbol Americano Mexico). Plays for Mexican Bowl.

ELF Europe ^ – European League of Football – Many ELF teams took names from previous WLAF (World League of American Football, 1991-1997) and NFL Europe League (1998-2007). Others joined from their respective National Leagues or played in Eurobowl – the Champions League for European National Champions.

JXL Japan & – Japan X-League X1 Super – Teams were previously part of Japan Leagues before taking over sole ownership of “Rice Bowl” from University Teams in 2021. Expected by Eirball to go fully professional in 2022.

Other Teams

# Defunct Teams – Houston Oilers name retired.

* Awarded but Yet to Play – Atlantic Schooners have twice been awarded teams (1982 and 2019) but have both times been unable to finalize plans for a Stadium.

Early Gridiron Football Teams – From Semi-Pro to WWII Era (1873-1936)

Professional Gridiron Football Teams have existed since the late 1890s. Currently there are 70 teams in existence although Eirball is counting also previous incarnations of teams which of historical significance in this list.

  1. Toronto Argonauts were formed in 1873 and are the oldest Professional Gridiron Football Team in existence. They were founder members of the CFL (Canadian Football League) and are still members of the